cover a story have a nose for a story a trick by Xu34Z7

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									Warming up

1. Do you want to get some information
   everyday? How can you get the
   information?
   There are so many ways to get
   information, but reading newspapers
   is one of the oldest.
2. Can you guess how complex it is to
  make news?
 This class we’ll learn a passage about
  how to make news. Let’s come to the
  passage.
Task 1
  Read the text and try to get the main
idea of it.
  The passage tells us the process of
writing and printing for a newspaper
article.
Task 2

Answer the following questions:
1.What was Zhou Yang’s first assignment/
  task?
 His first task was to write his story.
2. How many people read his article before
  it was ready to be processed into film
  negative? Who were they and what did
  they say about the article?
  Before it was ready to be processed into
  film negative, an editor from his
  department, the copy-editor, the native
  speaker, the chief editor and the news
  desk editor read his article.
Task 3

  Work out the writing and printing
process of an article. And complete
the chart in Ex1 on page 31.
1. You go to an            2. You do some
interview to get the       research to see if
information for        →   the story is true or
                           not.
your story.




                                   →
4. You give the            3. You begin to
article to sub-
editor to check.       ←   write the story
                           using notes from
                           the interview.
5. The article is
                           6. The last stage the
given to a native
                           article is checked
speaker to check the
use of English and     →   /approved by the chief
                           editor.
improve the style.




                                     →
                           7. All the stories and
8. The first
                           photos are set and the
edition of a news
paper is made.
                       ←   color negatives for the
                           printing are made
                           ready.
Language Points
1. edition 版本,书报等一次发行总数
<归纳拓展>
editor n. 编辑
editorial adj. (定语) 编辑的 n. 社论, 社评
edit v.   编辑, 剪辑
edit sth. out of (sth.)   删除
2. department
(政府, 企业, 商店, 大学等的)部,司,局,
处, 科, 部门, 系
The Education Department
The sales department
3. task 任务
a piece of (esp. hard or unpleasant)
work that has to be done.
必须要做的工作(尤指困难或讨厌的);
Learning English well is a difficult task.
学好英语是一项艰难的任务。
v. ~ sb with sth 将…作为任务交与某人
He was tasked with the design of a new
shopping center.
他被派给设计新的购物中心的任务。
4. accurate adj.正确无误的,精确的,准确的
<归纳拓展>
accuracy n. 准确, 精确
precise adj. 精确的, 独特的, 精细的
exact adj. 正确的, 准确的, 严谨的, 精密的
accurately adv. 精确, 准确
correct adj.   正确的, 准确
1) ________ statistics, measurements,
   Accurate
   calculations, are very important.
2) It’s impossible to say with any
   ________ how many are affected.
   accuracy
               ______
3) This is the correct dress for a formal
   dinner.
         ____
4) The exact time is three minutes and
   thirty-five seconds.
                          ______
5) They both came here at exactly the
  same time.
         precise
6) He is ______ in everything.
7) The diagram had been copied with
        ________.
  great precision
8) He is a man with a precise mind.
                      ______
5. employ 雇佣某人
She’s employed as a taxi driver.
They employ him to look after the baby.
6. polish
a. ..(sth) (up) (with sth) 磨光,擦亮
… (up) furniture/shoes with a cloth
用布把家具/鞋擦亮
b. (比喻)修正,修改,修饰(某事物)
… a speech/ an article
给讲稿/文章润色
… sth off (口)迅速的作完某事
He polishes off the letter.
7. note
v. 注意, 观察, 记录
n. 摘记, 短信, 注释, 纸币, 音调, 暗示, 含义
note down 记录
noted adj. 闻名的,著名的
take / make a note of 记录
sound/ strike a note of 表现出, 提出警告
compare notes 交流看法
8. chief adj. 最重要的,主要的,最高权威的
   辨析: chief, principal 和 major
   chief 主要的,首要的 指人时表示地位
   高、权力大, 指物时表示重要。
   principal 首要的,主要的 正式用语
   由于某中重要性而具有首要的地位。
   major 主要的,首要的 指与他物相对比
   时突出显赫的地位。
翻译句子。
1. 他是我们的处长。
   He is the chief of my department.
2. 那场意外事故的主要原因是什么?
   What’s the chief cause of the accident?
3. 上海是中国的主要城市之一。
   Shanghai is one of the chief cities
   of China.
9. approve v. 赞成,认可,满意,批准,通过
  approval n. 赞成、同意、认可
  on approval
 (指货物)不满意可以退换的
  approving adj. 赞许的、认可的
  approved school
 少年罪犯教养院(感化院)
1) You can join the class if your mother
   approves.
   你可以参加这个班, 如果你母亲同意的
   话。
2) You made a good decision, and I
   thoroughly approve it.
   你作出了一个好决定, 我不折不扣(衷
   心)地表示赞同。
3) She received many approving
  glances.
  她赢得了很多赞许的目光。
4) I don’t approve of smoking in bed.
  我不赞成躺在床上吸烟。
10. process 步骤,程序,过程
Reforming the education system will be
a difficult process.
教育制度的改革将是一个艰苦的过程。
11. appointment n.
  任命, 委派, 工作, 职位, 约会, 预约
  appoint v. 任命, 委派确定或决定某事物
  appoint that sth. (shall be done)命令某事
  take an appointment   就职
  by appointment     按照约定
  keep/ break ones appointment 守/违约
  make/ fix an appointment with与某人约会
12. When do you think is convenient
  for you?
  句中do you think 作插入语,英语中
  do you think / suppose / believe/
  imagine 等和疑问代词或疑问副词连
  用时, 常把疑问代(副)词置于句首,
  而把do you think置于句中。
提示: do you think 置于句中,句子的
语序应该为正常语序, 不再使用倒装
语序; 这类结构也可以用于定语从句
里作为插入语。
(1) What do you think _______?
A. is he interested in B. interested he
C. he is interested in D. does he interest
√
(2) Who do you think _____?
A. broke the window
√
B. of breaking the window
C. to break the window
D. did he break the window
13. senior adj. 年长的, (级别、职位、
  资格)较高的, 高年级的(作定语)
 senior n. 年较长的人, 毕业班或高年
         级的学生
 junior adj. 较幼的, 较小的
 superior adj. 较高的, 优越的, 优良的,
           不屈服的
Reading
Lead in

