Free/Reduced-Price Lunch Eligibility - DOC by J7G2UPN

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									Series 2012-11D                                                                                                           June 2012




                                  Free/Reduced-Price Lunch Eligibility
  Eligibility for free/reduced-price lunch in Florida’s schools continued on a long-term upward trend for several
  years. The ten-year numerical increase during this period amounts to 414,067 students (1,121,977 in 2002-03 vs.
  1,536,044 in 2011-12), a cumulative increase of 36.91 percent in ten years. Fifty-seven of the 67 regular school
  districts reported 50 percent or more of their enrollment eligible for free/reduced-price lunch in 2011-12, as
  compared to only twenty-nine districts ten years prior.
  In 2011-12, of the 67 regular school districts St. Johns County had the lowest percentage of students eligible for
  free/reduced-price lunch (23.27 percent), and Gadsden County had the highest percentage (85.23 percent).


                                               Figure 1: Ten-Year Comparison




  Note: Variability in factors such as the date of data compilation and certain selection criteria may result in slight differences
  between results reported for Florida by NCES and corresponding statewide results reported for Florida public schools by the
  Florida Department of Education.

  Race Distribution (Florida)
  Among racial groups in 2011-12, the black and Hispanic populations had the largest percentages of students
  eligible for free/reduced-price lunch, followed by the white population (Table 1). All three populations experienced
  significant increases in free/reduced price lunch eligibility over the last ten years. American Indian, Asian, and
  multiracial populations also showed slight increases in their percentages of students eligible for free/reduced-price
  lunch. The following tables provide additional detail.

                       Table 1: Percentage of Students Eligible for Free/Reduced-Price Lunch
                                                             School Year      School Year
                         Race                                  2011-12          2002-03
                         White                                  38.19%          26.39%
                         Black or African American              78.72%          67.96%
                         Hispanic/Latino                        71.46%          63.09%
                         Other*                                 47.70%          38.29%
                         Total                                  57.58%          44.63%
                                                                                                     Florida Department of Education
                                                                                                     Gerard Robinson, Commissioner
           Table 2: Proportional Changes by Race: Students Eligible for Free/Reduced-Price Lunch

                  Race                                               2011-12             2002-03           Change
                  White                                              28.13%              29.49%             -1.36%
                  Black or African American                          31.38%              36.94%             -5.55%
                  Hispanic/Latino                                    35.48%              29.90%              5.59%
                  Other*                                              5.00%               3.68%              1.32%
                  Total                                             100.00%             100.00%

From 2002-03 to 2011-12, the racial composition of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch shows
significant proportional changes. The Hispanic representation increased 5.59 percentage points, as compared to
the white and black representations, which decreased by 1.36 and 5.55 percentage points, respectively.

*Other includes Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Two or More Races for 2011-12 and
Asian, American Indian, and Multiracial for 2002-03.

                    Figure 2: Students Eligible for Free/Reduced-Price Lunch by Race, 2011-12




                    Figure 3: Students Eligible for Free/Reduced-Price Lunch by Race, 2002-03




Additional district-level data are shown in Table 3 on the following page.



