Table of Contents by 89hk19S

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									Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: GENERAL PROVISIONS ……………………………………………….                                1-1

     1.1    Title …………………………………………………………………………..                                 1-1
     1.2    Authority …………………………………………………………………….                                1-1
     1.3    Applicability And Jurisdiction ……………………………………………..                   1-1
     1.4    Purpose ………………………………………………………………………                                  1-1
     1.5    Word Usage And Construction of Language ……………………………...               1-2
     1.6    Mapping And Boundary Disputes …………………………………………                       1-3
     1.7    Conflicting Provisions ……………………………………………………...                       1-3
     1.8    Transitional Provisions …………………………………………………….                        1-4
     1.9    Vested Rights ……………………………………………………………….                              1-5
     1.10   Severability …………………………………………………………………                               1-6
     1.11   Administrative Handbook …………………………………………………                          1-6
     1.12   Non-liability of Lake County And County Officials ……………………..         1-6
     1.13   Warning And Disclaimer …………………………………………………..                         1-6


CHAPTER 2: REVIEW & DECISION-MAKING BODIES …………………………                            2-1

      2.1   Board of County Commissioners …………………………………………..                     2-1
            2.1.1 Powers and Duties …………………………………………………...                       2-1
      2.2   Planning Commission ……………………………………………………….                           2-2
            2.2.1 Appointments ………………………………………………………...                          2-2
            2.2.2 Officers and Rules …………………………………………………...                      2-2
            2.2.3 Powers and Duties …………………………………………………...                       2-2
      2.3   Board of Adjustment ………………………………………………………..                          2-3
            2.3.1 Appointments ………………………………………………………..                           2-3
            2.3.2 Membership and Rules ………………………………………………                        2-3
            2.3.3 Powers and Duties …………………………………………………...                       2-3
      2.4   Land Use Department ………………………………………………………                            2-4
            2.4.1 Powers and Duties …………………………………………………...                       2-4
      2.5   Chief Building Official ……………………………………………………...                      2-6
            2.5.1 Powers and Duties …………………………………………………...                       2-6


CHAPTER 3: DEVELOPMENTAL REVIEW & APPROVAL PROCEDURES …..                        3-1

      3.1   General ………………………………………………………………………                                  3-1
            3.1.1 Authority to File Applications ………………………………………                 3-1
            3.1.2 Form of Application …………………………………………………                        3-1
            3.1.3 Application Filing Fees ……………………………………………...                   3-1
            3.1.4 Application Completeness …………………………………………...                   3-2
            3.1.5 Land Use Department and Agency Review …………………………               3-2
            3.1.6 Pre-application Meetings …………………………………………….                    3-2
            3.1.7 Notices ……………………………………………………………….                              3-2
            3.1.8 Conditions of Approval ……………………………………………...                    3-4
            3.1.9 Certification of Payment of Taxes …………………………………...             3-4


