Docstoc

Art NYU Steinhardt New York University

Document Sample
Art NYU Steinhardt New York University Powered By Docstoc
					                     U N D E R G R A D U AT E 2 0 1 0 - 2 0 1 2




Applied Psychology


Art


Education


Health


Media


Music
22 • Degree Programs • Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development Bulletin 2010-2012




                    Art
       Department of Art and Art Professions • Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human
 D e v e l o p m e n t • N e w Yo r k U n i v e r s i t y • 3 4 S t u y v e s a n t S t r e e t • N e w Yo r k , N Y 1 0 0 0 3 - 7 5 9 9 • Te l e p h o n e :
                                                212-998-5700 • steinhardt.nyu.edu/art

Jesse Bransford                         Preparing Artists and                    Study in the Center                      that they have a rich and
Program Director                        Educators to Shape a                     of the International                     diverse educational back-
Linda Vega                              New Century                              Art World                                ground. As you learn to
Senior Advisement and                                                                                                     give form to the imagina-
Student Affairs                         Now, more than ever,                     New York City is the central
                                                                                                                          tion of your time, NYU has
Administrator                           images have become a site                laboratory for the research
                                                                                                                          the resources to help you
                                        where truth is contested                 and development of urban
                                                                                                                          discover and interpret the
                                        and social space is defined.             art and culture. Leading
                                                                                                                          meaning within your work.
                                        Boundaries between media                 artists live, work, and teach
                                                                                                                          Core courses in the liberal
                                        are being challenged, as                 here alongside the most
                                                                                                                          arts provide you with a
                                        handmade marks and                       influential galleries and
                                                                                                                          broad base of knowledge in
                                        objects merge with comput-               museums in the world.
                                                                                                                          the humanities, sciences,
                                        er screens and virtual reali-            NYU’s campus, located in
                                                                                                                          and social sciences, stress-
                                        ties. In the Department of               the heart of this vibrant
                                                                                                                          ing an interdisciplinary
                                        Art and Art Professions, we              community, allows you to
                                                                                                                          approach that complements
                                        mix the rich visual traditions           participate in the excite-
                                                                                                                          your major. This under-
                                        of the past with emerging                ment of important exhibi-
                                                                                                                          standing will strengthen
                                        forms and ideas, encourag-               tions, performances, lec-
                                                                                                                          your artistic insight as well
                                        ing students to envision                 tures, and events as they
                                                                                                                          as your ability to think criti-
                                        fresh new ways of making                 happen. Through intern-
                                                                                                                          cally within a diverse and
                                        art. Balancing cutting-edge              ships, you work with expe-
                                                                                                                          challenging social context.
                                        technical training against a             rienced professionals in a
                                                                                                                          You are prepared with the
                                        backdrop of aesthetic                    wide variety of disciplines.
                                                                                                                          skills and confidence to suc-
                                        approaches ranging from                  In the classroom, you study
                                                                                                                          ceed in the exciting and
                                        painting to mixed media                  with acclaimed artists and
                                                                                                                          highly competitive global
                                        and multicultural theory, the            educators, all of whom
                                                                                                                          art world.
                                        Studio Art Program immers-               continue to practice in the
                                        es students directly in the              field. Whether you are cre-
                                        issues confronting the art               ating public sculpture with
                                                                                                                          Distinguished Faculty
                                        world itself. Here, the vast             a faculty member just back               Faculty members in the
                                        resources of a renowned                  from Europe or participat-               Department of Art and Art
                                        University combine with an               ing in an internship at a                Professions have deep ties
                                        outstanding art faculty to               Chelsea gallery, your educa-             to the New York art com-
                                        prepare students for careers             tion here will be like no                munity, as well as strong
                                        in the real-time art world in            other.                                   national and international
                                        ways that far exceed the                                                          reputations. Working close-
                                        scope of more narrowly                   Artists and the                          ly with undergraduates is
                                        defined programs. By com-                Liberal Arts                             Professor Jesse Bransford,
                                        bining critical thinking with                                                     director of the undergradu-
                                                                                 Images define our world,
                                        a broad range of formal                                                           ate art program and a prac-
                                                                                 and because artists, as the
                                        skills, we enable our gradu-                                                      ticing artist whose works
                                                                                 creators of images, partici-
                                        ates not only to keep pace                                                        have been exhibited inter-
                                                                                 pate in the invention of
                                        with change, but to insti-                                                        nationally in galleries and
                                                                                 visual history, it is essential
                                        gate it.                                                                          museums including the
23 • Degree Programs • Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development Bulletin 2010-2012




