SOUTH ESK RIVER AND MACQUARIE RIVER FLOOD DATA BOOK

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					SOUTH ESK RIVER AND
 MACQUARIE RIVER
 FLOOD DATA BOOK




       Land and Water Management Branch
  Resource Management and Conservation Division
                  June 2000
                   South Esk River
                   Flood Data Book

         This Book Forms a Part of the Requirements for
          Emergency Management Australia Reporting




Liza Fallon
David Fuller
Bryce Graham
Land and Water Management Branch
Resource Management and Conservation Division.



Report Series WRA 00/03
June 2000.
Emergency Management Australia                                 South Esk River Flood Data Book



                         TABLE OF CONTENTS
GLOSSARY                                                                                              4

ACRONYMS                                                                                              5

1.    INTRODUCTION                                                                                    6

      Flood Data Books                                                                                6

      Data Sources                                                                                    6


2.    THE ENVIRONMENT                                                                                 7

      Catchments and Drainage Systems                                                                 7

      Climate and Rainfall                                                                            7


3.    FLOODING OF THE SOUTH ESK AND MACQUARIE RIVERS                                                  9

4.    FLOOD ANALYSIS                                                                                 15

5.    RECORDS OF FLOODING                                                                            18

6.    NEW RECORDS OF FLOODING                                                                        38

REFERENCES                                                                                           39
PLATES
      Cover Plate:    May 1986 – Flooding of the South Esk River at Longford.
      Plate 1:        Pre 1870 – The Macquarie River at Woolmers Estate near Longford.
      Plate 2:        April 1929 – The Macquarie River at Woolmers Estate near Longford.
      Plate 3:        April 1929 – Floodwaters rising above the Stationmaster’s house at Evandale.
      Plate 4:        April 1929 – Floodwaters under the Gorge Bridge at Launceston.
      Plate 5:        April 1929 – Floodwaters around the Tamar Rowing Sheds at Launceston.
      Plate 6:        Pre 1929 – The Perth Bridge before it was destroyed in the 1929 flood.
      Plate 7:        April 1929 – Floodwaters rising up the piers of the Perth Bridge.
      Plate 8:        April 1929 – The flood peak and the Perth Bridge.
      Plate 9:        April 1929 – The remains of the Perth Bridge after the 1929 flood.
      Plate 10:       May 1969 – Flooding at the Rhodes property near Longford.
      Plate 11:       May 1986 – Flooding of the Macquarie River and the Longford oval.
      Plate 12:       April 1989 – Flooding of the South Esk River at Hadspen.
Emergency Management Australia                         South Esk River Flood Data Book

GLOSSARY

Annual Exceedance Probability (AEP)
A measure of the likelihood (expressed as a probability) of a flood reaching or
exceeding a particular magnitude. For example, a 1% (AEP) flood has a 1% (or 1 in a
100) chance of occurring or being exceeded at a location in any one year.

Australian Height Datum (ADH) Tasmania
The datum surface is the mean sea level for 1972 at the tide gauges at Hobart and
Burnie. River level heights are benchmarked (marked point in a line of levels) to mean
sea level.

Catchment
The land area that drains into a particular watercourse (river, stream or creek). It can be
a natural topographic division of the landscape, although the underlying geological
formations may alter the perceived catchment area suggested solely by topography
(limestone caves are an example of this).

Cumec
The basic stream flow unit expressed as cubic metres per second (m3 /s).

Discharge
The passage of flood flow volume with time. Discharge can be separated into direct
runoff (overland flow, interflow and storm flow) and base flow (contributions of ground
water spread out over longer periods of time).

Ephemeral
A transitory event. A channel, stream or river which only flows after a rainfall event.

Extreme Flood
A rare and unusually severe flood that is greater in magnitude than the 1% AEP event,
and possibly approaching the magnitude of the Probable Maximum Flood.

Flood
Inundations of water over land as a result of overflow from rivers or the inflow of tide.
Flood runoff results from short duration highly intense rainfall, long duration low
intensity rainfall, snowmelt, failure of dam or levee system, or a combination of these
conditions.

Flood Plain
Land which is covered by water when a river overflows its banks during flooding. The
extent of the flood plain will normally be greater than the area covered in a 1% AEP
event.

Hydraulics
The study of water flow in a river and across a flood plain and the evaluation of the
river flow characteristics (ie river height and velocity).




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Emergency Management Australia                        South Esk River Flood Data Book

Hydrology
A study of the rainfall-runoff process as it relates to the development of flooding and
the derivation of hydrographs for given floods.

Inundation
The flooding of an area so that it is submerged or covered with water.

Probable Maximum Flood (PMF)
The flood calculated to be the most severe which is likely to occur at a particular
location. Such a flood would result from the most sever combination of critical
meteorological and hydrological conditions.

Rain Shadow
An area that receives relatively little rain due to its location. A rain shadow is often
formed in the lee of a mountain range.

State Datum (SD) Tasmania
The datum surface where the mean sea level at Hobart was determined over a period of
thirty years prior to 1905.


ACRONYMS

BOM - Bureau of Meteorology
DPIWE - Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment
DPIF - Department of Primary Industry and Fisheries (replaced by DPIWE)
DPI - Department of Primary Industry (replaced by DPIF)
EMA - Emergency Management Australia
HEC - Hydro Electric Commission
IDNDR - International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
RWSC - Rivers and Water Supply Commission
SES - State Emergency Service




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Emergency Management Australia                         South Esk River Flood Data Book

1.     Introduction
Flood Data Books

Flood Data Books are an important initiative funded by the International Decade for
Natural Disaster Reduction and the Department of Primary Industries, Water and
Environment (DPIWE).

Flood Data Books are a new concept in flood plain management in Tasmania. The
books are a collation of existing information on rural floods and their extent. The
information includes photographs, maps of flood extent, flood profiles, and a tabulation
of heights reached by floods (where the information is available ). Alternative
approaches such as comprehensive but costly floodplain mapping programs are
unrealistic for rural areas. Typically the information is not sufficient to undertake these
programs, and the areal extent of floods make such projects prohibitively expensive.

Flood Data Books will be located in your local government office and are intended to be
living documents updated over time to aid in floodplain planning decisions. If large
floods occur, a comprehensive photographic record can provide valuable information
for future planning at minimal cost.

Community groups such as Landcare and Waterwatch, or various farming groups are
encouraged to contribute their own flood information to these books to make them as
effective as possible for current and future generations.

Data Sources

Data sources used to compile this Flood Data Book include newspaper articles, media
records, official records and reports, internal documents, departmental photographs and
anecdotal information. As a number of sources have been used, the accuracy of many
of the records cannot be verified and care should be exercised when interpreting the
information. In addition, properties identified in this book do not represent a list of
areas affected by flooding but are properties where some flood information has been
provided to DPIWE. Over time, as additional information is collected and added to this
record, the level of accuracy regarding flooding and the locations affected should
increase.

River level heights are benchmarked (marked point in a line of levels) to mean sea level.
In Tasmania, mean sea level was established prior to 1905 and again during 1972. In
response to these calculations there have been a number of statewide datum shifts, and
two level adjustments were applied in 1979 and 1983. Heights computed in the 1979
adjustment are known as Australian Height Datum (AHD) 79 heights and heights
computed in the 1983 adjustment are known as AHD 83 heights (Bowden and Prichard,
1992). As a result, to convert data from the State Datum (SD) system used prior to
1972 to the current AHD system, a conversion factor needs to be applied. In the Hobart
region, an approximate conversion of minus 0.165 should be applied to SD data.

It is unknown if river level heights in the historical record have been reported as SD or
AHD data. As this information has been collated from reports prepared some time ago
(often the date can not be verified) it can only be assumed that the SD system applies.

