Stoplight Prgrph Packet Intro 11-12 Name: by D5D29A5


									Language Arts                                                            Name:
Ms. Grace
revised 6/2011

                                                                         Date:                            Per.:

                        An Introduction to Stoplight Paragraphs: Claim, Data, Warrant
Part I. Types of writing

      •      Narrative
                – Tells a story
                – Has a beginning, middle and an end
                – Has characters, setting and a plot (and other literary elements)
                – Often open for analysis
      •      Expository
                – Gives information
                – Proves, explains, informs, or shows
                – Has an introduction, a body and a conclusion
                – Uses credible data, detailed supporting examples and evidence

A stoplight paragraph

                               •   Green light – GO!
                                   State your claim. This is a topic sentence that clearly states the
                                   writer’s opinion. It must be debatable; the writer defends the claim in
                                   the body of the stoplight paragraph.

                               •   Yellow light! - SLOW DOWN!
                                   Present data. Using information from a credible source makes your data
                                   strong. Give specific reasons, details and facts to defend the claim.

                               •   Red – STOP!
                                   Provide a warrant; a warrant is a justification, an explanation that indicates
                                   how the data proves the claim. The warrant is a crucial bridge between the
                                   claim and data.

Part II. Vocabulary
Directions: Read the words below and match them with the correct definition.

                           Term                                          Definition
____1.           stoplight paragraph       A. Interprets the data and explains how it supports a claim.

____ 2.          concluding sentence       B. A group of related sentences that explain a main idea; it begins
                                              with a claim (topic sentence) and ends with a concluding

____ 3.          warrant sentences         C. States an arguable position on the writer’s topic

____ 4.          claim / topic sentence    D. The evidence the writer cites to support the claim

____ 5.          data sentences            E. Summarizes, wraps up, emphasizes the main idea of a paragraph.
Language Arts                                                           Name:
Ms. Grace
revised 6/2011

                                                                        Date:                    Per.:

                                                    Identifying Sentences
Directions: Read each of the following paragraphs. In the space provided before each sentence write C, if the
sentence is a claim, D if the sentence is data or evidence , W if the sentence is warrant or commentary, or CN if the
sentence is a concluding sentence.

A.               Even though I like many television shows, NCSI is my favorite.                First, the characters are

interesting.                  For example, Abby, one of the main characters, is a clever investigator, but she also has

her own strange quirks.                      Next, the plot of each show is always exciting.               For instance,

there is always an unexpected twist in the story that keeps the viewer on the edge of his seat.                    Finally,

the science presented in each episode is intriguing and educational.                From lifting finger prints off of tricky

objects such as a golf ball, to analyzing tree DNA, viewers learn a lot about science.           _______ Clearly, NCSI is

my favorite show because the characters, plot and science are fantastic!

How many sentences are there in the above paragraph?

                 Although social media have many positive aspects, the negative effects outweigh the benefits .

                 First, in an article published by Scientific American (Johnson, Sept. 2010) individuals from the age of

16-24 who spend more than three hours a day on FaceBook or Twitter had higher incidences of depression and

feelings of social alienation than those who didn’t use social media at all.               Many young people may be

comfortable interacting in text but, they don’t develop the real life skills needed to interact with others face to

face.                In addition, many social media users abuse their anonymity by presenting themselves falsely.

_______ For instance, someone may present themselves as being older or younger, taller or shorter, educated or

less educated than they really are; because there is no accountability, they can create any identity they want

regardless of whether or not it is accurate.            Finally, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics

(2008), incidences of sexting and cyberbullying are universal for young people twenty years old or younger.

                    In other words, all young social media users are at risk of being harassed via social media which can

result, for some, in depression, social alienation, and tragically, even suicide. ______ Without a doubt, social

media has many risks!

What is the difference between paragraph one and paragraph two? ___________________________________

Language Arts                                                       Name:
Ms. Grace
revised 6/2011

                                                                    Date:                 Per.:

                                                 C.D.W. Model
                                                 (Claim, Data, Warrant)
Directions: Write only one complete sentence for each item with the exception of warrants; you may write more
than one sentence in the space for the warrant. Use appropriate words and transitional expressions at the beginning
of each sentence.

1.) Claim

             2.) Data

                    3.) Warrant

             4.) Data

                    5.) Warrant

             6.) Data

                    7.) Warrant

8.) Concluding sentence

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