What do you want to be in the future?
What is your ideal occupation?
Tips
  But whatever you want to be, you
need to know a lot about the
occupations and prepare yourselves for
them from now on.
Warming up
  Suppose you want to work for a
newspaper and you are offered a
chance for a job at China Daily. Do you
know what kind of jobs they have at
their office and what each job involves?
Types of jobs at China Daily

journalist              editor
reporter                critic
photographer            designer
foreign correspondent
Types of jobs        What it involves
reporter/       Interview people or finds
journalist      out events from onlookers
                and writes news stories
editor          checks the writing and
                facts and makes changes if
                necessary
Types of jobs      What it involves
photographer takes photographs of
              important people or events
critic        gives opinion on plays and
              books
designer      lay out articles and
              photographs
foreign       reports form abroad
correspondent
Can you tell me what they are in the
following pictures?




                        reporter
critic
 editors

make sure the
writing is clear,
concise and
accurate;
checks facts
photographer

takes
photographs of
important
people or events
designers

lays out the
article and
photographs
printer

prints the
newspaper
 Pre-reading

1. Now if you want to be a good news
  reporter, what qualities do you think
  you need to have?
1. Higher level of education
2. Work experience
3. Good communication skills
4. Curious, active personality
5. Hard-working
6. Enthusiasm for the job
7. _________________________
   Prepared to work long hours
8. ________________________
   Ability to work in a team
9. ________________________
   Creative ideas
2. Every one has unforgettable moments
   in his/her life. Think about your first
   day at school, being far away form
   home, your first day abroad… Now
   discuss in your group what the first
   day would be like, and how you would
   feel if you were to work for a famous
   newspaper or company.
Guess the meaning of these expressions
 cover a story
 have a “nose” for a story
 a trick of the trade
 get the fact straight
 get the wrong end of the stick
 how the story goes
 a real “scoop”
cover a story         to report on an
                      important event
have a “nose” for a be able to tell whether
story                 is a true story
a trick of the trade clever ways known to
                      experts
get the fact straight to present ideas fairly
get the wrong end of not to understand
the stick            properly

how the story goes   this is the story

get a scoop          a piece of hot news
Reading
Task1 Skimming
What’s the main idea of this passage?
This passage is about Zhou Yang’s first
assignment at the office of China Daily.
And his discussion with his new boss, Hu
Xin, was to strongly influence his life as
a reporter.
Task 2 Scanning
1. Could Zhou Yang go out on a story
  alone immediately? Why (not)?
  No, not until he is more experienced.
  Because there is a lot for him to
  learn and he must work in a team.
2. What mistakes must be avoided?
  Being rude and talking too much
  about himself.
3. How did Zhou Yang feel on his first
  day at work?
  Excited and eager to go out on a story.
4. What is the trick of the trade?
  If the person being interviewed agrees,
  we sometimes use a recorders to make
  sure that we get all our facts straight.
5. Why was the football player angry?
  Because an article was written which
  suggested he was guilty.
Comprehending
1. Li Lihong is one of the expert writers
  at the newspaper. She replies to
  reader's questions. Today she needs
  to answer a letter from a high school
  student about how to become a
  reporter, but she is very busy.
So Zhou Yang has been asked to make
notes for her to help her answer the
questions. Can you work out Zhou
Yang’s notes? Use the information
from the reading passage to help you.
              Zhou Yang’s Note
                 1. be able to tell if someone
                     is telling the truth
The skill needed 2. be accurate
                 3. do research
                 4. ask questions
The importance get the detailed facts
of listening
                       1. ask questions
Stages in              2. note reactions
researching a story    3. check facts
                       4. do research

How to check facts use research and ask
                   witness
How to deal with      use a tape recorder
accusations of        for the interview
printing lies
A reporter’s duties are

  1. to work in a team
  2. How to get an accurate story
  3. How to protect a story from
    accusations.
patient    imaginative well-recognized
polite     technically good concise
thorough   creative      curious
careful    gifted        professional
                         thorough,
 A reporter needs to be ___________
 curious, careful and concise
 ________________________ but a
 photograph needs to be __________
                          creative,
 __________________________________.
imaginative, technically good and gifted
 __________________________________
 They both need to be professional,
 ______________________.
 well-organise and patient I think I
                     ___________
 would make a good photographer
 _______________________________
  because I am creative and I enjoy
 __________________________.
  being technically good at things.
A good reporter :

