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FACILITATOR'S GUIDE - National Fatherhood Initiative


                                                                                       FACILITATOR’S GUIDE
       Table of Contents

           3    Introduction

       	   6    Doctor	Dad™	Logic	Model

           7   Conceptual	Development,	Philosophy,	Values,	and	Principles	of	the
       	     	 Doctor	Dad™	Workshops

           12   Facilitating	Doctor	Dad™	Workshops

           15   FAQs

           17   Workshop	Description	and	Format

        21      Getting	and	Keeping	Fathers	Interested

       26       Evaluating	the	Doctor	Dad™	Workshops

       28       Appendix

National Fatherhood Initiative |      DOCTOR DAD™ WORKSHOPS     2
                                                                                                        FACILITATOR’S GUIDE
Fathers make a unique and invaluable contribution to the well being of children. A father’s
interaction with his children promotes healthy physical, emotional, social, and spiritual
development. Most fathers want to be the best father that they can be. But all too often, men
grow up without a healthy role model of a father. Consequently, many fathers have the desire,
but may have not the knowledge or skills, to promote health and safety for their children.

Mothers receive months of prenatal care before the baby arrives. They are educated about
how to best care for themselves and their baby. Moms and dads go through child-birth
classes to prepare for the new arrival, but what happens when the baby comes home? None of
us gets a manual that outlines essential health and safety information needed to care for our

Even though there isn’t a manual, father can take a Doctor Dad™ workshop to improve
their parenting skills in the areas of infant and toddler health. Fathers learn “the basics” to
promote health, to identify and treat illness, and to prevent injury. In doing so, it addresses
one of the most pressing issues that faces our nation in improving child well-being —
reducing the risk factors associated with infant mortality. While the workshop targets infant
and toddler health, fathers learn skills that they can build on as their child grows.

Is there a need to provide dads with instruction on how to care for their infants and toddlers?
You bet there is! Taking care of children’s health has always been thought of as a “mother’s
domain” in our culture. Our government and public and private healthcare systems have
reinforced this social norm with services directed almost exclusively at maternal and child

The good news is that more dads are taking care of the daily needs of their infants and
toddlers, either by choice or circumstance. But this trend presents a challenge for families
and our society because many healthcare professionals haven’t acknowledged it and identified
strategies to help dads succeed in this arena. Until recently, little attention has been paid by
the medical community to a growing body of research that shows that children are healthier
when fathers are involved during the perinatal period (the time before and after birth) and
the daily care of their children’s health and safety. NFI calls this body of research the “father
factor” in children’s health.

The “father factor” in children’s health starts in the perinatal period and continues into young
adulthood. The health of children certainly begins with the health of mothers (e.g. her level
of nutritional intake when pregnant), but it is optimized when fathers are involved from
conception (i.e. more than a sperm donor).

Consider just a few facts that research has shown to be the invaluable contribution of involved
dads to the health of children and moms. While numerous studies have shown the significant
impact that dads have on a child’s life, the father’s role and the significance of paternal

National Fatherhood Initiative |               DOCTOR DAD™ WORKSHOPS             3

                                                                                DOCTORDAD™     LOgic mOdeL
                                                                                  DOCTOR DAD LOGIC MODEL

                                                                                                 prObLem                      inputs/Activities                         Outputs                             OutcOmes
                                                                                    •	 One	in	three	children	in	the		                           ™             •	 Facilitator	conducts	one	or	
                                                                                                                             •	Doctor	Dad Curriculum:                                                Increases:
                                                                                       U.S.	grows	up	without	his	or	                                             more	Doctor	Dad™	workshops	
                                                                                                                              Doctor	Dad™	Facilitator’s	                                            •	 Increase	in	fathering	
                                                                                       her	biological	father.                                                    that	help	expectant	or	new	
                                                                                                                               Guide1                                                                   knowledge,	skills,	and	
  D                                                                                 •	 Lack	of	father	involvement	                                               fathers	to	care	for	the	health	
                                                                                                                              Doctor	Dad™	Workshop		                                                   attitudes	related	to	health	and	
CHILD                                                                                                                                                            and	safety	needs	of	infants	
                                                                                       increases	the	risk	that	children	                                                                                safety	of	infants	and	toddlers.
                                                                                                                               Guide2                            and	toddlers.
                                                                                       will	suffer	from	a	range	of	
                                                                                                                              Doctor	Dad™	Father’s	                                                 •	 Increase	in	healthy,	pro-
                                                                                       social,	emotional,	and	physical	                                       •	 Expectant	or	new	fathers	
                                                                                                                               Handbook2                                                                bonding	contact	with	infants	
                                                                                       ills.                                                                     complete	the	pre	and	post-	
                                                                                                                                                                                                        and	toddlers.
                                                                                    •	 Lack	of	father	involvement	            Evaluation	Tool	/	Pre	and	        survey(s)	that	measure	the	
                                                                                                                               Post-Survey	2                     impact	of	workshop(s).              •	 Increase	in	the	frequency	with	
  D                                                                                    during	the	prenatal	and	
                                                                                                                                                                                                        which	fathers	interact	with	
CHILD                                                                                  postnatal	periods	increases	the	                                       •	 Fathers	use	the	Father’s		
                                                                                                                              Marketing	Posters,	Flyers,		                                             their	children.
                                                                                       risk	of	negative	maternal	and	          and	Postcards                     Handbook(s)	during	the	
                                                                                       child	health	outcomes.                                                    workshop(s)	and	to	refer	to		       •	 Increase	in	shared	parental	
                                                                                                                                                                 after	they	complete	the	               responsibility	for	health	
                                                                                    •	 Fathers	who	do	not	understand	
                                                                                                                                                                 workshop(s).                           care	needs	of	their	children	

