Substitute Youtube Quiet Rage The Stanford Prison Experiment

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					  Philip
Zimbardo

     By:
Steph Cataline
     Who is Philip Zimbardo?
• The “voice and face of contemporary
American psychology”.
• Presently, an Emeritus professor at Stanford
University, professor since 1968.
• Has a PBS-TV series “Discovering
Psychology”.
•His new book has been a New York Times
bestseller: THE LUCIFER EFFECT:
UNDERSTANDING HOW GOOD PEOPLE
TURN EVIL
                Introduction
• The man determined to find out why atrocities
  happen like the Holocaust, The Genocide in
  Rwanda through his Stanford Prison
  Experiment.
• Involved his choosing randomly selected
  healthy, normal college students to pretend to
  be either prisoners or guards in what was
  planned to be a two-week study in human
  behavior under intense conditions.
     The Stanford Experiment
• Tested both inmates and guards and their
  response to captivity in harsh conditions.
   – Observed the behavioral effects
• Conducted in 1971
• “mock prison” in the basement of Stanford
  University psychology building.
                   Video
• Shows inmate-guard interaction in the prison
  and the aftermath affects on the prisoners.
• http://youtube.com/watch?v=1KXy8CLqgk4
• Video 2- Features Zimbardo and inmates and
  his explanation of the Stanford Experiment.
• http://youtube.com/watch?v=2o0Nx31yicY
• Substitute: Youtube>
Quiet Rage: The Stanford Prison Experiment
            Goals/Procedure
• To test the hypothesis that “prison guards and
  convicts were self-selecting of a certain
  disposition that would naturally lead to poor
  conditions.”
• 21 males of good health were chosen to
  participate.
  – Most psychologically stable.
  – White middle class
• Zimbardo was superintendent, undergrad
  research assistant was the warden
  (continued)
• Guards-wooden batons and khaki military uniform.
   – Sunglasses were worn to prevent eye contact
• Guards worked in shifts and were permitted to return
  home and to their daily routines in between.
• Prisoners- ill-fitting muslin smocks, no underwear and
  rubber thong sandals.
   – Would force them discomfort and lead to increased
     disorientation.
• No names were used, referred to by numbers.
   – Pantyhose worn on head to replicate shaven heads.
   – Chains around feet-constant reminder of
     imprisonment
• Guards were allowed to run the prison in any
  matter wishes as long as there was no physical
  violence
         Outcome
• 1/3 of guards displayed expected or
  “genuine” aggressive behaviors.
• Many of the prisoners became
  emotionally traumatized eventually
  leading to being removed from
  experiment.
• Zimbardo shocked by the increase of
  abusive behavior of the inmates,
  concluded the entire experiment
  earlier than anticipated.
     Behind the Scenes

• Forced exercise
• Prison became dirty and inhospitable
• Some prisoners were forced to sleep
  naked with no mattress.
• Forced nudity and sexual humiliation.
• Only privileged to go to the bathroom.
            Conclusion
• Ended on August 20,1971-6 days after it
  began. ( intended to last 14)
• “ said to support situational attributions of
  behavior rather than dispositional
  attribution.”
   – Basically saying the environment and
     conditions caused their results not each
     individual personality.
  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z0jYx8nwjFQ

              Ethical Issues clip 6 minutes




http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKW_MzREPp4&feature=related


              Summary of Experiment 2 minutes
               Hypothesis
• I personally believe that the Stanford
  Experiment is a violation of personal rights
  regardless of if the individuals agreed or
  not.
• It is unknown and ill-determined to predict
  what exactly would happen behind closed
  doors.
• Did not prove or explain the reasons
  behind major atrocities

				
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posted:10/6/2012
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