Einführung für neue Mitarbeiter

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                                                                              Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                              Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac



           Basis-, Mehrwert-und
           Metainformationsdienste

                      Internet-Institutionen


                                   21.12.199

                       Dozent: Prof. Kuhlen
Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
      Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
Inhalt des gesamten Kurses - Teil II                                                            2
                                                                                    Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                    Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac


Nr.     Termin        Zust.                                  Inhalt
 7      30.11.99               Web-Technologien / zugeh. Entwicklungsumgebungen
 8       7.12.99       BB      - Browser, URL, HTML, XML, JavaScript, Java usw.
 9      14.12.99               - HTML-Editoren, Server-Funktionen usw.
10      21.12.99               Web-Nutzung / Methodik / Organisation
                       RK      (Statistiken, W3C, Internic, Einschlägige Homepages v.
                               Netscape, MS, Sun usw)
11       11.1.00       RK      Kommunikationsforen
12       18.1.00       BB      Suche im WWW
13       25.1.00               Suchverfahren und Suchdienste (zusammen mit MR)
14       1.2.00
15       8.2.00       RK   Perspektiven
16       15.2.00     RK/BB Klausur




      Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
            Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
    Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
    Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                                3
    Institutionen des Internet                                                        Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                      Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac
                                                                                    Publikationen:
Institutionen                     Internet Society                        ISOC's OnTheInternet,
                                                                          bi-monthly magazine that reports on the
                                                                          global Internet, its related technologies,
                                                                          and ist influence on business,
The Internet SOCiety (ISOC) is a                                          education, government, and culture.
                                                                          ISOC Forum, monthly electronic
professional membership society                                           newsletter
with more than 150 organizational                                         containing more timely information
and 6,000 individual members in                                           about Internet-related topics.
over 100 countries. It provides
                                                Our organization members include
leadership in addressing issues that
                                                corporations, non-profit, trade and
confront the future of the Internet,
                                                professional organizations, foundations,
and is the organization home for
                                                educational institutions, government
the groups responsible for
                                                agencies and other international
Internet infrastructure standards,
                                                organizations with varied interests.
including the Internet Engineering
                                                Board of Trustees
Task Force (IETF) and the Internet
                                                Application why membership
Architecture Board (IAB).
                                                Individual membership
        Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
              Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
    Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
    Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                               4
    Institutionen des Internet                                                         Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                       Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac
                                            The IESG (part of ISOC) is responsible for technical
IESG - Internet                             management of IETF activities and the Internet standards
Engineering Steering                        process. The IESG is directly responsible for the actions
                                            associated with entry into and movement along the Internet
Group                                       "standards track," including final approval of specifications as
                                            Internet Standards.
   IETF The Internet
 Engineering Task Force                          The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a large open
                                                 international community of network designers, operators,
                                                 vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the
IAB - Internet                                   Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the
                                                 Internet. It is open to any interested individual. The IETF is the
Architecture Board                               protocol engineering and development arm of the Internet.
                                                 The Tao of IETF


The IAB is responsible for defining the overall architecture of the Internet, providing guidance and
broad direction to the IETF. The IAB also serves as the technology advisory group to the Internet
Society, and oversees a number of critical activities in support of the Internet.
         Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
               Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
   Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
   Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                               5
   Institutionen des Internet - Domän-Namen                                           Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                      Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac

InterNic - Dep. of
Commerce                                              InterNic has been established to provide the
                                                      public information regarding Internet domain
   ICANN - Internet                                   name registration services.
Corporation for Assigned                              Zur Prozedur der Namensvergabe
 Names and Numbers
                                                             Beispiel: Network Solutions
 The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ICANN) is the new non-profit
 corporation that is assuming responsibility from the U.S. Government for coordinating certain
 Internet technical functions, including the management of Internet domain name system.
 Stand 11/99: five companies to participate in a two month test of
 a new shared registration service. The 5 companies accredited by ICANN for this test are
 diverse in terms of size, business models, and geographic origin. In addition, ICANN has
 announced 29 additional companies who will compete in a free and open market when the test is
 complete.
        Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
              Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                                   6
Institutionen des Internet - Domän-Namen                                              Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                      Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac


          RFC - Internet Requests for Comments



The Internet Request For Comments (or RFC) documents are the written
definitions of the protocols [standards] and policies of the Internet.

