Where a young person receives a custodial sentence by ITj2V9

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									Effective resettlement for young people in the criminal justice system needs to
start at the pre-sentence assessment stage, continue through the young
person’s induction to custody, their period in custody, and their transition back
into the community on licence, and post-licence. The aim of this approach
being to provide as seamless as possible a transition for young people back
into their communities.
See Figure 1 below:

 Pre-sentence             Custody            Community              Community
                                             on licence             post licence




 Seamless transition between phases



Pre-Sentence
    The YOT case manager establishes what the young person’s housing
     circumstances are when completing the Pre-Sentence Report.
    If the young person has their own tenancy the YOT case manager, with
     the young person’s consent, needs to inform the housing provider of the
     potential change in the young person’s circumstances to try and ensure
     that the young person’s accommodation will be secured if the young
     person goes in to custody. Alternatively, the worker may request for the
     housing provider to give permission to the Court to allow electronic
     tagging equipment to be installed in the property to prevent the young
     person being remanded/sentenced to custody.
    If the young person is residing at home, the YOT case manager needs to
     liaise with the young person’s parents/carers/family to ascertain whether
     or not there have been difficulties with the young person living at home
     and if the young person will be allowed to remain/return home.
    If the young person is living in insecure accommodation or homeless, the
     YOT case manager needs to liaise with the YOT housing worker to
     ensure that appropriate referrals are made.
Pre-Sentence Housing Needs Assessment should consider the following
    questions:
   What accommodation is the young person currently living in?
   How long has the young person lived at the accommodation?
   Is the young person renting the accommodation?
   Is s/he claiming housing benefit?
   If the young person gets a custodial sentence will they be able to return
    to the accommodation?
   Does anything need to be done for the accommodation to continue to be
    available to the young person on their release from custody?
   If the young person gets a custodial sentence and is released early will
    s/he be able to live in the accommodation on electronic tag?
   Does the young person have personal belongings in the
    accommodation?
   Can the young person’s belongings remain in the accommodation?
   If they can’t, do they have any friends/family they can store their
    belongings with?
   Does the young person have any additional welfare/support needs?
   Would the young person benefit from Independent Living Skills training?
    What areas does the young person want/need to focus on?
   How does the risk of harm (to self/others) assessment completed by the
    YOT impact on the young person’s housing options?
   Do the housing options available address young person’s diverse needs
    (e.g. ethnicity, sexuality, religion, disability, health, etc.)?


Sentence/Reception in Custody
   Where a young person receives a custodial sentence, the YOT will
    inform the young person’s family/accommodation provider/housing
    worker.
   If the young person is in receipt of housing benefit a YOT worker needs
    to inform the local authority Housing Benefit of the young person’s
    change in circumstances, ensuring that the young person’s housing
    benefit claim continues (this can be for up to 13 weeks whilst the young
    person is serving a custodial sentence) and that the young person does
    not get into rent arrears.
   The YOT Case Manager ensures that all information regarding the young
    person’s housing situation is shared with the YOI case manager.
   YOI Case Manager reviews the housing assessment carried out by the
    YOT Case Manager at Pre-Sentence stage to see if there have been any
    changes.
   YOI Case Manager facilitates the young person’s independent living
    skills training.


Custody
   Initial sentence planning meeting to be held within 10 working days of a
    young person being sentenced to serve a Detention and Training Order
    (DTO) and admitted to custody.
   The planning meeting informs the young person’s sentence plan. It
    should have representatives from education and health, as well as the
    YOT, the YOI, the young person and their parent/carer, and where
    relevant housing/social services.
   The young person’s views/wants/needs in relation to accommodation
    should be part of the planning process.
   The sentence plan lists objectives to be achieved whilst the young
    person in custody and post-custody this would include issues around
    independent living as appropriate as well as factors that contributed to
    the young person’s offending.
   Within 1 month of the initial sentence planning meeting a review meeting
    has to be held with the young person, YOT case manager and YOI case
    manager, to ensure that the sentence plan is being followed as agreed.
    Housing workers should follow up on this.
   A review meeting must then be held at least every 2 months if the young
    person is serving a DTO of less than 8 months, or every 3 months if the
    young person’s DTO is longer. These meetings should be attended by
    all the people who attended the initial sentence planning meeting and
    each meeting should consider the young person’s suitability for early
    release. The young person’s licence and any possible restrictions (e.g.
    curfew, exclusion area, electronic monitoring, etc.) should also be
    discussed as these may impact on the young person’s housing options
    and access to other services.
   1 month prior to the young person leaving custody a ‘resettlement review
    meeting’ must be held to ensure that all the arrangements are in place
    for the young person to resettle back into the community effectively (e.g.
    housing, education, health, offending behaviour work, etc.).
   In addition to statutory meetings, additional visits can be made to the
    young person in the YOI by their families/carers and other agencies. A
    list of approved visitors will need to be provided to the YOI by the YOT
    case manager.
   Ideally the young person will be collected from the YOI, either by their
    parent/carer, YOT case manager, housing officer or other suitable
    person.


Licence
   The young person has to report to the YOT the same day they are
    released from custody. It is therefore extremely important that any
    housing related meetings do not clash with the YOT meeting as the
    young person will immediately be in breach of their licence and risk being
    sent back to Court.
   The YOT case manager must arrange a review meeting within 10
    working days of the young person being released from custody. The
    purpose of this meeting is to review the resettlement plan agreed when
    the young person was in custody. The YOI case manager should attend
    this meeting as should all the people who attended the sentence
    planning review meetings in custody.
   Following this meeting, review meetings should be held every 3 months
    or at the end of the young person’s Order (end of the licence period).
    The housing support worker should be invited to attend all review
    meetings.
   The housing provider should provide the YOT case manager with a copy
    of the young person’s tenancy agreement so the YOT is clear of the
    young person’s responsibilities as a tenant and what levels of service the
    young person can expect to receive from the housing provider.
   The housing provider should invite the YOT case manager to attend the
    initial support planning meeting.
   The YOT case manager should visit the young person at their home
    within 5 days of their release from custody. If the young person is willing,
    it may be possible to coordinate the YOT home visit with the initial
    support planning meeting.
   The YOT case manager should then arrange to visit the young person at
    their home at least once a month. Again, it may be possible to
    coordinate these home visits with the support plan review meetings.
   The housing support plan should address the young person’s
    resettlement needs and should include work on independent living skills
    (carrying on work started in the YOI) as well as motivational work and
    linking in the young person with mainstream health and education
    services.
   There is the potential for confusion between the housing support worker
    and YOT case manager where there might be some overlap in work
    being carried out with the young person. It is extremely important that
    the YOT case manager attends the initial support planning meeting and
    subsequent review meetings to ensure that the professionals concerned
    and the young person are aware of who is taking responsibility for
    carrying forward a piece of work with the young person.
   Prior to the end of the young person’s Order, the YOT case manager
    should facilitate a meeting to review the young person’s progress in the
    community and identify a professional to take the lead in working with the
    young person and coordinating information sharing across relevant
    agencies.


Post-Licence
   The young person will no longer be under the YOT’s statutory
    supervision. However, it will be good practice for the YOT to maintain a
    stream of communication with the housing provider, to regularly review
    joint-working arrangements and to track the young person’s progress
    and outcomes.

								
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