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            3.1.10  Continuation of Public Hearing ……………………………………...                       3-4
            3.1.11  Burden of Proof or Persuasion ……………………………………….                         3-5
            3.1.12  Written Finding Required ……………………………………………                             3-5
            3.1.13  Simultaneous Processing …………………………………………….                             3-5
            3.1.14  Processing Cycles ……………………………………………………                                 3-5
            3.1.15  Failure to Act Within Required Time-Frames ………………………                   3-5
            3.1.16  Appeals ………………………………………………………………                                       3-5
            3.1.17  Application Review Under the Form of the County Regulations in
                    Effect at the Time of the Submission of the Application ……………          3-6
      3.2   Section 3.2 Institutional Controls for the California Gulch Superfund
            Site…………………………………………………………………………….                                            3-7
            3.2.1 General Provisions……………………………………………….……                                 3-7
                    A) Purpose…………………………………………………….…...                                   3-7
                    B) Authority………………………………………………….…….                                   3-7
                    C) Findings…………………………………………………….…..                                   3-7
                    D) Definitions………………………………...……………………                                 3-7
                    E) Variances……………………………………………………….                                    3-9
            3.2.2 Best Management Practices Informational Handout…………………                  3-9
            3.2.3 Institutional Controls…………………………………………………                               3-9
                    A) Operable Unit 3 of the California Gulch Superfund Site………..        3-9
                    B) Operable Unit 8 of the California Gulch Superfund Site………...      3-10
                    C) Seventeen Mine Waste Piles Located in Operable Unit 9 of the
                        California Gulch Superfund Site…………………………………                     3-10
                    D) Operable Unit 4 of the California Gulch Superfund Site………...      3-11
                    E) Operable Unit 7 of the California Gulch Superfund Site…………        3-12
      3.3   Building Permits …………………………………………………………….                                    3-13
            3.3.1 Purpose and Applicability …………………………………………...                          3-13
            3.3.2 Conditions for Permit Issuance ………………………………………                         3-13
            3.3.3 Application and Processing Requirements …………………………..                   3-13
      3.4   Certificates of Occupancy …………………………………………………..                              3-13
            3.4.1 Purpose and Applicability …………………………………………...                          3-13
            3.4.2 Conditions for Issuance ……………………………………………...                           3-13
            3.4.3 Application and Processing Requirements …………………………..                   3-14
      3.5   Comprehensive Plan Amendments ………………………………………...                             3-14
            3.5.1 General Statutory Compliance ……………………………………….                          3-14
            3.5.2 Timing ……………………………………………………………….                                       3-14
            3.5.3 Application Filing ……………………………………………………                                3-14
            3.5.4 Public Hearing Notice ……………………………………………….                              3-14
            3.5.5 Land Use Department’s Review and Report ………………………...                   3-14
            3.5.6 Referral Procedures ………………………………………………….                               3-15
            3.5.7 Public Hearing ……………………………………………………….                                  3-15
            3.5.8 Approval Criteria …………………………………………………….                                3-15
            3.5.9 Planning Commission Certification ………………………………….                       3-15
      3.6   Conditional Use Permits ……………………………………………………                                 3-15
            3.6.1 General Provisions …………………………………………………...                              3-15
            3.6.2 Conditional Use Permits for Manufactured Housing Parks …………            3-17
      3.7   Development Agreements …………………………………………………..                                 3-22
            3.7.1 Purpose ………………………………………………………………                                       3-22
            3.7.2 Contents ……………………………………………………………...                                    3-22
            3.7.3 Review Criteria ………………………………………………………                                  3-23
      3.8   Land Development Code Amendments ……………………………………                              3-23

