How to Answer Constructed Response Questions - Download as PowerPoint by u4pg9WmF

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									How to Answer Constructed
   Response Questions
     Staff Development
     Thursday, Sept. 16
 CONSTRUCTED RESPONSE ASSESSMENT
• Questions are designed to be open-
  ended, short-answer questions.
• Intended to measure higher-level
  cognitive skills as well as content
  knowledge
• Use a range of primary and secondary
  resources and authentic real-world
  examples such as timelines, maps,
  graphs, cartoons, charts, and short
  readings
• Graded utilizing a rubric
Constructed Response Prompts
• Ask you to apply your knowledge and
  understanding in a short written
  answer.
• Require the students to determine
  exactly what is being asked (first).
• Then, they construct a response that
  includes the answers to all parts of the
  prompt.
• As you see, these are “short answer
  questions” and are not meant to be
  answered as an essay.
• Identify the parts of the question
  asked, then make sure that your
  response answers each of the four
  parts.
• No answer at all gets 0 points!
• Answering 1 part of the question
  correctly counts as 1 point, 2 parts = 2
  points, and so on.
        Suggested Process to
          Teach Students
1. Carefully read the prompt.
2. If the prompt refers to a text, read the text
   carefully, then, reread the prompt.
3. Create a detailed checklist of all items
   included in the prompt.
4. Write a response that includes all items in
   the checklist.
5. As you read your response, check the
   items off on the checklist as you come
   across them to ensure all required
   elements of the response have been
   included.
TIPS…
• Use the verbiage of the prompt to form
  the topic sentence of your response.

• Make sure you include all parts of the
  question in your answer. Remember,
  you get a point for each part you
  answer correctly!
• Make sure you EXPLAIN each item with
  a concrete detail—something specific!
   Let’s look at some examples:
• PROMPT A: What are two
  characteristics of mammals? Give two
  examples of mammals.
• Checklist should include:
  –   Characteristic of a mammal #1
  –   Characteristic of a mammal #2
  –   Example of a mammal #1
  –   Example of a mammal #2
  CONSTRUCTED RESPONSE
      FOR PROMPT A
• Two characteristics of
  mammals are they are warm-
  blooded (1 point) and give birth
  to their young (2 points). Two
  examples of mammals are
  humans (3 points) and bears (4
  points).
Another example:
• PROMPT B: Name two kinds of
  overhead serves in volleyball. Explain
  the benefits of using each one.
• Checklist should include:
  –   Type of overhead serve #1
  –   Benefit of using overhead serve #1
  –   Type of overhead serve #2
  –   Benefit of using overhead serve #2
  CONSTRUCTED RESPONSE
      FOR PROMPT B
• Answer: Two kinds of overhead
  serves are the top spin (1 point) and
  the floater (2 points). Top spin would
  be used for speed projection (3 points)
  and the floater for height (4 points).
• Answer: One kind of overhead serves
  is the top spin (1 point) which is used
  for speed projection (2 points).
  Another type is the floater (3 points)
  which is used for height (4 points).
                 Another example:
The sky is low                   • PROMPT C: How
THE sky is low, the clouds are
   mean,
                                   does the word
A travelling flake of snow         "person" give you a
Across a barn or through a         clue as to the
   rut                             meaning of
Debates if it will go.             personification?
A narrow wind complains all
   day
                                   Why do you think a
How some one treated him;          writer would want to
Nature, like us, is sometimes      use personification in
   caught                          a poem? List two
Without her diadem.                examples of
                                   personification found
   – Emily Dickinson
                                   in the poem at left.
                       Checklist should
PROMPT C: How does
                        include:
 the word "person"
 give you a clue as to “Person”Personific
 the meaning of         ation?
 personification?      Why a writer would
 Why do you think a     use personification?
 writer would want to Example of
 use personification in personification from
 a poem? List two       poem #1
 examples of
 personification found Example of
 in the poem at left.   personification from
                        poem #2
   Constructed Response For Prompt C
The word “person” lets me know that
 personification means that some object
 in the poem has qualities or actions like a
 person (1 point). A poet might use
 personification to help the reader feel a
 relationship to the object personified (2
 points). “The clouds are mean” (3 points)
 and “narrow wind complains” (4 points)
 are both examples of personification
 from the poem.
        Now you try one alone:

• PROMPT D: Identify your greatest
  areas of strength and weakness
  as a teacher. Explain how each of
  these came to be true.
• YOU WILL NOT BE ASKED TO
  SHARE THIS WITH ANYONE!!!
  This is just an opportunity for self-
  reflection.
EVALUATE AND SCORE YOUR OWN RESPONSE:

• Did you include these items in your
  checklist?
   – Greatest strength
   – How this became a strength
   – My greatest weakness
   – How this became a weakness
• Since this Constructed Response is worth
  4 points, because it should include 4
  elements.
• Give your response a score now.
       REMEMBER….
• For any constructed
  response you ask students
  to write, you should have a
  rubric that you create to
  score them. This rubric
  should basically be
  structured around the
  checklist and whether any
  elements of the response
  are missing.
       ALSO REMEMBER…
• You will also need to have a list of
  acceptable answers for any fact-
  based prompts. For instance, if the
  prompt asked the student to identify
  any southeastern states in the United
  States and explain how they got their
  nicknames. You would need to
  identify which states are acceptable
  answers. Obviously, if a student
  listed California as a southeastern
  state, this portion of their response
  would get no credit because it is not a
  southeastern state.
            THIS YEAR…
• Tennessee will be field-testing a
  constructed response assessment in
  November.
• 3rd grade will include Reading/L.A. (30
  min.) and Math (25 min.).
• 7th grade will include Reading/L.A. (40
  min.), Math (35 min.), and Science (35
  min.).
• Social Studies will be assessed
  through Reading/L.A. in both grade
  levels.
          State Expectations
• Per the in-service we attended this Summer
  led by those who were conveying state
  expectations of upcoming Constructed
  Response tests:
   – On standardized tests, these short written
     answers are scored as 0,1,2,3, or 4 points.
   – A full 4 point response answers all 4 parts
     of the question, usually two, two-part
     questions.
• BUT…All constructed responses that we give
  our students to practice don’t HAVE to be 4
  parts!!!
       NOW YOU WRITE ONE!!!
• On the handout you are given, fill in the
  names of you and your partner(s).
• Together, write a constructed response
  prompt that assesses a standard that
  you have taught recently, are teaching,
  or will teach soon.
• Also create a checklist that identifies
  each element that a complete response
  should include (according to the prompt
  you’ve written).
• Once you and your partner have
  completed this, leave it in the middle of
  your table.

								
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