1. is usually poorly educated. well
2. always has a good eye for a good story.
       to                 nose
3. needs have good observation skills as well
as good communication skills.
5. is seldom a very good listener.
  always/usually
6. hardly checks the evidence carefully
before it appears in the newspaper.
7. writes with unnecessary words.
                without
8. is one who thinks of readers’ benefits last.
                                          first
注意:本身都是比较级形式,无须再添加
   more 或-er; 这三个词用于比较级中
   不与 than 连用,而与 to 连用。
1) He is not superior to temptation.
   他经不住诱惑。
2) This engine is superior in many aspects.
   这台发动机在很多方面性能都非常优
   越。
3) He is two years senior to me.
  他比我大两岁。
4) I will have to ask my superior.
  那事我得先问一下我们公司老板。
5) He is wearing a superior smile.
  他脸上带有高傲的微笑。
Extra task

Read the passage on Page 65 and try to
find out the main idea of it.

Main idea: The passage tells us what a
primary source and a secondary source
are and the difference between them.
Read the passage “Searching for the
Truth” on page 65 and determine
whether the statement are true or false.
1. When we read about Jia Sixie in our
   textbook we are reading a primary
   source. F
2. As we watch the news on TV, the
   person presenting the programme in
   the studio is the secondary source. T
3. Photographers sometimes are both
   primary and secondary sources. F
4. Knowing the difference of primary
   and secondary sources can help us
   decide what is a fact and what is an
   opinion. T
5. Often facts and opinions are mixed
   in any report. T
A primary source depend on:
The person who has written the news
should be there at the time.

   Tips      Primary sources and secondary
sources are very important for finding out
the truth. The closer a person is to the event
they describe in time or geographically, the
more likely they are to be accurate.
Activity 3 ( page 66 )
                        The Garlic Wars
The primary source is_______________
         it was written at the time
because_______________________. I
think Plutarch’s Life of Julius Caesar and
      ____________________________
Shakespeare’s play about Julius Caesar
__________________________________
will have more opinion than fact
__________________________________
because they were written long after
___________________.
the events happened
 Homework

1. Ask the students to interview a student
  of Senior Grade three and write a report
  about their present study and life.
2. Report a thing recently happened in
  your neighborhood or in the local area.
Assignment

1. Practicing reading aloud the dialogue
  with your partner. Pay attention to the
  intonation and stress.
2. Read a newspaper and try to discover
  something to do with our topic about it.
Learning about Language
  Discovering useful words
      and expressions
1. In the reading passage several
   expressions are used in an idiomatic
   way. Find them and fill in the chart.
   Add one of your own.
  to report on an important event
  cover a story
  clever ways known to experts
  trick of the trade
to present the ideas fairly
get the facts straight
not to understand an ideas properly
get to the wrong end of the stick
this is the story
this is how the story goes
to get the story first
get a scoop
2. Complete Sentence B using a word or
   phrase from the reading passage
   which has the opposite meaning to
   the words underlined in Sentence A.
1) A By accident she broke that
   beautiful bowl.
   B She ___________ broke that
          deliberately
   beautiful bowl.
2) A He did not steal the vase so he didn’t
  do anything wrong.
  B He did steal the vase so he is _____.
                                   guilty
3) A She does not get absorbed in her
  studies for long.
  B She can _____________ her studies
            concentrate on
  for a long time.
4) A The reporter went out with an
  untrained photographer.
  B The reporter went out with a/an
  __________ photographer.
      professional
5) A Chris is not interested in starting
   his new occupation.
   B Chris is _____ to start his new
              eager
   occupation.
6) A “This room needs a light clean,”
   explained the housewife.
   B “ This room needs a ________
                           thorough
   clean,” explained the housewife.
7) A The law allows people to defend
   themselves against a charge.
   B The law does not allow people to
                       __a
   ______ themselves of crime.
   accuse
8) A I don’t mind losing that skill if it
   is not useful.
   B I want to _______ that skill if it is
                 acquire
   useful.
3. In the reading passage there are
  some adjectives that come from
  nouns. You form them by adding –al.
  Complete the table below. The first
  one is done for you. Can you add
  one of your own to the list?
  Noun      Adjective        Meaning
                        to act like a person
profession professional trained for a
                        particular job

                        connected with the
education educational
                        teaching of students
  Noun       Adjective       Meaning
                        an official part of
   form       formal
                        an activity
                        following ideas
 tradition traditional and methods used
                        for a long time
                        something to do
  person     personal
                        with oneself
                        related to one’s
occupation occupational
                        job
Leaning about Language