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             3.8.1 Preapplication Meeting………………….……………………………                            3-23
             3.8.2 Amendment Filing …………………………………………………...                              3-23
             3.8.3 General Procedure …………………………………………………...                             3-24
             3.8.4 Land Use Department’s Review and Report ………………………...                 3-24
             3.8.5 Joint Public Hearing …………………………………………………                             3-24
             3.8.6 Planning Commission’s Review and Recommendation …………….               3-24
             3.8.7 Board of County Commissioner’s Review and Decision ……………             3-24
             3.8.8 Adoption by Resolution ……………………………………………..                           3-24
             3.8.9 Approval Criteria …………………………………………………….                              3-24
             3.8.10 Special Review and Adoption Procedures …………………………...                3-24
      3.9    Naming/Renaming of Roads ………………………………………………..                              3-25
             3.9.1 Application Filing ……………………………………………………                              3-25
             3.9.2 Land Use Department’s Review and Report ………………………...                 3-25
             3.9.3 Approval Criteria …………………………………………………….                              3-25
      3.10   Plat Amendments ……………………………………………………………                                    3-25
             3.10.1 Applicability …………………………………………………………                                3-25
             3.10.2 Preapplication Meeting ……………………………………………..                          3-26
             3.10.3 Application Filing ……………………………………………………                             3-26
             3.10.4 Notice ………………………………………………………………...                                  3-26
             3.10.5 Criteria for Action on a Plat Amendment Application ………………          3-26
             3.10.6 Notice of Decision …………………………………………………...                           3-26
             3.10.7 Recording …………………………………………………………….                                  3-26
             3.10.8 Appeals ………………………………………………………………                                    3-26
             3.10.9 Lot Consolidations …………………………………………………..                            3-26
      3.11   Planned Unit Developments ………………………………………………...                            3-27
             3.11.1 Statutory Consistency ………………………………………………..                          3-27
             3.11.2 General ……………………………………………………………….                                   3-27
             3.11.3 PUD Sketch Plan …………………………………………………….                               3-28
             3.11.4 Preliminary PUD Plans and Plats ……………………………………                      3-29
             3.11.5 Final PUD Plan/Plat Rezoning ………………………………………                        3-31
             3.11.6 PUD Amendments …………………………………………………...                               3-33
      3.12   Rehearings in Rezoning, Subdivision, PUD and Conditional Use Permits       3-34
             3.12.1 Resubmittal of Denied Application Prohibited; Exception ………….       3-34
             3.12.2 Petition for Rehearing ………………………………………………..                         3-34
      3.13   Rezonings …………………………………………………………………….                                      3-35
             3.13.1 Preapplication Meeting ……………………………………………..                          3-35
             3.13.2 Application Filing ……………………………………………………                             3-35
             3.13.3 Approval Criteria …………………………………………………….                             3-35
             3.13.4 Land Use Department’s Review and Report ………………………...                3-36
             3.13.5 Joint Public Hearing …………………………………………………                            3-36
             3.13.6 Planning Commission’s Review and Recommendation …………….              3-36
             3.13.7 Board of County Commissioner’s Review and Decision ……………            3-36
             3.13.8 Adoption by Resolution ……………………………………………...                         3-36
      3.14   Sign Permits …………………………………………………………………                                     3-36
             3.14.1 Application Filing ……………………………………………………                             3-36
             3.14.2 Submittal Requirements ……………………………………………..                          3-36
             3.14.3 Signs in SCO District ………………………………………………..                          3-37
             3.14.4 Approval Criteria ……………………………………………………                              3-37
             3.14.5 Appeals ………………………………………………………………                                    3-37
      3.15   Site Plans …………………………………………………………………….                                     3-37
             3.15.1 General ……………………………………………………………….                                   3-37

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             3.15.2 Applicability …………………………………………………………                                3-37
             3.15.3 Application Filing ……………………………………………………                             3-37
             3.15.4 Review and Action …………………………………………………..                             3-37
             3.15.5 Notice ………………………………………………………………...                                  3-38
             3.15.6 Approval Criteria …………………………………………………….                             3-38
             3.15.7 Notice of Decision …………………………………………………...                           3-38
             3.15.8 Appeals ………………………………………………………………                                    3-38
             3.15.9 Lapse of Approval …………………………………………………...                            3-38
      3.16   Subdivision – Major ………………………………………………………...                               3-38
             3.16.1 Applicability …………………………………………………………                                3-38
             3.16.2 General ……………………………………………………………….                                   3-39
             3.16.3 Sketch Plan …………………………………………………………..                                3-39
             3.16.4 Preliminary Plat Procedures for Review and Action ………………...         3-41
             3.16.5 Final Plat Procedures for Review and Action ……………………….              3-45
                    A) Public Hearing Process ………………………………………..                         3-45
                    B) Administrative Process ………………………………………..                         3-46
                    C) Final Plat Approval Criteria …………………………………...                    3-46
                    D) Technical Disputes……………………………………………..                            3-46
                    E) Lapse of Final Plat Approval…………………………………...                     3-46
                    F) Acceptance of Dedications……………………………………..                        3-47
      3.17   Subdivision – Minor ………………………………………………………...                               3-47
             3.17.1 Applicability …………………………………………………………                                3-47
             3.17.2 Preapplication Meeting ……………………………………………..                          3-47
             3.17.3 Application Filing ……………………………………………………                             3-47
             3.17.4 Notice ………………………………………………………………..                                   3-47
             3.17.5 Approval Criteria …………………………………………………….                             3-47
             3.17.6 Notice of Decision …………………………………………………...                           3-48
             3.17.7 Acceptance of Dedication ……………………………………………                          3-48
             3.17.8 Recording …………………………………………………………….                                  3-48
             3.17.9 Appeals ………………………………………………………………                                    3-48
      3.18   Subdivision – Exemptions …………………………………………………..                             3-48
             3.18.1 General Exemption from the Definition of a Subdivision …………...      3-48
             3.18.2 Thirty-five (35) Acres ………………………………………………..                         3-48
             3.18.3 Property Line Adjustment – Unplatted Parcels ……………………...            3-49
      3.19   Temporary Use Permits …………………………………………………….                                3-49
             3.19.1 Approval Criteria. ……………………………………………………                             3-49
             3.19.2 Prohibited Activities…………………………………………………                            3-50
             3.19.3 Renewal Requests……………………………………………………                                3-50
             3.19.4 Appeals……………………………………………………………….                                    3-51
      3.20   Vacating of Approved and Recorded Plats, Rights-of-Way or Easements        3-49
             3.20.1 Vacating of Roads, Streets, Highways and Easements ……………...         3-49
             3.20.2 Vacation of Nonconforming Lots ……………………………………                       3-51
             3.20.3 Application Filing ……………………………………………………                             3-51
             3.20.4 Initiation ……………………………………………………………...                               3-52
             3.20.5 Preapplication Meeting ……………………………………………..                          3-52
             3.20.6 Procedures for Vacating Plats ……………………………………….                      3-52
             3.20.7 Approval Criteria ……………………………………………………                              3-52
      3.21   Zoning Variances ……………………………………………………………                                   3-52
             3.21.1 Variances Permitted ………………………………………………….                            3-52
             3.21.2 Application Filing ……………………………………………………                             3-52
             3.21.3 Public Hearing Notice ……………………………………………….                           3-52

