GENOCIDE A Historical Look Raphael Lemkin Who is he? (background info) Why is he important to the genocide conversation? What prompted him to get involved? (personal experiences & historical research) How did his research impact the international community? CPPCG – Convention on the Prevention & Punishment of the Crime of Genocide When was it adopted by the UN? How does it define genocide? (legal definition) What two genocides have violated CPPCG according to the UN? Provide brief overview of convictions. Why was the UN War Crimes Tribunal set up in the Hague in 1993? Genocide in History Year Genocide Approx Deaths World War I Armenians (by Turks) 1.5 million Assyrians (by Turks & Kurds) 500 -750 thousand 1932-33 Russians (by Stalin) 7 million 1937-38 Chinese - city of Nanking (by Japanese) 300 thousand 1938-45 Nazi Holocaust (by Hitler) 6 million 1975-79 Cambodians (by Pol Pot & Khmer Rouge) 2 million 1987-88 Iraqi Kurds (by Saddam) 5 thousand 1994 Rwandan Tutsi & moderate Hutu 800 thousand (by radical Hutu) 1992-95 Bosnian Muslims & Croats (by Milosevic & 200 thousand Serb forces) 2002 - Darfur – ethnic Sudanese (by Janjaweed) 400 thousand present 2.5 mil. displaced “NEVER AGAIN” Why is genocide so difficult to prevent? Why is it so difficult to prosecute genocide? What can we learn anything from previous genocides to help in their future prevention? Who is responsible for genocide?
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