        National Fatherhood Initiative |
                                                                                       the	basic	health	and	safety	
                                                                                                                                                                                                        between	mother	and	father.
                                                                                       needs	of	their	children	raise	                                         •	 Expectant	and	new	fathers	
  D                                                                                    the	risk	that	they	will	not	form	                                         participate	in	activities	during	
CARE                                                                                   the	foundation	they	need	to	                                              the	workshop(s)	that	reinforce	
                                                                                       be	involved,	responsible,	and	                                            learning	objectives	and	that	       Decreases:
                                                                                       committed	fathers.	                                                       increase	the	frequency	with	        •	 Decrease	in	unhealthy	
                                                                                    •	 Fathers	who	do	not	understand	                                            which	they	interact	with	their	        knowledge,	skills,	and	
                                                                                       the	basic	health	and	safety	                                              children	because	the	activities	       attitudes	related	to	health	and	
                                                                                       needs	of	their	children	place	                                            build	their	self-efficacy.             safety	of	infants	and	toddlers.
                                                                                       undue	burden	on	mothers	to	                                            •	 Fathers	might	participate	in	       •	 Decrease	in	the	amount	of	
                                                                                       care	for	the	health	and	safety	                                           one	or	more	of	the	following	          unhealthy	health	and	safety	
                                                                                       of	their	children.                                                        supplemental	activities:	              care	given	to	infants	and	
                                                                                    •	 Fathers	who	do	not	understand	                                            fatherhood	programs	(e.g.	             toddlers.
                                                                                       the	basic	health	and	safety	                                              24/7	Dad™)	or	programs,	
                                                                                                                                                                 workshops,	or	services	that	        •	 Decrease	in	the	burden	placed	
                                                                                       needs	of	their	children	lack	                                                                                    on	mothers	to	care	for	the	
                                                                                       an	important	nurturing	                                                   address	other	needs	(e.g.	child	
                                                                                                                                                                 support,	education,	and	job	           health	and	safety	needs	of	
                                                                                       component	to	raise	healthy	                                                                                      infants	and	toddlers.

                                                                                       and	well	children.                                                        training).	

                                                                                    •	 Fathers	who	do	not	understand	

                                                                                       the	health	and	safety	needs	of	
                                                                                       their	children	raise	the	risk	that	
                                                                                       they	will	not	bond	well	with	              Same	for	all	workshops.
                                                                                                                                	 Unique	to	each	workshop.
                                                                                       their	children.

                                                              Revised 4/20/11
                                                                                REvISED	4/2011
                                                                                                      FACILITATOR’S GUIDE
Conceptual Development, Philosophy,
Values, and Principles of the Doctor
Dad™ Workshops
The concept for Doctor Dad™ was developed in 1999 by public health nurses and community
organizations in Pennsylvania that had found that non-custodial fathers were occasionally
missing out on visitation when their children were sick. And when non-custodial fathers
visited and cared for a sick child, custodial moms often felt uncomfortable leaving their sick
infant or toddler in dad’s hands. Thus, the concept of Doctor Dad™ arose from the knowledge
that many non-custodial fathers were not well equipped with the basic health and safety
information they needed. These professionals birthed a simple presentation to provide dads
with some of the basics.

In 2001, National Fatherhood Initiative (NFI) staff, led by Yvette Warren MD, a family
physician, transformed the concept into a curriculum and workshop for all fathers. Dr.
Warren found that the information in the initial presentation was similar to the information
that she presented to parents when they attended well-child checkups. Most well-child
checkups occur during the first 24 months of a child’s life. Unfortunately, very few fathers
attend these visits, so they did not learn the basics of health promotion. Dr. Warren was
thrilled to find out how interested fathers were about the information when she presented an
initial Doctor Dad™ workshop in Philadelphia to “test the waters.”

NFI staff and Dr. Warren created a curriculum comprised of four workshops:

•   The Well Child:         covers information on temperament, crying, immunizations,
                            and nutrition.

•   The Sick Child:         covers information on fever, dehydration, germs and viruses, and
                            the common cold.

•   The Injured Child:      covers information on minor injuries, burns, head injuries,
                            poisoning, choking, and drowning.

•   The Safe Child:         covers information on safety inside and outside the home, SIDS,
                            gun safety, and anger management.

Recognizing that men are visual and learn by “doing,” staff designed the workshops so that
they leverage the way in which men learn best.

In the fall of 2003 and into the spring of 2004, faculty of the University of Texas, Department
of Social Work, worked with NFI staff to field test Doctor Dad™, training of facilitators, and
delivery of the workshops to fathers. The goal of the pilot test was to determine whether

National Fatherhood Initiative |              DOCTOR DAD™ WORKSHOPS            7

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