bBig ideas that came from the Enlightenment Rationalism—gaining knowledge by the use of reason alone. Descartes Empiricism—gaining knowledge from experience. The empirical world is the world of experiencing through our senses. We gain everything from our experiences in life. Tabula rasa—blank slate. Locke Natural Rights—Life, liberty, and the pursuit of property are rights all people are endowed with by their creator. Locke Separation of powers—balanced system of government split into 3 branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. No one of these should completely control the other two. Scientific method--A standardized way of making observations, gathering data, forming theories, testing predictions, and interpreting results. Heliocentric theory--The term heliocentric describes the correct theory, first posed by Copernicus, that the Earth is simply one of several planets which orbit the sun. Determinism—all events are the results of previous causes. Social contract theory—Humans enter into agreements with governments in order for protection. Hobbes and Locke saw social contract differently. Hobbes saw it as giving absolute power to a monarch; Locke saw absolute power a breach of the social contract. Utilitarianism o the moral worth of an action = providing happiness or pleasure o moral worth of an action is determined by its outcome o Utilitarianism is often described by the phrase "the greatest good for the greatest number"
Pages to are hidden for
"Big ideas that came from the Enlightenment"Please download to view full document