Devils Den EAST Project
Works Cited Beckie Moore, Mike Kaminski,
Blehert, David S. "Bat White-Nose Syndrome: An Emerging
Pathogen?" ScienceMag 323 (2009). Www.ScienMag.org.
30 Oct. 2008. Web. 19 Oct. 2009.
Fall Semester 2009
Jeffrey, Cohn P. "White-nose Syndrome Threatens Bats.
" Bioscience 1p 58.11 (2008): 1098-098.
Academic Search Premier. Web. 20 Oct. 2009.
Bat White Nose Syndrome
United States of America.
U.S Fish and Wildlife Service. Northeast Region.
Quick Reference for White? Nose Syndrome (WNS):
Contaminant and Decontamination Procedures for Cave
activity. By U.S Fish and Wildlife Service. U.S Fish and Wildlife
Service: Northeast Region, June 2009. Web. 23 Oct. 2009.
Bat White Nose Syndrome
Moriarty, Marvin. A hibernating Little Brown Bat. Northwest Arkansas Community
Photograph. www.esri.com. Sep. 2009. Web. 10 Dec. 2009.
Devils Den Cave, Devils Den State Park: West
WNS Contaminate and Decontaminate
A cave should only be entered with clothing,
boots, and equipment that have been fully
cleaned using the protocol below.
For clothing – Wash all clothing and any
appropriate equipment in washing
machine using the hottest cycle possible
for material and conventional
detergents. Rinse thoroughly, and then
follow by soaking with sodium
hypochlorite bleach solution diluted to 1
part bleach to 9 parts water in a tub or
plastic container. Soak for 10 minutes,
then rinse and air dry.
For submersible gear disinfect any White nose syndrome was first discovered at a
equipment that can be submersed in a cave in Schoharie County, New York in February 2006.
solution with an appropriate and The disease started getting media publicity in 2007, and by
What is Bat White Nose Syndrome compatible disinfectant such as sodium 2008 it had spread to other New York caves, as well as
hypochlorite bleach solution diluted to 1 Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. In early 2009, it
(WNS)? part bleach to 9 parts water in a tub or had been confirmed in New Hampshire, New Jersey,
plastic container. Keep submersed for Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. The condition has been
Bat White Nose Syndrome is a fungus that 10 minutes, then rinse and air dry. found in over 30 caves and mines in the northeast United
grows on the muzzle, wing membrane, or For non-submersible gear disinfect any States.
exposed skin of the bat. equipment that cannot be submersed by
applying an appropriate and compatible
Effecting six different species: little brown, disinfectant to the outside surface. Use Bat Migration and Spread of Bat
big brown, suiall-iooted niyotis, northern compounds such as Lysol® All-purpose
Professional Cleaner, Lysol® disinfecting
White Nose Syndrome
long-eared, eastern pipistrelle, and Indiana
bat. wipes or the antibacterial form of Some bats migrate to caves a short distance
Formula409®; Keep on surface for 10
What WNS does is it awakens bats in the away, while others, like the Big Brown Bat,
minutes, then rinse and air dry.
middle of their hibernation, causing the For boots – Boots need to be fully travel miles to a new hibernating spot.
bats to look for food and water sources, scrubbed and rinsed so that all soil and
only to find that there are none available to organic material is removed. The entire Most bats, if they do migrate, travel from
them because of the winter months. rubber and leather boots, including North to South like birds to find warmer
soles and leather uppers, can then be weather and larger food sources.
disinfected with an appropriate
Areas now being affected are New York, disinfectant.keep on surface for 10 Dangerous, because this can give other bats
Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New minutes, then rinse and air dry of none migrating decent WNS and can
Hampshire, West Virginia, and Virginia. (www.fws.gov./northeast/whitenose cause a possible larger outbreak.
Influencing bat populations in the west.