Questionnaire by E9h3GK

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									Safe Management of Mining Waste and Waste Facilities                             SAFEMANMIN



      Questionnaire Regarding the Characteristation of Mining Waste


SAFEMANMIN (Safe Management for Mining Waste and Waste Facilities) is a
Coordination Action financed under the FP6 programme. This project includes a
review of the existing methods and methodologies for the characterisation of mining
waste and for the assessment of the risk associated with mining waste facilities in
several European countries.

In the first phase of our study, we need to collect information about the practical
methods that are used for the characterisation of waste, the extent to which these
methods apply for different types of waste, the standards that are used
(national/international). The report shall be provided to the CEN TC292 WG8 as a
support in the process of developing a standard methodology for the
characterisation of mining waste in Europe.

We would be grateful if you would support us by filling in the following
questionnaire. Please, also take this opportunity to express your opinions,
recommendations and needs, considering the fact that our reports shall be
submitted to the European Commission and to CEN.


Please return the filled in questionnaire to: mihaela.frincu@biutec.at (before
28.02.2007)


Thank you for your co-operation!



1. Identification of information provider               Confidential1   yes  no 

Name:          ………
Company:       ………
Address:       ………
Country:       ………
Phone:         ………
Email:         ………


2. General information regarding the area that your organisation (laboratory) is
serving

What kind of extractive industries exist in your area?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………




1 Please check „yes“ if you would like your identity to be kept confidential. The
confidentiality does not apply to the information provided.

Questionnaire on the Characterisation of Mining Waste                                Page 1 of 8
Safe Management of Mining Waste and Waste Facilities                       SAFEMANMIN



What are the environmental problems that the extractive industry is generating in
your area?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………



3. Specific information regarding the analysis of mining waste in your institution

What type of mining waste are you usually analysing? (waste catalogue code
according to Commission Decision 2000/532/EC; type of mineral; extracted
components)

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Is the analysis required by law?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Do you believe that the tests that you are usually doing are sufficient for the
characterisation of the waste and prediction of leaching behaviour?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Which standards are most urgently required in order to make the characterisation
of mining waste reliable?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

What additional tests would you recommend for a more accurate prediction of
leaching behaviour?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………


4. Observations/ further recommendations/ specific needs

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………



In addition to this, we would like to kindly ask you to fill in the following table with
the data that applies for your institution.




Questionnaire on the Characterisation of Mining Waste                         Page 2 of 8
Safe Management of Mining Waste and Waste Facilities                      SAFEMANMIN


Test                          Local Standard   Language   European   Non-European   Literature   Observations / limitations (instrumental/matrix
                              / Method                    Standard   Standard                    oriented/measurement     range    oriented)   /
                                                                                                 economic aspects / advantages, disadvantages
Sampling

Sampling

Geotechnical testing
Index testing
Moisture content

Specific gravity

Atterberg limits

Grain size distribution

Proctor (compaction) test

Dry density


Desiccation testing
Desiccation test


Permeability testing
Permeameter

Falling Head


Strength testing
Unconfined compressive
strength
Triaxial testing




Questionnaire on the Characterisation of Mining Waste                        Page 3 of 8
Safe Management of Mining Waste and Waste Facilities                       SAFEMANMIN


Test                           Local Standard   Language   European   Non-European   Literature   Observations / limitations (instrumental/matrix
                               / Method                    Standard   Standard                    oriented/measurement     range    oriented)    /
                                                                                                  economic aspects / advantages, disadvantages
Consolidation testing
Triaxial testing
Oedometer testing

Rowe cell


Settlement testing
Drained/Undrained settling
test
Settling velocities

Mudline testing (settled
density of tailings samples)

Geotechnical modelling
testwork
Combined Testing of e.g.
settling, air-drying,
consolidation, strength
testing

Specialist testing
Wind tunnel testing
Dewatering testing
Filter leaf testing
Gravity thickening testing
Centrifuge Testing


Other




Questionnaire on the Characterisation of Mining Waste                         Page 4 of 8
Safe Management of Mining Waste and Waste Facilities                             SAFEMANMIN




Test                                 Local Standard   Language   European   Non-European   Literature   Observations / limitations (instrumental/matrix
                                     / Method                    Standard   Standard                    oriented/measurement     range    oriented)   /
                                                                                                        economic aspects / advantages, disadvantages
 Chemical analyses
Sulphur
Total sulphur content

Acid producing sulphides
and sulphates
Carbon
Total carbon

Neutralising carbonat

Metals (nondestructive)
Instrumental neutron
activation analysis (INAA)
Wavelength dispersive X-ray
fluorescence spectrometry
(WDXRF)
Energy dispersive X-ray
fluorescence spectrometry
(EDXRF)
Metals (destructive)
Acid digestion

Sintering and fusion

Flame atomic absorption
spectroscopy (F-AAS)
Graphite furnace atomic absorption
spectroscopy (GF-AAS)
Inductively coupled plasma atomic
emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES)
Inductively coupled plasma mass
spectroscopy (ICP-MS)



Questionnaire on the Characterisation of Mining Waste                               Page 5 of 8
Safe Management of Mining Waste and Waste Facilities                      SAFEMANMIN


Test                          Local Standard   Language   European   Non-European   Literature   Observations / limitations (instrumental/matrix
                              / Method                    Standard   Standard                    oriented/measurement     range    oriented)    /
                                                                                                 economic aspects / advantages, disadvantages
Metal partitioning
Sequential extractions


Acid base accounting
Static acid base accounting
tests

Kinetic Tests
Humidity cells
Column tests

Lysimeter tests

Presence of soluble salts
Paste pH

Metal leaching tests
Extraction tests
Serial batch test

Flow-around test

Flow-through test

Soxhlet test



Other




Questionnaire on the Characterisation of Mining Waste                        Page 6 of 8
Safe Management of Mining Waste and Waste Facilities                          SAFEMANMIN


Test                           Local Standard   Language      European   Non-European   Literature   Observations / limitations (instrumental/matrix
                               / Method                       Standard   Standard                    oriented/measurement     range    oriented)   /
                                                                                                     economic aspects / advantages, disadvantages
Mineralogical analysis
X-ray diffraction analysis
(XRD)
X-ray fluorescens
spectrometry (XRF)
Scanning electron
microscopy (SEM)
Electron probe microanalysis
(EPMA)
Reflected/Transmitted light
microscopy (TRM)

Characterisation of additives      (alkaline,   pozzolanic,
organic materials; clays

Moisture content
Grain size distribution
Swell index

Metal and non-metal oxides
Heavy metals
Organic carbon
Nitrogen, Phosphorus
Loss on ignition (LOI)

Free calcium content
Neutralisation potential
Cation exchange capacity
Metals leachability

Mineralogical analysis




Questionnaire on the Characterisation of Mining Waste                            Page 7 of 8
Safe Management of Mining Waste and Waste Facilities                      SAFEMANMIN


Test                          Local Standard   Language   European   Non-European   Literature   Observations / limitations (instrumental/matrix
                              / Method                    Standard   Standard                    oriented/measurement     range    oriented)   /
                                                                                                 economic aspects / advantages, disadvantages
Ecotoxicity tests




Microbiological tests




Specific surface area
analysis



Other




Questionnaire on the Characterisation of Mining Waste                        Page 8 of 8

								
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