Umfassendes Glossar
Responsibilities of Host and Network Managers
          This informational RFC describes the conventions to be followed by those in charge of
          networks and hosts in the Internet. It is a summary of the "oral tr adition" of the Internet on
          this subject.
Answers to Commonly asked "New Internet User" Questions
Answers to Commonly asked "Experienced Internet User" Questions


   Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
         Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
    Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
    Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                              7
    Institutionen des Internet - W3C                                                  Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                      Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac
                                                 The W3C was founded in October 1994 to lead the
  The World Wide Web                             World Wide Web to its full potential by developing
      Consortium                                 common protocols that promote its evolution and
                                                 ensure ist interoperability. We are an international
   The User Interface                            industry consortium, jointly hosted by the
       Domain                                    Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laboratory
                                                 for Computer Science
     W3C-Aktivitäten                             [MIT/LCS] in the United States; the Institut
                                                 National de Recherche en Informatique et en
                                                 Automatique [INRIA] in Europe; and the Keio
       W3C Security                              University Shonan Fujisawa Campus in Japan.
        Resources
The User Interface Domain seeks to improve all user/computer
communications on the Web. In particular, the Domain is working
on formats and languages that will
present information to users with more accuracy and a higher level
of control.
        Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
              Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
   Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
   Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                              8
   Institutionen des Internet                                                        Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                     Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac


          SITES WITH INTERNET-RELATED STATISTICS:

DomainStats.com                                     Last Updated - Sunday December 20, 1999 total
                                                    domains registered worldwide: 12,973,402
                                                    number of .com domains: 7,874,757
Matrix Information and
Directory Services, Inc.                       In 1999: 66,167,278 Internet hosts (MIDS est.)
                                               Internet performance benchmarking
NUA Internet Surveys                           Ten Most Reachable ISPs
                                               Internet Performance
Nua Internet Surveys is the authoritative source online for information on Internet
demographics and trends. Its information reaches 200,000 people worldwide every week
and has been translated into Russian, German, Greek, Portuguese, Italian, Hebrew and
Spanish. Nua Internet Surveys is a database containing over three years of information
gathered and collated by Nua.
       Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
             Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
     Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
     Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                                 9
     Institutionen des Internet                                                          Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                         Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac


                   MARKET RESEARCH-ORIENTED SITES:
                                                       Strategic Planning Information and
    BRG Research                                       Consulting Services. Non-subscribers can
                                                       search and read extracts of the reports.
     Commerce Net
                                         Commerce Net and Nielsen Media have jointly surveyed use and
                                         purchase trends in the Internet market. This includes a recontact survey of
                                         the usage of the Internet among the North American population.
         Forrester
                                              Demographic analysis of Web users and the
                                              penetration of the PC market, including age and
     Gartner Group                            income bracket analysis.

                                        Internet Strategies (INET) is the Gartner Group's
   Jupiter                              service for the research and trends on the Internet and
                                        WWW.
Communications
    Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
                Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
 Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
 Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                              10
 Institutionen des Internet                                                         Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                    Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac


                         Weitere interessante Internet sites
                                               Representing more than 8,500 individual Internet
Association of                                 Professionals and over 125 leading Internet industry
                                               companies and educational institutions, The Association
   Internet                                    of Internet Professionals (AIP) is the premier
Professionals                                  professional association of the Internet industry.

                                               The AIP exists to unify, support and represent the global
Internet Software                              community of Internet professionals. The organization
                                               also serves as a forum for the ideas, people and issues
   Consortium
                                               shaping the future of the Internet industry.

The Internet Software Consortium is a nonprofit coporationdedicated to developingand
maingtaining productionquality Open Source reference implementations of core Internet
protocols.
Beispiele: Software gegen unerwünschte Email; Y2K Packages
      Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
            Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
 Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
 Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                            11
 Institutionen des Internet                                                       Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                  Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac


                       Weitere interessante Internet sites
                                                             The Internet Mail Consortium is the only
   Internet Mail                                             international organization focused on
    Consortium                                               cooperatively managing and promoting
                                                             the rapidly-expanding world of electronic
                                                             mail on the Internet.