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Emergency Management Australia                       South Esk River Flood Data Book

2.     The Environment
Catchments and Drainage Systems

The South Esk Basin is the largest water catchment in Tasmania at approximately
8,900km2 , refer Figure 1. This catchment is made up of three major sub-catchments all
of which experience individual environmental conditions (Bobbi et al., 1995). The
South Esk catchment to the east covers approximately 3,650km2 and the three main
tributaries toward the top of the basin – the Break O’Day River, Saint Pauls River and
Nile River, drain it. This river rises in the North Eastern Highlands near Mathinna and
passes through the Fingal Valley before draining through the Launceston Tertiary Basin
into the River Tamar Estuary at Launceston. At Launceston, tidal influences are notable
in the River Tamar Estuary and the mouth of the South Esk River at the Home Reach.

To the south, the Macquarie catchment covers approximately 3,800km2 and it is drained
                                                        S
by the Macquarie River which rises in two branches ( teane, 1968). The northern
branch rises from just south of Lake Leake in broken country and the southern branch
rises from Tooms Lake. The combined streams then flow west-northwest before being
joined by the Elizabeth River and then Lake River. This somewhat ephemeral river is
regulated and flow is supplemented by human activities either from Tooms Lake and
Lake Leake, or discharges from the Poatina Power Station, established in 1964.

The Macquarie River flows into the South Esk River at Longford. Longford is within
the upper part of the large flood plain known as the Hadspen Retarding Basin and when
river levels are high water backs up considerably into the Macquarie River as well as
spreading out down stream at Longford (Hydro-Electric Commission, 1992).

The Meander catchment covers an area of approximately 1,400km2 . Although this
catchment contributes flow to the South Esk Basin, flooding in this region has not been
analysed in this book as insufficient resources to undertake field work in this area has
led to a lack of data.

Climate and Rainfall

Rainfall is variable across the South Esk Basin and the average annual rainfall ranges
from approximately 500mm at Ross in the Macquarie catchment to over 1200mm at
Gray on the eastern boundary of the South Esk catchment (Bobbi, et al., 1995). Rainfall
in the South Esk catchment is strongly affected by topography with low rainfall to the
west and the highest rainfall to the east. The upper Macquarie River catchment is one
of the driest areas in Tasmania as it lies in the rain shadow of both the westerly and
easterly systems. The area is prone to drought and much of the catchment receives less
than 600 mm of rainfall/year. In the Meander catchment there is a significant decrease
in rainfall from approximately 1200mm rainfall/year on the slopes of the Great Western
Tiers to approximately 750mm rainfall/year at Lake Trevallyn in the east.




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Emergency Management Australia                   South Esk River Flood Data Book




   Figure 1: The South Esk and Macquarie Catchments (Lands Department, 1992).


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Emergency Management Australia                      South Esk River Flood Data Book

3.     Flooding of the South Esk and Macquarie Rivers
Historic flooding throughout Tasmania was first reported in September 1828. At this
time, flow down the South Esk River at Launceston was estimated to have been
approximately 80% of the flow experienced during the 1929 flood (State Emergency
Service, 1990). During this flood, most bridges in the Midlands were carried away and
although the bridge at Ross survived, it was completely covered by water. Severe
flooding was recorded across the Midlands on the 3rd October 1828 and on the
30th September 1844, the South Esk and Midlands flooded. In 1852, major flooding at
Launceston was recorded on the 17th July and this event was considered to be the
highest since 1828 (Livingston, 1896). Many road bridges were washed away and
floodwaters from the Macquarie River rose 1.5 metres above the parapet of the Ross
Bridge. Severe flooding in this region was again recorded on the 11th August 1852
when the North and South Esk Rivers, the Macquarie River and other tributaries rose to
unprecedented heights. At this time, floodwaters were considered most destructive in
Launceston, and the King’s Bridge at Longford and two arches of the Perth Bridge were
washed away. The Ross Bridge was again submerged in August 1854 and in September
1854, heavy rainfall nearly carried the bridge away (State Emergency Service, 1990).

On the 16th December 1863, floodwaters rose 40cms above that of the 1929 flood peak
in Charles Street, Launceston and this event is considered as possibly the most severe
flood to occur here as well as at Campbell Town, Ross and other areas (Hydro-Electric
Commission, 1992). During this flood one of the piers on the Perth Bridge was
damaged and King’s Bridge at Longford was once again washed away. In 1870,
flooding in the South Esk at Longford was recorded on the 9th September and on the
18th May 1872, the flow of this River was considered as probably similar to the 1969
event (State Emergency Service, 1990). Heavy flooding over the Midlands in June
1872 resulted in water rising 1.8 metres over the road at Ross and in December 1875,
the Ross Bridge was once again inundated by the Macquarie River. During April 1880,
June and November 1889 and July 1893 major flooding on the South Esk and
Macquarie Rivers near Launceston, Longford, Campbell Town, Ross and Avoca were
recorded. The Marine Hotel was flooded and the Queen’s Wharf was inundated in
Launceston during the June 1889 event. In November 1889, flow at Longford and
through the Cataract Gorge was considered greater than during the earlier event,
however, flood damage in Launceston was less due to lower tides.




     Plate 1: Pre 1870 – The Macquarie River and pump house at Woolmers Estate
        near Longford. The Macquarie River is not flooded in this photograph.

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Emergency Management Australia                       South Esk River Flood Data Book

On the 26th April 1910, severe electrical storms were experienced throughout Tasmania
and many roads were blocked by floodwaters. During 1911, flooding was recorded for
the South Esk and Macquarie Rivers on the 8th March and at Avoca, the South Esk
River was 7.5 metres above its normal river level (State Emergency Service, 1990).
Flooding was reported to have caused breaks in the railway line between Tunbridge and
Campbell Town on the 20th December 1916. In 1923, the North and South Esk Rivers
flooded to inundate flat country from Launceston to Newstead on the 20th May and on
the 5th June, the worst flood in 20 years was recorded at Longford. Major flooding was
again reported at Longford on 12th October 1926 when the township was isolated from
Launceston by floodwaters. At Launceston, low-lying areas were underwater at high
tide and buildings were threatened.

Extreme and significant flooding was experienced throughout Tasmania on the 4th April
1929. It is reported that the South Esk River rose 9.0 metres above its summer level at
Fingal and to 18.0 metres at Evandale – where it was observed that floodwaters rose
2.0 metres higher than the 1852 flood event. An approximate peak discharge of
5000 cumecs at Perth and 4000 cumecs at Longford was estimated for this event
(Hydro-Electric Commission, 1992). Longford and Evandale were inundated and low-
lying districts in Launceston were flooded to a depth of 3.0 metres or more. Over 4,500
people were reported by the media to have been made homeless during this flood. The
Macquarie River at Ross rose 4.2 metres above the summer level and the Ross Bridge
was nearly submerged. The main road and railway flooded between Ross and
Tunbridge, and bridges were destroyed at Avoca and Fingal. The Perth Bridge was
completely destroyed in this flood when it over topped and collapsed.




       Plate 2: April 1929 – The Macquarie River and pump house at Woolmers
          Estate near Longford. Floodwaters are receding in this photograph and an
                   accurate flood peak height is located inside the building.




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Emergency Management Australia                      South Esk River Flood Data Book




     Plate 3: April 1929 – Floodwaters rising above the Stationmaster's house at
        Evandale (to the extreme left). The goods shed, the Evandale Station
                  and the pump house (in the middle of the frame).




    Plate 4: April 1929 – This photograph details floodwaters under the Cataract
             Gorge Bridge at Launceston on the 7th April 1929.




      Plate 5: April 1929 – The Gorge Rock Gardens at Launceston detailing
                   floodwaters swirling around the Tamar Rowing Sheds.