Carnegie Museum of Art,          that encourages innovation       grates your liberal arts stud-    your study of art.
the UCLA Hammer                  and self-reliance over pre-      ies with your artistic prac-      Special resources include
Museum, and the P.S. 1           dictable approaches.             tice, culminating in a writ-      NYU’s Grey Art Gallery,
Contemporary Art Center.         Experience with a wide           ten thesis. With special per-     the department’s 80
Professor Kevin McCoy is an      range of materials and           mission you may also enroll       Washington Square East
artist working with video,       techniques allows you to         in Senior Studio, which           Galleries, and the Rosenberg
electronics, and sculpture.      express your ideas fluently.     includes the use of studio        Gallery, as well as the Visiting
His work is in the collections   At the same time, a thor-        space and participation in        Artists/Curators Lecture Series
of the Museum of Modern          ough grounding in the his-       an exhibition in one of our       and the city’s extraordinary
Art and the Metropolitan         tory and theory of art is        student galleries.                wealth of museums, galleries,
Museum of Art in New York        essential to your artistic                                         and artists’ studios.
                                                                  You may also choose a minor
and other museums in the         career, as it gives you the
                                                                  concentration from NYU’s
United States and Europe.        tools needed to evaluate
                                                                  vast offerings, incorporating
                                                                                                    Portfolio Review
Professor John Torreano is a     your own work within the
                                                                  other fields such as art histo-   Admission to the B.F.A.
recipient of a Guggenheim        context of a larger culture.
                                                                  ry, music, psychology, litera-    Program in Studio Art is by
Fellowship, with showings
                                 The school’s program             ture, or anthropology into        review of your artist state-
of his paintings and sculp-
                                 begins freshman year with
tures at the Whitney
                                 an ambitious series of inter-
Museum of American Art,
                                 disciplinary studio courses
the Museum of
                                 in experimental drawing,
Contemporary Art in
                                 sculpture, photography,
Chicago, and the Corcoran
                                 video art, and/or digital art.
Gallery in Washington.
                                 Art history and seminar
Professor Sue de Beer is an
                                 courses in the first two
artist who uses video, pho-
                                 years expose you to a wide
tographs, and performance
                                 range of ideas and prac-
to explore the connections
                                 tices. In the sophomore and
between media and cultural
                                 junior years, you mix art
phenomena. She has exhib-
                                 courses with classes in the
ited her work internationally
                                 liberal arts. You will also
in such venues as the New
                                 begin to explore your own
Museum of Contemporary
                                 artistic concerns through
Art and the Whitney
                                 the development of an indi-
Museum of American Art.
                                 vidual body of work in
                                 undergraduate projects
B.F.A. Program in
                                 courses. Many students
Studio Art
                                 participate in internships
Pursuing a career in the arts    during the junior and senior
is an exhilarating and chal-     years, and at least one
lenging endeavor. Rules in       semester of study abroad is
the art world are largely        encouraged during the
made to be broken, and           sophomore or junior year.
the curriculum that best         In the senior year, you take
prepares young artists to        the course Art, Culture,
succeed in this field is one     and Society, which inte-
24 • Degree Programs • Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development Bulletin 2010-2012