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            3.21.4 Review and Action …………………………………………………..                       3-52
            3.21.5 Approval Criteria …………………………………………………….                       3-53



CHAPTER 4: DISTRICT REGULATIONS ……………………………………………                                  4-1


      4.1   Compliance with District Standards ……………………………………….                   4-1
      4.2   Zoning Districts ……………………………………………………………...                           4-1
            4.2.1 RUR, Rural District ………………………………………………….                        4-1
            4.2.2 AF, Agricultural and Forestry District ………………………………             4-1
            4.2.3 AR, Agricultural Residential District ………………………………..            4-1
            4.2.4 UR, Urban Residential District ………………………………………                  4-1
            4.2.5 RM, Urban Multi-Family Residential District ………………………           4-1
            4.2.6 B, Business District ………………………………………………….                       4-1
            4.2.7 CI, Commercial Industrial District …………………………………..              4-2
            4.2.8 IM, Industrial and Mining District …………………………………..              4-2
            4.2.9 RC, Recreational District …………………………………………….                    4-2
            4.2.10 R, Resort District …………………………………………………….                       4-2
            4.2.11 PUD, Planned Unit Development District …………………………...           4-2
      4.3   Overlay Zones ……………………………………………………………….                               4-2
            4.3.1 General ……………………………………………………………….                               4-2
            4.3.2 APO, Airport Protection Overlay District …………………………...          4-3
            4.3.3 SCO, Scenic Conservation Overlay District …………………………            4-5
      4.4   Density and Dimensional Standards ……………………………………….                    4-7
            4.4.1 Table of Density and Dimensional Standards ……………………….           4-7
            4.4.2 Dimensional Standards for R, Resort District ……………………….         4-7
            4.4.3 Highway Setbacks …………………………………………………...                         4-8
            4.4.4 Height Limitation Exemptions / Variance Procedure ……………….       4-8
            4.4.5 Measurements and Exceptions ………………………………………                     4-8
                   A) Residential Density ……………………………………………                       4-8
                   B) Non-Residential Intensity ……………………………………...                 4-9
                   C) Lot Area ………………………………………………………..                            4-9
                   D) Lot Width ……………………………………………………...                           4-9
                   E) Setbacks ………………………………………………………..                            4-9
                   F) Lot Coverage …………………………………………………..                         4-11
                   G) Minimum Occupied Structure Size ……………………………                4-11
                   H) Height ………………………………………………………….                             4-11
                   I)   Manufactured Homes …………………………………………..                    4-11


