Year Month Election Measure Result Yes% No% Short description
1920 Nov G Prop 36 Failed NA NA Increases salary of Supreme Court justices from $8000 to $10,000 a year; and for District Court of Appeals justices from
$7000 to $9000 a year.
1934 Nov G Prop 3 Approved 52.0% 48.0% Declares a Supreme Court or Appeals Court justice may declare candidacy to succeed himself; otherwise Governor shall
nominate a candidate.
1934 Nov G Prop 4 Approved 70.0% 30.0% Attorney General. Declares Attorney General, state's Chief law officer, shall see all state laws enforced, directly supervised
district attorneys, sheriffs and other enforcement officers designated by law.
1934 Nov G Prop 5 Approved 72.8% 27.2% Declares in any criminal case, whether defendant testifies or not, court and counsel may comment on his failures to explain or
deny any evidence against him.
1934 Nov G Prop 6 Approved 78.7% 21.3% Requires defendant charged with felony be immediately taken before magistrate of court, be delivered copy of complaint and
given time to procure counsel.
1972 June P Prop 3 Approved 51.8% 48.2% Right to assistance of counsel. Amends constitution to give defendants the right to have the assistance of counsel during any
criminal prosecution. Deletes provision giving defendant the right to defend himself without counsel, and authorizes
Legislature to require a defendant in a felony case to have the assistance of counsel.
1972 Nov G Prop 17 Approved 67.5% 32.5% Reintroduction of the death penalty.
1972 Nov G Prop 19 Failed 33.5% 66.5% Proposes a law that no person 18 years or older shall be punished criminally or denied any right or privilege because of his
planting, cultivating, harvesting, drying and processing marijuana.
1978 June P Prop 6 Approved 60.8% 39.2% Sheriffs. Each county is required by state law to have an elected sheriff.
1978 Nov G Prop 7 Approved 71.0% 29.0% Criminal penalty for murder. Changes and expands categories of first-degree murder for which penalities of death or
confinement without possibility of parole may be imposed.
1982 June P Prop 1 Approved 56.1% 43.9% Bond issue of $495,000,000 to be used for the construction of the state prisons.
1982 June P Prop 4 Approved 82.8% 17.2% Adds provisions to the Constitution prohibiting release of persons on bail when court makes specified findings.
1982 June P Prop 8 Approved 56.4% 43.6% Requires criminals to compensate victims, allows more evidence in trials, allows judges to deny bail, longer sentences for
repeat offenders, limits insanity defense and plea bargaining.
1982 Nov G Prop 15 Failed 37.2% 62.8% Handgun registration. Requires that all concealable firearms (handguns) be registered by November 2, 1983. Makes
registration information confidential.
1982 Nov G Prop 2 Approved 54.3% 45.7% Provides for the construction, reconstruction, remodeling and replacement of county jails and the performance of deferred
maintenance thereon pursuant to a bond issue of $280,000,000.
1984 June P Prop 16 Approved 58.8% 41.2% County jails. Provides for the construction, reconstruction, remodeling and replacement of county jails and the performance of
deferred maintenance pursuant to a bond issue of $250,000,000.
1984 June P Prop 17 Approved 57.8% 42.2% New prisons. Provides for the construction, renovation, remodeling and deferred maintenance of state correctional facilities
pursuant to a bond issue of $300,000,000.
1986 June P Prop 51 Approved 62.1% 37.9% Multiple defendants liability for tort damages
1986 June P Prop 52 Approved 67.2% 32.8% County jails. Provides for the construction, reconstruction, remodeling and replacement of county correctional facilities and
the performance of deferred maintenance pursuant to a bond issue of $495,000,000.
1986 Nov G Prop 54 Approved 65.3% 34.7% New prison construction. Provides for the acquisition and construction of state youth and adult correctional facilities pursuant
to a bond issue of $500,000,000.
1986 Nov G Prop 59 Approved 82.3% 17.7% Election of District Attorney. Amends the Constitution to require the Legislature provide for an elected district attorney in all
1988 June P Prop 67 Approved 82.1% 17.9% Increases the minimum prison term for second-degree murder to 25 years in cases where the murderer knew or should have
known the victim was a specified peace officer engaged in the performance of duties. Person guilty of second-degree murder
under such circumstances must serve a minimum of 25 years without reduction.
1988 Nov G Prop 80 Approved 61.1% 38.9% New prison construction. Bond issue of $817,000,000 to provide funds to relieve overcrowding in the state's prisons, county
jails and Youth Authority facilities through new construction.
1988 Nov G Prop 86 Approved 54.8% 45.3% County correctional facilities. Bond issue of $500,000,000 to provide funds for the construction, reconstruction, remodeling,
replacement and deferred maintenance of county correctional facilities and county juvenile facilities and to provide funds for
youth centers and youth shelters.
1988 Nov G Prop 89 Approved 55.0% 45.0% Governor's parole review. Provides that no decision of the parole authority which grants, denies, revokes or suspends the
parole of a person sentenced to an indeterminate term upon conviction of murder shall become effective for a period of 30
days. Permits Governor to review the decision during this period
1990 June P Prop 115 Approved 57.0% 43.0% Allows hearsay evidence, limits discretion of judges, allows death penalty for more crimes.Makes numerous significant and
complex changes in criminal law and judicial procedures.
1990 June P Prop 120 Approved 56.0% 44.0% New prison construction. Bond issue of $450,000,000 to provide funds to relieve overcrowding in the state's prisons and the
Youth Authority facilities through new construction.
1990 Nov G Prop 129 Failed 27.7% 72.3% New prison construction bond. Appropriates $1.9 billion for drug enforcement and treatment, raises income taxes, $740
million bond issue for prisons.
