Yakutat Coastal Management Program
Coastal Management Plan
Enforceable and Administrative Policies
February 24, 1982:
The City of Yakutat Coastal Management Program goes into effect for State, federal,
and local implementation.
In 1992, the City of Yakutat dissolved and incorporated as the City and Borough of
Yakutat. In 1993, CBY began revising its coastal management program to include the
additional area. In 1997, CBY annexed additional territory.
May 13, 1999:
In 1999, CBY completed the revision begun in 1993. The revised plan contains new
enforceable policies, but does not include the additional territory annexed in 1997.
Coastal Development Policies
2.1 Waterbody Development
In planning for and approving uses and activities in waterfront areas, the
following order of priority shall be used:
a. First, to water-dependent uses and activities;
b. Second, to water-related uses and activities; and
c. Finally, to obtain approval to site a use or activity that is not water-
dependent nor water-related in the coastal area, the applicant must
There is a public need for the proposed use or activity;
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There are no feasible and prudent inland alternatives that would
meet the public need and allow siting away from the coastal area;
All significant adverse impacts on coastal resources will be
2.2 Development Standards for Floating Development
Standards for floating development include:
a. Floating development shall not ground at any tidal stage, unless ADFG
determines there will be no significant adverse impact to habitat values.
b. Floating development shall be sited to protect existing resources and
uses, unless the tidelands and submerged lands are designated for
c. Floating development which supports economic development activities
such as commercial timber harvest, mineral exploration, commercial
fishing, sport fishing, tourism or aquatic farming shall be limited to the
time the resource use or activity is occurring or support for the activity is
d. Floating development must not jeopardize access to upland property
belonging to another party.
2.3 Dredge and Fill Requirements
Dredge and fill activities shall be located, designed, constructed, operated and
a. Limit direct disturbance of natural drainage features to the minimum
area necessary to accomplish the proposed purpose or use;
b. Minimize alterations or changes to natural coastal erosion and deposition
patterns so that dredge or fill does not alter the natural rate of erosion or
accretion somewhere else; and,
c. Contain and stabilize fill and dredge material to minimize erosion
sedimentation, and leaching into adjacent waters.
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a. Subject uses shall be designed, sited, constructed, and operated with
appropriate planning, implementation, monitoring and enforcement to
mitigate significant adverse impacts and/or adverse cumulative impacts
to the following resources and activities of local, state, or national
1. Fish and wildlife populations and their habitats;
2. Commercial fishing uses and activities;
3. Local harvest, subsistence, and personal use resources, habitats,
4. Recreation resources;
5. Air, land, and water quality, quantity, and availability;
6. Cultural resources.
b. The cost of mitigation relative to the benefit to the coastal resource’s
function and value shall be considered in the implementation of this
policy and be included as a project cost. The applicant shall be
responsible for providing cost-benefit information should it be required
by the coordinating agency. The coordinating agency shall substantiate
the request by providing the applicant with the rationale for the cost-
benefit information and the elements it must contain.
c. Mitigation shall include and be considered in the following order of
1. Avoid the significant adverse impacts altogether by selecting
alternative locations, construction options, or schedules;
eliminating conflicting project attributes or not taking a certain
action or parts of an action to eliminate significant adverse
2. When it is not feasible and prudent to avoid significant adverse
impacts, minimize them by limiting the degree or magnitude of
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the action and its implementation to the amount necessary to
accomplish the proposed use or activity;
3. When significant adverse impacts cannot be minimized, restore or
rehabilitate the resource to its pre-disturbance condition; and,
4. Where significant adverse impacts to a resource are substantial
and irreversible and cannot be avoided or minimized, or the
resource cannot be restored or rehabilitated, compensate for
significant adverse impacts by replacing or enhancing with
substitute resources. Compensation may be in-kind or out-of-
kind, and on-site or off-site. The preferred option is in-kind and
on-site, to the extent feasible and prudent.
2.1A Development Requirements (Administrative Policy)
To the extent authorized by law, subject uses within the Borough should
comply with local land use regulations, including zoning and subdivision
ordinances. The Borough will assist applicants in the local review process. All
land managers will work cooperatively in planning any development proposals
within the coastal district.
2.2A Local, State, and Federal Responsibility (Administrative Policy)
Local, state, and federal agencies responsible for implementing program
policies through the coastal consistency process should, where feasible and
prudent, provide timely monitoring of authorizations, stipulations, and special
conditions, and necessary compliance enforcement.
Geophysical Hazard Areas Policies
3.1 Development and Resource Protection in Flood Areas
a. Industrial, commercial, or residential structures shall not be located
where a flood hazard area has been identified if a feasible and prudent
alternative site exists. Adequate siting, design, and construction
measures must be taken to minimize property damage and protect
against loss of life.
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b. Minimize alteration of stream channels in order to maintain natural
c. Development shall minimize significant adverse impacts to a
waterbody’s capacity to store flood and storm water and recharge
The following measures shall be used to the extent feasible and prudent to
minimize sedimentation to waterbodies and habitat:
a. Subject uses shall be sited to minimize adverse alteration of the natural
topography of the land, drainage systems, and vegetation.
b. Sediment laden runoff from subject uses shall be controlled using best
management practices. Best management practices include, but are not
limited to, the options found in the Department of Transportation and
Public Facilities Best Management Practices for: Construction Erosion
and Sediment Control and Maintenance and Operations Activities.
c. Minimize the area of ground disturbance and the duration of exposed,
unstabilized soils. Revegetate disturbed areas as soon as possible.
d. For streambank and shoreline stabilization, vegetation shall be used to
stabilize active banks and shorelines unless the applicant can
demonstrate to the satisfaction of the borough and reviewing agency that
riprap or other structural techniques are the only effective method.
Riprap material shall be obtained from upland sources.
3.3 Wind Protection
To the extent feasible and prudent, subject uses shall maintain existing wind
barriers (such as the tree protection provided on Khantaak Islands and Ocean
3.4 Construction on Slopes
a. Subject uses shall be sited and constructed to minimize the effects of
wind and mitigate slope instability.
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b. To prevent landslides and wind damage, improvements shall not be
located on the crest of a slope or sea cliff unless the applicant can
demonstrate to the satisfaction of the borough that the improvement
will not require structural protection or result in slope instability.
3.1A Geologic Hazards (Administrative Policy)
Due to the highly unstable geology conditions in certain areas of the Borough,
applicants are advised to conduct geotechnical investigations prior to
development in order to determine appropriate siting, design and construction
3.2A Construction in Seismic Zones (Administrative Policy)
The advice to developers and builders of facilities is to design and construct in
accordance with the Uniform Building Code requirements for Seismic Zone 3.