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Emergency Management Australia                      South Esk River Flood Data Book




      Plate 6: Pre 1929 – This photograph has been copied from the Weekly Courier
         and pictured is the Perth Bridge before it was destroyed in the 1929 flood.




      Plate 7: April 1929 – This photograph has been copied from the Weekly Courier
          and here, floodwaters are rising up the piers of the Perth Bridge.




      Plate 8: April 1929 – The flood peak and the Perth Bridge very shortly before
            the bridge’s collapse. Floodwaters rose 15cms above the stone wall.




      Plate 9: April 1929 – The remains of the Perth Bridge after the 1929 flood.


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Emergency Management Australia                       South Esk River Flood Data Book

The South Esk rose to 6.0 metres above the summer level at Fingal, and to 4.5 metres
above the road at Longford on the 19th June 1931. During March 1932 flooding was
reported in all northern rivers. In December 1934 the Midlands flooded and in March
1938, heavy rain in the Midlands caused the largest floods since the 1929 event. During
July 1944, major flooding was recorded in northern rivers and on the 25th March 1946,
the South Esk River rose 7.5 metres at Fingal, 5.0 metres at Symmons Plains and 4.5
metres at King’s Bridge (assumed to be at Longford). Flooding is noted in June 1946
and on the 23rd June 1952, heavy rains (aggravated by snowmelt on the Central Plateau)
resulted in widespread flooding. Flooding across the Midlands and on the South Esk
River is noted for September and then October 1952, June 1954, July and December
1955, and February 1956. In 1956, severe flooding occurred across the South Esk
catchment on the 23rd May and Longford, Hadspen, Mathinna and Rossarden were
isolated, and at Symmons Plains the river rose to 4.6 metres. The region once again
flooded in June 1956 and the Bass and Midland Highways were closed, and the King’s
Bridge at Longford and the Esk Bridge at Evandale were submerged. Flooding was
reported on the Macquarie River at Baskerville in 1957 when floodwaters rose 4.5
metres above the summer level. In August 1958, the main railway line from Hobart to
Launceston was closed by floodwaters and during October of the same year, major
flooding was reported for the South Esk River.

Extreme flooding on the 23rd April 1960 resulted in widespread floodwaters on all
Tasmanian rivers. At this time, the Macquarie, Elizabeth, Lake and Liffey Rivers were
particularly affected and families were evacuated from the Ross and Liffey areas. The
Macquarie River below Ross broke its banks and flooded an area 3.0 kilometres across
in places and Longford was isolated. The South Esk River and the Midlands flooded
once again in May and July 1960, December 1961, July, August and September 1962,
February 1964 and July 1966. The Midland, Tasman, Bass and Lake Highways were
cut, Longford was isolated and floodwaters covered King’s Bridge in September 1966.
Flooding is recorded throughout Tasmania in August 1968, and on the 30th May 1969,
the most severe flood since April 1929 was recorded across the South Esk Basin,
particularly at Launceston (Department of Public Works, 1970). The South Esk rose to
8.0 metres at Longford, 10.5 metres at Avoca and 5.3 metres at Symmons Plains.
During this event, Avoca, Rossarden, Storys Creek, Mathinna and Mangana were
isolated. At Longford, 65 houses were inundated by rising floodwaters and over 250
people were evacuated from the area.




       Plate 10: May 1969 – This photograph was taken from the rear of the Rhodes
               homestead near Longford at approximately the flood maximum.


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Emergency Management Australia                       South Esk River Flood Data Book

Moderate flooding occurred across the Midlands in August and October 1969, and
March and June 1970. In 1974, flooding occurred on all northern rivers on the
27th April and on the 7th July, major flooding was reported throughout the South Esk
catchment. The Royal George Road was cut in several places and the Story Creek Road
was 3.0 metres underwater. Longford was saved from flooding during this flood by
levee banks completed in 1973, however, the township was only accessible via
Bishopsbourne. Flooding is noted on the South Esk River in July, August and
November 1975. Major flooding occurred across the South Esk catchment on the
2nd June 1978 and 13 homes were evacuated. During June 1981, moderate flooding was
reported in the Fingal Valley. Launceston received 31mm of rainfall in 6 hours on the
20th February, which resulted in flooding at the intersections of Margaret and Balfour
Streets, York and Bathurst Streets and in McHugh Street, Kings Meadows. Flooding
occurred in this area again in September, particularly at Longford. In 1986, major
flooding was recorded for the South Esk River on the 18th May and during this flood the
Fingal Valley flooded, the Esk Bridge at Evandale was underwater, and lower lying
areas adjacent to the Longford Caravan Park were inundated. Minor to moderate
flooding was reported for the South Esk River in May 1987, September 1988 and April
1989. More recently, flooding occurred in this region during September 1992,
December 1993, January 1995 and January 2000.




       Plate 11: May 1986 – The Macquarie River detailing flooding of the Longford
                            Caravan Park and surrounding area.




       Plate 12: April 1989 – The South Esk River and the picnic grounds near the Old
       Bass Highway at Hadspen. Here, the flood peak of a moderate flood is detailed.

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Emergency Management Australia                        South Esk River Flood Data Book

4.     Flood Analysis
Analysis of flooding in the Perth and Longford townships on the South Esk River was
completed by the Hydro-Electric Commission, Water Resources Department in the
reports titled, Perth – Longford Flood Plain Study (Hydro-Electric Commission, 1992)
and the Longford Flood Plain Study Hydraulics Analysis (Hydro-Electric Commission,
1994). In addition, analysis of flooding at Deloraine on the Meander River was
completed by the Hydro-Electric Commission, Water Resources Department in the
report titled, Deloraine Flood Plain Study (Hydro-Electric Commission, 1997). With
reference to these reports, full flood plain maps are available. The following analysis
extends this information to the rural areas of the South Esk and Macquarie Catchments.

Two major weather systems dominate the South Esk River. Frontal activity from the
west brings seasonal rainfall across the South Esk catchment and the occasional
intrusion of sub-tropical low-pressure systems from the east carry substantial quantities
of rain. As a result, this River is the main source of major flood flows affecting low-
lying areas of the Fingal Valley, Longford, Hadspen and Launceston. The upper
Macquarie Catchment is one of the driest in Tasmania as it lies in the rain shadow of
both the westerly and easterly weather systems. However, westerly low pressure
systems do bring cold fronts and high rainfall in late winter – early spring. During these
months the Macquarie River often floods, although the severity of these events do not
generally cause great loss of property or life (Steane, 1968). The region most affected
by flooding of the Macquarie River has been the main road at Ross, where floodwaters
have been recorded to a depth of 1.5 metres on occasion.

Since the beginning of flood records in Tasmania ten major events have been
documented for the period 1828 to 2000. These events occurred in September 1828,
May 1852, July 1852, December 1863, May 1872, June 1889, November 1889, July
1893, April 1929 and May 1969. The following table (Table 1) details the largest
floods estimated for the South Esk River at Launceston in order of magnitude.

Table 1:       The largest floods estimated for the South Esk River at Launceston in
               order of magnitude (Livingston, 1986). During these floods the levee
               banks at Launceston would have overtopped and caused severe flooding.


                   Rank        Date          Flood Peak (cumecs)

                     1      Dec 1863                 4625
                     2       Jul 1852                4190
                     3      Apr 1929                 3964
                     4      Sep 1828                 3300
                     5      July 1893                3160
                     6      May 1969                 2670
                     7      Nov 1889                 2670
                     8      May 1872                 2430




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Emergency Management Australia                         South Esk River Flood Data Book

The following table (Table 2) details the grid reference for those properties identified in
this Flood Data Book. The properties are located along the South Esk River from the
Llewellyn area through to Hadspen, and the Macquarie River near Longford, refer
Figure 2. The properties identified do not represent a list of areas affected by flooding
for the South Esk and Macquarie Rivers but are properties where some flood
information has been provided to DPIWE.