CHAPTER 5: USE REGULATIONS ……………………………………………………                                   5-1

      5.1   Use Table …………………………………………………………………….                                 5-1
      5.2   Use-Specific Standards ……………………………………………………...                       5-11
            5.2.1 Adult Business Uses …………………………………………………                        5-11
            5.2.2 Bed and Breakfast ……………………………………………………                         5-11
            5.2.3 Caretaker Residential Units ………………………………………….                  5-12
            5.2.4 Commercial Parking …………………………………………………                         5-12
            5.2.5 Extractive Operations Including Mining …………………………….            5-12

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            5.2.6   Group Camps ………………………………………………………...                                  5-15
            5.2.7   Group Living ………………………………………………………...                                 5-16
            5.2.8   Home Occupations …………………………………………………..                                5-17
            5.2.9   Industrial Performance Standards ……………………………………                       5-17
            5.2.10  Junk Yards, Salvage Yards, Heavy Equipment, and Industrial
                    Storage ……………………………………………………………….                                     5-17
            5.2.11 Large Animal Ownership ……………………………………………                               5-18
            5.2.12 Manufactured Housing ………………………………………………                                5-18
            5.2.13 Manufactured Housing Parks ………………………………………..                           5-18
                    A) Site Selection Criteria ………………………………………….                          5-18
                    B) Size & Density Provisions ……………………………………..                         5-19
                    C) Manufactured Housing Unit Requirements ……………………                    5-19
                    D) Manufactured Housing Tie Down & Skirting Requirements …            5-19
                    E) Setback Requirements …………………………………………                              5-19
                    F) Manufactured Housing Space Requirements & Clustering ……            5-19
                    G) Access & Interior Roadways …………………………………..                         5-20
                    H) Sidewalks, Bicycle Paths & Walking Paths …………………...                5-20
                    I)    Public Sites, Recreation, Landscaping & Open Space ………..        5-20
                    J)    Manufactured Housing Park Parking Requirements ………….            5-21
                    K) Manufactured Housing Accessory Parking Areas ……………                 5-21
                    L)     Accessory Buildings & Sales Outlets ………………………...               5-21
                    M) Roadway Width & Surfacing Requirements …………………                     5-21
                    N)     Manufactured Housing Park Utilities ………………………..                5-21
                    O)     Permit Conditions ……………………………………………                            5-23
            5.2.14 Private Landing Strips and Heliports ………………………………..                    5-24
            5.2.15 Private Resorts ……………………………………………………….                                 5-24
            5.2.16 Telecommunications Facilities ………………………………………                          5-25
            5.2.17 RV Parks and Campgrounds …………………………………………                              5-26
                     A) Site Selection Criteria …………………………………………                          5-26
                     B) Size & Density Provisions …………………………………….                         5-27
                     C) Setback Requirements ………………………………………...                           5-27
                     D) RV Space Requirements ………………………………………                             5-27
                     E) Access & Interior Roadways ………………………………….                         5-27
                     F) Service Buildings ……………………………………………...                            5-28
                     G) Roadway Width & Surface Requirements ……………………                     5-28
                     H) Travel Trailer Park Utilities …………………………………..                     5-28
            5.2.18 Short Term Rentals-Applicability……………………………………                         5-31
            5.2.18.1 Short Term Rentals Standards……………………………………..                         5-31
            5.1.19 Warehouse and Freight Movement…………………………………                            5-34
      5.3   Accessory Buildings and Uses ………………………………………………                               5-34
            5.3.1 General ……………………………………………………………….                                       5-34
            5.3.2 RUR Rural District …………………………………………………..                                5-34
            5.3.3 AF Agricultural and Forestry and AR Agricultural Residential
                    Districts ………………………………………………………………                                    5-34
            5.3.4 UR Urban Residential and RC Recreational Districts ……………….              5-35
            5.3.5 RM Urban Multi-Family Residential District ……………………….                   5-35
            5.3.6 B Business District …………………………………………………..                               5-35
            5.3.7 CI Commercial Industrial and IM Industrial and Mining District …..      5-36
            5.3.8 R Resort District and PUD District ………………………………….                       5-36
            5.3.9 Other Accessory Uses ……………………………………………….                                5-36
                     A) Overlay Districts ………………………………………………                              5-36