3.3A Construction in Tsunami Run-Up Zones (Administrative Policy)
The advice to developers is to avoid construction in potential tsunami run-up
zones. Developers are urged to consult with resource agencies and the
Tsunami Warning Center for further information.
4.1 Development Impacts to Recreational Use Areas
To the extent feasible and prudent, subject uses shall avoid significant adverse
impacts to recreational use areas. Where the reviewing agency determines it is
not feasible or prudent to avoid significant adverse impacts to recreational use
areas, subject uses shall be planned, located, operated, and maintained to
minimize impacts on recreational uses and to accommodate recreational
activities in the recreation use areas.
4.1A Planning (Administrative Policy)
Federal and state land managers should provide an opportunity for the
Borough to participate in recreation planning through NEPA, the state area
planning process, or other means.
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4.2A Open Space Areas (Administrative Policy)
Areas that possess high recreation, scenic, wildlife, or environmental values
should be considered by state and federal agencies and the Borough for public
open space or recreation use designation.
4.3A Access (Administrative Policy)
The borough will work with public and private landowners to identify, secure
through mutually acceptable terms, and maintain easement and public rights-
of-way, which provide access to recreational use areas and coastal waters.
Energy Resources and Support Facilities Policies
5.1 Use of Existing Facilities
Before new facilities will be approved, the applicant must demonstrate that
reuse of existing or abandoned oil and gas facilities, areas, and pipeline routes is
not feasible and prudent.
5.2 Siting Interference with Fishing Operations and Equipment
Activities and facilities associated with oil and gas resource exploration,
development, production, or transmission shall be designed, constructed, and
operated to minimize interference with fishing operations, equipment, and
passage of fish.
5.3 Commercial Fishing
Activities associated with oil and gas resource exploration, development,
production, or transportation shall be located or timed to avoid interference
with subsistence and commercial fishing activities or fishing gear.
5.4 Oil Storage
Oil produced in offshore areas shall be transported to shore for storage unless
transport to shore is determined by the reviewing agencies to have a greater
potential for adverse environmental impact than offshore storage.
5.5 Geophysical Surveys and In-water Use of Explosives
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a. To the extent feasible and prudent, geophysical surveys and in-water use
of explosives shall be located, designed, and conducted in a manner so as
to avoid disturbances to fish and wildlife population, habitat, or harvest.
Seasonal restrictions, restrictions on the use of explosives, or restrictions
relating to the type of transportation utilized in such operations may be
b. Geophysical surveys and in-water use of explosives in fresh and marine
waters supporting fish or wildlife shall require the use of energy sources
such as airguns, gas exploders, or other sources that have been
demonstrated to be harmless to fish and wildlife.
Transportation and Utilities Policies
6.1 Waterbody Crossings
a. To reduce significant adverse impacts to water quality and habitat, to the
extent feasible and prudent, road, pipeline, and utility crossings (above
or below ground) of anadromous fish waterbodies shall be consolidated
at single crossing, unless the applicant can demonstrate to the
satisfaction of ADF&G and the borough that project purposes cannot
be met with a single crossing. In that case, crossings shall be minimized
to the smallest number needed to accomplish the project.
b. All bridges and culverts shall provide for the free passage and spawning
activities of salmon or other fish and shall avoid changes in stream flow,
velocity, or hydrology that will produce changes in the stream bed or
6.2 Natural Bear Feeding Concentration Areas
Where feasible and prudent, roads shall avoid natural bear feeding
concentration areas identified in the current edition of the ADNR “Yakataga
Area Plan” or identified by ADF&G on a case-by-case basis. For purposes of
this policy, “avoid” means “stay at least 600 feet away”.
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6.3 Ports and Harbors
a. Ports, harbors, and docks shall be sited to minimize significant adverse
impacts to wetlands, and other nearshore habitats identified by ADFG
as valuable to early marine stages of anadromous fish.
b. Ports, harbors, and docks shall be designed to allow fish passage along
the coast or in waters used by anadromous fish.
c. Structures and fill must be designed to maximize flushing to avoid
concentration of pollutants while minimizing interference with natural
water circulation and mixing in ports and harbors.
d. Ports, harbors, marinas, seafood processors, and other commercial and
industrial facilities shall provide for the transfer, storage, disposal, and
handling of petroleum products and fuel; solid waste; waste oil; sewage;
runoff; wash water; fish waste; and liquid materials or hazardous
substances used in boat maintenance repair, or operation.
e. Accessory uses at ports and harbors shall be limited to those, which are
water-dependent or water-related. Accessory uses shall be consistent in
scale and intensity with the harbor or port and surrounding uses.
6.4 Pipelines and Utilities
a. To the extent feasible and prudent, existing pipeline and utility corridors
shall be used for new facilities or expansion of existing facilities rather
than developing new corridors.
b. Where feasible and prudent, pipelines and utilities shall be installed
underground in recreational use areas described in Chapter 3.
c. To the extent feasible and prudent, underwater pipelines and utilities
shall be buried. If pipelines and utilities are not buried, they shall be
designed to allow for the passage of fishing gear, and shall not obstruct
d. Stream crossing by pipelines and utilities shall be on bridges or over
culverts. If locating pipelines and utilities in the streambed is necessary,
they shall be installed without trenching the stream unless the applicant
can demonstrate that it is not feasible and prudent. If trenching is the
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only alternative available, the natural streambed elevation shall be
reconstructed and maintained.
6.1A Airstrips (Administrative Policy)
Because of the importance public airstrips play in providing access to remote
parts of the district, public use airstrips should be operated and maintained by
the appropriate public entity (Borough, state, federal governments), and remain
open to the public.
6.2A Public Education (Administrative Policy)
The district should work with ADEC, and others, to develop public education
on sound fish waste management practices, and other small boat practices
aimed at maintaining good harbor water quality.
6.3A Public Access (Administrative Policy)
Restrictions on traditional modes and means of public access through
municipal, state, and federal land should be minimized. Prior to disposal of
municipal, state, or federal lands, public access routes should be identified and
Fish and Seafood Processing Policies
7.1 Interference with Commercial Fishing and Seafood Processing
Subject uses constructed or placed in marine and estuarine waters of the
Borough shall be sited, constructed, and operated to the extent feasible and
prudent in a manner that does not create a significant adverse impact to
commercial fishing or seafood processing operations.