Discovering useful structures
1. Find three examples of inversion in
   the reading passage.
1) Never will Zhou Yang forget his first
   assignment at China daily.
2) Only when you have seen what he or she
   does, can you cover a story by yourself.
3) Only if you ask many different questions
   will you acquire all the information you
   need to know.
2. Rewrite these sentence using normal
  word order.
1) I did not know how to use that
  recorder. Neither did he.
  I did not know how to use that
  recorder and he did not know, either.
2) Only then did I begin my work on
   designing a new bridge.
   I began my work on designing a new
   bridge only then.
3) Not only was there a Christmas tree,
   but also exciting presents under it.
   There was not only a Christmas tree
   but there were also exciting presents
   under it.
4) “Is everything ready yet?” asked Hu
  Xin to the photographer.
  Hu Xin asked the photographer, “Is
  everything ready yet?”
3. Rewrite these sentences using inversion.
  First, find the phrase to begin with.
  Then change the word order of the
  sentence. Use the words or phrases
  underlined to rewrite these sentences.
1. You will see so many seats only at a
  stadium in Beijing.
  Only at a stadium in Beijing will you
  see so many seats.
2. I have seldom been so upset.
  Seldom have I been so upset.
3. You will be able to write a good report
   only after you have acquired the
   information you need.
   Only after you have acquired the
   information you need will you be able
   to write a good report.
4. He gave a lot of presents to his friends,
   but he has never given one to me.
   Never has he given a present to me
   though he gave a lot (of presents) to his
   friends.
5. She is not only good at languages, but
   also at history.
   Not only is she good at language, but
   she is also good at history.
6. You can improve your English only by
   practicing it as much as possible.
   Only by practicing it as much as
   possible can you improve your English.
7. I have never read such an exciting report
   before.
   Never before have I read such an exciting
   report.
8. She took part in a horse riding
   competition, and did not miss a jump
   once.
   Not once did she miss a jump when she
   took part in the horse riding competition.
4. Certain phrases can introduce an
   inverted sentence. Now use these
   phrases to complete the following
   sentences.
1) Only after _________________ did
                painful preparation
   ____________________________.
    I do well in the last examination
2) Not once did ___________________
                  you come to say you
   ______________________________
   were sorry after breaking the vase .
                 ___________________
3. Seldom have I been so happy as when
  my son graduated from university
  _____________________________.
4. Only by doing ___________________
                  her exercise every day
         ___________________________
   could Jane hope to run professionally
  again
  _____ .
5. Only in a ____ can ________________
             film     people get hit and
  never feel the pain
  ________________.
                __________________
6. Not once did Zhou Jie receive an
  ________________________________
  admission notice to Beijing university,
  _______________________________
  but he also won a scholarship to
  ________________.
  study in America.
7. Only then did __________________.
                 she realized her fault
Exercise in the Workbook
1. Play this game: “what happened when
  the General went to war?” Get into
  groups of four. Take it in turns to
  decide what the General’s family and
  servants were doing while he was
  away. You must use meanwhile and so
  as to correctly in each sentence.
EXAMPLE:
A: The General went away to war.
   Meanwhile his advisers marked his
   progress on a map so as to be sure of
   knowing where he was.
B: Meanwhile the gardener planted new
   flowers in the flowerbeds so as to be
   able to make a beautiful garden for
   the General’s return.
Meanwhile the cook learned to make
some new dishes so as to be able to
prepare a special banquet when the
General returned.
Meanwhile his wife made him some new
clothes so as to be able to dress him
smartly for the banquet on his return.
Meanwhile his children practiced
some new songs and dances so as to
be able to perform for the General
when he returned.
2. Translation (answer key)
1. George’s car broke down because of
  a serious technical fault / problem.
2. He concentrated on repairing his car
  for two days, but failed because he
  did not have the necessary parts.
3. His family did not approve of his
  enthusiasm for cars and tried to
  stop him (from) buying a new one.
4. He tried to defend himself against
  their accusation that he wasted
  money.
5. Teaching Alex how to ski is really
  a painful process.
6. The senior editor suggested that
  this article needed further
  polishing.
3. Read this passage about connections
   between newspapers, radio and TV
   news. Fill in the blanks.
 acquire   experienced employ require
 cover     concentrate   professional
                       ______
Radio and TV stations acquire their news
from the newspapers. So newspapers
                __________
have to be very professional about the
way they _____ their stories.
         cover
            __________
They must concentrate on what is
important and not be misled by clever
                     __________
wrongdoers. Many experienced reporters
                ______
know this and employ careful techniques
to make sure they get accurate
information. It is important because the
             _______
chief editor requires the highest possible
standards.
4. Read the verbs in the box and use them
   to complete the passage.
  accuse…of      rob…of cure…of
  warn...of      ask...of
 Alex is my best friend. He is an honest,
 but a strange person. One day his
                        __
 landlord _______ him of stealing a lot
           accused
 of money. He thought Alex had ______
                                  robbed
him __ many bags of gold while he was
    of
asleep. Alex said it was true. He had
_______his landlord to sleep with all his
warned
                                   ____
gold under the bed and decided to cure
him __ this habit.
    of
So he had pretended to steal it. When he
heard this, his landlord became very
angry and wanted him to leave his house.
         _____
But Alex asked a favor __ him. He
                       of
promised to go if his landlord would
put his gold in the bank. His landlord
laughed and agreed. So my friend
returned the bags of gold and his
landlord allowed him to stay in the
house free.
1. Do you agree with Alex’s way of
   showing his landlord he was wrong?
   Give a reason.
   I don’t agree with Alex’s way of
   showing his landlord he was wrong.
   Because I think he will have become
   unnecessarily worried about his money.
2. What other verbs do you know that
  use the same structure?
  remind … of, tell … of ,
  inform … of , rid … of
Keys to Exercise in Using structures
Ex1.
1. Now your chance to shine comes.
2. He didn’t come again and he didn’t
  write to her, either.
3. He little realized how disappointed
  she was.
4. She had hardly arrived home when
  it began to rain heavily.
5. We can finish our work in time only
  in this way.
6. I didn’t find out he was a liar until I
  saw his letter.
7. Following the roar, a grizzly bear
  rushed out from behind the rock.
8. The cuckoo flew off.
9. Many old castles are around the lake.
10. I have seldom been to the Wangfujin
   Department Store for shopping.
Extensive Reading
Warming up

