qld women at a glance

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					        Queensland Women at a Glance
                                 Monthly Report - February 2012
Workforce Participation
• the labour force participation rate is 61.2% for women and 73.6% for men (December 2011)¹
• women constitute 45.8% of the workforce (December 2011)²
• women form 70.2% of all part-time employees and 36.1% of all full-time employees (December 2011)³
• women constitute the vast majority of the health care and social assistance workforce (76.7%) and the
  education and training workforce (71.0%) (November 2011)⁴
• women are concentrated in clerical and administrative occupations and under-represented in others such
  as technicians and tradespersons across all industries (November 2011)⁵
• the labour force participation rate for Indigenous women is 58.3%, lower than non-Indigenous women
  (61.9%) and significantly lower than Indigenous men (70.0%) and non-Indigenous men (74.1%) (2010)⁶

'Hard hat' industries
• women constitute 16.4% of the mining workforce, 24.0% of the manufacturing workforce, and 13.0% of the
  construction workforce (November 2011)⁷
• women make up 12.5%, 25.0% and 10.6% of managers’ roles in the mining, manufacturing and
  construction industries respectively (November 2011)⁸
• women constitute the majority of clerical and administrative workers in the mining (73.9%), manufacturing
  (78.5%) and construction (89.8%) industries, but are under-represented in non-traditional roles such as
  technicians and trades and machinery operators and drivers in those industries (November 2011)⁹
• women make up almost a half (48.3%) of the total science professionals, but largely work as veterinarians
  (75.5%) and medical laboratory scientists (85.8%) (December 2010 - November 2011*)¹⁰
 *four-quarter rolling average

• women constitute 9.3% of total engineering professionals, making up 8.0% of mining engineers, 14.2% of
  civil engineering professionals and 10.9% of chemical and materials engineers
  (December 2010 - November 2011*)¹¹
 *four-quarter rolling average

• women make up 14.0% of total information and communication technology (ICT) professionals
  (December 2010 - November 2011*)¹², constituting:
    ◦ 16.6% of Software and Applications Programmers, 16.2% of Database and Systems Administrators
      and ICT Security Specialists, 0.0% of ICT Support and Test Engineers and ICT Business and Systems
      Analysts, and 6.8% of Multimedia Specialists and Web Developers
 *four-quarter rolling average
    Gender Pay Gap
    • on average, female full-time workers earn 18.9% less than male full-time workers (August 2011)¹³
    • median weekly income in the mining, manufacturing and construction industries (2006) are¹⁴ :
       ◦ $1,600-$1,999 for men and $1,000-$1,299 for women in the mining industry
       ◦ $600-$799 for men and $400-$599 for women in the manufacturing industry
       ◦ $800-$999 for men and $600-$799 for women in the construction industry


    Economic Status
    • for more than one in five (22.0%) of all Queensland women, government pensions and allowances are the
      main source of household income (2009-10)¹⁵
    • women constitute 86.7% of single parent families where the parent does not work (2006)¹⁶
    • women make up 66.7% of all part-time workers without paid leave entitlements (2010)¹⁷

    Education and Training
    • young women are more likely than males to finish year 12 – the secondary school apparent retention rate
      from year 7/8 to year 12 is 86.0% for females and 79.2% for males (2010)¹ ⁸
    • year 12 female students are largely represented in arts and humanities subjects (2010)¹⁹ :
        ◦ higher proportions of females are in Dance (92.3%), Home Economics (92.2%), Tourism (81.6%),
          Study of Society (79.1%) and Hospitality Studies (77.7%)
        ◦ lower proportions of females are in Technology Studies (7.6%), Engineering Technology (10.9%),
          Aerospace Studies (15.5%) and Information Processing and Technology (16.9%)
    • women constitute 45.1% of all vocational education and training (VET) students (2010)²⁰ , making up:
        ◦ 73.7% of Society and Culture, 72.7% of Health and 70.6% of Education fields
        ◦ 6.2% of Engineering and related technologies, 6.7% of Architecture and Building and 19.2%
           of IT fields
    • four in ten (41.9%) of Queenslanders who completed apprenticeships and traineeships are women (June
      quarter 2011).²¹ 89.0% of these women completed qualifications for non-trades, such as clerical, sales and
      service.
    • female domestic students complete the vast majority of all award courses²² (60.2%) and all bachelor
      degrees (61.1%) (2009)²³:
        ◦ of women who completed an undergraduate course, 8.9% undertook mining, construction, science,
          engineering and technology fields of study, constituting 80.4% of natural and physical sciences, 10.5%
          of information technology and 9.1% of engineering and related technologies completions




