CHAPTER 13 TEST REVIEW 1. agriculture regular expenses The South’s main source of income 11. Germany The second largest group of 2. cotton immigrants between 1820-1860 the main crop of the Deep South, increased need for slaves 12. Industry The North’s main source of income 3. cotton gin machine that increased cotton 13. Ireland production and number of slaves Immigrants came from this country because of a famine 4. credit a form of a loan given to southern 14. nativists planters by their agents formed the American Party also known as the Know Nothings 5. Deep South Part of south where sugarcane and 15. overseer cotton were grown the most the plantation manager southern states 6. discrimination 16. prejudice unfair treatment of a group of an unfair opinion that is not based people on facts 7. Europe 17. railroad tracks Mills in Europe increased the By 1860 the Midwest and East demand for cotton from the south were united by railroad which transformed trade in the nation’s interior 8. famine 18. slavery an extreme shortage of food the South’s thriving economy depended on slave labor 9. field hands Most enslaved people on 19. slums plantations worked as field hands the living conditions of many immigrants 10. fixed costs 20. strikes at refusal to work meant to put pressure on employers to improve pay or conditions 29. What were the barriers to 21. trade unions industry in the South? groups formed by workers with the same skills 22. Upper south Part of the south where tobacco was the primary crop 23. yeoman Southerners with small farms of 50-200 acres and no slaves 24. Peter Cooper Built the first U.S. steam locomotive 30. What are two examples of how 25. Cyrus McCormick racial prejudice and Constructed the first mechanical discrimination remained in the reaper North, even though slavery had mostly disappeared in Northern 26. Samuel Morse states by 1820? Transmitted the first telegraph message 27. Nat Turner Enslaved African American who led a slave rebellion in 1831 28. In the South, what was the relationship between increased cotton production and the increased number of enslaved African Americans?
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