1. Do you want to get some information
   everyday? How can you get the
   information?
   There are so many ways to get
   information, but reading newspapers
   is one of the oldest.
2. Can you guess how complex it is to
  make news?
 This class we’ll learn a passage about
  how to make news. Let’s come to the
  passage.
Task 1
  Read the text and try to get the main
idea of it.
  The passage tells us the process of
writing and printing for a newspaper
article.
Task 2

Answer the following questions:
1.What was Zhou Yang’s first assignment/
  task?
 His first task was to write his story.
2. How many people read his article before
  it was ready to be processed into film
  negative? Who were they and what did
  they say about the article?
  Before it was ready to be processed into
  film negative, an editor from his
  department, the copy-editor, the native
  speaker, the chief editor and the news
  desk editor read his article.
Task 3

  Work out the writing and printing
process of an article. And complete
the chart in Ex1 on page 31.
1. You go to an            2. You do some
interview to get the       research to see if
information for        →   the story is true or
                           not.
your story.




                                   →
4. You give the            3. You begin to
article to sub-
editor to check.       ←   write the story
                           using notes from
                           the interview.
5. The article is
                           6. The last stage the
given to a native
                           article is checked
speaker to check the
use of English and     →   /approved by the chief
                           editor.
improve the style.




                                     →
                           7. All the stories and
8. The first
                           photos are set and the
edition of a news
paper is made.
                       ←   color negatives for the
                           printing are made
                           ready.
Language Points
1. edition 版本,书报等一次发行总数
<归纳拓展>
editor n. 编辑
editorial adj. (定语) 编辑的 n. 社论, 社评
edit v.   编辑, 剪辑
edit sth. out of (sth.)   删除
2. department
(政府, 企业, 商店, 大学等的)部,司,局,
处, 科, 部门, 系
The Education Department
The sales department
3. task 任务
a piece of (esp. hard or unpleasant)
work that has to be done.
必须要做的工作(尤指困难或讨厌的);
Learning English well is a difficult task.
学好英语是一项艰难的任务。
v. ~ sb with sth 将…作为任务交与某人
He was tasked with the design of a new
shopping center.
他被派给设计新的购物中心的任务。
4. accurate adj.正确无误的,精确的,准确的
<归纳拓展>
accuracy n. 准确, 精确
precise adj. 精确的, 独特的, 精细的
exact adj. 正确的, 准确的, 严谨的, 精密的
accurately adv. 精确, 准确
correct adj.   正确的, 准确
1) ________ statistics, measurements,
   Accurate
   calculations, are very important.
2) It’s impossible to say with any
   ________ how many are affected.
   accuracy
               ______
3) This is the correct dress for a formal
   dinner.
         ____
4) The exact time is three minutes and
   thirty-five seconds.
                          ______
5) They both came here at exactly the
  same time.
         precise
6) He is ______ in everything.
7) The diagram had been copied with
        ________.
  great precision
8) He is a man with a precise mind.
                      ______
5. employ 雇佣某人
She’s employed as a taxi driver.
They employ him to look after the baby.
6. polish
a. ..(sth) (up) (with sth) 磨光,擦亮
… (up) furniture/shoes with a cloth
用布把家具/鞋擦亮
b. (比喻)修正,修改,修饰(某事物)
… a speech/ an article
给讲稿/文章润色
… sth off (口)迅速的作完某事
He polishes off the letter.
7. note
v. 注意, 观察, 记录
n. 摘记, 短信, 注释, 纸币, 音调, 暗示, 含义
note down 记录
noted adj. 闻名的,著名的
take / make a note of 记录
sound/ strike a note of 表现出, 提出警告
compare notes 交流看法
8. chief adj. 最重要的,主要的,最高权威的
   辨析: chief, principal 和 major
   chief 主要的,首要的 指人时表示地位
   高、权力大, 指物时表示重要。
   principal 首要的,主要的 正式用语
   由于某中重要性而具有首要的地位。
   major 主要的,首要的 指与他物相对比
   时突出显赫的地位。
翻译句子。
1. 他是我们的处长。
   He is the chief of my department.
2. 那场意外事故的主要原因是什么?
   What’s the chief cause of the accident?
3. 上海是中国的主要城市之一。
   Shanghai is one of the chief cities
   of China.
9. approve v. 赞成,认可,满意,批准,通过
  approval n. 赞成、同意、认可
  on approval
 (指货物)不满意可以退换的
  approving adj. 赞许的、认可的
  approved school
 少年罪犯教养院(感化院)
1) You can join the class if your mother
   approves.
   你可以参加这个班, 如果你母亲同意的
   话。
2) You made a good decision, and I
   thoroughly approve it.
   你作出了一个好决定, 我不折不扣(衷
   心)地表示赞同。
3) She received many approving
  glances.
  她赢得了很多赞许的目光。
4) I don’t approve of smoking in bed.
  我不赞成躺在床上吸烟。
10. process 步骤,程序,过程
Reforming the education system will be
a difficult process.
教育制度的改革将是一个艰苦的过程。
11. appointment n.
  任命, 委派, 工作, 职位, 约会, 预约
  appoint v. 任命, 委派确定或决定某事物
  appoint that sth. (shall be done)命令某事
  take an appointment   就职
  by appointment     按照约定
  keep/ break ones appointment 守/违约
  make/ fix an appointment with与某人约会
12. When do you think is convenient
  for you?
  句中do you think 作插入语,英语中
  do you think / suppose / believe/
  imagine 等和疑问代词或疑问副词连
  用时, 常把疑问代(副)词置于句首,
  而把do you think置于句中。
提示: do you think 置于句中,句子的
语序应该为正常语序, 不再使用倒装
语序; 这类结构也可以用于定语从句
里作为插入语。
(1) What do you think _______?
A. is he interested in B. interested he
C. he is interested in D. does he interest
√
(2) Who do you think _____?
A. broke the window
√
B. of breaking the window
C. to break the window
D. did he break the window
13. senior adj. 年长的, (级别、职位、
  资格)较高的, 高年级的(作定语)
 senior n. 年较长的人, 毕业班或高年
         级的学生
 junior adj. 较幼的, 较小的
 superior adj. 较高的, 优越的, 优良的,
           不屈服的
注意:本身都是比较级形式,无须再添加
   more 或-er; 这三个词用于比较级中
   不与 than 连用,而与 to 连用。
1) He is not superior to temptation.
   他经不住诱惑。
2) This engine is superior in many aspects.
   这台发动机在很多方面性能都非常优
   越。
3) He is two years senior to me.
  他比我大两岁。
4) I will have to ask my superior.
  那事我得先问一下我们公司老板。
5) He is wearing a superior smile.
  他脸上带有高傲的微笑。
Extra task

