13cw Cultural Diversity Ch 2 Review by 9BM6wzi5

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									Sociology                Classwork                        2012-2013                 Unit 1          p. 1/3           #13
Cultural Diversity
CHAPTER 2 Review
Below each statement, write the word or phrase that best matches the sentence.
   1. Language, art, ceremonies, religion, rules of behavior, social organization, and ways of producing food are all part
      of a this concept.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   2. Physical objects that people create and use form a group’s culture.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   3. Abstract human creations, such as beliefs, language, and economic systems that form a group’s culture.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   4. Consists of the people and culture and products that people create.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   5. The basic components of all cultures are technology, ________, language, values, and norms.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   6. To be a symbol, a gesture, image, or event everyone in the culture must have this kind of meaning attached to it.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   7. When organized according to accepted rules this can be can be used to express any idea.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   8. Shared beliefs about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   9. Shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   10. Sociologists distinguish between two types of norms: One is mores. Name the other.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   11. Culture is this rather than static.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   12. A cluster of interrelated cultural traits.
       ______________________________________________________________________
   13. Relating to larger levels of society, such as agriculture, education, family life, and manufacturing.
       ______________________________________________________________________

   cultural patterns                         values                        nonmaterial culture

   language                                  dynamic                       shared                              society

   material culture                          norms                         culture

   folkways                                  cultural complex              symbols
                                                                 2012-2013     Unit 1        p. 2/3   #13

DEFINE and EXPLAIN
  14. Cultural Universals




  15. Ethnocentrism




  16. Cultural relativism




  17. Subculture




  18. Counterculture




SHORT ANSWER Answer the questions in the space provided.
  19. Identify and describe the basic components of a culture.




  20. In what ways are material and non material culture different?




  21. List 5 examples of material culture and 5 examples of non material culture.




  22. What is language and why is it such an important part of culture?




  23. How do folkways, mores and laws differ?




  24. List three examples of folkways, three examples of mores and three examples of laws.
                                                                2012-2013       Unit 1   p. 3/3   #13

25. How do cultural traits, complexes and patterns differ?




26. Why did George Murdock examine hundreds of different cultures?




27. What did George Murdock believe about the purpose of the family?




28. List 5 examples of cultural universals.




29. What was the purpose of Margaret Mead’s classic study of cultural variation?




30. Compare the general temperament of the Arapesh and the Mundugumor people.




31. Compare the child-rearing practices of the Arapesh and the Mundugumor people.




32. What did Mead conclude, based on her research?




33. How did Margaret Mead contribute to the study of culture?




34. How is ethnocentrism different than cultural relativism?




35. What is cultural relativism and why is it important to social scientists?




36. How are subcultures and countercultures related?




37. How are subcultures and countercultures different?

								
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