Table 2:       The location of properties where some information on flooding from the
               surrounding area has been provided to DPIWE.


            Property                                 Northing      Easting

            Andora                                   5394800       522500
            Beams Hollow                             5405600       506400
            Bowthorpe                                5401400       508800
            Brambletye                               5372400       544100
            Clarendon                                5390800       523400
            Clyne Vale                               5379600       533900
            Entally                                  5404500       504900
            Esk Farm                                 5397600       508200
            Esk Vale                                 5379200       530200
            Evandale Station                         5397900       519900
            Fairfield                                5380900       529600
            Glen Esk                                 5375300       539700
            Glendessary                              5397200       518800
            Greenside                                5401400       508800
            Jessiefield                              5399600       509500
            Lochmaben                                5390000       524400
            Longford Caravan Park                    5395500       510300
            Monds Andafleck Flour Mill               5395700       509900
            Mountford                                5396600       510300
            Mr Gatenby’s House, Longford             5392400       515600
            Mr Hart’s House, Evandale                5394800       522500
            Native Point                             5397500       516500
            Old Tannery Building                     5396800       509200
            Pleasant Banks                           5395500       519100
            Railway Ganger’s House, Evandale         5398100       519800
            Redbanks                                 5394800       522500
            Rhodes                                   5391800       514500
            Scone                                    5392700       514200
            Evandale Stationmaster’s House           5398100       519800
            Symmons Plains                           5390300       522400
            Vaucluse                                 5373700       537300
            Winburn                                  5385700       525800
            Winthorpe                                5392900       523700
            Woolmers Estate                          5391500       512200



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Emergency Management Australia                   South Esk River Flood Data Book

            Figure 2:    The South Esk Basin and the location of properties.




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Emergency Management Australia                         South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


5.     Records of Flooding
The following table (Table 3) lists photographs that detail flooding in the South Esk
River and Macquarie River catchments. All photographs listed in this table are held by
the Water Assessment and Planning Branch, DPIWE. The photographs detail a number
of flood events at various locations and properties along the South Esk and Macquarie
Rivers and associated tributaries. The table includes the grid reference of each location
photographed, comments and an estimate of the flood frequency (AEP) for the event.
Each record also includes identifying photographic numbers to enable electronic access
of the prints and associated information. Alternatively, the Water Assessment Section
holds hardcopies of this Flood Data Book if required.

These records cover the period from 1927 to 1989, although one photograph was taken
pre-1870 and it details the pump house at Woolmers Estate, Longford. Individuals
living along the South Esk and Macquarie rivers at the time of the flood events took
many of the photographs and provided a copy of the frames, along with relevant
information, to the Land and Water Management Branch. In addition, many
photographs in this collection were taken in 1989 and these frames detail the extent of
flooding during earlier events. At the time, those people living in the South Esk River
area who remembered past flooding were asked to mark the height to which floodwaters
rose on their properties or the surrounding area.

Flooding is first detailed in the photographic record in 1927 when floodwaters at the
Perth Bridge and the Richies Flour Mill at Perth was recorded. The April 1929 flood is
detailed next and this event is well recorded photographically. At this time, flooding on
the South Esk River is detailed from the Conara area through to Epping Forest, Nile,
Evandale, Perth, Longford, Hadspen, and down to the River Tamar at Launceston.
During this extreme flood the Perth Bridge was completely destroyed and Hadspen,
Longford, Evandale, Perth and Ross were inundated. Longford experienced substantial
flooding and here, floodwaters from both the South Esk and Macquarie Rivers are
detailed in this list. At Launceston, the Cataract Gorge is photographed in full flood, as
is submerged low-lying areas and the flooded wharf region.

In May 1969, the most severe flood since April 1929 occurred and the extent of this
event is recorded in the photographic record. Flooding is detailed for the South Esk
River from the Conara area through to Epping Forest, Nile, Evandale, Perth, Longford
and Hadspen. Significant flooding of properties located along the South Esk River is
recorded, as exemplified by floodwaters at the Rhodes property. At Perth, floodwaters
rose to the top of the projecting course of bricks on the bridge and many properties
where inundated. Hadspen was also flooded, and this photographic record identifies
that floodwaters rose to the windowsill of the last house before the Old Bass Highway.

Moderate flooding is recorded in this list at Perth in July 1974, when floodwaters rose at
the Scone property and in May 1986, flooding was photographed on the South Esk
River near Conara, Nile and Perth. At Longford, flooding of the South Esk River and
the Macquarie River is detailed. Minor flooding at the picnic grounds near Hadspen
was recorded in April 1989, as is the level to which normal floods rise (those that occur
every 3 to 4 years) at the Entally and Beams Hollow properties.




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Emergency Management Australia                                                                                                 South Esk Basin Flood Data Book

Records of Flooding in the South Esk River and Macquarie Catchments

 Flood     Flood Frequency       Location           Region and                                   Comments                                Grid        Photo
 Event           AEP                                 Property                                                                          Reference      No


Pre 1870   Missing Record    Macquarie River @   Woolmers Estate     This photograph details the pump house at Woolmers                E512200      MA002
                                 Longford                            Estate, Longford. The Macquarie River is not in flood in          N5391500
                                                                     this frame.


  1927          1:1.1        South Esk @ Perth     Perth Bridge      These photographs detail flooding at the Perth Bridge in          E515100       SE066
                                                                     1927.                                                             N5396400
                                                                                                                                                     SE071
                                                                     i)          Pictured is the northern side of the bridge during
                                                                                 the summer when flows were low.                                     SE072
                                                                     ii)         Again, the northern side of the bridge is detailed
                                                                                 during the summer period when flows were low.
                                                                     iii)        The bridge pictured from the southern side.


  1927          1:1.1        South Esk @ Perth     Perth Bridge     The photograph depicts the Perth Bridge, Mill Race and             E515100       SE070
                                                                    Flood Gate to Richies Flour Mill at the Scone property.            N5396400
                                                 Richies Flour Mill This Mill Race was also used for electricity and it was the
                                                                    first in the Southern Hemisphere.


 Apr-29         1:100        Macquarie River @   Woolmers Estate     This photograph details the pump house at Woolmers                E512100      MA001
                                 Longford                            Estate, Longford. The Macquarie River floodwaters are             N5391600
                                                                     receding in this picture and an accurate flood level mark is
                                                                     located inside the pump house.




                                                                            19
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                              South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location          Region and                                 Comments                                Grid        Photo
 Event          AEP                                 Property                                                                        Reference      No


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk River @     Cataract Gorge     This photograph was taken from the Cataract Gorge Bridge       E510500       SE002
                               Launceston             Bridge         and it details the location where the South Esk Swimming       N5412200
                                                                     Club once was.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk River @   Royal Park Tennis This photograph details the Royal Park Tennis Courts              E510900       SE003
                               Launceston            Courts       bowling green and croquet lawn under flood (flood is              N5412700
                                                                  receding).


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk River @      South Esk         This photograph details the South Esk Swimming Shed a          E510500       SE004
                               Launceston        Swimming Shed       few minutes before it collapsed in the April 1929 flood.       N5412200


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk River @     Cataract Gorge     Here, flooding under the Cataract Gorge Bridge is pictured.    E510500       SE005
                               Launceston             Bridge                                                                        N5412200


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk River @     Tamar Rowing       This photograph details the Tamar Rowing Sheds from            E510500       SE006
                               Launceston            Sheds           Gorge Rock Gardens.                                            N5412200


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk River @        Invermay        Flooding of Invermay, Rasonia and the wharf region is          E510400       SE007
                               Launceston                            detailed in this photograph. The ship known as the             N5413300
                                                      Rasonia        Koranni can be seen pushed up onto the end of the wharf.