ment and portfolio.              Plagens, Laurie Simmons,         have charted the course of       of praxis—the combination
Guidelines for submission        Rirkrit Tiravanija, and          visual culture from antiquity    of theory and practice—to
can be found at                  Andrea Zittel.                   to current gallery exhibi-       explore ideas by employing
steinhardt.nyu.edu/art.                                           tions. The courses Visual        both visual and intellectual
                                 Fundamentals:                    Arts Praxis and Art, Culture,    methods. Through read-
A Community of Artists           The First Year                   and Society explore person-      ings, films, slide lectures,
Small studio classes encour-     Your immersion in a series       al expression in relation to     visiting speakers, and field
age close relationships with     of intensive studio courses      history and critical thought.    trips, you explore the
your teachers and peers          allows you to explore many       These courses integrate          broader social and theoreti-
and ensure much individual       forms and philosophies of        ideas and visual practice,       cal dimensions of visual cul-
attention within the larger      art-making simultaneously,       incorporating artists’ proj-     ture. Students produce art-
NYU community. Through           giving you an unusually          ects and cultural criticism      work in media of their own
lectures, gallery and muse-      wide array of skills and lan-    on an equal basis. Students      choice related to such top-
um visits, reading and writ-     guages to express your           also choose an art history       ics as sex and contempo-
ing assignments, and stu-        ideas. You use traditional       elective from a selection of     rary art, autobiography, art
dent presentations, you          and nontraditional materi-       courses offered in the           and activism, and anarchy
engage with the dialogues        als and techniques in a vari-    College of Arts and              and the imagination.
that change and define           ety of projects, which range     Science.
the arts.                        from figure drawing to                                            Special Senior Studio
                                 experimental sculpture, per-     Studio Courses                   and Exhibition
A dynamic series of public                                                                         Opportunities
                                 formance, photography,           The B.F.A. Program in
programs, including lec-
                                 video, and digital imaging.      Studio Art offers course         At the end of your junior
tures, performances, panels,
                                 At the end of the first year,    sequences in the following       year, you may apply to par-
symposia, and video screen-
                                 you are better prepared to       area concentrations: paint-      ticipate in a special year-
ings, enhances knowledge
                                 make, observe, and analyze       ing, drawing, and print-         long course designed to
gained in the classroom and
                                 your own artwork and the         making; sculpture and craft      help selected students fur-
studio. Visiting artists and
                                 work of others; you              arts (ceramics, light metals,    ther their studio practice as
scholars provide students
                                 become more disciplined in       and glass); and art in media     exhibiting artists. In addi-
with the opportunity to
                                 your ability to sustain long     (photography, digital art,       tion to participating in indi-
hear and see different
                                 periods of creative concen-      video art). After your first     vidual and group critiques,
points of view about con-
                                 tration; and you gain a          year, you are required to        you will meet independent-
cept development, art-mak-
                                 much wider view of the           complete 12 points in one        ly in your studio work
ing practice, and career
                                 many ways in which artists       of these concentrations.         space with two senior men-
building, in both classroom
                                 contribute to society.           You also have the option to      tors and visiting artists.
and critique settings. Recent
                                                                  take electives from all the      Over the course of the year,
visitors have included
                                 Art Theory and Critical          studio areas.                    you develop a cohesive
Marina Abramovic, Vito
                                 Studies Sequence                                                  body of work as well as a
Acconci, Alex Bag, Suzaan
                                 Beginning with Art and           Interdisciplinary Projects       written thesis outlining the
Boettger, Olaf Breuning,
                                 Contemporary Culture I           Courses                          ideas and contexts that
Patty Chang, Lynne Cook,
                                 and II, and continuing with      After freshman year, you         drive your creative process.
Feri Daftari, Dan Graham,
                                 Art Since 1945 and               may apply to take interdis-      In the fall, you participate
Jim Hodges, Roni Horn,
                                 Contemporary Art History,        ciplinary projects courses.      in a group exhibition, and
Scott Hug, Isaac Julien,
                                 you will be immersed in the      These classes are conceptu-      in the spring, you partici-
Shamim Momin, Peter
                                 debates and images that          ally driven, using the idea      pate in a two- to four-per-
25 • Degree Programs • Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development Bulletin 2010-2012




