Miami University Office of Residence Life by Xu34Z7


									                       Miami University Office of Residence Life
                     The Center for Residential Learning Initiatives
                         Community Development Model

        The Office of Residence Life (ORL) strongly believes that the most effective
manner to achieve its mission is to build community. Community enables growth,
learning, and self-authorship. Community promotes interaction, friendship, respect,
inclusion, celebration, and fun.
        We recognize that every community is different, thus the achievement of
community will vary. Each Adviser, along with her/his staff and in consultation with
their Coordinator will construct their own Community Development action plan utilizing
the Community Development model as a guide. Through on-going evaluation, the
dynamic communities built by our students and staff will continue to develop and

The ORL Community Development Model is composed of 3 parts.
Part 1: Needs Assessment
Part 2: Strategies
Part 3: Earnest Boyer’s six principals/pillars of community

Part 1: Needs Assessment

        Every living learning community at Miami is different. Whether it is a first-year,
upper-class, or mixed-year hall, the level of student development, needs, and interests
will vary. This is why it is important to tailor your community building activities to the
students you live with.

       Certain progressive themes in student needs are evident in each class year:
                                First year: Connection
                              Second year: Contribution
                    Third & Fourth years: Transition & Citizenship

        There are many ways to figure out what needs the students in your community
are. Some examples include direct observation, questionnaires, consultation with student
leaders, or a review of relevant literature. Think about what problems, impending
changes, and new directions the students are facing. Also look at the strengths,
knowledge, and mandatory training the students already have. Finally, figure out what
you want to achieve with the students. Often this will lead you to where to begin!

Part 2: Strategies

       Too often, community building is looked at as just programming and bulletin
boards. It is important to infuse community building into all aspects of a student’s
experience in their living learning community. There are six ways that ORL recommends
focusing community development on in the hall.

1. Early five-week events: Events and discussions occurring in the first five weeks of the
semester. This time period is crucial for setting the tone for the community for the year.
Some areas to focus on at this time include: Establishing connections, personal safety,
fire safety, impact of high risk alcohol use, diversity, and academic success.
2. Passive events: Anything educational that requires no human interaction. This can
include bulletin boards, wearing ribbons, or handing out facts on something, etc.
3. Corridor events: Events tailored specifically to a corridor.
4. All hall events: Events advertised and designed for the entire hall.
5. Staff Initiatives: Building community within the hall staff. This can include
professional development opportunities, teambuilding, and recognition programs.
6. One to one interactions: This is the way that people talk with each other and the
messages they send. This can include leaving your door open or closed, talking about
diversity issues, and thanking people.

Part 3: Earnest Boyer’s Six Principals/Pillars of Community
Campus Life: In Search of Community. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching; Ernest
L. Boyer (frwd.); Princeton, New Jersey; 1990.

       The ORL subscribes to Ernest Boyer’s six principles of community, which are
purposeful, open, just, disciplined, caring, and celebrative. These principles incorporate
the tenets of the University’s Human Diversity statement as well as the ORL’s goal to
provide a safe and supportive environment promoting academic success, personal
development, involvement in campus life, and understanding of intercultural issues.

                           ... a place where students, faculty, and staff share goals
                           and collaborate for personal development, value
                           clarification, and learning; a place where creativity and
                           innovation are expressed.
  ...a purposeful
                           Community Connections Initiatives - with faculty, staff, students,
                           and campus/Oxford community, ex: Mega Fair, Convocation, etc.
                           Personal Development Initiatives – self esteem, body image, etc
                           Social Skills Initiatives
                           Academic Initiatives - study skills, time management, etc.
                           Staff Initiatives - team development/building, self reflection,
                           leadership and training events.

                           ... a place where freedom of expression is honored and
                           where civility is powerfully affirmed; a place that fosters
                           dialogue and advocacy. open               Ideas:
  community                Ethical Issues Exploration - death penalty, technology, and
                           globalization, etc.
                           Current World Events- Iraqi war, immigration issues, etc.
                           Staff Initiatives- exploring inter-cultural, inter-gender, inter-
                           coastal/regional issues, and inter-group/personal communication

                           ... a place where the value of each person is paramount
                           and where diversity education is pursued.
  ...a just                Multicultural Initiatives- corridor diversity discussions, and Center
  commnunity               for American and World Cultures events, etc.
                           Social Justice Education- AIDS awareness and care, fair trade,
                           world conflict, immigration, global hunger and homelessness, etc.
                           Cultural Activities- campus events
                           Staff Initiatives- Social Justice Series

                           ... a place where individuals accept their obligations to the
                           group and where well-defined policies and procedures
                           guide responsible decision-making for the common good.
  .. a disciplined         Ideas:
  community                Academic Initiatives
                           Choice Matters Initiatives- decision making skills, self and
                           community accountability
                           Staff Initiatives- peer accountability, self accountability (dedication
                           and commitment)
                   ... a place where the well-being of each member is
                   compassionately supported and where service to others is
...a caring        Community Service Initiatives - Oxford Family Resource Center,
community          Planned Parenthood, etc.
                   Personal Wellness Initiatives - alcohol edu, eating disorders, etc.
                   Hall Recognition Initiatives - contest winner, talent showcases, etc.
                   Corridor Recognition Initiatives - corridor birthdays,
                   accomplishment of the week, resident of the week, etc.
                   Staff Initiatives- service learning, outreach, etc.

                   ... a place where the heritage of the institution is
                   remembered and where rituals affirming both tradition
                   and change are widely shared.
...a celebrative   Ideas:
community          Social Activity Initiatives - UC kickoff, After Dark, LLC kickoff
                   Historical Exploration Initiatives - Myaamia Natives, McGuffey
                   Museum, etc.
                   Staff Initiatives - staff recognition, staff development (social), staff
                   birthdays grades and accomplishments, etc.

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