 Apr-29        1:100          South Esk @       Main Street/Bartlett Floodwaters rose to the floor of the hall on the corner of     E505000       SE010
                                Hadspen               Street         Main Street and Bartlett Street, Hadspen as detailed.          N5404700



                                                                          20
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                      South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location      Region and                              Comments                                Grid       Photo
 Event          AEP                             Property                                                                     Reference     No


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @        Jessiefield     Floodwaters rose to the foot of the Oak tree pictured and     E509500      SE019
                             Longford                          the flood peaked at approximately 4.00 a.m. on the eastern    N5399600
                                              Pateena Road     side of Pateena Road, Longford. In the background of the
                                                               frame is the Jessiefield homestead.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @       Pateena Road     Floodwaters rose to the floor of the old church on Pateena    E509100      SE020
                             Longford                          Road, Longford as detailed.                                   N5400400


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @         Esk Farm       In this photograph, floodwaters rose to the point indicated   E508200      SE021
                             Longford                          by Johnstone’s feet at Esk Farm. Daffodils planted by         N5397600
                                                               Mr Johnstone’s grandmother in this area indicate the April
                                                               1929 flood level.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @      Wickford Road     These photographs detail flooding on Wickford Road,           E507900      SE027
                             Longford                          Longford in 1929 when floodwaters rose to the foot of the     N5398600
                                                               concrete marker.                                                           SE028


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @     Longford Railway The April 1929 flood rose half way up the steel trusses on      E510400      SE033
                             Longford            Bridge      the Longford Railway Bridge.                                    N5396200


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @     South Esk Country Floodwaters rose to the top floor level of what is now         E509900      SE035
                             Longford             Club        known as the South Esk Country Club. During this flood,        N5395700
                                                              the occupants escaped by boat from the top floor windows.




                                                                    21
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                             South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location         Region and                                Comments                                  Grid       Photo
 Event          AEP                                Property                                                                         Reference     No


 Apr-29        1:100          South Esk @       Monds Andafleck Floodwaters rose to the red mark as indicated in this               E509900      SE036
                               Longford           Flour Mill    photograph at the Monds Andafleck Flour Mill.                       N5395700


 Apr-29        1:100          South Esk @        Cenotaph in       Floodwaters rose to the covered base of the Cenotaph in          E510100      SE037
                               Longford         Mermorial Park     Memorial Park, Longford as detailed in this photograph.          N5395200


 Apr-29        1:100          South Esk @            Rhodes        In this photograph Mr Robert Gatenby indicates with his          E514500      SE040
                               Longford                            hands the maximum flood level in 1969 at the back                N5391800
                                                                   entrance to the Rhodes homestead. The April 1929 flood
                                                                   rose 2 metres higher than the flood peak reached during
                                                                   this later flood event.


 Apr-29        1:100          South Esk @            Rhodes        The April 1929 flood rose to the black mark (in branding         E514600      SE041
                               Longford                            oil) located in the old wool shed at the Rhodes property         N5391900
                                                                   near Longford.


 Apr-29        1:100          South Esk @            Rhodes        The April 1929 flood rose to the top of the door hinge on        E514600      SE042
                               Longford                            the old wool shed as indicated by Mr Gatenby - standing in       N5391900
                                                                   this photograph at the Rhodes property near Longford.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @ Perth        Scone         Floodwaters rose to the butt of the pine tree detailed in this   E514800      SE054
                                                                   photograph on the Scone Track.                                   N5394000
                                                  Scone Track




                                                                       22
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                          South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location       Region and                                Comments                                 Grid       Photo
 Event          AEP                              Property                                                                        Reference     No


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @ Perth      Scone       These photographs were taken near the South Esk River at          E513900      SE056
                                                               the Scone property.                                               N5392800
                                                                                                                                              SE057
                                                               i)         Floodwaters rose to the top of the stain on the wall
                                                                          inside the shearing shed as indicated.
                                                               ii)        Floodwaters rose to 25 cms below the door lintel.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @ Perth      Scone       This photograph depicts the old shearers’ quarters on the         E514200      SE058
                                                               Scone property. The April 1929 flood rose to the tabletop,        N5392700
                                                               as detailed.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @ Perth   Perth Bridge   These photographs were taken at the Perth Bridge and they         E515200      SE060
                                                               detail the collapse of the bridge during the 1929 flood.          N5396300
                                                                                                                                              SE061
                                                               i)         This photograph was taken on the left bank of the
                                                                          river and the bridge can be seen in the background.
                                                                          Floodwaters rose to the level indicated by
                                                                          Mr Bean’s feet.
                                                               ii)        During April 1929, floodwaters rose to the point
                                                                          15cms above the wall of the bridge as pictured, just
                                                                          leaving the stone pier cap above the water line. In
                                                                          1969, the flood came to the top of the projecting
                                                                          course of bricks half way up the bridge’s wall.




                                                                     23
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                             South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location        Region and                                  Comments                                  Grid      Photo
 Event          AEP                               Property                                                                           Reference    No


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @ Perth   Perth Bridge     These photographs were taken at the Perth Bridge and they           E515100     SE062
                                                                 detail the collapse of the bridge during the 1929 flood.            N5396300
                                                                                                                                                 SE063
                                                                 i)           This photograph has been copied from the Weekly
                                                                              Courier newspaper and it details the remainder of                  SE064
                                                                              the bridge after the April 1929 flood had subsided.
                                                                 ii)          This photograph has been copied from the Weekly                    SE065
                                                                              Courier newspaper and it details the bridge before
                                                                              its destruction.                                                   SE067
                                                                 iii)         This photograph details the approximate height of
                                                                              the flood shortly before the bridge collapsed.                     SE068
                                                                 iv)          This photograph details the remains of the bridge
                                                                              shortly after its destruction.                                     SE069
                                                                 v)           This photograph details floodwaters rising up the
                                                                              bridge during the April 1929 flood.                                SE073
                                                                 vi)           This photograph details the bridge as the flood was
                                                                              rising and it was taken after 4 hours/20 minutes
                                                                              into the flood shortly before the bridge collapsed.
                                                                 vii)         This photograph was taken after the collapse of the
                                                                              bridge in the afternoon.
                                                                 viii)        This photograph details the bridge from the
                                                                              northwest approach after its collapse.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @ Perth   William Street   This photograph was taken on the corner of William Street           E514800     SE075
                                                                 and Old Punt Road, Perth and it attempts to detail a short          N5396700
                                                Old Punt Road    post that is not actually visible in the frame. The post is
                                                                 under the conifer to the left of the frame and floodwaters
                                                                 rose up to the post during the April 1929 event.



                                                                         24
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                           South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location        Region and                                 Comments                               Grid        Photo
 Event          AEP                               Property                                                                       Reference      No


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @ Perth    Native Point     These photographs were taken at the Native Point Estate.       E516500       SE077
                                                                                                                                 N5397500
                                                                  i)         In this photograph, floodwaters rose to the point                 SE079
                                                                             indicated by Mr Gibson’s feet. Water rose to the
                                                                             fourth step from the top stairs.
                                                                  ii)        In this photograph, floodwaters rose to the point
                                                                             indicated by Mr Gibson’s feet near the old shed.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @ Perth    Native Point     Floodwaters rose to the top of the rock outcrop (centre of     E516200       SE080
                                                                  the frame) at the Native Point Estate , looking downstream.    N5398700


 Apr-29        1:100          South Esk @        Glendessary      These photographs were taken at the Glendessary Estate.        E518800       SE081
                               Evandale                                                                                          N5397200
                                                                  i)         Floodwaters rose to the point indicated by Mr                     SE082
                                                                             Stancombe’s feet on the riverside of the
                                                                             Glendessary homestead.
                                                                  ii)        Floodwaters rose to the rock outcrop at the point
                                                                             indicated by Mr Stancombe’s feet on the riverside
                                                                             of the Glendessary homestead.


