ART Lesson Plan Solar System

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ART Lesson Plan Solar System Powered By Docstoc
					Art Education Lesson Plan Template

Your Name: Sarah Jansen
Unit Title: Solar System: Science                        Room Number:
Grade Level: 1st       Day/Date Lesson Taught: 5/3/10    Time of Lesson: 11:15am
Lesson Title: Constellations
Number of Students: 25         This is the 3rd Lesson of projected lessons this unit

This Integrated Arts unit has been planned for first graders and focuses on the Solar
System. Each subject area will focus on different aspects of the planets and their
characteristics. The unit study will show students how Earth is habitable to humans. It is
important for students to learn about and understand the solar system because they need
to be aware of the idea that earth is not the only planet in the universe. It is also essential
for students to recognize the way in which the Solar System works and the order in which
the planets are placed in relation to each other, the sun, and the moon. The theme of the
Solar System fits into all subject areas, and not only in Science. For example, in history,
students have the opportunity to learn how the planets came to be, who discovered them,
or even the dates when human kind has traveled into outer space. The Solar System is a
field in which scientists continually study and discover new information. For example, it
was recently discovered that Pluto no longer fits into the category of a planet. Because
this subject area will always be an area of study, students will have experience with the
Solar System in the real world.

This theme is interesting to teach because it compares other planets with earth and the
differences between them. The Solar System portrays a certain aspect of mystery and it is
always exciting to see students enjoy learning about a topic that is very different from
what they are used to. The Solar System can be taught through active learning in many
ways. Students have the opportunity to do independent research and discover facts they
find to be interesting on their own. This also poses an opportunity for teachers to show
their students how to use hands-on tools such as binocular or a telescope. Another
interesting way to present this theme through activities would be to show students how to
star gaze. The Solar System can be connected to art in many ways. Students can draw or
view pictures of the planets, create a paper mache solar system, construct their own
planet, create a diorama, etc… Art can depict the Solar System in numerous ways, in all
subject areas.
Description of what this lesson is about and why it is important for students to learn this

This lesson is about the shape and names of the major constellations and the
constellations visible during the season this lesson takes place. It is also important for
students to understand that constellations are made up of stars in the galaxy that are
grouped together to form a shape that is recognizable to the human eye or through a
telescope. Students should understand that the solar system is not only made up of
planets, but also of many other components such as stars and galaxies. By creating a
pattern of the major constellations, students will be able to recognize them in them in the
sky themselves.
Students will be placing markers (stickers) on a piece of paper where the stars in a
constellation would be located in outer space and how they would be seen from earth.
This will allow students to get an idea of what to look for in the sky. This lesson will also
be taking place during the spring, so students will have an understanding that not all
constellations can be seen at all times, but there are a specific few major constellations
that can be seen during the Spring season and year round. Students will have the
opportunity to view artwork created by artists of outer space and further create their own
artwork by recreating constellations.

What Goals/Standards (local, state, national) does this lesson address?
    1. Content Standard 2: Using knowledge of structures and functions.
    2. Content Standard 3: Choosing and evaluating a range of subject matter symbols,
       and ideas.
    3. Achievement Standard: The students will work with the basic elements of art
       (line, shape, space, color, texture, form, value).
           National Standards applied: Standard: 1 Standard: 2
    4. Achievement Standard: The student will learn to follow directions and work in
       group situations.
            National Standards applied: Standard: 2 Standard: 5

What will students learn through this lesson? What specific knowledge, skills, and/or
attitudes should students gain or develop through this lesson?

During this lesson, students will be creating a few of the major constellations seen in the
sky year round and the constellations seen during the Spring Season on a piece of paper.
This project will take place after the students have seen examples of the constellations
and what they look like to the human eye. The students will also be viewing art created
by artists who have created a piece to represent the solar system and space.

As previously stated, students will be learning facts about the major constellations and
which seasons certain constellations can be seen. They will be learning specific facts
about the constellations seen in spring and how constellations are made up of groups of
stars. Students will also be working on accuracy by creating an outline of constellations
as closely as possible to their actual form. As each student finishes their constellation art
project, they will be working on explaining by showing the class their constellations and
what they know about the constellations they created. Finally, students will be working
on understanding and appreciating the artwork other artists has created of space.

       A. Teacher Materials
   -   Pictures of the major constellations and constellations seen in spring
   -   Examples of artwork created of the solar system and space
   -   Book of constellations for each table of students to look at during creation of art
       B. Student Materials (with cost)
   -   Dark colored paper (black or dark blue) (pack of construction paper: $3.00)
   -   White crayons
   -   Small/medium sized star stickers ($2.00 per pack)
   -   Dark paper with drawn on pattern of constellations (special needs students)

Throughout the Lesson Plan, Note Accommodations for Students with Special

    A. Starting the Lesson Description of Transition/Motivation
The teacher will review what the students have already learned about the solar system
and space, and then transition into constellations. The teacher will explain to the students
that constellations are shapes in the night sky formed by clusters of stars. The teacher will
then have a read aloud with the students. Next, the teacher will then show the students
pictures or sketches of the major constellations they may have already seen in the sky
(big dipper, little dipper etc…) The teacher will then further show the class a map of the
constellations in the sky. After the students are familiar with the idea of what
constellations are, the teacher will introduce the idea that some constellations are seen
during specific seasons of the year, and which constellations are seen during spring
(season the lesson is being taught in). After having an understanding of this concept,
students will view artwork created by artists representing the solar system and outer

    B. Behavioral Expectations What are the students expected to do as they function
        in the classroom?
During this lesson, students are expected to pay attention during the introductory lesson
by the teacher and volunteer when he/she prompts them with questions. Students are also
expected to share art materials during the project with the other students at their tables.
They are also expected to share their artwork at the end of the lesson and describe
through their art project what they have learned about constellations.