7.2 Mariculture Operations
Specific policies regarding mariculture operations in the Ankau Lagoon System
and Shipyard Cove are found in the Special Policy Area section of this chapter.
a. Mariculture operations shall not be allowed in areas that have established
uses, such as navigation, moorage, sport or commercial fishing, log
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rafting, underwater utilities and active scientific research. Exceptions
will be made if DNR, in consultation with the borough, determines that
it is possible to site, design and operate the two uses compatibly, or there
is no feasible and prudent alternative for the mariculture operation but
one exists for the competing use.
b. Floating caretaker facilities for mariculture operations are allowed where
there is no feasible and prudent upland alternative and when the
applicant can demonstrate that the facility will not cause significant
adverse impacts from sanitary sewage, solid waste, petroleum products,
hazardous materials or grounding.
c. Exposed sand and gravel beaches shall be used as sites for onshore
storage of shellfish awaiting Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) test
results and shipment because these sites are less susceptible to harm than
estuaries and tideflats.
7.1A Seafood Processing Locations (Administrative Policy)
Because of its access to transportation and other facilities, the Yakutat area is
considered a very suitable location for expansion of seafood processing
facilities and fishery-related industries. Siting, design, construction, and
operation of facilities should conform to applicable ACMP standards, policies
of this plan, the Borough’s comprehensive plan, and other applicable
7.2A Fisheries Enhancement and Habitat Improvement (Administrative
On-going cooperative efforts by the local fisheries interests, the Borough, and
state and federal agencies should be continued. As appropriate, programs
developed by these groups should strive to maintain, restore, develop, and/or
enhance the natural biological productivity of anadromous fish streams in the
coastal area of the Borough.
Timber Harvest and Processing Policies
8.1 Timber Harvest and Processing
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The 1990 Alaska Forest Resources and Practices Act and regulations
promulgated in 1993, and approved additions thereto, constitute the
components of this plan with respect to the activities regulated by that Act and
regulations. If any policies in this plan are inconsistent with that Act and
regulations, the Act and regulations shall be controlling.
Mining and Gravel Extraction Policies
9.1 Mineral, Sand and Gravel Site Plans
The applicant shall develop and submit a site plan depicting the location of the
mineral, sand, and gravel operation and its structures, proposed circulation
(ingress and egress), existing vegetation, and existing topography. The site plan
will be used in the review of the enforceable policies of this plan and should
indicate how the applicant intends to comply with the specific requirements of
policies 8.2 - 8.6.
9.2 Mining, Sand and Gravel Extraction Operations
To the extent feasible and prudent, such extraction activities shall avoid
significant adverse impacts on wave-energy, sediment transport, anadromous
fish spawning and rearing habitat, and waterbird habitat; and minimize
increases in shoreline erosion and sedimentation.
The following practices shall be incorporated into the siting, design, and
operation of mining and sand and gravel extraction activities:
a. Clearing of riparian vegetation and disturbance of natural banks shall be
limited to the minimum necessary to accomplish the project.
b. To the extent feasible and prudent, extraction sites shall be designed to
blend with surroundings and to enhance riparian and aquatic habitats.
c. Extraction from locations used for spawning and overwintering habitat
for anadromous fish shall be prohibited unless part of a fish or wildlife
enhancement project and no other location is available.
d. Material washing operations which discharge processing water to rivers,
streams, or lakes, shall control sediment using practices such as settling
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ponds and discharge water recycling treatment. Settling ponds shall be
adequately protected from flooding.
9.3 Sand and Gravel Extraction
Sand and gravel extraction from coastal waters, intertidal areas, barrier islands,
and spits shall be permitted if:
a. Material from upland sources is not suitable and/or economically
feasible for the intended use.
b. There is demonstrated public need for the material.
c. The sand and gravel is extracted by methods and timing that will
minimize significant adverse impact.
d. Restoration or revegetation is completed, as appropriate.
9.4 Reclamation and Restoration
a. Reclamation of all extraction sites shall be required unless such
reclamation would cause greater adverse impact to the environment than
leaving the area unreclaimed. At a minimum, reclamation shall include
the following elements:
1. Overburden in upland areas shall be stored and reused during the
2. Topsoil shall be separated from overburden and both shall be
stored so as to be protected from flooding.
3. At the end of each mining season, all disturbed areas shall be
regraded to stable slopes; potential flood areas shall be regraded to
ground contours that shall not entrap fish nor alter stream
hydraulics. Tailings may be retained in place until completion of
4. All disturbed areas shall be stabilized and revegetated, as
b. At a minimum, restoration shall include the following elements:
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1. Disturbed areas shall be graded to stable slopes that blend with
the natural topography;
2. Erosion control measures shall be used.
3. Disturbed areas shall be covered with topsoil and native plant
4. Operators shall consult with ADFG on the final design and
reclamation where sites have been excavated below groundwater
and have value as habitat for waterfowl or fish.
9.5 Offshore Mining and Sand and Gravel Extraction
a. To the extent feasible and prudent, mineral, sand and gravel extraction
activities may occur in coastal waters, such as, intertidal areas, barrier
islands, and spits. Such activities shall minimize significant adverse
impacts to commercial fishing, subsistence uses and activities, fish and
wildlife habitats, natural coastal processes, and use of the adjacent
b. Mining on tidelands shall not prevent access.
c. In areas where toxic substances occur naturally in bottom sediments,
offshore mining activities shall not resuspend the toxic substances into
the water column in amounts that would exceed state water quality
10.1 Development of Subject Uses in Subsistence Use Areas
Subject uses shall avoid significant adverse impact on subsistence resources, use
of those resources, and subsistence use areas.
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Traditional and customary access for subsistence use within subsistence use
areas on public land shall be accommodated unless reasonable alternative
access is provided.
10.1A Resource Identification (Administrative Policy)
Coordinate and cooperate with ADFG, Division of Subsistence, and the US
Fish and Wildlife Service to identify fish and wildlife and plant resources and
habitats particularly important for subsistence use.
10.2A Planning and Coordination (Administrative Policy)
The Borough should work cooperatively with local subsistence users and the
state and federal subsistence agencies to ensure that impacts to subsistence uses
or activities resulting from proposed subject uses are minimized and/or
10.3A Subsistence-related Structures (Administrative Policy)
The Borough should work with local subsistence users and the state to develop
standards and a process for local review of subsistence-related structures to
ensure that said structures are sited and designed to minimize impacts on
subsistence uses and/or activities.
10.4A Right to Subsistence Use (Administrative Policy)
Subject uses and land management policies should not preclude traditional
subsistence uses and supporting uses from subsistence use areas to the extent
consistent with other authorities. Supporting uses include traditionally
established structures and camps.
Fish and Wildlife and Habitats Policies
11.1 Development Planning
To the extent feasible and prudent, all subject uses shall be conducted to avoid
significant adverse impacts on fish, shellfish and wildlife, and their habitats.