Read the passage on Page 65 and try to
find out the main idea of it.

Main idea: The passage tells us what a
primary source and a secondary source
are and the difference between them.
Read the passage “Searching for the
Truth” on page 65 and determine
whether the statement are true or false.
1. When we read about Jia Sixie in our
   textbook we are reading a primary
   source. F
2. As we watch the news on TV, the
   person presenting the programme in
   the studio is the secondary source. T
3. Photographers sometimes are both
   primary and secondary sources. F
4. Knowing the difference of primary
   and secondary sources can help us
   decide what is a fact and what is an
   opinion. T
5. Often facts and opinions are mixed
   in any report. T
A primary source depend on:
The person who has written the news
should be there at the time.

   Tips      Primary sources and secondary
sources are very important for finding out
the truth. The closer a person is to the event
they describe in time or geographically, the
more likely they are to be accurate.
Activity 3 ( page 66 )
                        The Garlic Wars
The primary source is_______________
         it was written at the time
because_______________________. I
think Plutarch’s Life of Julius Caesar and
      ____________________________
Shakespeare’s play about Julius Caesar
__________________________________
will have more opinion than fact
__________________________________
because they were written long after
___________________.
the events happened
 Homework

1. Ask the students to interview a student
  of Senior Grade three and write a report
  about their present study and life.
2. Report a thing recently happened in
  your neighborhood or in the local area.
Grammar
 Inversion
 语法精解

1. 倒装 Inversions
  英语句子的自然顺序是主语在前,谓语
  在后。把谓语动词放在主语之前,就叫
  倒装结构。如果全部谓语放在主语之
  前, 叫全部倒装; 如果只把助动词或be
  动词放在主语之前就叫部分倒装。
         基本语序
        natural order


subject 主+ predicate 谓+object 宾

  I           love    English.
 完全倒装
 full inversion      predicate + subject

Here came the headmaster.

 部分倒装
 partial inversion

助动词auxiliary/情态动词modal verb
+ subject + v +…
Nerve will I forgive you.
全部倒装
1. 用于 there be 句型。
 There are many students in the classroom.

                   主语位于谓语
                   are there之后

原句自然顺序是:
Many students are there in the classroom.
2. 用于“here (there, now, then) + 不及
   物动词 + 主语的句型中, 或以out, in,
   up, down, away 等副词开头的句子里
   面,表示强调。
 Here comes the bus.
 There goes the bell.
 Now comes our turn.
 Out went the children.
注意: 代词作主语时, 主谓语序不变。
    Here it is.
    In he comes.
3. 当句首状语是表示地点的介词词组时,
   也常引起全部倒装。
 South of the city lies a big steel factory.
 From the valley came a frightening
 sound.
 Under the tree stands a little boy.
         划线的均是表示地点
         状语的介词词组,并
         且是位于句首。
4. 表语置于句首时, 倒装结构采用
 “表语+连系动词+主语”的结构
1) 形容词+连系动词+主语
 Present at the meeting were
 Professor White, Professor Smith
 and many other guests.
2) 过去分词+连系动词+主语
 Gone are the days when they could
 do what they liked.
3) 介词+连系动词+主语
 Among the goods are Christmas
 trees, flowers, candles and toys.
5. 为了保持句子结构平衡,或为了强调表
   语或状语,或为了使上下文结构紧凑。
   They arrived at a farmhouse, in front
   of which sat a small boy.
                          强调状语
  Inside the pyramids are the burial
  rooms for the kings and queens and
  long passages to these rooms.

                   保持句子结构平衡
部分倒装
1. 用于疑问句
   Do you speak English?
2. 用于省略if 的虚拟条件句
   Had you reviewed your lessons, you
   might have passed the examination.

