Quaestio: What do the various strong rulers of the Ancient Near by D5D29A5

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									 Quaestio: What do the various strong
rulers of the Ancient Near East have in
               common?

Nunc Agenda: Look at the seven class
 rules on the poster on the wall. As a
   group, decide what should be the
 appropriate punishment for breaking
               each rule.
   QUIZ TOMORROW!

STUDY ALL THE REGIONS
AND BODIES OF WATER IN
   THE MIDDLE EAST!
     Four Regions for Today…
•   Mesopotamia (modern Iraq/Syria)
•   Iranian Plateau (modern Iran)
•   Anatolia (modern Turkey)
•   Levant (modern Lebanon, Syria,
    Jordan, Israel, Palestine)
   Meet the New Neighbors!
• Mesopotamia had no natural barriers to
  invasion (mountains, seas, deserts)
• Many different groups conquered the
  region in different times
  – Sumerians
  – Akkadians
  – Babylonians
  – Assyrians
  – Persians
  – Greeks
       Akkadians
• 2300 BCE- Sargon, ruler of
  Akkad, conquered
  Sumerian city-states
• Created first ever EMPIRE!
  (didn’t last long)
Sargon, King of Akkad, through the royal
     gift of Ishtar was exalted, and he
possessed no foe nor rival. His glory over
 the world he poured out. The Sea in the
East he crossed, and in the eleventh year
 the Country of the West in its full extent
his hand subdued. He united them under
 one control; he set up his images in the
 West; their booty he brought over at his
   word. Over the hosts of he world he
               reigned supreme.
   Against Kassala he marched, and he
turned Kassala into mounds and heaps of
 ruins; he destroyed the land and left not
     enough for a bird to rest thereon.
   Afterward in his old age all the lands
 revolted against him, and they besieged
  him in Akkad; and Sargon went forth to
       battle and defeated them; he
  accomplished their overthrow, and heir
    widespreading host he destroyed.
Afterward he attacked the land of Subartu
  in his might, and they submitted to his
 arms, and Sargon settled that revolt, and
               defeated them;
   he accomplished their overthrow, and
  their widespreading host he destroyed,
   and he brought their possessions into
    Akkad. The soil from the trenches of
Babylon he removed, and the boundaries
 of Akkad he made like those of Babylon.
   But because of the evil which he had
   committed, the great lord Marduk was
  angry, and he destroyed his people by
famine. From the rising of he sun unto the
 setting of the sun they opposed him and
              gave him no rest.
      Babylonians
• 1790 BCE- Hammurabi,
  King of Babylon,
  conquers Mesopotamia
• Created law code:
  “Code of Hammurabi”
• Artisans carved huge
  stone pillars that were
  placed everywhere
• Civil & Criminal Law
• Made Marduk main god
                  Hittites
• From Asia Minor (aka
  Anatolia)
• 1400 BCE spread to
  Mesopotamia
• Built super awesome
  chariots
• Spread the secret of
  making iron tools and
  weapons
                 Assyrians
• From northern
  Mesopotamia
• Used iron weapons
• Loved to conquer to
  please their god,
  Assur
• Capital was Ninevah
• King Ashurbanipal
  built one of the first
  libraries
 End of the Story… for now…
• Mespotamians kicked out the hated
  Assyrians in 612 BCE
• Babylon came back in power under the
  brutal King Nebuchadnezzar, who
  expanded the empire and built the
  hanging gardens
• Eventually, Mesopotamia was
  conquered by the Persians (we’ll get to
  them another day…)
          Homework:
  1. Study for the Middle East
    Region Quiz tomorrow!
 2. Go to mrcaseyhistory.com,
watch the video “Ancient Egypt:
 Crash Course World History”
   and answer the following
            questions

								
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