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11.2 Erosion Control
a. To the extent feasible and prudent, subject uses shall be sited,
constructed, operated and maintained to minimize increases in runoff
volumes and velocities and to retain natural drainage patterns.
b. To reduce erosion and sedimentation, all cleared areas along streets,
riparian corridors, and in open areas shall be replanted following
construction. Vegetation must be fully established by the end of the
second growing season.
c. Dredge and fill activities shall be located, designed, constructed,
operated, and maintained to minimize turbidity and waterborne sediment
transport and to maintain adequate circulation and drainage patterns.
a. Projects which may adversely impact fish spawning, migration, rearing,
and overwintering areas shall be sited, constructed, operated, and
maintained to enhance or maintain fisheries and fish habitat.
b. Projects that may adversely impact banks, beaches, and beds critical to
fish and shellfish populations, as defined by ADFG, shall be sited,
constructed, operated, and maintained to minimize disturbance to these
c. Subject uses that may cause significant adverse impacts to anadromous
fish waterbodies shall be located a minimum of 150 feet from the
ordinary high water mark. Natural vegetation within the 150-foot
setback shall be maintained.
This 150-foot setback does not apply to:
1. Approved transportation and utility crossings;
2. Subsistence camps;
3. Residential activities;
4. Timber harvest related activities regulated solely by the Forest
Resources and Practices Act;
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5. Water-dependent subject use.
A variance allowing a setback of less than 150 feet may be established on
a site-specific basis, in consultation with the ADF&G, and based on the
1. The presence and sensitivity of anadromous fish using the site;
2. The nature and timing of the proposed activity or anticipated
disturbance, including construction and operation, and the size
and configuration of the development with respect to the
3. The characteristics and function of existing riparian vegetation;
4. The slope, soil type, and soil stability at the proposed activity site
as it affects the potential for erosion problems; and
5. The public need for the project.
d. Structures in streams or on banks shall be designed to minimize
entrainment, entrapment, or impingement of fish.
e. Subject uses shall be designed, sited, constructed, and operated in a
manner which does not impede or interfere with timely access to
spawning streams by adult fish or in-stream movements of juvenile fish.
11.4 Threatened and Endangered Species
Subject uses shall be developed such that habitat important to the continued
existence of threatened and endangered species (plants and animals), is
11.5 Waterbird Habitats
a. To the extent feasible and prudent, subject uses shall not be located in
waterbird habitat, as mapped in the most current version of the CBY
Comprehensive Development Plan “Marine Mammal and Waterfowl
Habitat” map, or as determined on a site-specific basis by ADF&G, in
consultation with the borough. Where ADF&G and the borough
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determine it is not feasible and prudent to avoid waterbird habitat, then
subject uses shall minimize significant adverse impacts to waterbird
habitat. The placement of overhead utility wires, fences or other
structures that could interfere with the flight path of waterbirds, as
determined by ADF&G and the borough, shall be avoided.
b. To the extent feasible and prudent, disturbance to waterbirds such as
geese and trumpeter swans particularly during nesting, brooding-rearing,
and wintering periods, shall be avoided.
Blasting for purposes other than geophysical surveys shall be approved only
when no feasible and prudent alternatives exist to meet the public need; and
the applicant demonstrates that consideration has been given to and plans
made, to mitigate significant adverse impacts to air quality, water quality, and to
fish and wildlife and their habitats.
11.1A Agency Cooperation (Administrative Policy)
Cooperate with state and federal agencies to identify sites and develop
guidelines for activities in proximity to marine mammal and bird rookeries.
Such guidelines should be applied to permits and reviews. Marine mammal and
bird rookeries are identified in the ADNR Yakataga Area Plan.
11.2A Resource Information (Administrative Policy)
The Borough should ensure that the Resource Inventory and Analysis
(Chapters 3 and 4) is reviewed and updated, as necessary, at least once every
five years to reflect the most current information available for the region.
11.3A Marine Mammal Protection (Administrative Policy)
Applicants are advised that the Marine Mammal Protection Act, Endangered
Species Act and federal guidelines and standards regarding harassment and
pursuit of marine mammals, or attempting any such activity, apply to subject
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11.4A Coordination (Administrative Policy)
The Borough should work with state and federal resource and regulatory
agencies and major landholders (Yak-Tat Kwaan, Sealaska, and Chugach
Alaska) to provide an opportunity to comment on proposed development
plans, zoning changes, and subdivision applications.
11.5A Local Review (Administrative Policy)
The Borough should regulate subject uses on land under Borough jurisdiction
through the use of zoning and subdivision regulations.
11.6A No title (Administrative Policy)
Streams of particular concern include the Situk River, Situk Lake, Italio River,
Tawah-Lost River, East Alsek River, Akwe River, and Doame River. Coastal
areas of particular concern include clam beaches on the Yakutat road area (the
area between Khantaak Island and the shoreline), and the shoreline from Dry
Bay to Phipps Peninsula.
Air, Land, and Water Quality Policies
12.1 Discharge and Runoff to Waterbodies
a. To the extent feasible and prudent, water contaminants shall be
removed, reduced, or treated on-site before being discharged to
waterbodies. Techniques include treatment by vegetation and soils,
proper disposal of oil, and diversion of impervious surface runoff
through grassy swales.
a. To the extent feasible and prudent, “no net increase in stormwater
discharge” shall occur as a result of a subject use. “No net increase in
storm water discharge” means the rate or release of storm water across
the boundary of a site can be no greater after development than before.
b. The hierarchy of alternative approaches for the design of drainage
systems shall be as follows:
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Alternative 1) through site design such as the arrangement of buildings
Alternative 2) through soil infiltration and natural drainage; and
Alternative 3) through detention systems.
12.1A Water Quality (Administrative Policy)
The Borough may require, as part of the subdivision approval process,
documentation that proposed waste disposal systems can provide safe, long-
term, disposal of wastewater. In addition, the Borough will coordinate with
State agencies to develop urban runoff control measures with the intent of
identifying needed improvements to existing runoff control structures. Runoff
control structures may include catch basins, oil and grit separators.
12.2A Site Planning (Administrative Policy)
The Borough may apply appropriate buffers, structural setbacks, or other
development standards for proposed activities that may negatively impact
crucial habitat areas.
12.3A Coordination (Administrative Policy)
The Borough should work with the State and Federal agencies to minimize
impacts to air and water quality from cruise ships at Hubbard Glacier.
Historical and Archeological Resources Policies
13.1 Protection for Cultural Resources
Prior to the development of a subject use, the developer, in consultation with
the City and Borough of Yakutat coastal coordinator and the State Historic
Preservation Officer (SHPO), shall do the following:
1. To determine if any known resources are located within a project area,
review local, state, and federal inventories.
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2. Submit the discovered resource findings to the SHPO for a
determination of “significance, as defined by the requirements of the
National Register of Historic Places.