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    Leadership - Queensland
    Women comprise:
    • 37.0% of all Queensland Government Board members (September 2011) and 30.8% of all new
      appointments and 40.6% of reappointments to Queensland Government boards
      (July - September quarter 2011)²⁴
    • almost two-thirds (64.2%) of the State Public Service workforce, but only 41.7% of Senior Officers and
      32.2% of Senior Executive Service officers (June 2011)²⁵
    • 24.4% (or 240) of 982 barristers and 3.8% (or five) of 131 Senior Counsels, and out of 39 Queens’
      Counsel, none are women²⁶
    • 11 of the 28 Supreme Court judges, seven of the 38 District Court judges and 29 of the 86 magistrates² ⁷
    • 36.0% (or 32) of the 89 members of the Queensland State Parliament² ⁸
    • 32.2% (or 178) of 553 elected member positions (73 Mayors and 480 Councillors), and 12 of 73 mayors
      and six of 73 CEOs in 73 Queensland Local Governments (14 July 2011)²⁹

    Leadership - Australia
    • women constitute 13.7% of board directors in the ASX 200³⁰
    • 64 ASX 200 companies do not have a woman on their board³¹
    • women in the ASX 200 make up 2.5% of chairs, 3.0% of CEOs and 8.0% of executive managers³²




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    ¹ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed - Electronic Delivery, Dec 2011 (Cat no. 6291.0.55.001)
    ² ibid
    ³ ibid
    ⁴ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, Nov 2011 (Cat no. 6291.0.55.003)
    ⁵ ibid
    ⁶ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Labour Force Chracteristics of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, Estimates from the
    Labour Force Survey, 2010 (Cat no. 6287.0)
    ⁷ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, Nov 2011 (Cat no. 6291.0.55.003)
    ⁸ ibid
    ⁹ ibid
    ¹⁰ ibid
    ¹¹ ibid
    ¹² ibid
    ¹³ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Average Weekly Earnings, Australia, August 2011 (Cat no. 6302.0). The gender pay gap figure is
    based on average weekly full-time ordinary time earnings (AWOTE) compiled by ABS. AWOTE refers to one week’s earnings of
    employees for the reference period, attributable to award, standard or agreed hours of work. It is calculated before taxation and any
    other deductions (e.g. superannuation, board and lodging) have been made. AWOTE exclude amounts salary sacrifice, non-cash
    components of salary packages, overtime payments, retrospective pay, pay in advance, leave loadings, severance, termination and
    redundancy payments and other payments not related to the reference period.
    ¹⁴ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006, extracted from Table Builder - (a) Based on ANZSIC
    2006 edition. (b) Based on gross weekly income.
    ¹⁵ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Survey of Income and Housing, various years (Cat no. 6554.0)
    ¹⁶ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, various years, unpublished data
    ¹⁷ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Labour Market Statistics, Jan 2012 (Cat no. 6105.0)
    ¹⁸ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Schools, Australia, 2010 (Cat no. 4221.0). Average weekly full-time ordinary time earnings
    (AWOTE) refers to one week’s earnings of employees for the reference period, attributable to award, standard or agreed hours of
    work. It is calculated before taxation and any other deductions (e.g. superannuation, board and lodging) have been made. AWOTE
    exclude amounts salary sacrifice, non-cash components of salary packages, overtime payments, retrospective pay, pay in advance,
    leave loadings, severance, termination and redundancy payments and other payments not related to the reference period.
    ¹⁹ Queensland Studies Authority, Subject Enrolments and Level of Achievement, various years
    ²⁰ NCVER, Students and Courses Collection
    ²¹ NCVER, Apprentice and Trainee Collection
    ²² Award courses include Higher Doctorate/Doctorate, Masters, Postgraduate Qualifying or Preliminary for Masters, Doctorate or
    Higher Doctorate, Bachelors Graduate Entry, Bachelors Honours, Bachelors Pass, Graduate Certificate, Associate degree,
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma and Other undergraduate award course.
    ²³ DEEWR, Higher Education Statistics Collection
    ²⁴ Department of the Premier and Cabinet, Queensland Register of Appointees to Government Bodies, September 2011,
    unpublished data
    ²⁵ Queensland Government Office of Public Service Commission, June 2011, Queensland Public Service Workforce Characteristics
    2010-2011, http://www.psc.qld.gov.au/library/document/catalogue/workforce-statistics/characteristics-qps.pdf
    ²⁶ Bar Association of Queensland, Barristers Directory, as viewed 06/02/12,
    http://www.qldbar.asn.au/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=19&Itemid=43
    ²⁷ Supreme Court Library of Queensland 2010, Queensland Judiciary - Profiles, viewed 6 February 2012,
    http://www.sclqld.org.au/qjudiciary
    ²⁸ Queensland Parliament, 2011, viewed 06/02/12, http://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/view/legislativeAssembly/members_current.asp
    ²⁹ Queensland Government Department of Local Government and Planning, 14 July 2011, Unpublished data
    ³⁰ Australian Institute of Company Directors, 2011, Statistics (as at 23 January 2012)
    ³¹ ibid
    ³² EOWA Australian Census of Women in Leadership, 2010 (as at 30 April 2010)




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