High Tech Architecture by co2Sqr

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									HIGH-TECH ARCHITECTURE

   Prepared by:
       Chua, Vincent Alfred
       Sanjaya, Wisnu Ardi
       Te, Winston
       Valencia, Ivan Paolo
       4 AR 5
High-tech architecture, also known as
Late     Modernism      or    Structural
Expressionism, is an architectural style
that emerged in the late 80s, this style
became a bridge between modernisms
and post-modernism.


                          In the year 1980s the high tech
                          architecture started to look different
                          from the post modern architecture.
                          Many of the themes and ideas which
                          originated during the post modern times
                          were added to the high tech
                          architecture.
They say that Modern architecture is primarily driven by
technological and engineering developments, and it is true that
the availability of new building materials such as iron, steel, and
glass drove the invention of new building techniques as part of the
Industrial Revolution.


Buildings designed in this
style usually consist of glass
for the facade, steel for
exterior support, and concrete
for the floors and interior
supports

Example is the I.M. Pei's
Bank of China Tower in Hong
Kong.
In the 1980s, high-tech
architecture became more
difficult to distinguish from
post-modern architecture. It is
the simplification of form and
the elimination of ornament.

High Tech architecture is
rooted in minimal and true use
of material as well as absence
of        ornament,        while
postmodernism is a rejection
of strict rules set by the early
modernists        and     seeks
exuberance in the use of
building techniques, angles,
and stylistic references.
A vivid example of this new
approach was that Postmodernism
saw the comeback of pillars and
other elements of premodern
designs,  sometimes    adapting
classical Greek and Roman
examples.

For example, in Modernism, the
pillar (as a design feature) was
either     replaced      by other
technological means such as
cantilevers, or masked completely
by curtain wall façades.

 The revival of the pillar was an
aesthetic,     rather     than  a
technological, necessity.
By mid 80s, ornaments returned. High-
tech    architecture’s   characteristics
include the use of sculptural forms,
ornaments, anthropomorphism and
materials.        These        physical
characteristics are combined with           Ancient ruyi symbol adorning Taipei 101
conceptual characteristics of meaning.

                              Like in Frank Gehry’s Venice Beach
                              house, built in 1986, is littered with
                              small ornamental details that would
                              have been considered excessive and
                              needless in Modernism.
                              The Venice Beach House has an
                              assembly of circular logs which exist
                              mostly for decoration.
                              The logs on top do have a minor
                              purpose of holding up the window
                              covers.
High Tech interiors

The typical High Tech building symbolizes
and represents technology rather than
simply using it in the most efficient way
possible.

This style in the form in the last third of the
20th century. Arose from the design of
industrial premises, where all elements of
the situation subordinate functions.

Designed openness, inclusion in the visual
series of pipes, fittings, ducts, the complex
structuring of space, favorite materials:
metal, glass, concrete - all these
characteristics of style high tech.
For interior design there was
a trend of using formerly
industrial appliances as
household      objects,   e.g.
chemical beakers as vases
for flowers. This         was
because of an aim to use an
industrial aesthetic.
High-tech architecture aimed to achieve
a new industrial aesthetic, spurred on
by the renewed faith in the progression
of technology.


Characteristics of high-tech architecture
have varied somewhat, yet all have
accentuated technical elements. They
included the prominent display of the
building's technical and functional
components,       and      an     orderly
arrangement and use of pre-fabricated
elements. Glass walls and steel frames
were also immensely popular.
High Tech style during 80s and 90s (even now) is popularized and
commonly practiced by:



             Richard Rogers                      Santiago Calatrava




               Norman Foster                        Gunter Behnisch
Examples of High Tech Architecture During 80s
Hongkong and Shanghai Bank, by: Norman Foster
Built 1979 to 1986
steel frame and glass

The Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank
by Norman Foster is probably the
best known, and most widely
publicized building of the decade,
largely because it was claimed to
have cost more money than any
other building to erect.

Not withstanding that kind of
publicity   and     the    building's
subsequent overshadowing by far
inferior competitors, it remains a
unique architectural achievement
and a small wonder of the modern
age.
Experimental Research Center, by Gunter Behnisch:
Built 1986 to 1987
stainless steel, glass
Lloyds Building, by Richard Rogers:
Built 1979 to 1984
steel frame with glass curtain wall

Whereas the frame of the building
has a long life expectancy, the
servant areas, filled with mechanical
equipment have a relatively short life,
especially in this energy-critical
period.

The servant equipment, mechanical
services, lifts, toilets, kitchens, fire
stairs, and lobbies, sit loosely in the
tower framework, easily accessible
for maintenance, and replaceable in
the case of obsolescence.

								
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