3. Resources found to be significant shall be protected to the extent
feasible and prudent. Based on an assessment of the potential impacts
to the cultural resource, subject uses shall be planned, developed,
operated, and maintained to avoid significant adverse impacts to known
significant cultural resources. Where it is not feasible and prudent for
subject uses to avoid significant adverse impacts to significant cultural
resources, the subject use shall require mitigation to minimize the
13.2 Resources Discovered During Development
If any cultural resources are discovered during development of subject uses, the
operator shall immediately cease all activities that may impact the cultural
resources, contact the SHPO, and protect the site pending compliance with the
SHPO requirements. The Yak-Tat Kwaan, Inc. and the Yakutat Tlingit Tribe
shall be notified of the discovery.
13.3 Required Coordination
Any evaluation, survey of resources, determination of significance, or
mitigation shall be coordinated with the reviewing agency, the SHPO, other
appropriate state and federal agencies, the Borough, the Yak-Tat Kwaan, Inc.,
the Yakutat Tlingit Tribe, the Chugach Alaska Corporation, the Chugach
Heritage Foundation, other private groups, and professionals in the field.
13.1A Determination of Lands with a High Potential to Contain Cultural
Resources (Administrative Policy)
The SHPO, other appropriate offices, and the Borough, should work
cooperatively with the Yak-Tat Kwaan, Inc., the Chugach Alaska Corporation,
the Chugach Heritage Foundation, the Yakutat Tlingit Tribe, and landowners,
to identify areas in the Borough that have a high potential to contain important
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13.2A Research and Planning (Administrative Policy)
The Borough should work cooperatively with representatives from the Yakutat
Tribe, Yak-Tat Kwaan, regional corporation, the Chugach Alaska Corporation,
the Chugach Heritage Foundation, and state and federal agencies to encourage
further archaeological and historical research, inventory, documentation, and
preservation activities for sites in the Borough.
13.3A Removal of Artifacts (Administrative Policy)
Archaeological and historical artifacts on lands within the Borough should not
be removed without permission from SHPO and the surface and subsurface
The CBY has designated three special policy areas (Shipyard Cove, Ophir Creek Corridor, and
Ankau Lagoon System) and has developed policies to guide development of subject uses and activities
in each area.
2.14 Special Area 1: Shipyard Cove
14.1 Priority Uses
Subject uses in Shipyard Cove shall be sited, designed, constructed, and
operated in such a way as to not preclude or cause significant adverse impact to
the future development of small boat harbors, developed recreation facilities on
the adjacent peninsula, and mariculture activities.
14.2 Mariculture Operations (Aquatic Farms)
To the extent feasible and prudent, mariculture operations shall be sited to
minimize significant adverse impacts to eelgrass beds, seaweed harvest areas,
shellfish concentration areas (as identified by the ADFG Alaska Habitat
Management Guides or determined by ADFG), and fish and wildlife and their
14.1A Agency Coordination and Planning (Administrative Policy)
The Borough should work with state and federal agencies to develop guidelines
for the location and design of mixed use activities in the Shipyard Cove area.
22 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
2.15 Special Area 2: Ophir Creek Corridor
15.1 Subject Uses
Subject uses within 500 feet of mean high water of Ophir Creek shall be sited,
designed, constructed, operated and maintained so as to result in no net
increase in storm water discharge or erosion from pre-development conditions.
Trails may be considered for placement within the 500-foot buffer provided
they result in no net increase in storm water discharge or erosion from pre-
15.2 Groundwater Protection
a. The applicant shall demonstrate to the reviewing agencies and borough
that water and wastewater systems shall be sited, designed, constructed,
operated, and maintained to not cause drawdown of groundwater which
could reduce flows in Ophir Creek.
b. Water and wastewater systems shall be sited, designed, constructed, and
operated to not pollute groundwater supplies to Ophir Creek.
15.1A Agency Coordination and Planning (Administrative Policy)
The Borough should work with state and federal agencies to develop guidelines
for the location and design of activities along the Ophir Creek Corridor.
2.16 Special Area 3: Ankau Lagoon System
16.1 Priority Uses
Subject uses in the Ankau Lagoon System Special Policy Area that are designed
to maintain fisheries habitat, enhance subsistence harvest fisheries, and provide
for dispersed recreation such as wildlife viewing and boating shall be given
highest priority. Subject uses that will have a significant adverse impact on fish
spawning, migration, rearing, or overwintering areas shall not be allowed.
23 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
16.2 Development Setback
Subject uses, other than subsistence uses and activities, subject to the Alaska
Forest Resources and Practices Act and regulations, within 500 feet of the
mean high water mark of the lagoon shall be sited, designed, constructed,
operated, and maintained so as to result in no net increase in storm water
discharge or erosion from pre-development conditions.
16.3 Mariculture Operations (Aquatic Farms)
To the extent feasible and prudent, subject uses shall be sited to minimize
significant adverse impacts to eelgrass beds, seaweed harvest areas, shellfish
concentration areas (as identified by the ADFG Alaska Habitat Management
Guides or determined by ADFG), and fish and wildlife and their habitat.
16.1A Agency Coordination and Planning (Administrative Policy)
The Borough should work with state and federal agencies to develop guidelines
for the location and design of activities along the Ankau Lagoon System.
24 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
Yakutat Coastal Management Program
Coastal Management Plan
The definitions in this section apply throughout the CBY CMP, unless an alternative
or contrary meaning is expressly provided. Any word or term not defined below or
otherwise defined herein shall be used as it is defined in AS 41.17.950, 6 AAC 50.190,
6 AAC 80.900, or 6 AAC 85.900, if it is defined therein, and, if not, with the meaning
of common or standard usage as determined by a current edition of Webster’s
Unabridged Dictionary. Included are descriptions of mapped areas.
Access - A way or means of approach. Includes transportation, trails, easements,
rights-of-way, and public use sites.
Active Banks and Shores - Banks or shores subject to water action which are prone
to erosion, sloughing, or other movement due to a number of factors including active
stream channels, wave action, steep slopes, poor soil cohesion etc. Often the water
activity exposes boulders and loose rock. Removal of such rock can destabilize the
bank and accelerate erosion.
Active Channel, Active Stream Channel - A stream, river, or other watercourse
where water is flowing or which flows intermittently but regularly.
ACMP - Alaska Coastal Management Program.
ADEC - Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation.
ADFG - Alaska Department of Fish and Game.
ADNR - Alaska Department of Natural Resources.
ANILCA - Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act.
Area Meriting Special Attention (AMSA) - A delineated geographic area within the
coastal area that is sensitive to change or alteration, and which, because of plans or
commitments or because a claim on the resources within the area delineated would
preclude subsequent use of the resources to a conflicting or incompatible use,
warrants special management attention, or which because of its value to the general
public, should be identified for current or future planning, protection, or acquisition.