     由 If you had reviewed your lessons
     这样一个虚拟条件分句变过来的。
3. 用于“形容词(或名词、动词)+ as
 (though)” 引导的让步状语从句。
 Pretty as she is, she is not clever.
 Try as he would, he might fail again.
 Money as they had, they don’t know
 how to spend it.
4. 用于no sooner than, hardly when
  和 not until的句型中。
  No sooner had she gone out than
  the class began.
  Not until the teacher came did he
  finish his homework.
5. 用于 never, hardly, seldom, scarcely,
   little, at no time, not only, barely,
   rarely, little, not a bit 等否定词开头的
   句子里。
   Never shall I do this again.
   At no time can you say “no” to the
   order.
   Little do I dream I would see you here.
6. 用于only开头的句子(only位于句首,
 修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句)
 Only in this way can you learn
 English well.
 Only when he told me did I realize
 what trouble he was in.
7. 用于 so, nor, neither 开头的句子,表示
   重复的内容。此句谓语应与前句谓语
   的时态形式一致。
   He has been to Beijing. So have I.
   Jack can not answer the question.
   Neither can I.
   He has been to Beijing.
   So have I.     我也去过。
   So he has      是的,他确实去过。
8. 在 so / such that 的结构中,若so 置
 于句首,则句子部分倒装
 So difficult a problem is it that I
 can’t work it out.
 Such a noble person is he that
 people all respect him.
9. 如果直接引语后注明引语是什么人所
 说的, 主语是名词时, 用倒装结构。主
 语是代词时, 一般不用倒装结构。
 “ Let’ go,” said the man / he said.
10. 用于 某些祝愿的句子。
  May you succeed.
配套练习
Ⅰ. Multiple choices.
1. ---Do you know Jim quarreled
   with his brother?
    ---I don’t know, _______.
    A. nor don’t I care
    B. nor do I care
    C. I don’t care neither
    D. I don’t care also
2. Not until all the fish died in the river
  ____ how serious the pollution was.
  A. did the villagers realize
  B. the villagers realized
  C. the villagers did realized
  D. didn’t the villagers realized
3. Only in this way ____ do it well.
  A. must we        B. we could
   C. can we        D. we can
4. Hardly ____ when it began to rain.
  A. had he arrived      B. arrived he
  C. he had arrived       D. did he arrive
5. Only when class began ____ that he
  had left his book at home.
  A. will realize        B. he did realize
  C. did he realize      D. should he realize
6. Not a single mistake ____ in the
  dictation yesterday.
  A. did he make         B. made by him
  C. he made             D. he had made
7. No sooner ____ his talk than he ___
  by the workers.
  A. he finished; surrounded all
  B. did he finish; did surround
  C. had he finished; was surrounded
  D. after he finished; was surrounded
     near
8. Little ___ know about verbs, Franz
  __ his head.
  A. did he; dare not lift
  B. he; dare not lift
  C. did he; dare not to lift
  D. doesn’t; doesn’t dare lift
9. Not only __ a promise, but also kept it.
  A. had he made        B. he had made
  C. did he make        D. he makes
10. I finally got the job. Never in all
  life___ so happy.
   A. did I feel         B. I felt
   C. I had felt         D. had I felt
11. In no country ___ Britain, it has
   been said, ____ experience four
   seasons in the course of a single
   day.
   A. other than; one can
   B. other than; can one
   C. rather than; one can
   D. rather than; can one
12. ____ a mobile phone can you ring
  ___ you want to talk with anywhere.
  A. Using; whoever
  B. Only on; whoever
  C. With; whoever
  D. Using; whomever
 用倒装句翻译下列句子。