    C. Organizer How will students be informed of the goals and major activities of this
Students will understand the goals of this lesson after they have completed the art
activity. Students will be told at the beginning of the lesson that they will be coming
away from the lesson with an understanding of the major constellations. They will view
pictures and see maps of the constellations, but by creating their own, they will be
working with specific constellations and actually remember what they look like when
looking into the night sky. The art project is helping students to further remember what
the constellations look like and that they are made up of stars. The art that will be shown
to the class that has been created by artists, will further emphasis to the students the
complexity of space, the solar system, and constellations.

   D. Lesson Sequence (Also referred to as scripting or timing)

             Teacher Actions                           Expected Learner Actions
   Include Questions to Ask Students
   - Teacher reads to the class Stars,             -   Students name characteristics of the
       Stars, Stars by Bob Barner                      stars
   - As the planets are described, ask the         -   Respond to prompted questions by
       students to name the planets they               teacher
       have previously learned in the unit
   - Name characteristics of stars
   - Teacher introduces constellations             -   Special Needs students will be
   - Characteristics of constellations                 provided with a coloring book of
       (ie…made up of stars, some show                 the constellations and a
       only on certain seasons)                        characteristic about each one next
   - Teacher shows class pictures of                   to the constellation
       constellations                              -   Students state whether they have
   - Teacher shows class map of                        seen images or patterns in the sky
       constellations                                  and when they saw them
   - Teacher asks is students have every
       noticed shapes in the sku
   - - Teacher shows students artwork              -   Students explain what draws them
       created of outer space to                       to each piece of artwork and what
       demonstrate complexity                          stands out (color, shape, sizes
   - Website: http://www.outer-space-                  etc…)                            -   Students discuss in their groups
   - Teacher asks that stands out to                   what they like about each piece of
       students in artwork                             artwork

   -   Begin art Project                           -   Each student is to create the shape
   -   Pass out supplies: dark sheet of                of 2 to 3 constellations with the star
       paper, white crayon, and star                   stickers (book of constellations will
       stickers to each student.                       show where the stars should be
   -   Book of constellations created by               placed) on the dark sheet of paper
       teacher for each table of students          -   Students will then connect the stars
   -   Special needs students will be                  with a white crayon to create the
       provided with the outline of the                shape of the constellation
       constellation already on the paper          -   Underneath each constellation, the
       and where each star sticker should              students will write the name of the
       be placed                                       constellation
                                                   -   Special needs student will place the
                                                       star sticker where it is labeled on
                                                       the paper and will draw with white
                                                       crayon along the line already
                                                       printed on the paper
   -   Teacher asks students how this art          -   Students should understand that this
       project can be useful in their                  project can be used to identify
       everyday lives                                  constellations if students are
   -   Teacher asks students to identify               looking into the night sky
       constellations that can be seen in          -   Students name the major
       the spring                                      constellations seen in the spring

    A. Closure of Lesson What will you do to end this lesson?
At the end of the lesson, students will stand up and show to the class which constellations
they have chosen to draw and for what reason. While presenting their piece of artwork,
the student will also explain if the constellations can be seen all year or only in

   B. Transition to Next Lesson How does what happens in this lesson set the state for
        what will occur in the following lesson?
The following lessons will focus on specific aspects of the planets, solar system, and
outer space. This will give students an understanding of the many components of outer
space and the complexity of each of the aspects.

VIII. ASSESSMENT OF STUDENT LEARNING How will you collect information
on what students gained from this lesson? How will you evaluate that information? (See
Learner Outcomes)
To evaluate what the students have learned from this lesson, the students will be asked to
spend a few minutes at night looking at the stars to see if they can identify any of the
major constellations we have focused on during their lesson. When they come into school
the next day, they will be asked to explain what constellation they saw in the night sky.

determine what went well or not so well in teaching this lesson? Often the lesson is
evaluated after it has been taught through teacher reflection or journal writing.

I will know that this lesson went well if students are able to recreate the shapes of major
constellations. If they are having trouble making the outlines with the star stickers, I will
know that they need more of a pattern to follow on the paper. I will also know whether or
not the lesson went well if the students are able to explain the constellations they made
during their project to the class and characteristics about constellations in particular.
Read Aloud Book: Barner, B. Stars, Stars, Stars. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2002
Artists: Chesley Bonestell, David A. Hardy, Frank Hettick, Gary Tonge


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