*Other includes Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Two or More Races for 2011-12 and
Asian, American Indian, and Multiracial for 2002-03.
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    Table 3: Number and Percentage of Florida PK-12 Students Eligible for Free/Reduced-Price Lunch*
                                                       2011-12                                             2002-03
                                      TOTAL              TOTAL          PERCENT           TOTAL               TOTAL          PERCENT         PERCENT
     DISTRICT                       MEMBERSHIP          ELIGIBLE        ELIGIBLE        MEMBERSHIP           ELIGIBLE        ELIGIBLE        CHANGE
       1    ALACHUA                       27,480           13,265         48.27%             29,308             14,311          48.83%         -7.31%
       2    BAKER                          5,050            2,784         55.13%              4,521              1,819          40.23%         53.05%
       3    BAY                           26,346           13,684         51.94%             26,431             12,049          45.59%         13.57%
       4    BRADFORD                       3,354            2,254         67.20%              4,029              2,274          56.44%         -0.88%
       5    BREVARD                       71,792           31,283         43.57%             72,551             19,152          26.40%         63.34%
       6    BROWARD                      258,478          147,489         57.06%            267,887            103,088          38.48%         43.07%
       7    CALHOUN                        2,225            1,375         61.80%              2,173              1,056          48.60%         30.21%
       8    CHARLOTTE                     16,424           10,081         61.38%             17,717              7,639          43.12%         31.97%
       9    CITRUS                        15,539            9,146         58.86%             15,344              6,380          41.58%         43.35%
      10    CLAY                          35,659           14,189         39.79%             29,861              7,061          23.65%        100.95%
      11    COLLIER                       43,238           25,730         59.51%             38,104             18,717          49.12%         37.47%
      12    COLUMBIA                       9,762            6,285         64.38%              9,701              5,252          54.14%         19.67%
      13    DADE                         350,239          251,967         71.94%            373,375            229,220          61.39%          9.92%
      14    DESOTO                         4,730            3,656         77.29%              4,916              2,964          60.29%         23.35%
      15    DIXIE                          2,053            1,568         76.38%              2,229              1,434          64.33%          9.34%
      16    DUVAL                        125,429           65,882         52.53%            128,116             52,186          40.73%         26.24%
      17    ESCAMBIA                      40,496           25,009         61.76%             43,871             24,791          56.51%          0.88%
      18    FLAGLER                       13,007            8,098         62.26%              7,599              2,809          36.97%        188.29%
      19    FRANKLIN                       1,347            1,060         78.69%              1,343                829          61.73%         27.86%
      20    GADSDEN                        6,173            5,261         85.23%              7,195              5,392          74.94%         -2.43%
      21    GILCHRIST                      2,650            1,576         59.47%              2,734              1,465          53.58%          7.58%
      22    GLADES                         1,505              869         57.74%                998                682          68.34%         27.42%
      23    GULF                           1,954            1,027         52.56%              2,164              1,003          46.35%          2.39%
      24    HAMILTON                       1,673            1,334         79.74%              2,065              1,496          72.45%        -10.83%
      25    HARDEE                         5,016            3,953         78.81%              5,175              3,490          67.44%         13.27%
      26    HENDRY                         6,817            5,360         78.63%              7,672              5,380          70.13%         -0.37%
      27    HERNANDO                      22,616           13,103         57.94%             18,601              7,915          42.55%         65.55%
      28    HIGHLANDS                     11,998            8,500         70.85%             11,428              6,499          56.87%         30.79%
      29    HILLSBOROUGH                 197,041          111,851         56.77%            175,305             82,441          47.03%         35.67%
      30    HOLMES                         3,331            2,195         65.90%              3,414              1,895          55.51%         15.83%
      31    INDIAN RIVER                  17,964            9,979         55.55%             15,980              6,274          39.26%         59.05%
      32    JACKSON                        7,050            4,410         62.55%              7,228              3,885          53.75%         13.51%
      33    JEFFERSON                      1,029              847         82.31%              1,575              1,143          72.57%        -25.90%
      34    LAFAYETTE                      1,172              720         61.43%              1,049                542          51.67%         32.84%
      35    LAKE                          41,319           23,219         56.19%             31,773             12,573          39.57%         84.67%
      36    LEE                           83,895           53,840         64.18%             63,148             28,981          45.89%         85.78%
      37    LEON                          33,218           15,052         45.31%             31,855             10,357          32.51%         45.33%
      38    LEVY                           5,743            4,176         72.71%              6,113              3,444          56.34%         21.25%
      39    LIBERTY                        1,481              841         56.79%              1,383                623          45.05%         34.99%
      40    MADISON                        2,621            2,046         78.06%              3,311              2,117          63.94%         -3.35%
      41    MANATEE                       44,986           24,550         54.57%             39,107             15,655          40.03%         56.82%
      42    MARION                        42,280           27,758         65.65%             39,689             20,540          51.75%         35.14%
      43    MARTIN                        18,368            7,478         40.71%             17,255              5,431          31.47%         37.69%
      44    MONROE                         8,446            3,664         43.38%              9,195              3,349          36.42%          9.41%
      45    NASSAU                        11,115            4,850         43.63%             10,521              3,503          33.30%         38.45%
      46    OKALOOSA                      29,385           11,219         38.18%             30,949              8,330          26.92%         34.68%
      47    OKEECHOBEE                     6,568            4,753         72.37%              7,084              3,820          53.92%         24.42%
      48    ORANGE                       180,000           97,691         54.27%            158,685             67,311          42.42%         45.13%
      49    OSCEOLA                       54,783           34,615         63.19%             40,479             20,462          50.55%         69.17%
      50    PALM BEACH                   176,901           94,614         53.48%            164,826             66,086          40.09%         43.17%
      51    PASCO                         66,659           36,621         54.94%             54,960             24,731          45.00%         48.08%
      52    PINELLAS                     103,776           55,638         53.61%            114,754             42,467          37.01%         31.01%
      53    POLK                          96,070           65,604         68.29%             82,146             43,921          53.47%         49.37%
      54    PUTNAM                        11,154            8,388         75.20%             12,483              7,917          63.42%          5.95%
      55    ST. JOHNS                     31,580            7,350         23.27%             21,945              4,333          19.74%         69.63%
      56    ST. LUCIE                     39,444           24,801         62.88%             31,550             16,614          52.66%         49.28%
      57    SANTA ROSA                    25,885           10,623         41.04%             23,643              7,440          31.47%         42.78%
      58    SARASOTA                      41,083           20,896         50.86%             38,032             12,369          32.52%         68.94%
      59    SEMINOLE                      64,344           29,172         45.34%             63,417             17,489          27.58%         66.80%
      60    SUMTER                         7,786            4,659         59.84%              6,558              3,722          56.76%         25.17%
      61    SUWANNEE                       6,060            4,124         68.05%              5,802              2,894          49.88%         42.50%
      62    TAYLOR                         3,046            2,178         71.50%              3,589              1,900          52.94%         14.63%
      63    UNION                          2,255            1,304         57.83%              2,174                958          44.07%         36.12%
      64    VOLUSIA                       61,524           35,385         57.51%             62,854             23,406          37.24%         51.18%
      65    WAKULLA                        5,125            2,555         49.85%              4,661              1,566          33.60%         63.15%
      66    WALTON                         7,572            4,370         57.71%              6,303              3,099          49.17%         41.01%
      67    WASHINGTON                     3,449            2,246         65.12%              3,410              1,951          57.21%         15.12%
            SUBTOTAL (1-67)            2,658,558        1,532,070         57.63%          2,535,313          1,131,892          44.56%         35.35%
            FLORIDA**                  2,668,155        1,536,049         57.57%          2,540,090          1,133,564          44.63%         35.51%