1. 教堂附近有一间破旧的小屋。
   Near the church was a ruined cottage.
2. 他一点也不知道, 警察就要逮捕他了。
   Little does he know that the police are
   about to arrest him.
3. 如果我了解你的意图我就不会浪费时
   间向你解释了。
   Had I realized what you intended I
   should not have wasted my time trying
   to explain matters to you.
4. 那记号很小, 我几乎看不到。
   So small was the mark that I could
   hardly see it.
5. 参加会议有来自全国各地政府官员、
 商人、企业家。
 Attending the meeting were
 government officials, businessmen and
 bankers from different parts of the
 country.
6. 无论什么情况下我们都不要放弃
 计划。
 Under no circumstance can we
 give up the plan.
把下列句子改为倒装。
1. I have never seen him before.
    ________________ I seen him.
    Never before have
2. she had hardly gone out when a student
  came to see her.
   _____________________
   Hardly had she gone out when a
  student came to see her.
3. I didn’t go there. he didn’t go there
either.
   I didn’t go there, _____________ he
                      neither/ nor did
_____.
4. A terrible Genie(妖怪) stood before
the fisherman.
                          ______
   Before the fisherman stood a
_______________.
 terrible Genie
5. In those days people seldom did
experiment to test their ideas.
   ____________________________
  Seldom did people do experiment to
test their ideas.
6. You can learn English well only in
this way.
   __________________ you learn
   Only in this way can
English well.
7. Lu Xun was not only a great writer,
but also a great thinker.
   __________________
   Not only was Lu Xun a great writer,
but also a great thinker.
8. It didn’t stop raining until midnight.
    ___________________
   Not until midnight did it stop raining.
Textbook (Page 31)
   Go over the three choices before listening
   to the tape. Then circle the correct
   summary of the listening passage.
A.This is about a young man who is refused
   an interview with Liu May.
B. This about a young man who is trying to
√
   arrange an interview with Liu Mei.
C.This is about a young man who want to
   ask Liu Mei about how to work abroad.
Listen to the tape again and answer
these questions.
1. Why does Zhou Yang want to
   interview Liu Ming?
   He wants to interview him about his
   decision to go abroad and work.
2. What are his fans worried about?
   His fans are worried that they will
   not see him in the flesh.
3. When is Liu Ming going to talk to Zhou
   Yang?
   Liu Ming will talk to Zhou Yang on
   Wednesday at 12 o’clock.
4. What is Liu Ming’s intention at the
  moment?
  Liu Ming’s intention is to learn more
  about tennis and return to China.
Listening text
           CAN I HELP YOU
Zhou Yang is hoping to interview Liu
Ming about his decision to work abroad.
So he is calling Liu Ming’s assistant,
Lily Wong, to make an appointment.
LW: Hello, this is Lily Wong, Liu
     Ming’s assistant.
ZY: Hello. I would like to speak to Liu
    Ming please.
LW: I ’m sorry but he’s busy now.
    Who’s speaking?
ZY: I’ m Zhou Yang of China Daily. I’d
    like to interview Liu Ming about
    his decision to go abroad to play
    professional tennis.
LW: I know he likes China Daily so I am
    sure he’ll be happy to speak to you.
    But he’s very busy at the moment
    and he leaves Beijing at the end of
    this week. It may be difficult to make
    an appointment to see him.
ZY: Well, I’m free tomorrow afternoon
    and all of Wednesday. Is it possible
    to speak to him then.
LW: He’s going to see his family today
    and talk to some students tomorrow
    morning. Then at four o’clock he’ll
    go to a special banquet given by the
    leaders of the city. Maybe you can
    meet in the early afternoon.
ZY: Perhaps we could talk over lunch.
    Our readers will be very interested
    in his views.
LW: Well, he’s very happy about his
    decision to go abroad and hopes to
    return to China in a few years’
    time. This experience will help him
    improve Chinese tennis.
ZY: But many of his fans will be sorry
    not to see him play in the flesh.
    Waiting on TV is not quite the
    same thing.
LW: Yes, but he need to learn more about
    tennis and to become an professional
    player is a good opportunity to
    develop his skills. On TV you can
    still enjoy his sparkling play.
ZY: But if he never comes home we’ll
    have lost a great sportsman.
LW: Yes, but I don’t think that he’ll stay
     abroad. He says he has no intention
     of doing that.
ZY: I am glad to hear that. But what if
     he gets wonderful offer to stay?
LW: I think you’ll have to discuss that
     with him yourself.
ZY: So will 12 o’clock be OK? Where
     would be the best place to meet?
LW: Yes, I think that time will be
    convenient and perhaps you could
    meet at the Garden Hotel. I’ll put it
    in his diary for Wednesday so he’s
    sure to come.
ZY: Thank you so much. Goodbye.
LW: Bye.
Practice in making appointments
One of you needs to have your picture
taken for a magazine. You would like to
have it taken in the afternoon because you
must have your hair cut in the morning.
The other is the photographer who wants
to take the picture in the morning because
he/ she won’t be free in the afternoon. See
how well you can arrange the meeting.
These phrases may be useful.
Shall we make an appointment?
How about …?
When are you free?
When do you think is convenient for you?
Is it possible to …?
Where is the best place?
I shall be busy at … and … but I can be free
at …
Maybe we can meet at ….
Workbook (Page 62)
1. Listen and tick the correct day.
  Day                   Monday
                        Tuesday
                        Yesterday

  Time                  2pm
                        6am
                        6pm
  Place                 home
                        TV station
                        BBC radio station
Listen again and answer the questions.

1. Why did Greg have to go to the radio
  station and not use his home telephone?
  He had to got to the BBC radio station
  because the sound effects are better
  there.
2. Give tow reasons why Greg was
   anxious. Use sentences not phrases.
   He was anxious because he wondered if
   he had got the right day or right time.
3. How are the windows of the house
   described?
   The windows are described as dark.
   They are like large, tired eyes.
4. How did George know the house was
   empty?
   Greg knew the house was empty because
   the bell echoed through empty rooms
5. How did he feel when the man appeared
   and opened the studio?
   He felt very relieved when the man
   appeared next to him.
Workbook (Page 66)
You are the police officer and you must
fill in this report about the fight between
the British and the Turkish fans. Look at
the form and then listen to the tape.
                 Report Form
Name of officer: Li Da Date: 05/08/12

Where was it?            What was it?
Beijing, China           Fight after a football
                         match
What happened?           Who started it?
Fighting broke out      When the police arrived
between fans supporting it was impossible to tell.
the two teams.          There was an eyewitness.
Eyewitness account:          Evidence:
Fred Smith says he saw       Fred Smith’s
the Turkish supporters       eyewitness
throw bricks at the British account and his
supporters first . Then it   photographs
developed into a serious
fight with everyone
involved.
Your conclusion:        Reason:
It was started by the   Fred Smith’s
Turkish supporters.     photographs support
The British fans were his idea that the
not in the wrong.       Turkish fans started
                        the fight.

Signed: Li Da
Homework


1. Complete the writing task.
2. Review the language points of this unit.

								
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