Potential areas meriting special attention have not been designated. Potential AMSAs
25 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
that have been identified for further discussion are listed in the Appendix to this
Avoid - To prevent from occurring or to keep away from.
Barrier Islands and Lagoons - Coastal environments formed by deposits of
sediment offshore or coastal remnants which form a barrier of low-lying islands and
bars protecting a saltwater lagoon with free exchange of water to the sea (6 AAC
80.090(1)). Barrier island and lagoon habitat is mapped on the "Yakutat Coastal Zone
Habitats Map" contained in the pocket to this document.
Beaches - The area affected by wave action directly from the sea.
Bear Habitat - Bear habitat is mapped on the "Upland Large Mammal Habitat" for
the Borough's Comprehensive Development Plan, and in the "Yakataga Area Plan,
Fish and Wildlife Atlas" on the "Upland Large Mammal Habitat" map (ADFG 1993).
Boundary - The extent of the area subject to the CBY's district program.
Buffer - An area of land located between two activities or resources that is used to
reduce the effect of one activity upon another.
Coastal Area - All land and water within the boundaries of the CBY's coastal
management program as defined in Chapter 5.0 Boundary.
Coastal Consistency Process, "Consistency Review" - The evaluation of a
proposed project against the standards adopted by the Alaska Coastal Policy Council
under AS 46.040 and the CBY Assembly under Chapter 2.0 of this document.
Coastal District - A governmental entity with jurisdiction within an area defined by a
coastal boundary. A proposed project within such an area may impact coastal
resources. (Coastal districts are defined in AS46.40.210(2)).
Coastal Management Program - The Alaska Coastal Management Program
(ACMP) is established by AS 46.40, 6 AAC 80, and 6 AAC 85, and approved by the
Secretary of the United States Department of Commerce under authority of Section
305 of the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, (16 U.S.C. p. 1454). The coastal
management program for the CBY is a district program authorized under this
26 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
Coastal Habitat - Any of the habitats listed under 6 AAC 80.130 including offshore
areas, estuaries, wetlands and tideflats, rocky islands and seacliffs, barrier islands and
lagoons, exposed high-energy coasts, rivers, streams, and lakes, and important upland
habitat. Coastal habitats are mapped on the "Yakutat Coastal Zone Habitats Map"
contained in the pocket to this document. In addition, reviewers should refer to maps
showing habitat for specific fish and wildlife species located in the "Yakataga Area
Plan, Fish and Wildlife Atlas" (ADFG 1993)
Coastal Water - All water bodies in the coastal area, including wetlands and the
Coastal Zone - See "boundary" and "coastal area."
Comprehensive Development Plan - The "CBY Comprehensive Development
Plan." The comprehensive plan includes the goals, objectives, and actions which
guide development within the Borough.
Commercial Development - Structures, activities, or uses that do not typically
generate a lot of traffic, noise, or air emissions, and includes, but is not limited to
development, such as a cafe, store, city office, eating and drinking establishment,
lodges, federal office, airport support, and other services.
Consistency - Consistency means compliance with the standards of the ACMP and
the enforceable policies of the approved CBY Coastal Management Program.
Consistent to the maximum extent practicable - Federal government activities or
uses, including development projects affecting the coastal zone of Alaska, must be
fully consistent with the standards of the ACMP unless compliance would violate
another federal law (15 CFR 930.32. (a)).
Cultural Resources - Historic, prehistoric, and archaeological resources including
deposits, structures, ruins, sites, buildings, graves, artifacts, fossils, or other objects of
antiquity that provide information pertaining to the culture of people and to natural
Cumulative Impact - An impact on the environment which results from the
incremental impact of an action when added to other past, present, and reasonably
foreseeable future actions regardless of what entity or person undertakes such other
actions. Cumulative impacts can result from individually minor but collectively
significant actions taking place over a period of time.
27 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
CZMA - Refers to the federal Coastal Zone Management Act of 1971
Development - See “subject uses.”
Ecotourism - Short for ecological tourism, ecotourism is defined as environmentally
responsible travel. Ecotourism relies on a nonconsumptive use of natural resources.
Examples include sightseeing, hiking, camping, and backcountry activities, structured
around learning about the local human and natural environment.
Enforceable Policy - State policies that are legally binding through constitutional
provisions, laws, regulations, land use plans, ordinances, or judicial or administrative
decisions, by which a State exerts control over private and public land and water uses.
Enhance - To convey an increased value, however caused or arising. For example,
activities authorized by the ADFG may improve fish or moose habitat thereby
enhancing the habitat.
Estuary - A semi-closed coastal body of water which has a free connection with the
sea and within which seawater is measurably diluted with freshwater derived from
land drainage. Estuary habitat is mapped on the "Yakutat Coastal Zone Habitats
Map" contained in the pocket to this document.
Exposed High-energy Coasts - Open and unprotected sections of coastline with
exposure to ocean generated wave impacts and usually characterized by coarse sand,
gravel, boulder beaches, and well-mixed coastal water. Exposed high-energy coasts
habitat is mapped on the "Yakutat Coastal Zone Habitats Map" contained in the
pocket to this document.
Facilities related to commercial fishing or seafood processing - Includes
hatcheries and related facilities, seafood processing plants and support facilities,
marine industrial and commercial facilities, and aquatic farm facilities.
Fish and Wildlife Habitat - See coastal habitat.
Fisheries, fish habitat, fisheries habitat - Fisheries habitat is mapped on the "Fish
and Shellfish Habitat Map" (done for the "CBY Comprehensive Development Plan"),
and found on the "Yakataga Area Plan, Fish and Wildlife Atlas".
Floating Development - Floating development is any human built structure or
physical construction which is to float at a fixed point. Floating facilities typically
have stops which serve to keep the floats off the bottom of tidelands at low tide.
28 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
Examples include floathomes, floating residential facilities, floatcamps, floating
caretaker facilities, and floatlodges. For additional descriptions of these examples,
refer to the ADNR Yakataga Area Plan.
Flood Areas - Analysis of rainfall or the watershed, topography of the land, storm
records, and local judgment may be used to determine the extent of the flood area.
Geese Habitat - Goose molting habitat is mapped on the "Marine Mammal and
Waterfowl Habitat" in the "CBY Comprehensive Development Plan" and in the
“Yakataga Area Plan, Fish and Wildlife Atlas” (ADFG 1993).
Geophysical Hazard Areas - Those areas which present a threat to life or property
from geophysical or geological hazards, including flooding, tsunami run-up, storm
surge run-up, landslides, snowslides, faults, ice hazards, erosion, wind, and littoral
Goal - A statement of a general condition desired in the long-term.
