1. Do you feel an abuser should have restricted access or visitation if he or she has only been violent with their spouse and not the children? Why or why not? Every case should be handled on a case by case basis and cannot be answered in a general manner. There are many factors that should be taken into consideration in any case sentencing and/or probation orders. I will always make decisions based on the law and keep in mind the protection of the children, families and overall community. 2. What evidence is most important in deciding to grant a victim a protective order? What evidence is necessary to include the children in the protective order? The criminal district courts do not generally handle protective orders, other than during magistrating duties and those are generally Emergency Protective Orders. In those cases, a perusal of the case, the officers recommendations and/or the complainants request can prompt the granting of an EPO. 3. Please list any trainings/seminars/presentations involving domestic violence you have attended in the past two years. Judges are now required to attend a set number of hours of family violence CLE during their term and I have completed and exceeded my number of hours. I have always kept up on the trends relevant to this area. 4. In your estimation, what are the root causes of family violence and how would you as an elected official and leader in this community address those root causes? There are several things that can contribute to these root causes such as poverty, family violence cycle, treatment inadequacies, failure to address youth exposure to the tools necessary to deal with this issue, and untreated substance abuse. 5. How is the judiciary making the best use of community-based services equipped to serve the needs of families experiencing violence? Judges are able to utilize the many family violence counseling services through court orders in cases that require this type of service. Sometimes judges are aware of those services and other times the Probation office will have a list available to provide services or make referrals from lists of these programs. 6. When a family is dealing with multiple courts and proceedings, how would you ensure strong communications within the legal system. My hope in the coming term is to work with the legislators and other courts and agencies to provide a more cohesive treatment and court dispositions in most cases. There are currently gaps in our system that only serve to perpetuate certain behaviors. A roundtable in this area is greatly needed. 7. As a member of the judiciary and realizing the legal constraints of such a position, what leadership would you take to address issues of domestic violence? Same response as number six. In addition, with practical experience in the courtroom, Judges are able to help provide information to those who can direct the necessary creation of better treatment programs.
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