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VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 9

									Example Risk Assessment for
Bricklayers
Setting the Scene
The manager of a successful bricklaying contractor, with help from worker representatives, carried out a general risk assessment
that covered their typical work. This assessment was used when tendering for contracts to demonstrate the firm’s approach to
health and safety. In the tender documents the manager was clear about what was needed from the principal contractor to do the
job safely.
The firm won a bricklaying contract for a development of three-storey flats. Work was due to start on 1st July 2010. The manager
checked the construction phase plan and met the principal contractor’s site manager on site. This extra information was used to
amend the general assessment so that it was specific to the work and conditions.

How was the risk assessment done?
The manager followed the guidance in Five Steps to Risk Assessment (www.healthandsafetyworksni.gov.uk/riskassessment)

1. To identify the hazards, the manager:
 Read the construction web pages on www.healthandsafetyworksni.gov.uk and HSE’s publication HSG150 Health and Safety in
    Construction (available from HSE Books, (www.hsebooks.com) or download free at
    www.healthandsafetyworksni.gov.uk/construction
 Checked the manufacturers’ instructions for tools / machinery and the data sheet for mortar;
 Thought about the work seen on sites; and
 Talked to employees to help identify the significant hazards and particular work practices.

2. The manager then wrote down who could be harmed by the hazards and how.

3. For each hazard identified, the manager recorded what controls, if any, were in place to manage these hazards. These controls
were then compared to the good practice guide laid out in the manufacturers’ instructions or the data sheets, Health and Safety in
Construction, essentials of health and safety at work publications and the Health and Safety Works NI’s construction web pages.
Where existing controls did not meet good practice the manager wrote down what further actions were needed to manage the risk.

4. Putting the findings of the risk assessment into practice, the manager decided and recorded who was responsible for
implementing the further actions and when they should be done. When each action was completed it was ticked off and the date
was recorded.
                                                                                                                         Page 1 of 9
 Example Risk Assessment for a
 Contract Bricklayers
5. The manager decided that for each new site it was important to make sure the assessment was suitable and amend it depending
on the particular work and conditions. A review and update of the general risk assessment would be made each year and staff
would learn from the work on different sites.

How was the site-specific risk assessment done?
1. To turn the general risk assessment into a site-specific assessment, the manager checked the following had been identified:
 The right hazards;
 Who might be harmed and how;
 Controls that would need to be taken on this particular site, and
 Who would be responsible for putting the controls into practice and when.

2. The manager did this by:
 Checking the construction phase plan for the site.
 Looking at the general layout of the site as well as what materials were to be used (in particular what weight of blocks and
    lintels), what equipment and plant would be needed, and what general rules would need to be followed;
 Visiting the site; and
 Discussing the work and the site conditions and general rules with the principal contractor’s site manager.

3. The manager made the supervisor responsible for briefing the bricklayers about the site rules on their first day.

                                                      Important Reminder
This example risk assessment shows what kind of approach a small business might take. Use it as a rough guide to think
through some of the hazards in your business and the steps you need to take to control the risks.
Please note that this is not a generic risk assessment that you can just put your company name on and adopt wholesale
without any thought. This would not satisfy the law – and would not be effective in protecting people.

Every business is different – you need to think through the hazards and controls required in your business for yourself.


                                                                                                                          Page 2 of 9
Example Risk Assessment for
Contract Bricklayers
         Company name: Sure Foundations Ltd                                                        Date assessment was carried out: 01/07/10

         Assessment carried out by: L.G. Builder                                                   Date of next review: 01/07/11

                                                                                                                                               When is
                                                                                                                               Who needs
What are the   Who might be harmed and               What are you already doing?                  What further action do                      the action
                                                                                                                               to carry out                   Done
 hazards?              how?                                                                        you need to take?                           needed
                                                                                                                               the action?
                                                                                                                                                 by?

Falling from   Serious injury or even fatal      Agree scaffolding requirements at               Scaffold requirements          LGB         20/07/10       18/07/10
Height         injury could occur if a            contract stage, including appropriate            agreed, including
               worker falls.                      load rating and provision of loading             loading bays and
                                                  bays.                                            appropriate load rating.
                                                 Bricklayer’s supervisor to check with the
                                                  site manager that the correct scaffold is
                                                  provided and inspected.                         Supervisor to speak            LGB          From:           ----
                                                 Workers instructed not to interfere with         regularly to site manager                  01/07/10
                                                  or misuse scaffold. Supervisor to keep           to arrange scaffold
                                                  an eye out for problems.                         alterations and ensure
                                                 Ladders in good condition, adequately            that weekly inspections
                                                  secured (lashed) and placed on firm              have been carried out.
                                                  surface.
                                                 Band stands with handrails to be used
                                                  for work on internal walls.
                                                 Workers trained to put up bandstands.