 Apr-29        1:100          South Esk @       Stationmaster’s   During this flood, water rose above the Stationmaster's        E519800       SE089
                               Evandale              House        house located to the left of the frame. The goods shed, the    N5398100
                                                                  Evandale Station and the pump house are also detailed to
                                                                  the centre of the frame. This house is not completely
                                                                  covered by the flood and here, approximately 60cms of the
                                                                  roof are detailed.



                                                                        25
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                        South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location     Region and                                 Comments                               Grid        Photo
 Event          AEP                            Property                                                                       Reference      No


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @     Railway Ranger’s This photograph records that the April 1929 floodwaters          E519800       SE090
                             Evandale            House       rose above the Railway Ranger's house at Evandale. This          N5398100
                                                             house was eventually split in two and destroyed.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @     Evandale Station   These photographs record the April 1929 floodwaters rising     E519900       SE091
                             Evandale                          at the Evandale Station.                                       N5397900
                                                                                                                                            SE092
                                                               i)         The fencing on the left, along with the platform
                                                                          and piles were floating when the photograph was
                                                                          taken.
                                                               ii)        Floodwaters rising above the goods shed and the
                                                                          pump house at the Evandale Station. Both
                                                                          buildings where covered by the flood and now,
                                                                          neither building exists.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @        Main Road       During the April 1929 flood, water was recorded as             E519800       SE093
                             Evandale                          approaching the house at the bottom corner of the Main         N5398100
                                            Leighlands Road    Road and Leighlands Road.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @         Andora         This photograph was taken near the Andora property and it      E522500       SE095
                             Evandale                          records floodwaters rising up to the point indicated by        N5394800
                                                               Mr Von Stieglitz’s feet. The wooden stake placed to mark
                                                               the height of the floodwaters may still be located in the
                                                               gorse.




                                                                     26
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                         South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location     Region and                                 Comments                                  Grid      Photo
 Event          AEP                            Property                                                                          Reference    No


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @        Redbanks       These photographs detail flooding at the old stable on the         E522500     SE096
                             Evandale                         Redbanks property.                                                 N5394800
                                               Nile Road                                                                                     SE097
                                                              i)         Here, floodwaters rose to the top of the forth plank
                                            Mr Hart’s House              on the building from the ground. In addition, there
                                                                         is also a mark on the byre inside the old stable.
                                                              ii)        Here, the location of the old stable in relation to
                                                                         Mr Hart’s house on the Nile Road is detailed.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @        Redbanks       This photograph records the original location of the               E521600     SE099
                             Evandale                         Redbanks homestead on the banks of the South Esk River.            N5393700
                                                              Floodwaters rose well up the walls of the homestead and
                                                              the occupants where rescued from the roof. The homestead
                                                              was damaged beyond repair during the April 1929 flood.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @       Winthorpe       This photograph details floodwaters rising to                      E523700     SE101
                             Evandale                         approximately the butt of the hawthorn bush (detailed in           N5392900
                                                              the centre of the frame) at the Winthorpe property.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @     Symmons Plains    These photographs detail flooding at the Symmons Plains            E522400     SE102
                             Evandale                         homestead.                                                         N5390300
                                                                                                                                             SE103
                                                              i)         Floodwaters rose to the lowest step of the garden
                                                                         stone steps in front of the homestead.
                                                              ii)        Floodwaters rose almost to the tennis court surface
                                                                         and to the top of the lawn next to the court’s fence.



                                                                    27
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                      South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location      Region and                             Comments                                Grid        Photo
 Event          AEP                             Property                                                                    Reference      No


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @ Nile   Clarendon    These photographs detail flooding at the Clarendon              E523400       SE104
                                                            homestead.                                                      N5390800
                                                                                                                                          SE105
                                                            i)         Floodwaters rose to the concrete block in the
                                                                       paddock behind the homestead.
                                                            ii)        Floodwaters rose to the steel peg (now buried)
                                                                       behind the homestead.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @ Nile    Winburn     Floodwaters rose to the front door step at the Winburn          E525800       SE108
                                                            homestead, as detailed.                                         N5385700


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @ Nile    Winburn     Floodwaters rose to the windowsill of the old cottage           E525800       SE109
                                                            located on the driveway at the Winburn property.                N5385800


 Apr-29        1:100         South Esk @        Esk Vale    These photographs were taken at the Esk Vale Estate and         E530200       SE110
                             Epping Forest                  they detail that floodwaters rose to the butt of the top-most   N5379200
                                                            conifer growing by the old cottage.                                           SE111

                                                            i)         Looking northwest.
                                                            ii)        Looking southwest (old toilet in the foreground).


 Apr-29        1:100         South Esk @       Clyne Vale   This photograph details flooding at Mr Robert’s property –      E533900       SE113
                             Epping Forest                  Clyne Vale Estate . This flood rose approximately to the        N5379600
                                                            hedge growing above the pump house (contained in the
                                                            steep bank).



                                                                  28
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                        South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location      Region and                              Comments                                 Grid        Photo
 Event          AEP                             Property                                                                      Reference      No


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @         Vaucluse       Floodwaters rose to the base of the concrete block (Flood      E537300       SE115
                              Conara                           Level marker) on the Vaucluse property.                        N5373700


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @         Vaucluse       This photograph was taken at the Vancluse property             E538200       SE117
                              Conara                           looking southwest. During the April 1929 event                 N5375600
                                                               floodwaters rose to the foot of the marker claimed to have
                                                               fallen where it stood at the time.


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @         Glen Esk       Floodwaters rose to the mantelpiece height at the Glen Esk     E539700       SE118
                              Conara                           homestead pictured in this photograph.                         N5375300


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @        Brambletye      Floodwaters rose to the top of the bank (to the right of the   E544100       SE122
                              Conara                           frame) on the Brambletye property.                             N5372400


 Apr-29        1:100        South Esk @        Brambletye      Floodwaters rose half way up the steel post (was barn          E543900       SE124
                              Conara                           gauge) on the Brambletye property as indicated. The            N5372500
                                                               Brambletye homestead is located in the background of this
                                                               photograph.


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @     Old Bass Highway Floodwaters rose to the window of the last house before          E504900       SE011
                              Hadspen                        Old Bass Highway Bridge on the right bank.                       N5404500




                                                                   29
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                     South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location    Region and                               Comments                                Grid       Photo
 Event          AEP                           Property                                                                      Reference     No


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @      Bowthorpe      These photographs detail flooding at the Bowthorpe              E508800      SE014
                             Longford                       property where floodwaters rose to the corner of the cottage    N5401400
                                            Norwich Drive   garden.                                                                      SE016

                                            Pateena Road    i)         This photograph was taken from the junction of
                                                                       Norwich Drive and Pateena Road, Longford.
                                             Greenside      ii)        This photograph was taken from the entrance to the
                                                                       Greenside property (pump house also detailed).


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @      Bowthorpe      Floodwaters rose up to the road by the first guide post on      E508400      SE017
                             Longford                       the left of the frame. The new house in the middle              N5401900
                                                            foreground may have been below flood level. The
                                                            Bowthorpe property is detailed in the far background.


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @      Jessiefield    Floodwaters rose to the edge of the road at the entrance to     E509400      SE018
                             Longford                       the Jessiefield property in Pateena. Mr Hughes’ feet            N5399100
                                                            indicate the maximum flood height.