                                            The Commercial Internet eXchange Association
CIX -The Commercial                         is a non-profit, 501(c)6, trade association of
  Internet eXchange                         Public Data Internetwork service providers
     Association                            promoting and encouraging development of the
                                            public data communications internetworking
                                            services industry in both national and
                                            international markets.

    Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
          Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                            12
Institutionen des Internet                                                       Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                 Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac


                      Weitere interessante Internet sites

HTML Writers Guild



                              The HTML Writers Guild is the world's largest
                              international organization of Web authors with
                              over 108,000 members in more than 150 nations
                              worldwide. Our unique community provides
                              resources, support, representation, and education
                              for web authors at all skill levels. .



   Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
         Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
   Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
   Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                             13
   Institutionen des Internet                                                        Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                     Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac


                     Europäische Web-/Internet-Information
                                                    Services:
        RIPE                                        Whois Queries
                                                    European Host Count
                                                    Stand 13.12.99 : de: : 3669941; eu: 14182011

The RIPE Network Coordination Centre performs activities for the benefit of the Internet
service providers (ISPs) in Europe and the surrounding areas.
The RIPE NCC acts as the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Europe and surrounding
areas. The distribution and registration of Internet address space and inter-domain routing
identifiers is provided by a hierarchical registry system including the IANA, regional
Internet registries (RIRs) and the direct and indirect clients of RIRs (which include Local
Internet Registries (LIRs), Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and end users). At the current
time we support over 1300 Local Internet Registries, who provide funds for our services

       Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
             Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
  Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
  Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                             14
  Institutionen des Internet - Deutsches Sites                                      Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                    Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac

                                                      Der Verein zur Förderung eines Deutschen
       DFN - Verein                                   Forschungsnetzes e.V. - DFN-Verein -
                                                      fördert die Kommunikation und den
                                                      Informations- und Datenaustausch in
                                                      nationalen und internationalen Netzen
        Das Deutsche                                  insbesondere von Einrichtungen und
       Forschungsnetz                                 Personen aus Wissenschaft, Forschung,
         Statistiken                                  Bildung und Kultur.


Das Deutsche Forschungsnetz DFN ist das Kommunikationssystem für die deutsche
Wissenschaft, das vom Verein zur Förderung eines Deutschen Forschungsnetzes (DFN-
Verein) betreut und weiterentwickelt wird. Das Deutsche Forschungsnetz verbindet lokale,
hochschulinterne und regionale Rechnernetze miteinander und sichert den Verbund dieser
Netze mit anderen internationalen Wissenschaftsnetzen. Es ermöglicht seinen Nutzern,
uneingeschränkt mit der Forschungswelt zu kommunizieren.

      Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
            Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
   Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
   Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                              15
   Institutionen des Internet - Deutsches Sites                                       Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                      Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac

                                                         Wissenschaft, Forschung und Bildung in
        Gigabit-                                         Deutschland erhalten im Frühjahr 2000
Wissenschaftsnetz G-WiN                                  das weltweit modernste Internet - das
                                                         Gigabit-Wissenschaftsnetz G-WiN.
                                                         Dieses Netz steht als Synonym für
               B-WiN                                     superschnelle Datenübertragung, neue
                                                         multimediale Anwendungen und
                                                         weltweite Konnektivität - kurz für
                                                         Internet2 in Deutschland.
Das Breitband-Wissenschaftsnetz (B-WiN) des DFN-Vereins wurde im Frühjahr 1996 als Basisinfrastruktur des
Deutschen Forschungsnetze (DFN) in Betrieb genommen. Den Nutzern des DFN steht damit eine Breitband-
Infrastruktur zur Verfügung, die Anschlüsse mit der Kapazität von 34 Mbit/s und seit Sommer 1996 auch Anschlüsse
mit einer Kapazität von 155 Mbit/s im Anschlussbereich ermöglichen. Das B-WiN wird als privates virtuelles Netz
(VPN) auf dem ATM-Cross-Connect-Netz der Deutschen Telekom AG betrieben. Zehn Zugangspunkte, die zentralen
ATM-Service-Switches (ZSS), bedienen die Kundenanschlüsse, die am Kundenstandort mit ATM Kunden Service
Switches (KSS) abschliessen. Die ZSS sind durch virtuelle Pfade (VP) mit einer Übertragungsrate von zunächst 34
Mbit/s verbunden, die in Schritten von 2 Mbit/s skalierbar sind.

        Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
              Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
   Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
   Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                             16
   Institutionen des Internet - Deutsches Sites                                      Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                     Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac

          DENIC eG


Die DENIC eG ist eine eingetragene Genossenschaft. Sie wurde am 29. September 1997
gegründet. Die Mitglieder der DENIC eG sind Internet Service Provider, kurz ISPs, die
ihren Kunden lokale Zugänge zum Internet zur Verfügung stellen.

Zu den Aufgaben der DENIC eG gehören:
        Betrieb des Primary-Nameservers für die Toplevel-Domain DE
        Bundesweit zentrale Vergabe von Domains unterhalb der Top Level Domain DE
       Administration des Internet in Zusammenarbeit mit internationalen Gremien
        Bereitstellung verschiedener Datenbankdienste
        Bereitstellung verschiedener Informationen,
        insbesondere zu rechtlichen Fragen bei der Domainvergabe und -verwaltung

       Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
             Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
 Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
 Kurs 21.12. 1999                                                                             17
 Institutionen des Internet - Deutsche WWW Statistiken                             Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                   Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac
                                                      Wie viele Menschen sind online?
 Focus Online                                         Sozialstruktur der Online-Nutzer
                                                      Interessen der Internet-Nutzer
W3B Fittkau & Maaß
                                                      Anzahl der Internet-Hosts
 aktuell 9. Umfrage                                   Browser-Marktanteile
                                                      Meistgenutzte US-Internetangebote
Die W3B-Umfrage ist die größte                        Abrufzahlen deutscher
(seit 1997 auch weltweit größte,                      Internetangebote
bis dahin GVU-Surveys),
unabhängige deutschsprachige
                                            General Demographics
Meinungsumfrage im Internet.
                                            Technology Demographics
Im Frühjahr 1998 wurde die
                                            Online Privacy and Security
sechste Meinungsumfrage
                                            Web and Internet Use
erstmalig europaweit
                                            Software Filters and Content Rating (developed
durchgeführt - in insgesamt neun
                                             by Vanderbilt)
Sprachen.
                                            Everyday Life (developed by Vanderbilt)
     Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
           Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance
 Basis-, Mehrwert-und Metainformationsdienste
 Kurs 21.12 19.99                                                                                        18
 Abkürzungen (nicht alphabetisch, sondern nach Reihenfolge im PP)                                Metadienste WS 99/00
                                                                                                 Prof.Kuhlen; Dr.Bekavac
CIX (Commercial Internet Exchange) 1991
(General Atomics, Performance Systems
                                             IPNg (Internet Protocol: Next Generation)
International und UUNET Technologies
arbeiten mit TCP/IP oder OSI                 IRSG (Internet Research Steering Group) 1989 für
                                             IETF und IRTF
CREN Corporation for Research and
Education Network 1989 Bitnet + CSNET        IRTF (Internet Research Task Force) 1989 für
DNS (Domain Name System) Server führen       Forschung
das Namen/Adresse-Mapping durch
                                             ISOC (Internet Society) 1992
DFN - Deutsches Forschungsnetz
                                             ISP - Internet Service Provider
DoC (Department of Commerce)
                                             MIDS - Matrix Information and Directory Services,
DoD (Department of Defense)                  Inc.
EARN (European Academic Research             NREN (National Research and Education
Network) 1983 NCP (Network Control           Network)
Protocol) 7/1979
                                             NRN National Research Network (NRN)
HPCA (High Performance Computing Act)
                                             RFC (Request for Command) der erste RFC
1991
                                             Internet Request for Comments; am 7.4.1969
IAB (Internet Activities Board) 1983         “Host Software”; von jedem einzubringen, nach
                                             Diskussion zu verabschieden
ICANN - Internet Corporation for Assigned
                                             W3C The World Wide Web Consortium
Names and Numbers IETF (Internet
Engineering Task Force) 1989 Spezifikation
von TCP/IP
InterNic (Internet Network Information
Center) 1993



        Information Engineering - Informationsverarbeitung - Bachelor of Science - Master of Science
              Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Constance

				
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