*Data include students in schools with Provision 2 lunch status, in which every student in the school is eligible for free lunch. Please note this change when
comparing 2011-12 data to this report from prior years. The impact of this inclusion made no notable difference at the state level.
**State totals include the special districts: Florida School for the Deaf and Blind, Washington Speical, Florida Atlantic University Lab School, Florida State
University Charter Schools, Florida A & M University Lab School, University of Florida Lab School, Florida Connections Academy (2002-03 only), and Florida
Virtual Academy (2002-03 only).
Source: Florida Department of Education, Student Demographic Information records compiled during fall reporting surveys for years shown. Statistics for 2011-
12 are current as of 05/21/12.




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National School Lunch Program Participation: Florida and the Nation
The National School Lunch Program, established in 1946 under the National School Lunch Act, provides free
and reduced-price lunches to schoolchildren from economically disadvantaged families. The program operates
in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, as well as in Guam, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and
Department of Defense schools. Each year, the United States Department of Agriculture
(www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/lunch) publishes income guidelines for program eligibility that factor household income
and size in relation to federal poverty guidelines. In 2011-12, for instance, a student from a four-person
household in Florida with annual household income less than $29,055 is eligible for free lunches. Current and
prior-year        income          eligibility    guidelines      are        available          online       at
http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/governance/notices/iegs/iegs.htm.