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @       Esk Farm      In this photograph, floodwaters rose to the hedge on the        E508200      SE022
                             Longford                       front lawn at Esk Farm.                                         N5397600


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @     Wickford Road   These photographs detail flooding on Wickford Road,             E507900      SE027
                             Longford                       Longford looking east-north-east, when floodwaters rose to      N5398600
                                                            1.5 metres vertically below the foot of the concrete block                   SE028
                                                            (Flood Level marker).



                                                                  30
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                        South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location     Region and                                 Comments                               Grid        Photo
 Event          AEP                            Property                                                                       Reference      No


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @       Old Tannery      These photographs detail flooding at the Old Tannery           E509200       SE029
                             Longford          Building        Building.                                                      N5396800
                                                                                                                                            SE030
                                            Tannery Straight   i)         The 1969 flood rose to the top of the lower
                                                                          windows.
                                                               ii)        Floodwaters rose to the spouting on the main roof
                                                                          of the cottage on Tannery Straight. The Old
                                                                          Tannery Building can be seen in the background.


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @        Mountford       In this photograph, floodwaters rose to the point on the       E510300       SE031
                             Longford                          Mountford property as indicated by the feet of Mr Bean and     N5396600
                                                               Mr Mackinnon. The pump house is detailed in the
                                                               background.


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @        Mountford       In this photograph, floodwaters rose to the point on the       E510600       SE032
                             Longford                          Mountford property as indicated by the feet of Mr Bean and     N5396200
                                                               Mr Mackinnon. The new bridge can be seen in the
                                                               background.


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @     Longford Railway The 1969 flood rose up to the rail on the Longford Railway       E510400       SE033
                             Longford            Bridge      Bridge.                                                          N5396200


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @     Longford Railway Floodwaters rose to the rails of the subsidiary Railway          E510400       SE034
                             Longford            Bridge      Bridge viaduct. The viaduct was built after the April 1929       N5396200
                                                             flood.



                                                                     31
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                         South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location     Region and                                 Comments                                  Grid      Photo
 Event          AEP                            Property                                                                          Reference    No


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @         Rhodes        In this photograph, Mr Gatenby indicates with his hands            E514500     SE040
                             Longford                         the maximum flood level reached in 1969. The back                  N5391800
                                                              entrance to the Rhodes homestead is pictured.


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @     Woolmers Estate   This photograph depicts the southern side of the Woolmers          E510400     SE043
                             Longford                         Estate lane. Floodwaters during the 1969 event rose to the         N5413900
                                                              foot of the large gum tree in the centre left of the frame.


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @         Rhodes        Floodwaters during the 1969 event rose half way up the             E514600     SE044
                             Longford                         concrete post at the entrance to the Rhodes property.              N5391700


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @         Rhodes        These photographs detail Mr Gatenby’s house and the                E515600     SE045
                             Longford                         tennis court on the Rhodes property where floodwaters rose         N5392400
                                             Mr Gatenby’s     to:                                                                            SE048
                                                House
                                                              i)         Within 25cms of the top of the tennis court net
                                                                         post.
                                                              ii)        The post to the middle left of the frame (the post by
                                                                         the tennis court fence - centre of the water
                                                                         channel).


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @         Rhodes        These photographs detail Mr Gatenby’s house, the tennis            E516200     SE046
                             Longford                         courts and the surrounding area on the Rhodes property.            N5392500
                                             Mr Gatenby’s     The trash lines after the flood is detailed.                                   SE047
                                                House



                                                                    32
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                        South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location       Region and                                Comments                              Grid        Photo
 Event          AEP                              Property                                                                     Reference      No


 May-69        1:40           South Esk @         Rhodes       These photographs detail flooding at the Rhodes homestead      E514500       SE049
                               Longford                        and they are taken from:                                       N5391800
                                                                                                                                            SE050
                                                               i)          The horse trough at the rear of the Rhodes
                                                                           homestead.                                                       SE051
                                                               ii)         The back door area after the flood had receded.
                                                               iii)        The back door area at approximately maximum                      SE052
                                                                           flood height.
                                                               iv)         The back door area looking down the yard to the
                                                                           old shearing shed on the left.


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @ Perth   Scone Track    This photograph details the gauge board on the Scone           E514600       SE055
                                                               Track. The 1969 flood rose to 60cms over the gauge board.      N5393700


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @ Perth      Scone       This photograph depicts the old shearers' quarters on the      E514200       SE058
                                                               Scone property. The 1969 flood came to just under the          N5392700
                                                               floorboards.


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @ Perth   Perth Bridge   Photograph of the Perth Bridge. During the May 1969            E515200       SE061
                                                               event, floodwaters rose to the top of the projecting course    N5396300
                                                               of bricks half way up the wall.


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @ Perth    Mill Hill     This photograph details that floodwaters rose to the butt of   E515300       SE076
                                                               the left-most poplar on Mill Hill, located on Mill Road near   N5398400
                                                 Mill Road     Perth.



                                                                      33
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                             South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location         Region and                                 Comments                                  Grid      Photo
 Event          AEP                                Property                                                                          Reference    No


 May-69        1:40         South Esk @ Perth     Native Point     This photograph records that the flood came to the point          E516500     SE078
                                                                   indicated by Mr Gibson’s feet on the path in front of the         N5397500
                                                                   Native Point homestead.


 May-69        1:40           South Esk @       Pleasant Banks     These photographs detail flooding at the Pleasant Banks           E519100     SE083
                               Evandale                            Estate.                                                           N5395500

                                                                   i)         Floodwaters rose to the corner of the timber shed at
                                                                              the side of the property.
                                                                   ii)        Floodwaters rose to a point 1.2 metres short
                                                                              (horizontally) from the butt of the palm tree at the
                                                                              front of the homestead.



 May-69        1:40           South Esk @           Andora         Floodwaters almost covered the old pump house rear the            E520600     SE094
                               Evandale                            Andora property.                                                  N5395800


 May-69        1:40           South Esk @          Redbanks        Floodwaters rose to the floor of Launceston Airport's radio       E522200     SE098
                               Evandale                            beacon on the Redbanks property, as indicated.                    N5394100


 May-69        1:40           South Esk @       Clarendon Lodge  This photograph was taken at the Winthorpe Bridge over              E523500     SE100
                               Evandale               Road       Golden Gully Creek on the Clarendon Lodge Road.                     N5392900
                                                                 Floodwaters rose to a point as indicated by Mr Hart’s feet
                                                Winthorpe Bridge (a small peg at the side of the road was placed).




                                                                         34
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                     South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency        Location        Region and                           Comments                                Grid       Photo
 Event          AEP                               Property                                                                  Reference     No


 May-69   Insufficient Data   South Esk @ Nile   Lochmaben    This photograph was taken looking northwest from the          E524400      SE106
                                                              Lochmaben property with the Clarendon property in the         N5390000
                                                 Clarendon    background. This picture records that most floods come to
                                                              the foot of the bank on the right of the frame. In 1969,
                                                              floodwaters covered the entire flat.


 May-69   Insufficient Data    South Esk @        Esk Vale    Floodwaters rose to the point where the base to the           E530300      SE112
                               Epping Forest                  barbecue now stands at the Esk Vale Estate (note: the frost   N5379200
                                                              pictured was at 09:15; temperature -5C).


 May-69   Insufficient Data    South Esk @       Clyne Vale   This photograph details flooding at Mr Robert’s property -    E533900      SE113
                               Epping Forest                  Clyne Vale Estate . In 1969 the flood rose half way up the    N5379600
                                                              door of the pump house (middle hinge).


 May-69   Insufficient Data    South Esk @        Fairfield   Floodwaters rose to the pump house at the Fairfield           E529600      SE114
                               Epping Forest                  property as indicated by Mr Youl pictured. An accurate        N5380900
                                                              flood mark is located in the adjacent pump house at the
                                                              property.