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                   B) Acceptable Minor Accessory Uses ……………………………                5-36
                   C) Fences …………………………………………………………                              5-36
                   D) Abandoned Motor Vehicles …………………………………...                  5-36
      5.4    Temporary Buildings and Uses …………………………………………….                     5-37



CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS ……………………………………….                                  6-1

      6.1    Planned Unit Developments ………………………………………………...                      6-1
             6.1.1 General ……………………………………………………………….                              6-1
             6.1.2 Minimum Size ……………………………………………………….                            6-1
             6.1.3 Establishment of Uses ……………………………………………….                      6-1
             6.1.4 Development Intensity ……………………………………………….                      6-1
             6.1.5 Development Sequence ……………………………………………...                      6-1
             6.1.6 Platting ……………………………………………………………….                             6-1
             6.1.7 Subdivision …………………………………………………………..                           6-2
             6.1.8 Development Improvements Agreement …………………………….                6-2
             6.1.9 Underground Utilities ………………………………………………..                     6-2
             6.1.10 Water Service ……………………………………………………….                          6-2
             6.1.11 Sanitary Sewage Disposal Systems ………………………………….               6-2
             6.1.12 Design Standards and Specifications ………………………………...           6-2
             6.1.13 Common Open Space ………………………………………………..                        6-2
             6.1.14 Maintenance of Public Open Space and Common Areas ……………       6-3
      6.2    Subdivision …………………………………………………………………..                              6-3
             6.2.1 General Provisions …………………………………………………...                      6-3
             6.2.2 Manufactured Home Park Subdivisions ……………………………..              6-8
             6.2.3 Subdivision Design Standards & Specifications …………………….        6-9
      6.3    Roadways …………………………………………………………………….                                6-10
      6.4    Underground Utilities ……………………………………………………….                        6-12
      6.5    Utility Easements ……………………………………………………………                           6-12
      6.6    Drainage, Erosion, Sedimentation & Flood Control ……………………..         6-13
      6.7    Sanitary Sewage Disposal Systems …………………………………………                   6-15
      6.8    Water Service ………………………………………………………………..                            6-16
      6.9    Fire Safety & Protection ……………………………………………………                       6-18
      6.10   Avalanche Mitigation ……………………………………………………….                         6-19
      6.11   Other Public Improvements ………………………………………………..                      6-19
      6.12   Off-Street Parking & Loading ……………………………………………...                   6-19
             6.12.1 General Off-Street Parking Requirements …………………………...        6-19
             6.12.2 Minimum Off-Street Loading Requirements ………………………..          6-21
             6.12.3 Off-Street Loading Requirements …………………………………...             6-24
      6.13   Requirements for Solar Energy Access ……………………………………                 6-24
      6.14   Signs ………………………………………………………………………….                                 6-24
             6.14.1 General Provisions …………………………………………………...                    6-25
             6.14.2 Exemptions …………………………………………………………..                          6-26
             6.14.3 Sign Standards & Requirements ……………………………………..               6-26
                     A) Prohibited Signs ……………………………………………….                     6-26
                     B) Illumination ……………………………………………………                        6-27
                     C) Planned Unit Development (PUD’s) …………………………..            6-27
                     D) Construction & Maintenance …………………………………..               6-27
                     E) On-Site Signs …………………………………………………..                      6-28

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                   F) Off-Premise Signs ……………………………………………...                             6-30
                   G) Signs Located in APO, Airport Protection Overlay Districts …       6-31
                   H) Signs Located in a SCO, Scenic Conservation Overlay District       6-31
            6.14.4 Measurement of Signs ……………………………………………….                              6-31


CHAPTER 7: NONCONFORMITIES …………………………………………………..                                          7-1

      7.1   Meaning and Intent …………………………………………………………                                     7-1
      7.2   Abandonment of Use ………………………………………………………..                                    7-1
      7.3   Restoration …………………………………………………………………..                                       7-1
      7.4   Enlargement of Nonconforming Use or Building …………………………                       7-1
      7.5   Alteration of Nonconforming Buildings …………………………………...                        7-2
      7.6   Title Default ………………………………………………………………….                                      7-2
      7.7   Conforming and Nonconforming Lots …………………………………….                             7-2
      7.8   Nonconforming Signs ……………………………………………………….                                    7-2


