A Paradigm by yurtgc548

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									        A Paradigm
- a perspective of way of looking
          at the world
• The position from which you look at an
  object affects the way that you see it, and
  hence the assumptions that you make
  about it
• Perspective is especially important for
  designers – architects, artists, interior
  designers, for example
• The way that you see something affects
  the way that you interpret it; decisions that
  you make; judgments of pleasing versus
  displeasing … all based on what you see
  from your perspective
Are you looking up or down?
• Your perspectives also affect your attitude
  towards something
  for example - optimistic or pessimistic?
   Do you focus on
the donut or the hole?
Half full OR half empty?
• Depending upon your perspective, you
  might make judgments that are not true, or
  are only partially true
For example, consider the
       elephant…
The Blind Man and the Elephant
• It was six men of Indostan
  To learning much inclined,
  Who went to see the Elephant
  (Though all of them were blind),
  That each by observation
  ~Might satisfy his mind.
• The First approached the Elephant,
  And happening to fall
  Against his broad and sturdy side,
  ~ At once began to bawl:
  "God bless me! but the Elephant
  ~ Is very like a wall!"
• The Second, feeling of the tusk,
  Cried, "Ho! what have we here?
  So very round and smooth and sharp?
  ~ To me 'tis mighty clear
  This wonder of an Elephant
  ~ Is very like a spear!"
• The Third approached the animal,
  And happening to take
  The squirming trunk within his hands,
   ~ Thus boldly up and spake:
  "I see," quoth he, "the Elephant
   ~ Is very like a snake!"
• The Fourth reached out an eager hand,
  And felt about the knee.
  "What most this wondrous beast is like
  ~ Is mighty plain," quoth her;
  "'Tis clear enough the Elephant
  ~ Is very like a tree!"
• The Fifth who chanced to touch the ear,
  Said: "E'en the blindest man
  Can tell what this resembles most;
  ~ Deny the fact who can,
  This marvel of an Elephant
  ~ Is very like a fan!"
• The Sixth no sooner had begun
  About the beast to grope,
  Than, seizing on the swinging tail
  ~ That fell within his scope,
  "I see," quoth he, "the Elephant
   ~ Is very like a rope!
• And so these men of Indostan
  Disputed loud and long,
  Each in his own opinion
  ~ Exceeding stiff and strong,
  Though each was partly in the right
  ~ And all were in the wrong!
     The Moral of the Story…
  So oft in theologic wars,
  The disputants, I ween,
  Rail on in utter ignorance
  Of what each other mean,
  And prate about an Elephant
  Not one of them has seen!
• -John Godfrey Saxe
When studying anything ensure
 that you are comprehensive
 When studying children we use theories to
 enable us to better understand children and
               their behaviours
                                                                 Theory of
                                                           Cognitive Development
                                                                   (Piaget)
     Theory of                    Theory of
 Moral Development           Multiple Intelligences
(Kohlberg; Gilligan)               (Gardner)


                                                            Theory of
                                                      Psycho-sexual behaviour
                                                              (Freud)
         Theory of
   Psycho-social Behaviour
          (Erikson)                 Theory of
                                   Human Needs                Family Life Cycle
                                     (Maslow)                     Theory
              A Theory is…
• An explanation or view of events, behaviours, or
  situations that make them easier to organize &
  understand
• It may be based on experimental research, or on
  speculation about events that occur & follow the
  same pattern over & over again
• All theories have some element of truth
• A good theory predicts reality with some degree
  of accuracy
• We seek to find a theory with the best fit of
  predicting reality
                    Family Life Cycle
                        Theory

      Theory of                          Theory of
Cognitive Development                   Human Needs
        (Piaget)                          (Maslow)




                        CHILDREN
  Theory of
                                               Theory of
Psycho-social
                                         Multiple Intelligences
Development
                                               (Gardner)
  (Erikson)



              Theory of
                                 Theory of
            Psycho-sexual
                             Moral Development
             Development
                             (Kohlberg; Gilligan)
               (Freud)

								
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