son exhibition in one of the     artists, critics, and galleries   Jeanne Silverthorne, Lucio      begin to take graduate-
student galleries.               in an international environ-      Pozzi, Suzanne McClelland,      level education courses, by
                                 ment. You are able to stay        Paul Pfeiffer.                  advisement, in your senior
Study Abroad and Global          on track with your B.F.A.                                         year. By volunteering to
                                                                   Galleries: Brook Alexander
Art Track Options                curriculum, and on your                                           work with children in com-
                                                                   Gallery, Marianne Boesky
After your first year, you are   return, you exhibit your                                          munity-based organiza-
                                                                   Gallery, Exit Art, Franklin
encouraged to enroll for at      work in one of the art                                            tions, you are able to make
                                                                   Furnace, Nancy Hoffman
least one semester in one of     department galleries as well                                      an informed decision about
                                                                   Gallery, Sean Kelly, The
the art-enriched study           as engage in a Global Arts                                        pursuing teaching art as a
                                                                   Kitchen, Marborough
abroad sites sponsored by        Integrated Seminar in your                                        profession. Beginning your
                                                                   Galleries, Postmasters,
New York University. These       senior year.                                                      education with a strong
                                                                   Printed Matter, Sonnabend
programs are NYU in                                                                                focus in studio art, you
                                                                   Gallery, Team Gallery, Jack
Ghana, where students            Internship Opportunities                                          experience firsthand the
                                                                   Tilton Gallery, White
work with a vibrant mix of       in Studio Art                                                     artist’s creative process. In
                                                                   Columns.
contemporary artists and         You can elect internships                                         the undergraduate liberal
traditional craftspeople, and    for credit by advisement          Museums: American               arts courses, you gain an
NYU in Berlin, which is          through the Undergraduate         Museum of the Moving            extended perspective on
home to the most innova-         Internship course. In this        Image, American Craft           the world of ideas and the
tive contemporary art scene      course, you are assisted in       Museum, Metropolitan            role that aesthetic experi-
in Europe. Other sites           finding individualized place-     Museum of Art, Museum of        ence plays in cultural histo-
include Florence, Paris,         ments with recognized             Modern Art, Guggenheim          ry. Upon graduation from
London, Prague, Shanghai,        artists, museums, galleries,      Museum, P.S. 1 Contempo-        the B.F.A. program, stu-
Buenos Aires, Tel Aviv, and      and nonprofit or commer-          rary Art Center, Whitney        dents who are accepted
Madrid.                          cial businesses within the        Museum of American Art.         into the Master’s Dual
                                 visual arts. You work closely                                     Degree Program in
                                                                   Organizations: Elle maga-
The Global Art Track is a        with the internship coordi-                                       Teaching Art, All Grades,
                                                                   zine, Cynthia Rowley,
specially designed program       nator to assess your                                              can accelerate the comple-
                                                                   Betsey Johnson, Issey
for sophomores and juniors       progress and define learn-                                        tion of their graduate
                                                                   Miyake, Saturday Night
to spend two semesters           ing goals. A small sampling                                       degree.
                                                                   Live, Fox Five TV, MTV, New
abroad in Berlin and             of the more than 300              York Department of              The Master’s Degree
Ghana, At these two sites,       internship settings available     Cultural Affairs, New-York      Program in Art Education is
you will work with NYU           in prior years follows            Historical Society, Jim         designed to provide
faculty and local artists who    below.                            Henson Productions, Disney      advanced professional
introduce you to the local                                         Theatre Productions, Ralph      training for the artist-
                                 Artists’ Studios: Vito
art scene and help you to                                          Lauren Associates, Time         teacher. Grounded in prac-
                                 Acconci, Kiki Smith, Takashi
understand the differences                                         Warner, Inc.                    tice, this program draws on
                                 Murakami, Janine Antoni,
in global cultures that are                                                                        critical theory in art and
                                 Lyle Ashton Harris, Beverly
influencing contemporary                                           Dual Degree Program:            education. Through a
                                 Semmes, Petah Coyne,
art. These sites have                                              B.F.A. Studio Art/M.A.          sequence of core courses,
                                 Brad Kahlhamer, Ursula Von
enhanced art facilities                                            Teaching Art, All Grades        you examine the philosoph-
                                 Rydingsvard, Lynne
where you are able to pro-                                                                         ical, political, sociological,
                                 Yamamoto, Shirley Kanada,         If you are interested in
duce and exhibit your work                                                                         and historical issues related
                                 Peter Campus, Donald              teaching art in public and
as well as engage with                                                                             to teaching art and learn to
                                 Sultan, Haim Steinbach,           private schools, you can
26 • Degree Programs • Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development Bulletin 2010-2012