CHAPTER 8: ENFORCEMENT AND PENALTIES ………………………………….                                        8-1

      8.1   Responsibility for Enforcement …………………………………………….                             8-1
      8.2   Types of Violations ………………………………………………………….                                   8-1
      8.3   Continuing Violations ……………………………………………………….                                  8-3
      8.4   Remedies & Enforcement Powers ………………………………………….                               8-3
      8.5   Remedies Cumulative ……………………………………………………….                                    8-4
      8.6   Enforcement Procedures ……………………………………………………                                   8-5


CHAPTER 9: DEFINITIONS ……………………………………………………………                                            9-1

      9.1   General ………………………………………………………………………                                           9-1
      9.2   Definitions ……………………………………………………………………                                        9-1
      9.3   Use Categories ……………………………………………………………….                                     9-12
      9.4   Residential Use Categories ………………………………………………….                              9-13
            9.4.1 Household Living ……………………………………………………                                  9-13
            9.4.2 Group Living ………………………………………………………...                                  9-14
      9.5   Institutional & Civic Use Categories ………………………………………                         9-16
            9.5.1 Colleges ……………………………………………………………...                                    9-16
            9.5.2 Community Services …………………………………………………                                 9-16
            9.5.3 Day Care ……………………………………………………………..                                     9-17
            9.5.4 Hospitals ……………………………………………………………..                                    9-17
            9.5.5 Parks & Open Space …………………………………………………                                 9-18
            9.5.6 Religious Institutions ………………………………………………...                           9-18
            9.5.7 Safety Services ………………………………………………………                                  9-18
            9.5.8 Schools ……………………………………………………………….                                      9-18
            9.5.9 Utilities, Basic ……………………………………………………….                                9-18
            9.5.10 Utility Corridors ……………………………………………………..                              9-19
      9.6   Commercial Use Categories ………………………………………………...                              9-19
            9.6.1 Entertainment Event, Major …………………………………………                            9-19
            9.6.2 Office ………………………………………………………………..                                      9-20
            9.6.3 Parking, Commercial ………………………………………………...                              9-20

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            9.6.4 Recreation & Entertainment, Outdoor ……………………………….                 9-21
            9.6.5 Retail Sales & Service ……………………………………………….                        9-21
            9.6.6 Self-Service Storage …………………………………………………                          9-23
            9.6.7 Vehicle Repair ……………………………………………………….                             9-23
            9.6.8 Vehicle Service, Limited …………………………………………….                       9-23
      9.7   Industrial Use Categories …………………………………………………...                        9-24
            9.7.1 Industrial Service …………………………………………………….                          9-24
            9.7.2 Manufacturing & Production ………………………………………...                     9-24
            9.7.3 Warehouse & Freight Movement ……………………………………                       9-25
            9.7.4 Waste-Related ………………………………………………………..                             9-25
            9.7.5 Wholesale Sales ……………………………………………………...                           9-26
      9.8   Other Use Categories ………………………………………………………..                            9-26
            9.8.1 Agriculture …………………………………………………………...                             9-26
            9.8.2 Aviation & Surface Passenger Terminals ……………………………                9-27
            9.8.3 Detention Facilities …………………………………………………..                        9-27
            9.8.4 Mining ……………………………………………………………….                                  9-28
            9.8.5 Telecommunications Facilities ………………………………………                     9-28


CHAPTER 10: ROADWAY DESIGN STANDARDS AND CONSTRUCTION
SPECIFICATIONS FOR LAKE COUNTY, COLORADO……………………………                                 10-1