 May-69   Insufficient Data     South Esk @       Vaucluse    This photograph was taken at the Vancluse property            E538200      SE117
                                  Conara                      looking southwest. During the April 1929 event                N5375600
                                                              floodwaters rose to the foot of the marker claimed to have
                                                              fallen where it stood at the time. In 1969, the flood was
                                                              recorded at five foot vertically lower.




                                                                  35
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                         South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood    Flood Frequency         Location        Region and                            Comments                                  Grid       Photo
 Event          AEP                                Property                                                                     Reference     No


 May-69   Insufficient Data     South Esk @        Glen Esk     Floodwaters rose to the point where Mr Mackinnon’s feet         E539700      SE119
                                  Conara                        are pictured on the lawn at the Glen Esk Estate.                N5375300


 May-69   Insufficient Data     South Esk @       Brambletye    This photograph records that the 1969 flood covered the         E544100      SE121
                                  Conara                        trough (hollow in paddock to right of frame in shadow) in       N5372500
                                                                the foreground paddock on the Brambletye property.


 Jul-74          1:6          South Esk @ Perth   Scone Track   This photograph details the gauge board on the Scone            E514600      SE055
                                                                Track. The 1974 flood rose to 75cms over the gauge board.       N5393700


 May-86          1:8          South Esk @ Perth     Scone       Floodwaters rose to the base of the steel dropper on the        E514200      SE053
                                                                Scone property. The old pump house can be seen in the           N5394900
                                                                background.


 May-86          1:8          South Esk @ Perth   Scone Track   This photograph details the gauge board on the Scone            E514600      SE055
                                                                Track. The 1986 flood rose to 35cms over the gauge board.       N5393700


 May-86   Insufficient Data   South Esk @ Nile     Winburn      Floodwaters rose to the sixth (VI) mark on the marked           E525800      SE107
                                                                gauge board at the rear of the Winburn homestead.               N5385600


 May-86   Insufficient Data     South Esk @        Glen Esk     This photograph records that the 1986 floodwaters rose to       E539700      SE120
                                  Conara                        the base of the elm tree on the lawn of the Glen Esk Estate .   N5375300




                                                                    36
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                      South Esk Basin Flood Data Book


 Flood     Flood Frequency       Location      Region and                             Comments                                Grid        Photo
 Event           AEP                            Property                                                                    Reference      No


 May-86          1:8         South Esk @        Longford       These photographs were taken looking across the recreation   E510250       SE125
                              Longford                         area and the Longford township at the confluence of the      N5395750
                                                               Macquarie and South Esk Rivers. Flooding over the                          SE126
                                                               general area and the road bridge is detailed.


 May-86          1:8         Macquarie @        Longford       This photograph was taken at the velodrome and Longford      E510300      MA003
                              Longford                         Caravan Park and it details flooding over the lower lying    N5395500
                                                               areas adjacent to the Macquarie River.


 Apr-89          1:3         South Esk @    Old Bass Highway This photograph was taken at the picnic grounds near the       E504800       SE013
                               Hadspen                       Old Bass Highway. Floodwaters are pictured at                  N5404500
                                                             approximately the maximum height of a moderate flood
                                                             and here, a toilet block is half submerged.


 Various       1:3 to 4      South Esk @         Entally       This photograph details the level to which normal floods     E504900       SE012
  Years                        Hadspen                         rise (those that occur every 3 to 4 years). Floodwaters      N5404500
                                                               generally reach the foot of the sign and entrance to the
                                                               Entally homestead.


 Various       1:3 to 4      South Esk @     Beams Hollow      This photograph details the level to which normal floods     E506400       SE009
  Years                        Hadspen                         rise (those that occur every 3 to 4 years). Floodwaters      N5405600
                                                               generally rise to the foot of the Beams Hollow property
                                                               sign.




                                                                    37
Emergency Management Australia                                                                                     South Esk Basin Flood Data Book



6.       New Records of Flooding

The following table (Table 4) has been provided for the entry of new flood events. As this is a living document to be updated over time, if a flood
occurs you are encouraged to contribute your own flood information to these books to make them as effective as possible for current and future
generations.


Records of Future Flooding in the South Esk River and Macquarie Catchments

 Flood    Flood Frequency      Location        Region and                       Comments                          Grid      River Level      Photo
 Event         (AEP)                            Property                                                        Reference   (AHD - metres)    No




                                                                        38
Emergency Management Australia                    South Esk Basin Flood Data Book

                             REFERENCES

Bobbi, C., Fuller, D. and Oldmeadow, D. (1996) South Esk Basin ‘State of Rivers
       Report’, Department of Primary Industry and Fisheries, Tasmania.

Bowden, N. (2000) Geomatic Specialist, Land Information Services, Department of
     Primary Industries, Water and Environment, Tasmania, personal
     communications.

Bowden, N. J. and Prichard A. S. (1992) Hobart Tide Gauge – Record of Height
     Datums, SVY/05/003, SVY/04/002, Geodetic files S366, Land Information
     Services, Tasmania.

Bureau of Meteorology (1936) Results of Rainfall Observations Made in Tasmania,
      Commonwealth of Australia, Melbourne.

Bureau of Meteorology (1974) Tasmania: Outstanding Floods and Noteworthy Flood
      Periods and Main Areas Affected, Internal Document, Commonwealth of
      Australia, Hobart.

Bureau of Meteorology (date unknown) Investigations into Past Floods in Hobart,
      Internal Document, Commonwealth of Australia, Hobart.

Bureau of Meteorology (date unknown) Floods – Southeastern Tasmania, Internal
      Document, Commonwealth of Australia, Hobart.

Department of Infrastructure, Energy and Resources, various departmental files and
      reports, Tasmania.

Department of Public Works (1970) Report on Flooding HvH/5, Department of Public
      Works, Tasmania.

Hydro-Electric Commission (1992) Perth – Longford Flood Plain Study, Water
      Resources Department, Hydro-Electric Commission Report No 1992/02,
      Tasmania.

Hydro-Electric Commission (1994) Longford Flood Plain Study Hydraulic Analysis,
      Department of Primary Industry and Fisheries, Hydro-Electric Commission
      Report No 001-0529-CR-001, Tasmania.

Hydro-Electric Commission (1997) Deloraine Flood Plain Study, Water Resources
      Department, Hydro-Electric Commission Report No 001-0591-CR-001,
      Tasmania.

Livingston, A. H. (1986) Flood Frequency Anomalies – Derwent and South Esk, Hydro-
       Electric Commission, Tasmania.

Livingston, A. H. (1986) South Esk River – Flood Level Data in the Vicinity of
       Trevallyn Dam, Hydro-Electric Commission, Tasmania.

                                       39
Emergency Management Australia                      South Esk Basin Flood Data Book

Lands Department (1992) TASMAP – Tasmania 1:500000 Recreational Areas and Land
      Divisions, the Mapping Division, Lands Department, Hobart.

MacGeorge, C. (2000) Section Head Hydrology, Bureau of Meteorology, Tasmania,
     personal communications.

State Emergency Service (1990) History of Emergency Events Tasmania: Issue 1, State
       Emergency Service.

Steane, J. D. (1968) Tasmanian Water Resources Survey Report No 4: The Elizabeth
       and Macquarie Rivers above Baskerville, Rivers and Water Supply
       Commission, Tasmania.

Waters, T. (2000) Senior Transport Supervisor, Department of Infrastructure, Energy
       and Resources, Tasmania, personal communications.

Weekly Courier (1929) Photographs detailing the collapse of the Perth Bridge - Perth,
      Weekly Courier, Tasmania.




                                         40

				
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