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   Understand the meaning of “professionalism”
   Have the ability to write a resume
   Understand job-hunting etiquette and techniques

After graduation
   Not the end, but the beginning!!!

   Employment (full-time; part-time)
   Graduate School (full-time; part-time)

Career Planning
   What are your assets and traits?
   Where do you want to start?
   What are your short-term goals?
   What are your long-term goals?

Looking for Jobs
   Career Services
   Internet
   Professional Organizations
   Newspapers
   Magazines
   Friends and Family

   References:
       Making Your First Impression Count-Effective Resumes
       What Were They Thinking
       Resumes: The Basics

   Reverse chronological order (most important
   Limit to one-page
   No misrepresentations (ET, not ENGR)
   Visually pleasing
   Be prepared
   Arrive early
   Dress appropriately
   Get names of those you interview with (ask
    for cards)
   Ask open-ended questions
   Follow-up
Interview Questions
    Typical Interview Questions

   Better to ask before the job hunt
   Provide detailed info to the person who is
    giving you a reference:
       When is due date?
       Provide additional information about yourself
       Provide a self-addressed envelope (if mailed)

Landing the Job – Next steps
   How to act professionally in the workplace!!!

From Wikipedia:

A professional is a member of a vocation founded upon specialised educational training.
    The word professional traditionally means a person who has obtained a degree in a
     professional field. The term professional is used more generally to denote a white collar
     working person, or a person who performs commercially in a field typically reserved for
     hobbyists or amateurs.
    In western nations, such as the United States, the term commonly describes highly educated,
     mostly salaried workers, who enjoy considerable work autonomy, a comfortable salary, and
     are commonly engaged in creative and intellectually challenging work.[1][2][3][4] Less
     technically, it may also refer to a person having impressive competence in a particular
    Because of the personal and confidential nature of many professional services and thus the
     necessity to place a great deal of trust in them, most professionals are held up to strict
     ethical and moral regulations.

   Managing your time
   Communicating
   Teamwork
   Treating others with respect
   High ethical standards
   Positive attitude
   Reliable
   Leadership                     12
Work Environment
   Professional—Knowledge, ideas and

   Nonprofessional—Work can be measured by
    the quantity and quality of work output

   Employee-Corporation
   Employee-Manager
   Employee-Employee
   Employee-Support Personnel

Mutual interests; both need each other
 Corporate Obligations:

    Fair compensation
    Treat employees w/ dignity
    Equal opportunity
 Employee Commitments:

    Work the required number of hours
    Adhere to confidentiality guidelines
    Respect conflict-of-interest agreements

May be most important relationship
 Manager Responsibilities:

   Explain company principles and policies
   Administer salary, promotion and hiring plans equitably
   Review, hire and fire employees
 Employee Commitments:

   Complete quality assignments in a timely manner
   Act professionally
   Take responsibility for self-development

Important to form effective working relationships

   Most work is accomplished by teams
   Collect info from others, analyze, and report results
   Everyone knows their responsibilities and target dates

Employee-Support Personnel
   Treat support personnel with respect
   Encourage open communication
   Make support personnel part of the team

Traits for Success in the Workplace
   Competence
   Pursuit of Excellence
   Personal Integrity
   Likeability
   Positive Attitude
   Effective Communication

Professional Licensing-Why
   Professionalism
   Pride
   Job requirement
   Enhances Resume

Professional Licensing
   FE (Fundamentals Exam)
   PE (Professional Exam)

   Administered by State
       FE reciprocal but details controlled by state
       PE state specific

New York State
   New York State Education Dept
   Licensed Professionals


Differences between ET and E
                           Engineering Technology    Engineering

Eligibility for FE exam    After graduation          Before graduation
Experience before PE       6 years                   4 years

Can take FE in Vermont (and PA?) before graduation

Taking FE after Spring Graduation

   Lead times are long
   SUNYIT and State Ed have an agreement so
    students can take exam in the fall following
    spring graduation (not applicable to fall graduates)
   Details:

FE Contents
Ethics and Business Practices (7% of Morning Test)
A. Code of Ethics

B. Agreements and Contracts

C. Ethical versus Legal

D. Professional Liability

E. Public Protection Issues (e.g. licensing boards)

Forms and Reference Material

Unethical Behavior
   Loss of business
   Loss of licensure
   Monetary fines
   Loss of reputation

Ethical Behavior
   Increased business
   Enhanced professional reputation
   Extended Employment

Engineering Practice
   New York Education Law
       NY Educ. 7200 (Administration)
       NY Educ. 6905 (Conduct)

   New York Code, Rules & Regulations:
       8 NYCRR § 68.1 et seq. (Administration)
       8 NYCRR § 29.1 et seq. (Conduct)

Engineering Practice
Engineering Defined

   NY Educ. § 7201. Definition of practice of engineering. The practice of
    the profession of engineering is defined as performing professional
    service such as consultation, investigation, evaluation, planning, design or
    supervision of construction or operation in connection with any utilities,
    structures, buildings, machines, equipment, processes, works, or projects
    wherein the safeguarding of life, health and property is concerned, when
    such service or work requires the application of engineering principles and

Engineering Practice
Licensing and Title Statue

   § 7202. Practice of engineering and use of title "professional engineer".
    Only a person licensed or otherwise authorized under this article shall
    practice engineering or use the title "professional engineer".