                 Table of Contents for Roadway Design Standards & Construction
                 Specifications, Revised November 20, 2006 ……………………………                  ii
     100         General Standards ……………………………………………………..                               1
     110         Purpose and Intent ………………………………………………………                               1
     120         Authority ………………………………………………………………..                                   1
     130         Application of Standards ………………………………………………..                          1
                 130.1 - New Construction ………………………………………………                            1
                 130.2 - Upgrading of Existing Roads …………………………………...                   1
     140         Variances ………………………………………………………………..                                   2
     150         Required Permits ………………………………………………………..                               2
     160         Submittal Requirements ………………………………………………...                           2
     170         Definitions and Abbreviations …………………………………………..                       2
     200         Design Standards ………………………………………………………                                 4
     210         General ………………………………………………………………….                                     4
     211         Future Planning …………………………………………………………                                 4
     212         Roadway Classification …………………………………………………                             4
                 212.1 – Based on Functional Use ……………………………………….                       4
                 212.1 – Based on Anticipated Traffic Flow …………………………….                 5
     220         Geometric Design Elements …………………………………………….                           6
     221         Right of Way ……………………………………………………………                                   6
     222         Design and Travel Speeds ………………………………………………                            6
     223         Number of Lanes ………………………………………………………..                                6
     224         Lane and Shoulder Width ……………………………………………….                            6
     225         Climbing Lanes …………………………………………………………                                  6
     226         Side Slopes ……………………………………………………………...                                 7
     230         Alignment ……………………………………………………………….                                    8
     231         Horizontal Alignment …………………………………………………...                            8
                 231.1 – Stopping Sight Distance ………………………………………..                      8
                 231.2 – Passing Sight Distance …………………………………………                        9

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                 231.3 – Stopping Sight Distance on Horizontal Curves ………………..         9
                 231.4 – Curvature ……………………………………………………….                             11
                 231.5 – Curve Widening ………………………………………………..                          11
                 231.6 – Curb Returns ……………………………………………………                            12
     232         Vertical Alignment ……………………………………………………...                           12
                 232.1 – Minimum Grade ………………………………………………..                           12
                 232.2 – Maximum Grade ………………………………………………..                           12
                 232.21 – Exceptions to Maximum Grade ……………………………….                   13
                 232.3 – Vertical Curves …………………………………………………                          13
                 232.4 – Switchbacks …………………………………………………….                            16
     233         Intersections ……………………………………………………………..                              16
     240         Typical Cross Sections ………………………………………………….                          17
     250         Miscellaneous Design Elements ………………………………………...                     24
     251         Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities ………………………………………..                  24
     252         Guardrails ……………………………………………………………….                                 24
     253         Traffic Control Devices …………………………………………………                          24
     254         Driveways ……………………………………………………………….                                  27
     255         Bridges …………………………………………………………………..                                  29
     256         Vertical Clearance ………………………………………………………                             29
     260         Structural Design ………………………………………………………..                            31
     261         Structural Sections ………………………………………………………                            31
     262         Surfacing Requirements ………………………………………………...                         31
     263         Pavement Design Procedures …………………………………………...                       32
     270         Drainage ………………………………………………………………...                                 34
     271         Storm Water Runoff Estimates ………………………………………….                       34
     272         Culverts …………………………………………………………………                                   34
     273         Open Channel and Swales ………………………………………………                           39
     280         Utilities ………………………………………………………………….                                 39
     281         Permits …………………………………………………………………..                                  39
     282         Underground Utilities …………………………………………………...                         39
     283         Above Ground Utilities …………………………………………………                           43
     290         Landscaping …………………………………………………………….                                 43
     300         Road Construction Specifications ……………………………………                      44
     310         General ………………………………………………………………….                                   44
     311         Purpose and Intent ………………………………………………………                             44
     312         General Construction Guidelines ……………………………………….                     44
     313         Inspection and Warranty ………………………………………………..                         44
     314         Cleanup and Restoration ………………………………………………..                         45
     315         Permits …………………………………………………………………..                                  45
     316         Environmental Controls ………………………………………………...                         45
     320         Construction Work Within Public Ways ………………………………..                  46
     321         Clear and Grub ………………………………………………………….                               46
     322         Structural Embankment Construction …………………………………..                   49
     323         Subgrade Construction ………………………………………………….                           49
     324         Aggregate Base Course …………………………………………………                            50
     325         Asphalt Paving ………………………………………………………….                               50
     326         Revegetation …………………………………………………………….                                51
     327         Trench Excavation ………………………………………………………                              52
     328         Culverts …………………………………………………………………                                   52



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