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					• Nanotechnology Program Elements - Nanoelectronics and Computing - Sensors - Structural Materials

Nanoelectronics and Computing
•Molecular electronics & photonics •Computing architecture •Assembly

Sensors
•Life detection •Crew health & safety •Vehicle health

Structural Materials
•Composites •Multifunctional materials •Self healing

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Onboard computing systems for future autonomous intelligent vehicles - powerful, compact, low power consumption, radiation hard High performance computing (Tera- and Peta-flops) - processing satellite data - integrated space vehicle engineering - climate modeling

• • • • • • •

Revolutionary computing technologies Smart, compact sensors, ultrasmall probes Advanced miniaturization of all systems Microspacecraft 'Thinking' spacecraft Micro-, nano-rovers for planetary exploration Novel materials for future spacecraft

NASA Nanotechnology Roadmap
C A P A B I L I T Y
Multi-Functional Materials Multi-Functional Materials Autonomous Spacecraft (40% less mass) Adaptive Self-Repairing Space Missions

High Strength Materials (>10 GPa)

Reusable Launch Vehicle (20% less mass, 20% less noise)

Revolutionary Aircraft Concepts (30% less mass, 20% less emission, 25% increased range)

Bio-Inspired Materials and Processes

Increasing levels of system design and integration Materials • Single-walled nanotube fibers • Low-Power CNT electronic components • In-space nanoprobes • Nanotube composites • Molecular computing/data storage • Nano flight system components 2004 2006 • Integral thermal/shape control • Fault/radiation tolerant electronics • Quantum navigation sensors 2011 • Smart “skin” materials • Nano electronic “brain” for space Exploration • Integrated nanosensor systems • Biomimetic material systems • Biological computing

Electronics/ computing

Sensors, s/c components 2002

• NEMS flight systems @ 1 µW

2016

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Nanoelectronics and Computing Roadmap
Impact on Space Transportation, Space Science and Earth Science 2002 2005 2010 2015
hν eSensor Web

Mission Complexity

Robot Colony Nano-electronic components Europa Sub
Ultra high density storage

RLV

Biological Molecules

Biomimetic, radiation resistant molecular computing

CNT Devices

Compute Capacity

Nanosensor Roadmap
Impact on Space Transportation, HEDS, Space Science and Astrobiology

2002

2005

2010

2015
Optical Sensors for Synthetic Vision

Mission Complexity

Sensor Web
Nanotube Vibration Sensor for Propulsion Diagnostics

2020

Mars Robot Colony Europa Sub

Multi-sensor Arrays (Chemical, optical and bio)

Bi os en so rs

Spacestation

Sharp CJV

2003 ISPP 1999 DSI RAX Missions too early for nanotechnology impact

Nanopore for in situ biomark-sensor

Sensor Capacity

Nano-Materials Roadmap
Impact on Space Transportation, Space Science and HEDS 2002 2005 2010 2015
Generation 3 RLV HEDS Habitats

Mission Complexity

CNT Tethers
RLV Cryo Tanks Production of single CNT
NANOTUBE COMPOSITES
SO - H 3
+

SELF-HEALING MATERIALS
SO - H 3 Ca++
+

SO - H +
3

SO3 Ca++ SO3

-

SO3 Ca++ SO3

-

SO3 Ca++ SO3

-

Non-tacky temperature

Tacky

SELF-ASSEMBLING MATERIALS MULTIFUNCTIONAL MATERIALS

Strong Smart Structures Nanotextiles

CNT = Carbon Nanotubes

Biomimetics and Bio-inspired Systems
Impact on Space Transportation, Space Science and Earth Science 2002 2010 2020 2030

Mission Complexity

Embryonics Self Assembled Array

Space Transportation

Biologically inspired aero-space systems Sensor Web Extremophiles

Brain-like computing

Mars in situ life detector

Skin and Bone
Self healing structure and thermal protection systems

DNA Computing Biological nanopore low resolution Artificial nanopore high resolution Biological Mimicking