Haulouts - Locations where concentrations of seals or sea lions have been observed
hauled out on shore, during more than one year, to breed, pup, rest, or molt.
Haulouts are indicated on the "Marine Mammal and Waterfowl Habitat" in the "CBY
Comprehensive Development Plan" and in the "Yakataga Area Plan, Fish and Wildlife
Atlas" (ADFG 1993).
Hazardous Substances - Hazardous substances are defined under AS 46.03.826(5)
as (a) an element or compound which, when it enters the atmosphere, water, or land,
presents an imminent and substantial danger to the public health or welfare; (b) oil; (c)
a substance defined as a hazardous substance under 42 U.S.C. 9601(14)
Historical and Archeological Resources - See cultural resources.
Including - Means "including but not limited to."
Industrial Facilities or Industrial Development - Activities or uses which include
but are not limited to the processing of raw materials, manufacturing, storage, or
wholesale distribution. Industrial uses typically include contractors, equipment sales,
machine shops, and manufacturing uses that may generate noise, dust, odor, smoke or
Intertidal Areas or Tidal Areas - Areas subject to periodic or occasional inundation
by tides, including coastal floodplains, storm surge areas, tsunami and hurricane
29 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
zones, and washover channels. Tideflat habitat is mapped on the "Yakutat Coastal
Zone Habitats Map" contained in the pocket to this document.
Islands - Bodies of land surrounded by water on all sides; "Barrier island" and
"Rocky island habitat is mapped on the "Yakutat Coastal Zone Habitats Map"
contained in the pocket to this document.
Major Energy Facility - Includes marine service bases and storage depots, pipelines
and rights-of-way, drilling rigs and platforms, petroleum and coal separation facilities,
liquid natural gas plants, port development for the transfer of energy products,
petrochemical plants, refineries, hydroelectric projects, electric generating plants,
transmission lines, nuclear fuel processing facilities, and geothermal facilities.
Mariculture - The saltwater cultivation and culture of marine aquatic organisms,
including but not limited to fish, shellfish, mollusks, crustaceans, kelp, and other algae,
or any activities that meet the definition of aquatic farming in AS 6.40.199.
Mariculture is considered a use subject to seafood processing policies.
Marine Coastal Water or Marine Water - Water adjacent to shorelines which
contain a measurable quantity of seawater, including sounds, bays, lagoons, bayous,
ponds and estuaries, and the living resources which are dependent on these bodies of
Maximum Extent Practicable - See "consistency to the maximum extent
Mean High Water - The tidal datum plane of the average of all the high tides, as
would be established by the National Geodetic Survey at any place subject to tidal
Mean Low Water - The tidal datum plane of the average of all the low tides, as
would be established by the National Geodetic Survey at any place subject to tidal
Mean Lower Low Water - The average of the lower of the two daily low tides
observed over a given period of time.
Minimize - To reduce to the smallest possible amount, size, extent, or degree
through mitigation, or other appropriate measures.
30 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
Mining and Mineral Processing - The development of mineral resources extracted
in tidal rivers, coastal water, and on continental shelves of the open sea, and found in
surface, subsurface, and aqueous deposits; mining includes any structure or activity for
commercial exploration and recovery of minerals, including, but not limited to
resource transfer facilities, camps, and other support facilities associated with mineral
Moose Wintering Areas - Moose wintering areas are mapped on the "Upland Large
Mammal Habitat" map for the Borough's Comprehensive Development Plan, and in
the "Yakataga Area Plan, Fish and Wildlife Atlas" on the "Upland Large Mammal
Habitat" map (ADFG 1993).
Mountain Goat Winter Habitat - Mountain goat winter habitat is mapped on the
"Upland Large Mammal Habitat" for the Borough's Comprehensive Development
Plan, and in the "Yakataga Area Plan, Fish and Wildlife Atlas" on the "Upland Large
Mammal Habitat" map (ADFG 1993).
Navigable Water - Waterbodies that are capable of transporting people or goods.
Navigable Water means any waters of the state forming a river, stream, or lake. The
land beneath these waters is owned by the state. These waterbodies extend to the
ordinary high water mark (usually the vegetation line). Federal or state determined
navigable waterbodies are those administratively determined navigable by the
NEPA - National Environmental Policy Act.
NPS - National Park Service.
Offshore Areas - Submerged lands and waters seaward of the coastline. Offshore
area habitats are described in Section 3.1.3 and are mapped on the "Yakutat Coastal
Zone Habitats Map" contained in the pocket to this document. Maps showing
habitat for specific fish and wildlife species are also located in the "Yakataga Area
Plan, Fish and Wildlife Atlas" (ADFG 1993).
Ordinary High Water - The mark along the bank or shore up to which the presence
and action of the nontidal water are so common and usual as to leave a natural line
impressed on the bank or shore as indicated by changes in soil characteristics,
vegetation, or other distinctive physical features.
Permit - An authorization for completion of a project or a discrete phase of a project.
31 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
Policy - See “enforceable policy”.
Project - An activity or use which will be located in or may affect the coastal zone of
the CBY and which is subject to consistency review under sec. 307 of the Coastal
Zone Management Act of 1979, as amended (16 U.S.C. 5 1456), or which requires the
issuance of one or more state permits. When a land or water activity is developed or
authorized in discrete phases, and each phase requires agency decisions regarding
permits, each phase is considered a "project".
Protect - To avoid significant adverse impacts.
Public Facilities, Public Services - Facilities or services that are financed, in whole
or in part, by any state or political subdivision of the state, including highways and
roads, parking, mass transit, docks, navigation aids, fire and police protection, water
supply, waste collection and treatment (including drainage), schools and education,
and hospitals and health care.
PSP - Paralytic shellfish poisoning.
Recreation Areas, Recreational Use Areas - Areas where recreation is an important
and acceptable use, and are mapped or identified in the Yakataga Area Plan (1995),
the Tongass Land Management Plan (1997), the Glacier Bay National Park Plan
(1984), or the Wrangell-Saint Elias National Park Plan (1986)
Recreational Development - Any structure or human induced landscape
modification for recreational purposes including hiking rails, camping areas, boating
improvements, anchorages, or access points.
Residential Development - Structures or uses of property that are predominantly
intended for human habitation, including but not limited to, single family dwellings,
duplexes, multi-family dwellings, and their accessory structures.
Resource Agency - The Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation, the
Alaska Department of Fish and Game, the Alaska Department of Natural Resources,
the Environmental Protection Agency, the USDA Forest Service, the National Park
Service, or the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Resource Development - Any human caused modification to the environment for
the purposes of extracting natural resources, including for example, timber harvesting,
gravel and mining, oil and gas development, commercial fishing, mariculture
32 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
operations, and associated structures, activities, uses or facilities in support of the
development including roads, structures, or landscape modifications.