                                                                    YOUR CAREER OPPORTUNITIES


                                                                    STUDIO ART
                                                                    You are prepared to produce your own artwork while find-
develop socially and cultur-     Minor: Students may also
                                                                    ing employment as a gallery or studio assistant, researcher
ally relevant art curricula.     minor in another area such
                                                                    or archivist, designer for the Internet, photo lab technician,
Simultaneously, you com-         as art history, psychology,
                                                                    graphic designer, model maker, ceramist, or media produc-
plete the requirements for       or creative writing, to name
                                                                    tion assistant, as well as a myriad of other entry-level posi-
teacher certification            just a few.
                                                                    tions in museums, auction houses, community centers, pub-
through the master’s pro-                                           lications, nonprofit public and private arts organizations,
                                 Intersession Study:
gram and can teach art                                              arts-related businesses, and independent artist studios.
                                 Students may take advan-
from kindergarten to grade
                                 tage of NYU winter and             Students who are committed to furthering their education
12. You will be prepared to
                                 summer courses to acceler-         in the arts or teaching, or entering a professionally related
teach art not only in
                                 ate their studies.                 field such as art therapy or arts administration, pursue
schools, but also in muse-
ums, community-based pro-        Independent Study:                 appropriate graduate degree programs on completion of
grams, and other alterna-        Independent study is               the B.F.A.
tive educational sites.          designed by the student            Undergraduate students can begin to take selected gradu-
                                 and a faculty member to            ate-level education courses during their senior year and
Other Study Options              investigate an area or field       apply to the B.F.A. Studio Art/M.A. Art Education Dual
Students in the Studio Art       of specialization not nor-         Degree Program. Upon graduation from the undergraduate
Program pursue a Bachelor        mally offered in scheduled         program, students who are accepted into this five-year,
of Fine Arts degree and can      course offerings. It is an         dual degree program can accelerate the completion of
work in painting, drawing,       opportunity to work one-           their master’s degree in art education.
and printmaking; sculpture       on-one with a full-time fac-
and craft arts (ceramics,        ulty member to complete
                                                                    HELPING YOU START YOUR CAREER
glass, light metals); and art    directed reading, a creative
                                                                    Our extensive student internships give you a head start in
in media (photography, dig-      project, and/or supervised
                                                                    the job market. Many interns go on to paid positions upon
ital art, video art).            research.
                                                                    graduation, and others use the professional skills and con-
                                                                    tacts to pursue positions that would be inaccessible with-
                                 Another Program to See:
                                                                    out work experience. Our outstanding faculty, alumni, and
                                 • Media, Culture, and              the many visiting artists and critics you will meet during
                                 Communication                      your studies are excellent resources for advice on entering
                                                                    the working world of the practicing artist.
                                                                    Recent graduates are employed in areas such as the following:
                                                                    • Freelance artist            • Television production
                                                                    • Studio manager                coordinator
                                                                    • Photographer                  • Art teacher, public or pri-
                                                                    • Art director                    vate school, community
                                                                                                      center, museum
                                                                    • Production designer
                                                                                                    • Art therapist
                                                                    • Photo archivist
                                                                                                    • Exhibitions designer
                                                                    • Curator
                                                                                                    • Fashion designer
                                                                    • Assistant gallery director
                                                                                                    • Graphic designer
                                                                    • Assistant coordinator of
                                                                      museum education              • Digital designer
                                                                    • Admissions counselor for      • Internship coordinator for
                                                                      arts college                    arts college
27 • Degree Programs • Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development Bulletin 2010-2012