            Figure 4: Percent of Students Eligible for Free and Reduced-Price Lunch, 2009-10




In 2009-10, according to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES),* more than 22.4 million students
(45.72%) in reporting states and the District of Columbia were eligible for free or reduced-price lunch. In the
same year, more than 1.4 million students (53.47%) in Florida were eligible. As the fourth most-populous state,
Florida’s free and reduced-price lunch figure is comparable with the two most populous states, Texas (50.52%)
and California (54.87%). Additional state-level information is provided in Table 4 on page 5.
                                    *NCES, Common Core of Data. http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/bat/.




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         Table 4: Number and Percentage of Students Eligible for Free/Reduced-Price Lunch, by State (2009-10)
                               STATE OR JURISDICTION             NUMBER PERCENT
                               ALABAMA                             411,067    54.89%
                               ALASKA                               47,678    36.21%
                               ARIZONA                             501,403    46.53%
                               ARKANSAS                            286,477    59.67%
                               CALIFORNIA                        3,393,827    54.87%
                               COLORADO                            319,404    38.37%
                               CONNECTICUT                         179,586    31.84%
                               DELAWARE                             58,375    46.04%
                               DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA                 48,330    70.06%
                               FLORIDA                           1,408,677    53.47%
                               GEORGIA                             934,899    56.06%
                               HAWAII                               77,947    43.30%
                               IDAHO                               118,932    43.04%
                               ILLINOIS                            901,912    42.86%
                               INDIANA                             474,326    45.32%
                               IOWA                                179,921    36.62%
                               KANSAS                              214,437    45.62%
                               KENTUCKY                            370,264    54.47%
                               LOUISIANA                           454,338    65.76%
                               MAINE                                76,715    40.60%
                               MARYLAND                            324,904    38.30%
                               MASSACHUSETTS                       315,153    32.96%
                               MICHIGAN                            742,138    45.78%
                               MINNESOTA                           296,756    35.45%
                               MISSISSIPPI                         348,050    71.84%
                               MISSOURI                            401,947    43.79%
                               MONTANA                              56,201    39.63%
                               NEBRASKA                            121,915    41.28%
                               NEVADA                              181,688    42.40%
                               NEW HAMPSHIRE                        46,246    23.46%
                               NEW JERSEY                          445,174    33.04%
                               NEW MEXICO                          218,130    65.23%
                               NEW YORK                            569,659    21.49%
                               NORTH CAROLINA                      720,798    48.61%
                               NORTH DAKOTA                         30,693    32.98%
                               OHIO                                710,381    40.26%
                               OKLAHOMA                            384,448    58.86%
                               OREGON                              272,196    48.48%
                               PENNSYLVANIA                        663,132    37.45%
                               RHODE ISLAND                         60,179    41.47%
                               SOUTH CAROLINA                      394,018    54.49%
                               SOUTH DAKOTA                         45,956    37.15%
                               TENNESSEE                           516,176    53.07%
                               TEXAS                             2,450,265    50.52%
                               UTAH                                244,458    41.95%
                               VERMONT                              29,529    31.95%
                               VIRGINIA                            444,715    35.71%
                               WASHINGTON                          428,263    41.36%
                               WEST VIRGINIA                       147,036    52.02%
                               WISCONSIN                           323,634    37.10%
                               WYOMING                              31,054    35.23%
                               REPORTING STATES                 22,423,407    45.72%
                                                      Source: NCES, Common Core of Data. http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/bat/.




As a service to Florida school districts, each Data Report presents information on education topics of current interest. Each report is prepared by Education Information and Accountability Services,
852 Turlington Bldg., 325 W. Gaines Street, Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0400. For further information, call (850) 245-0400 or visit our web address at http://www.fldoe.org/eias.
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