                                                                                                                                               Page 3 of 9
                                                                                                                                                  When is
                                                                                                                                  Who needs
What are the     Who might be harmed and                What are you already doing?                  What further action do                      the action
                                                                                                                                  to carry out                  Done
 hazards?                how?                                                                         you need to take?                           needed
                                                                                                                                  the action?
                                                                                                                                                    by?
                                                    Agree scaffolding requirements at
Collapse of      All operatives on scaffold          contract stage, including appropriate           Supervisor to keep a           LGB          From:         ----
Scaffold         may incur crush injuries, or        load rating and provision of loading             check to make sure that                    01/07/10
                 worse, if the scaffold              bays.                                            scaffold is not
                 collapses on top of them.          Bricklayer’s supervisor to check with the        overloaded with
                                                     site manager that the correct scaffold is        materials.
                                                     provided and inspected.

Falling          Serious head and other             Brick guards kept in position on scaffold       Supervisor to monitor          LGB          From:         ----
objects          injuries to workers, others         lifts.                                           use of safety hats and                     01/07/10
hitting head     on site and members of the         Waste materials removed from                     protective footwear.
or body,         public.                             scaffolding and placed in skip.
including feet                                      Safety helmets and protective footwear
                                                     (with steel toecaps and mid-soles)
                                                     supplied and worn at all times.


Manual           All workers could suffer from      Bricks, mortar etc to be transported and        Heaviest blocks are            LGB          From:         ----
Handling         back injury and long-term           lifted to scaffold using telehandler             15kg, no special                           01/07/10
                 pain if regularly carrying          provided by principal contractor.                arrangements
                 heavy or awkward objects.          Provision of lifting bay agreed with             necessary.
                                                     principal contractor.
                                                    Bricks / blocks to be covered with              Concrete lintels are well      LGB          From:         ----
                                                     tarpaulin when stored on site to prevent         over 20kg, to be                           01/07/10
                                                     taking up water.                                 positioned using
                                                    Spot boards to be raised with blocks to          telehandler (all are
                                                     easy working height.                             accessible).




                                                                                                                                                  Page 4 of 9
                                                                                                                                                  When is
                                                                                                                                  Who needs
What are the   Who might be harmed and                 What are you already doing?                 What further action do                        the action
                                                                                                                                  to carry out                   Done
 hazards?              how?                                                                         you need to take?                             needed
                                                                                                                                  the action?
                                                                                                                                                    by?

Manual                                             Trolley to be used for moving loads of         All workers to be                LGB          From:           ----
Handling                                            bricks around the scaffold lift.                instructed not to carry                      01/07/10
(continued)                                        Check at tender stage for any blocks or         materials up by hand.
                                                    lintels over 20kg and make
                                                    arrangements.

Workers        Workers could suffer                Manager to agree safe route to work            Safe route agreed with           LGB         25/07/10       23/07/10
struck or      serious or even fatal injuries       area with principal contractor based            principal contractor.
crushed by     from vehicles and machines           upon the construction phase health and
moving         on site, particularly when           safety plan.
vehicles on    reversing.                          Induction to each site to be carried out       Supervisor to liaise with        LGB          From:           ----
site                                                for all workers on first day.                   site manager to ensure                       01/07/10
                                                                                                    safe route stays clear.



                                                                                                   Instruct staff that they         LGB          From:           ----
                                                                                                    must never drive                             01/07/10
                                                                                                    vehicles and plant on
                                                                                                    this site.


                                                                                                   High-visibility vests to be      LGB          From:           ----
                                                                                                    provided.                                    01/07/10


                                                                                                   Supervisor to check              LGB          From:           ----
                                                                                                    vests are worn on all                        01/07/10
                                                                                                    sites where the principal
                                                                                                    contractor requires
                                                                                                    them.

                                                                                                                                                  Page 5 of 9
                                                                                                                                               When is
                                                                                                                               Who needs
What are the    Who might be harmed and                What are you already doing?                 What further action do                     the action
                                                                                                                               to carry out                   Done
 hazards?               how?                                                                        you need to take?                          needed
                                                                                                                               the action?
                                                                                                                                                 by?

Slips and       All workers may suffer             Good housekeeping maintained at all            Temporary storage             LGB         21/07/10       14/07/10
Trips           sprains or fractures if they        times.                                          locations to be agreed
                trip over waste including          Waste including brick bands and pallet          with the site manager.
                brick bands.                        debris disposed of in skip.
                                                   Safety footwear provided to all workers.
                                                   Safe route to workplace agreed with            Supervisor to ensure          LGB          From            ----
                                                    principal contractor based on                   that workers wear safety                  01/07/10
                                                    construction phase health and safety            footwear when in site.
                                                    plan.



Stepping on     All workers could suffer foot      Safety boots with steel toecaps and mid-       Explain the need to wear      LGB         12/07/10       10/07/10
nails and       injuries and pallet debris.         soles provided to all workers                   safety boots and
sharp objects   Slips at height could result       Waste disposed of in skips.                     dispose of waste in
                in a serious fall.                 Safety footwear provided to all workers.        skips. Repeat annually.
                                                   Safe route to workplace agreed with
                                                    principal contractor based on
                                                    construction phase health and safety           Supervisor to check that      LGB          From:           ----
                                                    plan.                                           safety boots are always                   01/07/10
                                                                                                    worn and waste
                                                                                                    disposed of properly.