                                                                                 STUDIO ART

The 128-point curriculum in                     that include drawing, paint-                    digital and video art, interdis-                tives in other areas of interest
studio art combines 42                          ing, sculpture, printmaking,                    ciplinary projects, art history,                within the University.
points of liberal arts courses                  crafts arts (ceramics, glass,                   and critical theory and 18
with 86 points in studio art                    light metals), photography,                     points of unrestricted elec-

                                                      SAMPLE CURRICULUM WORKSHEET
Freshman Year                 36 Points
FALL SEMESTER                                   Fundamentals of Media I.                        SPRING SEMESTER                                 Fundamentals of Media II.
                                                  E90.•••• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4                                                     E90.•••• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
LIBERAL ARTS                                      (Digital Art, Photography, or                 LIBERAL ARTS                                      (Digital Art, Photography, or
Writing the Essay. V40.0100 . . .4                Video Art)                                    The Advanced College Essay.                       Video Art)
                                                Art and Contemporary Culture I.                  E52.0110 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4    Art and Contemporary Culture II.
MAJOR                                             E94.0037 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2                                                      E94.0038 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
                                                                                                MAJOR
New Student Seminar. E03.0001 0
                                                TOTAL                                    18     Fundamentals of Drawing II.                     TOTAL                                    18
Fundamentals of Drawing I.
  E90.0107 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4                                                     E90.0108 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Fundamentals of Sculpture I.                                                                    Fundamentals of Sculpture II.
  E90.0211 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4                                                     E90.0212 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4


Sophomore Year                30 Points
FALL SEMESTER                                   MAJOR                                           SPRING SEMESTER                                 MAJOR
LIBERAL ARTS                                    Visual Arts Praxis.                             LIBERAL ARTS                                    Studio Concentration.
                                                  E90.0900 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4                                                     E90.•••• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Foundations of Contemporary                                                                     Foundations of Contemporary
  Culture: Texts and Ideas.                     Studio Concentration.                             Culture: Cultures and Contexts.               Unrestricted Elective . . . . . . . . . .4
  V55.04•• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4     E90.•••• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4     V55.05•• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
                                                                                                                                                TOTAL                                    15
Art Since 1945. E94.0051 . . . . .3             TOTAL                                    15     Contemporary Art. E94.0052 . . .3


Junior Year                   32 Points
FALL SEMESTER                                   MAJOR                                           SPRING SEMESTER                                 Interdisciplinary Projects.
(STUDY ABROAD)                                                                                                                                    E90.19•• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
                                                Department Elective.                            LIBERAL ARTS
                                                 E90.•••• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4                                                    Department Elective: Internship.
LIBERAL ARTS                                                                                    Liberal Arts Requirement:                         E90.1010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
                                                Unrestricted Elective . . . . . . . . . .4        Psychology or Natural Science . .4
Liberal Arts Requirement: Foreign                                                                                                               Unrestricted Elective . . . . . . . . . .2
  Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4   TOTAL                                    16     MAJOR                                           TOTAL                                    16
Art History Elective . . . . . . . . . . .4
                                                                                                Studio Concentration.
                                                                                                  E90.•••• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4



Senior Year                   30 Points
FALL SEMESTER                                   Department Elective: Internship.                SPRING SEMESTER                                 MAJOR
                                                 E90.1010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
LIBERAL ARTS                                                                                    LIBERAL ARTS                                    Interdisciplinary Projects: Senior
                                                Unrestricted Elective . . . . . . . . . .4                                                        Studio. E90.1902 . . . . . . . . . . .4
Liberal Arts Requirement:                                                                       Integrated Liberal Arts: Art,
  Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . .4        TOTAL                                    15       Culture, and Society.                         Department Elective: Internship.
                                                                                                  E94.1095 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4     E90.1010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
MAJOR                                                                                                                                           Unrestricted Elective . . . . . . . . . .4
Interdisciplinary Projects: Senior                                                                                                              TOTAL                                    15
  Studio. E90.1901 . . . . . . . . . . .4

                                                                                                                                                   GRAND TOTAL: 128 Points




Liberal arts requirements, see page 108. • Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development courses, page 113. Faculty, page 160.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:10/5/2012
language:Unknown
pages:7