THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT � The Future of the Youth Service by 1E6CH1

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									THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
     The Future of the Youth Service




            David Cracknell
 Separated, Networked or Integrated?
           25 November 2009
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
   The Future of the Youth Service

Mind the Metaphors!
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

            Discussion Group 3: INTEGRATED SERVICES

 The establishment of the Education and Skills Authority will facilitate greater
 complementarity between formal and non-formal education.
 It is also recognised that other sectors have a significant engagement with
 children and young people (e.g. health and social services).
 Community planning will enable District Councils to play a greater role in the
 future.


 This discussion group will facilitate an exploration of how
 improved linkages can be made between related services for
 children and young people.


Separated, Networked or Integrated?
      THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
         The Future of the Youth Service



           COLLABORATIVE
             CONTINUUM

Cooperate < > Collaborate <>Network <> Partner <> Integrate
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
   The Future of the Youth Service
             NETWORKS
                                              Widely shared
                                            Network Purposes




                                      Activists            Activists
                                      Purposes            Motivation




                                               Increasing
                                             Motivation, wider
                                              participation

 Effective Networks in their initial stages focus on a limited
                 number of processes:
    -articulating shared values and a common focus
    -building trust and mutual knowledge
    -developing a strategic approach
  (Hadfield and Chapman,2007, Leading School-based Networks)
 THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
    The Future of the Youth Service



Purpose of Integration?
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
   The Future of the Youth Service

      Why should we Integrate?
  •   Political Control and Accountability?
  •   Professional Self-Defence?
  •   Collaborative Dividends?
  •   Systemic Efficiency?
  •   Safeguarding and Risk Management?
  •   Client Demand?
  •   Modelling Integrated Living?
  •   Securing Wellbeing of Young People?
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
   The Future of the Youth Service



People who integrate?
 THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
    The Future of the Youth Service

2020 Children and Young People’s
      Workforce Strategy
           (DCSF/CWDC - Dec 2008)


– Ambitious for every child and young
  person
– Excellent in their practice
– Committed to partnership & integrated
  working
– Respected and valued as professionals
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service
                 New Professionalism




          Cabinet Office: ‘Excellence and Fairness’ 2008
‘new professionalism’ for “all people who work in public services”
    to “unleash the creativity of those who work at the front line”
       THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
          The Future of the Youth Service

    Complexity of One Workforce Landscape
inter-agency (between two different agencies)
multi-agency (across more than two agencies)
inter-professional (between two professions)
multi-professional (across more than two professions)
trans-professional (bringing more than one profession
   together to create new and adapted professional
   processes and practices).

(It can be argued that trans-professional working is most clearly represented in
     the Northern European and Scandinavian notions of social pedagogy)
      THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
         The Future of the Youth Service
         Common Core of Skills and Knowledge
            for the Children’s Workforce
Designed to develop a culture of inter-agency working to improve and
enhance outcomes for children and young people - basis for a long-term
change aimed at creating a new and re-shaped children’s workforce. Key
tool for promoting integrated services for children, young people, families.


 1.   Effective communication and engagement
 2.   Child and young person development
 3.   Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of the child
 4.   Supporting transitions
 5.   Multi-agency working
 6.   Sharing information
 7.   Communicating and engaging effectively with children,
      young people and families
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service
  Championing Children: a shared set of skills,
knowledge and behaviours for those leading and
     managing integrated children’s services
     Involves leading and management of integrated working
              and providing effective supervision

1.   Achieving outcomes
2.   Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of the child
3.   Providing direction
4.   Leading and managing change
5.   Working with people
6.   Managing information
7.   Communicating and engaging effectively with children,
     young people and families
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

One Children’s Workforce Framework
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

One Children’s Workforce Framework
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

One Children’s Workforce Framework
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

One Children’s Workforce Framework
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

One Children’s Workforce Framework
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

One Children’s Workforce Framework
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

One Children’s Workforce Framework
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
   The Future of the Youth Service



Places to Integrate?
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
   The Future of the Youth Service
Collaborative multi-professional practitioner
enquiry offers a way forward in the
development of the shared language and
common understandings from which a ‘trans-
professional knowledge base’ might grow.
...practitioner research is instrumental in
moving beyond established ‘communities of
practice’ and towards the development of
‘professional learning communities’.
...when practitioner enquiry is open and critical
it can be very effective in stimulating inter-
professional dialogue opening up spaces and
offering opportunities for professionals to
theorise their own action and to relate this to
the practice of others.
                             (Hulme & Cracknell, 2009)
  THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
     The Future of the Youth Service

‘We set out to explore the idea of practitioner
enquiry through Action Learning Sets and small
scale practice –based inquiry as “Third Spaces”
that play a significant role in the process of
reflection and change. We came to see these
structured experiences as ‘sites’ where
practitioners could think and develop, individually
and collectively, and where the process of change
could be nurtured, drawing on but not constrained
and dominated by, the influence of current
practice or the requirements of policy to initiate
‘solutions’ to ‘problems’.
                          (Zeichner, Homi Bhaba, Aoki)
  THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
     The Future of the Youth Service

       Third Space and Hybridity Theory
    Bhabha (1994) develops notions of cultural
   exchange and inter-disciplinarity that occupy a
  space between competing cultural traditions, an
 innovative site of collaboration, and contestation
 where ‘border discourse’ takes place. He goes on
to develop a hybridity paradigm, arguing that this
  ‘third space’ is a ‘hybrid site’ that witnesses the
    production, rather than just the reflection of
  cultural meaning. He explores settings in which
  people are not bound in antagonistic binarisms.
   THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
      The Future of the Youth Service
   Practitioner Enquiry as Third Space...
                                            Third
                                            Space
Build bridges between
professional knowledges             First            Second
and discourses.                    Space             Space


                                            Third
Navigational space to cross                 Space
and succeed in different
                                    First            Second
discourse communities.
                                   Space             Space


Conversational space - cultural,             Third
social and knowledge space                   Space
where competing discourses
“converse” and are challenged .     First             Second
                                   Space              Space

   (Moje ,2004:43-44).
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
   The Future of the Youth Service



Integrating Processes?
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
   The Future of the Youth Service
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
   The Future of the Youth Service




            Hardiker Model
 THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
    The Future of the Youth Service




– Safeguarding
– Common Assessment Framework
– Lead Professional
– Social Pedagogy
– Family Support Systems
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

                 TEN TIPS FOR COLLABORATING
1. Don’t do it unless you have to!
2. Budget more time than you expect.
3. Understand other agendas, protect your own.
4. Build trust through small steps or wins.
5. Pay attention to communication.
6. Expect other organisations to do things differently.
7. Give your representatives sufficient freedom to act.
8. Understand and manage power.
9. Make things happen by facilitation and direct action.
10. Assume continual change, do not expect to be wholly in
   control and drive it with energy, commitment, skill and
   continual nurturing.

  EMBRACING > EMPOWERING > INVOLVING > MOBILIZING

 (Huxham & Vangen, 2005: Managing to Collaborate: the theory of collaborative advantage.)
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

Lord I know, and I know you know I know
this is a drudge’s penance. Only dull scholars
or cowherds maddened with cow-watching
will ever read The Grey Psalter of Antrim.
I have copied it these thirteen years
Waiting for the good bits - High King of the Roads,
Are there any good bits in The Grey Psalter of
   Antrim?

   (Ian Duhig: Margin Prayer from an Ancient Psalter)

								
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