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					 The Sacred Archery Society – Structure
             and Syllabus

1.   Aims & Objectives

     1.1.        The syllabus is being designed to offer members of Sacred Archery clubs
                 with a standardized approach to learning, improving and competing in the
                 sport of archery as shaped by Islamic influences.

     1.2.        The syllabus shall be applied by all Scared Archery clubs in the UK and
                 abroad.

     1.3.        To promote and teach the traditional eastern art of the ‘Mongolian draw’ or
                 thumb ring shooting.

     1.4.        To Shoot with a barebow, that is from a bow without the aid of sights,
                 clickers or other modern archery paraphernalia.

     1.5.        To promote and teach the art of horse archery.


2.   Basic Club Structure

     2.1.        Each archery club must have the following equipment as a minimum:

            2.1.1.   Practice Target (one per 5 members, with a minimum of two targets))
            2.1.2.   Practice bows (at least 5 for new members and beginners to use)
            2.1.3.   Basic Arrows (at least 50 arrows for the use of new members and
                     beginners)
            2.1.4.   Wind pegs to hold down targets in rough weather if shooting outdoors.

     2.2.        As well as the above equipment each club must also have a regular location
                 booked for club members to shoot for a minimum advance of six months.

     2.3.        Each club will also have the following personnel (2.4) in charge of the day to
                 day running of the club, more than one of these roles can be filled by a
                 single person.



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2.4.       List of required personnel. All the personnel below must undergo a standard
           criminal background check if they want to have an active role in the club:



       2.4.1.   Official organiser

                This is the person in overall charge of the club.
                He is in charge of equipment, insuring that members have access to the
                grounds, organising shoots, making sure members are fully paid up,
                leasing with the Head office of the Sacred Archery Society and anything
                else that may come up in the day to day running of the club.

                The Official Organiser has been given permission to run the club on
                behalf of the Sacred Archery Society and has the last word on any
                matters arising on the day to day running and decision making of the club.

       2.4.2.   Treasurer

                The treasurer is in charge of the financial aspects of the club, this will
                include but not be limited by the following:
                     Make funds available for new equipment and repairs of old
                        equipment whenever necessary
                     Keep an eye on membership expires
                     Involve themselves in fund raising and sponsorship activities

       2.4.3.   Shoot leader

                This is usually a senior member of the club who has experience in
                shooting with a traditional bow.

                The role of the shoot leader is to make sure the day of the shoot runs
                smoothly, to watch out for potential problems that may occur during a
                shoot and to train beginners to the club.

                It is also his responsibility to make sure all equipment is working well, to
                deal with damaged equipment and also make sure that everything is put
                away satisfactorily after shooting for the day has ended.

                If a Shoot Leader is not present at a shoot then it is the responsibility
                of the Lead Archers to elect the shoot leader for the day from amongst
                themselves.

       2.4.4.   Lead Archer

                The lead archer is responsible for his designated target. He must look
                after the equipment assigned to the target and also all archers shooting
                at the target.



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                  It is also the job of the lead archer to help out the Shoot leader
                  wherever he can.

                  The Shoot leader can delegate any of his tasks to a lead archer.

                  There must be one Lead Archer per target on every shoot..


  2.5.       At least one of the members attending a shoot should be proficient in first
             aid.


  2.6.       Disputes

         2.6.1.   If club members have an issue with the day to running of the club or the
                  personnel in the roles above (2.5). They must first take up there issues
                  with the Official Club Organiser (2.4.1).

         2.6.2.    If they do not receive satisfaction then it is there responsibility to
                  contact the Head Sacred Archery Society for any matters they feel
                  have not been dealt with appropriately


3. Weekly Shoots

  3.1.       At the start of each meet there shall be at least a 5 minute compulsory
             warming up drill. These exercises are to be developed but are basically to
             make sure that certain muscles are warm and the archer is ready to shoot
             without injuring himself or herself.

  3.2.       Since members tend to arrive at different times it is up to the Shoot Leader
             to make sure everyone has done their warm ups before commencing shooting

  3.3.       Although not compulsory it is tradition that all members be in wudu before
             commencing and that they make two rakats nafle prayer.

  3.4.       It is the responsibility of the shoot leader to develop weekly drills for the
             members who wish to partake to follow. These drills are designed to develop
             coordination and encourage members to work together and help each other.
             These shall include:

         3.4.1.   Mock shooting to drill routine

         3.4.2.   Single shooting in lines – side on, front on, from behind, kneeling, lying
                  flat

         3.4.3.   Partnered shooting in lines – stood together, one kneeling & one stood

         3.4.4.   Other elements should be built into this such as the pronouncement of
                  Haqq by all shooters in sync as they release.