Rocky Islands and Seacliffs - Islands of volcanic or tectonic origin with rocky
shores and steep faces, offshore rocks, capes and steep rocky seafronts. Rocky island
and seacliff habitat is mapped on the "Yakutat Coastal Zone Habitats Map" contained
in the pocket to this document.
Sand and Gravel Priority Areas - Establishes the priority of landforms from which
materials shall be extracted. Materials include but are not limited to common varieties
of sand, gravel, rock, peat, pumice, pumicite, cinders, clay, and sod.
Seafood Processing - Activities related to the preparation of seafood for commercial
markets, including cleaning, canning, freezing, packing, storing, shipping, growing
(mariculture), and disposing of wastes.
Service Area - The area designated in the CBY Comprehensive Development plan, in
which public services are intended to be provided.
Shall - A course of action or set of conditions that must be met; mandatory.
Should - The intent for a course of action or set of conditions to be achieved; not
Significant (Adverse) Impact - A substantial, measurable, and relevant change or
alteration in the natural, cultural, or economic characteristics of a coastal resource
which contributes to a net adverse effect on the quality of resources; limits the
alternative uses of resources; constitutes a tolerable change to resources but which
cumulatively has an adverse effect.
State Standards - The standards for use of and application by districts and state
agencies contained in 6 AAC 80.010, and as amended for carrying out their
responsibilities under the ACMP. State standards, as of this printing, are listed in
Chapter 2.0 and Appendix 1.
Subject Uses - 1) a use within a district’s coastal zone, or which may have direct and
significant impact on resources within the district’s coastal zone, which require one or
more local, state or federal approvals, and which are subject to individual project
review under 6 AAC 50, or a local consistency review, 2) certain disposals of state
resources within a district’s coastal zone or which may have direct and significant
impacts on resources within the district’s coastal zone, or 3) uses and activities on
33 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
federal lands which affect the coastal resources within the district’s coastal zone.
Subject uses must be found consistent with the standards of the ACMP and the
district coastal management program.
Subsistence Use Areas - Areas where subsistence harvest activities are an important
use for the residents of the Borough, and are mapped or identified in the Yakataga
Area Plan (1995) as intensive "Community Harvest" areas.
Subsistence Uses or Activities - The customary and traditional uses of wild,
renewable resources for direct personal or family consumption as food, shelter, fuel,
clothing, tools, or transportation; for the making and selling of handicraft articles out
of nonedible byproducts of fish and wildlife resources taken for personal or family
consumption; for barter, or sharing; and for customary trade. Subsistence uses
include modes of transportation.
Tideflats or Tidelands - Mostly unvegetated areas that are alternately exposed and
inundated by the falling and rising of the tide. Tidelands are delineated by the mean
high water. Tideflat habitat is mapped on the "Yakutat Coastal Zone Habitats Map"
contained in the pocket to this document.
Transportation and Utilities Facilities - Power transmission lines, mineral slurry
lines, oil and gas pipelines, land and marine corridors, railways, highways, roadways,
air terminals, water and sewage transport including facilities required to operate and
maintain the route or facility.
Trumpeter Swan Habitat - Is mapped on the "Marine Mammal and Waterfowl
Habitat" map done for the "CBY Comprehensive Development Plan."
Upland - Drainages, aquifers, and land, the use of which would have a direct and
significant impact on coastal water. Upland areas are located above the mean high
water line. Upland habitat is mapped on the "Yakutat Coastal Zone Habitats Map"
contained in the pocket to this document. Specific maps showing important areas for
certain upland mammal species are also located in the "Yakataga Area Plan, Fish and
Wildlife Atlas" (ADFG 1993) under the names, "Upland Large Mammal Habitat,"
"Documented Furbearer Habitat," "Waterfowl, Seabird, Swan, and Eagle Habitat."
Uses of State Concern - Has the same meaning as in AS 46.40.210(6).
USFS - U.S. Forest Service.
USFWS - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
34 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
Waterbird Habitat - Waterbird habitat is mapped on the "Marine Mammal and
Waterfowl Habitat" done for the "CBY Comprehensive Development Plan."
Water-dependent - A use or activity which can be carried out only on, in, or adjacent
to water areas because the use requires access to the water body.
Waterfront – An area along the beach one lot deep, or 200 feet deep, whichever is
Water-related - A use or activity which is not directly dependent upon access to a
water body, but which provides goods or services that are directly associated with
water-dependence and which, if not located adjacent to water, would result in a public
loss of quality in the goods or services offered.
Wetlands - Wetlands are transitional areas between open water and upland
environments. They exhibit the influence of water through vegetation, wildlife, soil,
or other indicators. Wetlands include a wide variety of ponds, salt marshes, flood
areas, peatlands, swamps, and riparian areas.
Wildlife Migration Corridors - Natural corridors used by wildlife to traverse
between habitats, resting areas, or food sources, including but not limited to, ridges,
streams, vegetated corridors, gullies, and game trails.
35 Effective Date: 5/13/1999
Yakutat Coastal Management Program
Coastal Management Plan
The coastal zone boundary defines the area that is subject to the Yakutat coastal
management plan. The plan applies to land and water uses and activities within the
Yakutat coastal zone (see boundary map). Subject uses within the coastal zone will be
reviewed by the CBY and state agencies for consistency with the enforceable policies
of the plan. Uses and activities outside the coastal zone boundary are subject to
Yakutat and Alaska Coastal Management Program (ACMP) policies only if there will
be a significant effect on resources located within the boundary.
The boundaries of the Yakutat Coastal Management District are the initial Borough
incorporation boundaries (east of the 141st meridian). The annex portion of the
borough, west of the 141st meridian, is excluded from the boundary at this time. That
portion of the borough will be dealt with under a future amendment to the program.
The coastal zone boundary consists of the “seaward” and the “inland” coastal zone
The “seaward” coastal zone boundary for the Yakutat Coastal Management District is
the “outer limit of the United States territorial sea,” which is the “three geographical
The “inland” coastal zone boundary for the Yakutat Coastal Management District
includes all islands and the lands and waters within: (1) the timberline of the coastal
Sitka spruce and hemlock forest, (2) slopes contiguous with marine waters where mass
wasting is evident or likely to occur, and (3) unvegetated areas left by receding glaciers
where the coastal forest is likely to invade.
Lands subject to exclusive jurisdiction of the federal government such as parks,
refuges, and national forests are excluded from the boundary. The actions of federal
agencies and activities authorized by those agencies that may have a spill over impact
on the coastal zone are required to be consistent to the “maximum extent practicable”
with the Yakutat coastal management plan.
36 Effective Date: 5/13/1999