Stuff you never knew about Bats
Is it a bird…?
• Are bats featherless birds?
If you said NO, you are
• We now know that bats are mammals,
just like people.
• But bats are very special mammals. They
are the only mammals that can fly.
How do we know they are
• Bats are warm
• Bats nurse their
babies with milk
• Bats have fur
Where in the world are Bats
• Bats live on all continents except Antarctica.
• However, they are many more bats and
species of bats where the weather is warm,
like near the equator or the southern United
• Bat wings are made of two
thin layers of skin
stretched over the bat's
arm and fingers. Bats have
a thumb and fingers, just
• Bats use their wings for
more than just flying, they
can wrap their wings
around fruit or an insect
• Are bats really blind? NO!
• Bats can see perfectly well during the day.
The only problem is, they hunt at night!
• To make up for this, bats have the best
hearing of all land mammals.
• Instead of relying on their sense of
sight to navigate in the dark and find
food, bats make rapid high-pitched
squeaks called "ultrasounds". These
sounds are too high for most people to
• When the sound hits
an object an echo
comes back. The bat
can identify an object
by the sound of the
echo. They can even
tell the size, shape
and texture of a tiny
insect from its echo.
Let’s take a look at some bats!
• Many bats eat while they
are flying, and this makes it
difficult for some bats to
make the squeaks out of
• Therefore, many bats use
echolocation out their
noses. These bats have
A bat with nose leaves special flaps and folds of
skin on their faces called
Species of Bats
• The world's smallest mammal is
the bumblebee bat weighing
about as much as a penny.
• The Flying Fox, with a wingspan
of 78 inches, is the world’s
• There are over 900 different
species of bats -- they make up
one fifth of the world's
• Bats are grouped into two main
groups: megabats and
• Micro bats are small bats that eat
insects, blood, fish, lizards, birds and
• Micro bats can echolocate, and account
for most the bats found all over the
• Mega bats are large fruit
eating bats, also known as
• They eat fruit and live in
tropical regions of the
• Many important agricultural
plants, like bananas,
mangoes and cashews rely
on bats for pollination and
• The vampire bat is the only bat (and the
only mammal) that eats only blood.
Is it true that vampire bats suck
If you said NO,
• Contrary to popular belief, a vampire
bat does not suck blood from its victim,
but makes an incision and laps the
blood up, which doesn't clot because of
anti-coagulants in the bat's saliva.
• Bats hunt and eat
at night and sleep
during the day.
• Therefore, bats are
• How do bats sleep?
If you said upside
down, give yourself a
pat on the back!
• They are very
sociable, as they
usually sleep together
in large groups.
Where do Bats roost?
• Some bats may find old
mines and set up their
• Tiny woolly bats of West
Africa live in the large webs
• The Honduran white bat
cuts large leaves to make
"tents" that protect its
colonies from jungle rains. Honduran white bats
What is one place we are
• Some caves may be home to thousands of bats.
• The largest bat colony in the world is in Bracken
Cave, Texas. During the summer, this cave is home
to as many as 20 MILLION Mexican free-tailed bats.
• These bats eat 250 tons of insects every night.
• Bats that might have typically lived in caves have
begun to adapt to urban life by modifying their
behavior to live in man made structures in the city.
• The largest urban colony is under the Congress
Avenue Bridge in Austin, Texas, home to about 1.5
• After hibernation, the female bats start
having baby bats. Do you know what they are
• Bats usually only have one baby at a time,
but sometimes they have twins!
• The pups are tiny when born, but can usually
fly a month after birth.
• The pups are born with strong legs and
claws because they have to hang on to the
mother when she's roosting and to the cave
when she's not there.
• If the baby looses its grip and falls, it will
Mother bat taking care of
• Predators of bats include Great Horned
Owls, hawks, falcons, raccoons, house cats,
• But who is the greatest predator of all?
Humans, because they destroy
the bats’ habitat.
Bats and Rabies
• Less than ½ of 1% of bats carry rabies.
• Fewer than 40 people in the United
States are known to have contracted
rabies from bats during the past 40
• Far more people are killed by dog
attacks, bee stings, or lightning than
rabies from bats.
Bats Are Sleeping
(tune: Frere Jacques) Bats
Bats are sleeping
Sleeping in the morning
Waiting for the night to
Then they'll fly all around.
Then they'll fly all around.
Amazing Bats Amazing bats like to eat
Thousands of bugs for a tasty treat.
Flying through the moonlit air,
Traveling here and traveling there.
Hibernating when the weather's cold,
Gathered with hundreds of friends,
Many bats are endangered, I'm sad to say
There are fewer and fewer bats every day.
Be kind to bats, that's the thing to do,
Tell your friends and your family too!
Spooky Bats Spooky bats go flying at night,
Flapping about in the pale moonlight.
Spreading their wings, they're a scary sight!
But truth be told, there's no need for fright.
Spooky bats are really not bad.
They eat harmful insects, for which we're glad!
They're somewhat shy, I might also add.
But never grab one - it could get mad!
Spooky bats like to sleep in the day.
They hang upside down and doze that way!
Caves and trees are where they stay.
Until it grows dark - then it's up and away.