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  3.5.        There must also be a theory element to the shooting, each week a portion of
              a classic text should be covered with members encouraged to try and put the
              theory into practice. Please refer to the ‘Beginners Guide to Sacred
              Archery’ for a list of the recommended texts.

  3.6.        Other things that should be covered will be Bow tuning theory and shooting
              theory at the discretion of the Shoot Leader.

  3.7.        Apart from the drills member are free to shoot at their leisure each with a
              target leader responsible for the target.

  3.8.        The types of shooting which should be covered at a meet should include:

          3.8.1.   Target Shooting

          3.8.2.   Clout and Distance Shooting

          3.8.3.   Other disciplines as required for the archers to achieve their gradings.

  3.9.        The target set up shall be defined on the member’s needs; i.e. distances will
              be used according to the levels people need to achieve in their gradings.

  3.10.       Flight shooting shall always be conducted separately at the latter part of a
              meet.


4. Beginners

   4.1.        All beginners must undertake an initial two week training.

   4.2.        After the initial two weeks of training, and upon payment of membership
               fees, members are expected to attend meets and practice as much as
               possible.

   4.3.        After an additional week they can then take the basic test to start on the
               syllabus.

   4.4.       To pass this stage a beginner is expected to know the following:
               1. Warming up exercises
               2. How to string and unstring the bow
               3. Basic pronouncement before shooting
               4. Basic pronouncement after hitting the target
               5. The Ten principles of shooting.
               6. Basic shooting at a target 15 paces away
               7. One Hadith memorised on the bow

   4.5.       If successful an archer is then expected to make an intention to officially
              begin their journey on the syllabus.




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  4.6.   After this stage is passed beginners are encouraged to buy their own
         equipment since priority for club equipment is for new members and
         beginners.



5. Gradings

  5.1.   Gradings have been designed to make the archery fun, to keep archers
         interested in the sport as well as giving everyone a chance to measure their
         own progress.

  5.2.   The progress chart has been specifically developed by the Sacred Archery
         Society to help members measure their skills and also plan their next
         progression.

  5.3.   This chart has been split into five disciplines, each discipline has it’s own set
         of levels. There are a total of 5 levels altogether.

  5.4.   A member can choose to specialise in a single discipline by trying to progress
         as far as they can in it. Alternatively members can try to progress in
         different disciplines at different levels. However the lowest level discipline
         is considered to be the archers overall level.




6. Grade Days

  6.1.   Grading days shall be held as and when required as decided by the personnel
         described above. The refereeing of grading shall be by the most senior
         members of the club or club founders or anyone else they may designate this
         role by consensus, ‘ijma’. A minimum of three referees must be present at
         each grading.

  6.2.   If there is more than one member taking the grading, all are to stand in a
         row with those not shooting sitting in line while the archer takes to the
         target. The archer will then shoot his/her number of number of arrows,
         collect the arrows then return them to the referee who will note his/her hit
         rate. They then return to the back of the line and await their next turn.
         Silence is a must for all.

  6.3.   If fail in their attempt to achieve the given grade, at the discretion of the
         referees they will be given another shoot. However, if they fail again they
         will have to wait for another grading day.

  6.4.   It is up to the referees, but the results of the gradings need not be
         announced on the day of the shoot but at a later date.




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6
Explanation of Progress Chart

On the   progress chart there are five disciplines, these are:
   1.    Skills
   2.    Accuracy
   3.    Distance
   4.    Speed
   5.    Combination of Speed and Distance

Everyone must pass two disciplines to achieve an overall level one grade. These are
Distance level one and Skills level one. Since all level two activities are linked to these
two no one is allowed to progress to any level two discipline without first passing these.

Some levels require another discipline to be completed before passing it. For example
level 2 of both speed and distance should be passed before attempting the speed and
distance combination discipline.

It is possible for an archer to be level 1 skills, level 2 Distance and level 5 accuracy or
any other combination of levels so long as the chart allows it.


Disciplines explained

As explained above there are five disciplines associated with Target Archery. Each of
these have been chosen since they relate to specific skills acquired by traditional
archers.

Skills Discipline
This is for the archer to gain an overall control of the bow which is not normally
expected of modern day archers. It is required so that the transition to horse archery
is easier, it is also expected that it will give more confidence to the archers and help
with all the other disciplines.

At level 1 the archer is expected to Load, nock, draw, aim and fire without taking their
eyes off the target. This is one of the most basic requirements in a war scenario where
taking ones eyes off their opponents could be fatal.
This skill must then be observed throughout all subsequent gradings even for non skill
disciplines.

At Level 2 the basic horse riding stances are to be learned, crouching, shooting
forwards for attack and backwards – or the parting (parathion) shot.
Each one of these can be completed at separate gradings, but all must be passed before
the level two grade is awarded.

