3 Responsibilities

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					     Responsibilities

          Dwight Sale
Crane Safety on Construction Sites
            Chapter 3
     Identifying Responsibilities

• Construction safety can be successfully influenced by owners

• Contractor is the key organization

• Many other participating organizations are not on the
  construction site
   – Responsible Organizations (13) – crane manufacturers to industrial
     associations
   – Work Performed (15) – collective group of diverse tasks Responsible
     Organizations perform
   – Responsibility Level (9) – degree and nature of Responsible
     Organization’s link with Work Performed item
        Crane Safety Responsibility Matrix
           Responsible                                                                    Agencies/
           Organization                                                                    Agents                                                        Construction                         Project1                                                               Crane




                                                                                                                                                                                              Architect & Engineer (A&E)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Owner (Public or Private)
                                                                           Certification (Personnel)




                                                                                                                                Service Provider (SP)2




                                                                                                                                                                       Construction Manager
                                                  Professional Societies
                          Industry Associations




                                                                                                                                                                       Prime Contractor/




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Manufacturer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Crane Owner
                                                                                                                   Regulatory
                                                                                                       Standards




                                                                                                                                                                       (PC/CM)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 RESPONSIBILITY LEVELS




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Certifier
                                                                                                                                                            Utilizer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A = Action Agent Primary.
Work Performed
Project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          a = Action Agent Secondary.
Contract Document         G                       G                        G                           G           G                                                                          A                            p                                                                     G = Guidance.
Crane
Design                    G                                                                            G                                                                                                                                                                                         p = Primary Responsibility.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  P
Fabrication               G                                                                            G                                                                                                                                                                          P              P = Primary Responsibility plus Primary
Manuals                   G                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       P                    Action Agent.
Certification             G                                                                            G           R               S                                                                                                                   p               A          S              S = Secondary Responsibility.
Operation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 C = Sets crane capability.
Crane Safety Plan                                                                                                  R               S                        a                 P                                                                                                   C
Transport (On-Site)                                                                                                R               P                                                                                                                                              C              R = Makes rules.
Transport (Off-Site)                                                                                               R               S                                                                                                                   P                          C              Blank - No designated responsibility
Erection                                                                                                           R               P                                                                                                                                              C
Use                                                                                                                R               P                                                                                                                                              C
Dismantling                                                                                                        R               P                                                                                                                                              C
The Training of:3
Managers                  G                       G                                                                                                         p                  p                                                                                                  G
Supervisors               G                       G                                                                                                         p                  p                                                                                                  G
Riggers                   G                       G                        a                                                                                S                  S                                                                                                  G
Operators                 G                       G                        a                                       S               S                        S                  S                                                                                                  G
            Responsibilities
• Crane Manufacturer
  – Design and Fabrication
  – Sets crane capability data
  – Product liability
  – Sends rep to supervise initial assembly
  – Training and manuals/aids for use
             Responsibilities

• Crane Certifier
  – Physically determines crane is mechanically
    and structurally able to perform within criteria
  – Issues certificate
  – Independent of manufacturer, owner or
    service provider
            Responsibilities
• Crane Owner
  – Obtaining crane certification
  – Action agent for transport on and off site
• Project Owner
  – Contract documents
  – May delegate to A&E
  – Ensures A&E performs duties
           Responsibilities
• PC/CM
 – Overall project safety
 – Development of Crane Safety Plan and
   enforcement of plan
 – Training of managers and supervisors
 – Ensuring certification/training of riggers and
   operators
 – Safety training of other employees on site
            Responsibilities
• User
  – Prepares lift plans
  – Training of User’s managers and supervisors
• Service Provider
  – Transport, erection, use and dismantling
  – Ensures up-to-date certification from crane
    owner

				
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