Hazard to       Bricklayers could suffer eye       Safety goggles (EN 166 B standard)             Use of goggles to be          LGB          From:           ----
eyes, cutting   injury through flying brick         worn when breaking bricks.                      monitored by the                          01/07/10
bricks          fragments.                                                                          supervisor.


                                                                                                                                               Page 6 of 9
                                                                                                                                                     When is
                                                                                                                                     Who needs
What are the     Who might be harmed and                 What are you already doing?                   What further action do                       the action
                                                                                                                                     to carry out                   Done
 hazards?                how?                                                                           you need to take?                            needed
                                                                                                                                     the action?
                                                                                                                                                       by?

Hazardous        Direct skin contact with the        Risk of dermatitis or cement burns and           Training on how to treat        LGB         25/07/10       19/07/10
substances,      mortar could cause                   precautions explained to all workers.             exposure to be given to
mortar           bricklayer contact dermatitis       Use cement or cement containing                   all operatives.
                 and burns.                           products within the use-by date.
                                                     Direct skin contact to be avoided, CE
                                                      marked PVC gloves used when handling             Supervisor to be made           LGB          From:           ----
                                                      mortar.                                           aware of anyone with                        01/07/10
                                                     Good washing facilities on site, with hot         early signs of dermatitis.
                                                      and cold water, soap and basins large
                                                      enough to wash forearms.
                                                     Principal contractor’s first aid includes
                                                      emergency eyewash.


                 Workers could be crushed
Operating        or cut if the mixer topples or      Cement mixer located on firm level               Supervisor to check             LGB          From:           ----
Cement Mixer     they get caught in moving            ground.                                           mixer daily for obvious                     01/07/10
                 parts.                              Mixer is fully guarded and guards in              damage.
                                                      place during operation.
                                                     Mixer is 110 volt and PAT tested every 3
                                                      months.


Dust from        Dust exposure could cause           Angle grinders replaced with block               No further action                ----          -----         ----
cutting bricks   silicosis.                           splitter, removing the risk of significant        necessary.
                                                      dust exposure.
                                                     The use of a grinder for chasing etc is
                                                      not needed on the job.




                                                                                                                                                     Page 7 of 9
                                                                                                                                                   When is
                                                                                                                                   Who needs
What are the    Who might be harmed and                 What are you already doing?                  What further action do                       the action
                                                                                                                                   to carry out                   Done
 hazards?               how?                                                                          you need to take?                            needed
                                                                                                                                   the action?
                                                                                                                                                     by?

Noise from      Workers using grinders or           Angle grinders replaced with block              Supervisor to monitor           LGB          From:           ----
use of          working near people who              splitter, removing high noise levels from        and talk to site manager                    01/07/10
equipment,      may suffer hearing loss.             our work.                                        if noisy work does start
eg. angle                                           Construction phase plan show other               close by.
grinder                                              trades using grinders etc, should not be
                                                     working close enough to cause
                                                     problems.



Vibration       Exposure to vibration can           Angle grinders replaced with block              No further action                ----          ----          ----
from use of     lead to the development of           splitter. No significant vibration left.         necessary.
equipment       “vibration white finger”
such as angle   (VWF)
grinder




Fire /          All operatives in the vicinity      Suitable fire extinguisher kept in site         Supervisor to brief all         LGB         01/07/10       01/07/10
Explosion       could suffer from smoke              office and welfare block.                        workers on first day on
                inhalation or burns.                Good housekeeping monitored by                   emergency
                                                     supervisor.                                      arrangements agreed
                                                                                                      with principal contractor.




                                                                                                                                                   Page 8 of 9
                                                                                                                                              When is
                                                                                                                              Who needs
What are the    Who might be harmed and          What are you already doing?                     What further action do                      the action
                                                                                                                              to carry out                   Done
 hazards?               how?                                                                      you need to take?                           needed
                                                                                                                              the action?
                                                                                                                                                by?

Health issues   All operatives.              Principal contractor will have facilities on       Supervisor to brief            LGB         01/07/10       01/07/10
relating to                                   site by the time bricklaying starts,                workers on facilities and
poor welfare                                  including:                                          keeping them clean.
facilities /                                  - flushing toilet;
first aid                                     - hot and cold running water, soap,
arrangements                                    towels and full-size washbasins;
                                              - heated canteen with kettle etc;
                                              - first aid equipment;
                                              - principal contractor will arrange
                                                clearing and ensure the necessary
                                                electrical and heating safety checks
                                                are made, and
                                              - Trained first aider and appointed
                                                person on site.




        Assessment Review Date: 01/07/11

        Example Risk Assessment for Bricklayers published by HSWNI, 08/10.
        Health and Safety Executive gratefully acknowledged as source.


                                                                                                                                              Page 9 of 9

								
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