At level 3 two skills must be mastered, hitting the target while moving past it, (e.g.
running) also standing still with the archers back to the target then turning 180 degrees
and firing.




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          Each one of these can be completed at separate gradings, but all must be passed before
          the level three grade is awarded.

          At level 4 a low hanging swinging target must be hit. The archer has 20 seconds after
          the swing of the target before he must fire his first shot. All five shots must be
          completed in two minutes.

          At level 5 the archer is now ready to start Horse Archery, also he must show hi
          dedication to the sport by making his own bow. This can even be done before level five,
          but the grade will only be awarded after all the previous grades are passed.

          Accuracy Discipline
          This is the same as standard archery target shooting. All shooting can be done with any
          recurve or traditional bow, but must be done in the barebow style, that is without the
          aid of any modern bow accessories.

          The table below is based on GNAS and FITA ratings but has been reduced to take into
          account that archers will be using barebow techniques.

          The table below is divided into a number of sections, firstly they split into men and
          women, then into indoor and outdoor, finally you have the round types and score required
          for the round. Refer to the information sheet on target archery rounds for a through
          explanation of the terms used here.

          To gain the recognition of a level the archer must reach the score specified in the table,
          in whichever round he chooses at least three times.

          Archers can keep track of their scores using the score sheets provided by the club.
          Only scores kept by an archery partner or witness will be accepted. Archers cannot
          officially score for their own rounds.

                                       Women                                                 Men
                           Indoor                Outdoor                     Indoor                 Outdoor
                   Round            Score   Round         Score    Round               Score   Round        Score
Level 2            Worcester/       100/    Junior        540      Worcester/         150/     Junior      680
                    Portsmouth      300     Windsor                 Portsmouth        350      Windsor
Level 3            Worcester/       150/    Short         540      Worcester/         200/     Short       680
                   Portsmouth       350     Windsor                Portsmouth         400      Windsor
Level 4            Worcester/       200/    Windsor       540      Worcester/         220/     Albion      680
                   Portsmouth       400                            Portsmouth         500
Level 5            Fita 25                  Hereford/     419/     Fita 25                     York/       509/
                                            Fita          332                                  Fita        308
Bowman             Fita 25                  Hereford/     508/     Fita 25                     York/       596/
                                            Fita          417                                  Fita        390
Master Bowman                               Hereford/     571/                                 York/       656/
                                            Fita          477                                  Fita        450
Grandmaster                                 Hereford/     634/                                 York/       716/
                                            Fita          539                                  Fita        511



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Distance Discipline
This discipline is the art of shooting at a long distance. It is by far the most useful
skills for the footman to have. This discipline is broken down into three parts:
      Clout
      Puta
      Flight

Clout shooting

The purpose here is to place the arrow on or as close to the clout. The ‘clout’ will be
represented by a post or flag. Score is determined by the distance of the arrow from
the flag:
     18 inches = 5 points
     3 feet = 4 points
     6 feet = 3 points
     9 feet = 2 points
     12 feet = 1 point

Distance will vary depending on how much space the club has available this can be
anything from 100-240 yards, a good average should be 180 yards if possible.

Puta Shooting

This is a form of Turkish archery where the archers would take aimed shots at targets
165-200m away. The target is called a Puta and it measures 100x70cm. This is a very
small taget to hit from such a distance for club archers so I suggest we use the
traditional Korean range which is about 6foot by 4 foot.

Flight Shooting

Flight shooting is where you send an arrow as far as possible without aiming at a target.
Turks excelled at this sport above all others. There were four classes of archer, they
fell into the category of length they were able to shoot.

These were Seniors, 900’s, 1000’s, and 1100’s. These measurements are in gez, 100 gez
is assumed to be about 68 yards, therefore these would translate as: 610, 680 and 750
yards. The current Australian requirements for flight shooting are:


GROUPS                                           DISTANCE (metres)

                                     GMB          MB          1st.     2nd.     3rd.

MEN                                     700         600        500      400     300

WOMEN & UNDER 18 BOYS                   600         500        400      300     200

UNDER 18 GIRLS                          430         340        250      200     150

UNDER 16 BOYS & GIRLS                   430         340        250      200     150



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Speed Discipline
The basic idea is to develop fast firing and instinctive reflexes with the bow. This will
help in bow normal archery as well as horse archery.

In this discipline the target is only needed to be hit at 15 paces, this is because we are
developing speed and not accuracy.

The beginners guide to archery states that a good archer should be able to fire three
arrows, and to have the third arrow in the air before the first arrow lands.

Combination Discipline
This is the Speed and Distance disciplines combined, the archer should after some time
complete both successfully and instinctively.




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