u2 european exploration study guide by OAgU85U

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									                                                               UNIT 2 EUROPEAN EXPLORATION STUDY GUIDE
SS8H1c             Explain reasons for European exploration and settlement of North             SS8H1b           Evaluate the impact of European contact on Native American
                   America, with emphasis on the interests of the French, Spanish,                               cultures; include Spanish missions along the barrier islands, and
                   and British in the southeastern area.                                                         the explorations of Hernando DeSoto.
The concept Production-Distribution-Consumption helps explain how the New World was
explored and settled because of trade with Asia. First there was the Silk Road, then a sea
route around Africa, which led to Columbus’s voyage in 1492. After Christopher Columbus’s
                                                                                                   HERNANDO de SOTO - A Spanish born explorer and first European to set foot in
voyage a series of Spanish expeditions began. Because Europe was densely populated with            Georgia, in 1540. De Soto led 600 conquistadors through the southeast region of
different kingdoms there was a lot of religious rivalry and competition for wealth and power.      North America in search of gold. His expedition failed as he did not find the gold
Great Britain and France witnessed Spain’s wealth and power increase b/c of exploration in         he was looking for and died of illness near the Mississippi River.
the New World and joined the race.
                                                                                                   Two social studies concepts: Conflict & Change, and Individual – Groups, help
                                                                                                   explain the impact Hernando de Soto had on Native Americans. Despite being
SPAIN – Spanish conquistadors used Gold-God-Glory as reasons to explore and settle the             outnumbered by the native people the Spanish conquistadors were militarily
New World. Having taken gold from the Aztecs and Incas the Spanish turned their                    superior with horses, war dogs, and metal armor. Hernando de Soto often
attention to the southeast region. Increasing their personal wealth while also making              tortured, enslaved, and killed Native Americans along his path in his quest for golf
their mother country of Spain rich and powerful was their glory. Spain also spread                 and glory. The violence and diseases left behind by Europeans crippled the rich
Christianity in order to civilize the Indians and for trade by building missions on the            cultures of the Mississippian tribes and the population of the Mississippians
barrier islands along Georgia’s coast. An unintended consequence of these two groups               decreased dramatically. A positive note is that several of de Soto’s conquistadors
interacting is the death toll Native Americans suffered due to desease, which helped               kept journals which described, located, and named many of the tribes in Georgia,
destroy much of their culture.                                                                     which helps archeologists today learn more about their history.



  GREAT BRITAIN – England and Spain were bitter religious rivals. While both were
  Christian kingdoms, Spain was Catholic, and England was Protestant. This led to                                                                               SPANISH MISSIONS
  many disagreements and conflicts. England feared Spain became too rich and                                                                                  The main Spanish missions
  powerful from gold expeditions in the New World and decided to attack Spanish                                                                                were built on the barrier
  trade ships. The Spanish Armada, the world’s greatest navy, attacked England in                                                                                islands off the coast of
  retaliation, only to get beat by the underdog British navy. This shift in European                                                                            Georgia were to convert
  power allowed Great Britain to then explore and colonize the eastern coast of North                                                                           the Native Americans to
  America, starting in Jamestown, Virginia. English colonies in the New World helped                                                                          the Catholic faith, a branch
  solved their overpopulation problem. Also, the economic practice of mercantilism                                                                            of Christianity. This would
  made it profitable for England to settle the land and use its resources to gain wealth.                                                                     allow the Spanish to settle
                                                                                                                                                                 and colonize the region
                                                                                                                                                               and help future trade and
                                                                                                                                                               exploration efforts. Over
 FRANCE – France was not as strong as England or Spain, so they explored and settled                                                                            time, the Indians died of
 in land that was not occupied, like part of the Florida coast, Mississippi valley region,                                                                    disease and eventually the
 and areas in modern day Canada. The French focused on fur trading and exploring a                                                                            British pushed the Spanish
 route to the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish destroyed several French settlements and                                                                                    out of Georgia.
 Forts in Florida to in attempt to claim the New World for Spain.

								
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