Permissible Scope of Practice
The purpose of the Education Law is to
safeguard the life, health and property of the

Licensing requirements which protect the public
health and safety must be strictly complied with
and a contract in violation of such statutes cannot
be enforced.
Code of Ethics
   No matter what state you practice in, that state
    has a code of ethics which governs your
    ethical conduct.
   As a member of NSPE, there is another code
    of ethics which governs your ethical conduct.

Professional Code of Conduct
   As a professional license holder, or someone
    who works for a professional license holder,
    you are required to know the constraints
    imposed upon your conduct by the state code
    of ethics.
   If you violate the provisions of those code of
    ethics, you or the person that you work for
    can be fined or lose their license to practice.
State Laws
   Professional Misconduct-NY Education Law § 6509
   Unprofessional Conduct – 8 NYCRR § 29.1
   Design Professionals - 8 NYCRR § 29.3

Professional Misconduct
8 NYCRR § 29.1
1.   Willful or grossly negligent failure to comply with
     federal, state or local laws governing the practice of
     the profession;
2.   Exercising undue influence on a client in such a
     manner as to exploit financial gain in favor of the
     practitioner or a third party;
3.   Directly or indirectly offering, soliciting or receiving
     a fee to or from a third party for client referrals;

Professional Misconduct (Cont.)
8 NYCRR § 29.1
4.   Fee sharing with those not otherwise authorized to
     practice in the same profession;
5.   Moral unfitness;
6.   Willfully making or filing a false report or failing to
     file a report required by law or the Education
7.   Failing to make available to a client copies of
     documents in the possession of the professional
     which have been prepared and paid for by the client
Professional Misconduct (Cont.)
8 NYCRR § 29.1
8.    Revealing personal information without the consent
      of the client (identity; financial condition; how you’re getting paid)
9.    Practicing or offering to practice beyond the scope
      permitted by law, or performing services which the
      professional is not competent to perform;
10.   Delegating responsibilities to a person that is not
      qualified to perform them;

Professional Misconduct (Cont.)
8 NYCRR § 29.1
11.   Performing professional services which have not
      been authorized by the client (going above and beyond in hopes of getting

12.   Failing to respond to inquiries from the Education
      Department (must “rat out” your friends; most often comes up amongst partners)

Design Professionals
8 NYCRR § 29.3
1.   Being associated with any project or practice known
     to be fraudulent;
2.   Failing to report to the owner any unauthorized or
     substantial disregard by any contractor of plans or
     specifications when observation of the work is
     provided for in the agreement between the owner
     and design professional;
3.   Signing and sealing documents for which
     professional services have not been performed by
     the profession;
Design Professionals (Cont)
8 NYCRR § 29.3
4.   Failing to maintain plans, documents, computations
     and evaluations to which the professional has signed
     and sealed for at least 6 years;
5.   Having a substantial financial interest in a
     contractor, manufacturer or supplier on a project for
     which the professional is responsible without the
     knowledge and approval of the client;
6.   Fee sharing with persons other than partners,
     employees, associated in a professional firm or
     corporation, subcontractor or subconsultant;
Design Professionals (Cont)
8 NYCRR § 29.3
7.   Accepting compensation from more than one party
     for services on the same project without disclosing
     the same to all interested parties;
8.   Participating as a member, advisor or employee in a
     governmental body in actions or deliberations which
     pertain to the services of the professional;
9.   As to the practice of land surveying, revising,
     altering, or updating existing boundary lines without
     adequate confirmation of relevant boundary lines
     and monuments;
Homework Assignments (3) Individual
   Prepare a draft resume
   Have a peer critique it
   Make changes based on the comments
   Submit the draft and final resume via Angel
   Provide answers to 10 interview questions
   Fill out forms to apply for the FE (NY or VT)---
    submit via paper
   By the end of the semester have your resume
    submitted on college central network
Presentation (Team)
   Research “professionalism” . Prepare and present a
    .ppt presentation two weeks from today on your
    assigned sub-topic (10 minutes in length)
   Submit electronic copies of the .ppt via Angel
   Cite your references at the end of the .ppt (3-5) using
    MLA or APA.

Acceptable Academic Citation Styles

APA-American Psychiatric Association Style

MLA-Modern Language Association

Professionalism Topics
1.    FE/PE Exam (Cobb/Barnao) & (Gramstad/Adams)
2.    Career Search Engines (Cool/Cowper) & (Katen/Arbour)
3.    Teamwork (McArdell/ Donvito)
4.    Professionalism (as a Student) (Morine/Edwards)
5.    Dress Codes (Garlington/George) & (Potter/Olds)
6.    Appropriate use of Technology (Leung/Morse) & (Zahn/Balladares)
7.    Copyright Law-Manufacturing Processes (O’Hara/Sergott) &
8.    MLA/APA Citation (Johnson/McDuffie)
9.    Tips for Professional Success (Not Assigned)
10.   Working With “Difficult” Personality Types (Wicks) (Serva/Winner)
11.   Determining who is licensed as a Professional Engineer in New York
      State (Baker)                                                        46

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