1990 Nov G Prop 133 Failed 31.9% 68.1% Increases sales tax to fund drug enforcement and prevention.
1990 Nov G Prop 139 Approved 54.0% 46.0% Amends state Constitution to permit state prison and county jail officials to contract with public entities, businesses and
others, for inmate labor.
1990 Nov G Prop 144 Failed 40.4% 59.6% Bond issue of $450,000,000 to provide funds to relieve overcrowding in the state's prisons and the Youth Authority facilities
through new construction.
1990 Nov G Prop 147 Failed 37.3% 62.7% Bond issue of $225,000,000 to provide funds for the construction, reconstruction, remodeling, replacement and deferred
maintenance of county correctional facilities and county juvenile facilities.
1993 Nov S Prop 172 Approved 57.8% 42.2% Provides a dedicated revenue source for public safety purposes. Revenue would be distributed to cities and counties for
purposes such as police, sheriffs, fire, criminal prosecution and corrections.
1994 June P Prop 179 Approved 87.7% 12.3% Provides for a sentence of 20 years to life upon conviction of second-degree murder that is committed by intentionally
shooting a firearm from a vehicle at another person outside of the vehicle with the intent to inflict great bodily injury.
1994 Nov G Prop 184 Approved 71.8% 28.2% Convicted felons with 1 such prior conviction would receive twice the normal sentence for the new offense. Convicted felons
with 2 or more such prior convictions would receive a life sentence. Three strikes you are out.
1994 Nov G Prop 189 Approved 79.4% 20.6% Amends state Constitution to add felony sexual assault to crimes excepted from right to bail. Other exceptions already include
capital offenses and felonies involving violence or threats of bodily harm to others.
1996 March P Prop 194 Approved 73.9% 26.1% Provides that prisoner's employment in a joint venture program while in prison does not entitle the prisoner to unemployment
benefits upon release from prison.
1996 March P Prop 195 Approved 85.8% 14.2% Adds murder during carjacking, murder resulting from carjacking kidnap and intentional murder of juror to the list of special
circumstances for the death penalty or life imprisonment without possibility of parole for defendants convicted of first-degree
1996 March P Prop 196 Approved 85.8% 14.2% Adds drive-by shootings to the list of special circumstances for the death penalty or life imprisonment without possibility of
parole for defendants convicted of first degree murder.
1996 Nov G Prop 205 Failed 40.6% 59.4% Bond issue of $700,000,000 to provide funds for the construction, renovation, remodeling and replacement of local juvenile
and adult correctional facilities.
1996 Nov G Prop 213 Approved 76.8% 23.2% Prohibits recovery of damages by convicted felon whose injuries were caused during commission of felony. Denies recovery
of noneconomic damages to drunk drivers and to uninsured motorists.
1996 Nov G Prop 215 Approved 55.6% 44.4% Legalize marijuana for medicinal purposes.
1998 June P Prop 222 Approved 77.1% 22.9% Provides second-degree murder of peace officer on duty is punishable by life in prison without parole where aggravating
factors are present.
2000 March P Prop 15 Failed 46.3% 53.7% Provides for a bond issue of two hundred twenty million dollars ($220,000,000) to provide funds for a program for the
construction, renovation, and infrastructure costs associated with the construction of new local forensic laboratories and the
remodeling of existing local forensic laboratories.
2000 March P Prop 18 Approved 72.6% 27.4% Amends provisions of penal code defining the special circumstances where first-degree murder is punishable by either death
or life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.
2000 March P Prop 19 Approved 73.6% 26.4% Existing law provides that the punishment for the murder in the second degree of specified peace officers is life without the
possibility of parole if the crime occurs while the officer is on duty and aggravating factors are present. This measure specifies
these enhanced sentence provisions would also apply when the victim is a peace officer employed by the Bay Area Rapid
Transit District or the California State University System.
2000 March P Prop 21 Approved 62.1% 37.9% Increases punishment for gang-related felonies; death penalty for gang-related murder; indeterminate life sentences for home-
invasion robbery, carjacking, witness intimidation and drive-by shootings.
2000 Nov G Prop 36 Approved 60.9% 39.1% Requires drug treatment program and probation rather than incarceration for certain non-violent drug possession offenses
and similar parole violations not including sale, production or manufacture.
2004 Nov G Prop 66 Failed 47.3% 52.7% Weakens Three Strikes Law. Amends "Three Strikes" law to require increased sentences only when current conviction is for
specified violent and/or serious felony. Redefines violent and serious felonies.
2004 Nov G Prop 69 Approved 62.0% 38.0% Requires DNA collection for felons and others. Requires collection of DNA samples from all felons, and from adults and
juveniles arrested for or charged with specified crimes, and submission to state DNA database;
2006 Nov G Prop 83 Approved 70.5% 29.5% Increases penalties for sex offenders, monitors felony registered offenders. Increases penalties for violent and habitual sex
offenders and child molesters. Prohibits registered sex offenders from residing within 2,000 feet of any school or park.
Requires lifetime Global Positioning System monitoring of felony registered sex offenders. Expands definition of a sexually
2008 Nov G Prop 5 Failed 40.5% 59.5% Reduces penalties for nonviolent drug offenses, increases funding for rehabilitation programs, changes some marijuana
misdemeanors to infractions.
2008 Nov G Prop 6 Failed 30.9% 69.1% Increases spending and penalties on gang crimes, eliminates bail for illegal immigrants charged with felonies.
2008 Nov G Prop 9 Approved 53.8% 46.2% Requires notification of victim and opportunity for input during phases of criminal process, including bail, pleas, sentencing,
parole. (Marsy's Law)
2010 Nov G Prop 19 Failed 46.5% 53.5% Legalization of Marijuana. Allows people 21 years old or older to possess, cultivate, or transport marijuana for personal use.