Ch_ 3_ Section 4 Outline Period 6

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					            Chapter 3, Section 4—The Coming of the Civil War (Outline)

I. Expanding to the Pacific
  1. In the 1830s and 1840s, migration to the western U.S led to the idea of the
    Manifest Destiny (The possession of the U.S from the Atlantic to Pacific).
  2. After Texas gained independence in 1836, from Mexico the U.S annexed (to join
    or attach) it, but the north did not supports this.
  3. In the 1843 Mexican leader Santa Ana said that annexation would be the
    equivalence of the declaration of war against the Mexican republic.
  4. A year later James K. Polk won the presidency but before he took office
    annexation was approved & Texas became the 28th state.
  5. The United States said Rio Grande was the American-Mexican border and
    Mexico said it wasn’t, so Mexico said the border was the Nueces River, which was
    located a few miles north of the border.

 6. Polk sends a representative to Mexico City with an offer to buy New Mexico and
   California but the Mexican government refused to meet with him.

 7. In 1846 Polk sent troops to attack Southern Texas and then later Polk pushes for
   a declaration of war and congress gives it to him on May 13, 1846.

 8. War with Mexico, Captain John C. Fremont was taking over Mexican territory,
   which included California and New Mexico & after that captain Fremont moved into
   Mexico City and took over which ended the war.

 9. In January 1848, gold was discovered in California and the word of gold spread
   quickly throughout the country, that’s now the California Gold Rush began.

10. The population rose up from 14,000 residents in 1848 to 200,000 by 1852
   Chinese immigrants mainly labored in mines as servants.

II. Slavery in the Territories

 1. During the 1850’s the congress was deciding if Mexicans territories should allow
 slavery, they tried the Missouri compromise of 1820, but it did not help in the issue to
 settle slavery in western territories.
 2. During the gold rush, thousands of Americans request that California should be
 treated as a free state, Despite the change would truly upset the balance between free
 slaves states in the Senate, Henry Clay proposed a plan which is called Compromise
 of 1850.
 3. Southerners argued that the North controlled the government due to its larger
 population. Which gave them more representation, congress later passed the 1850
 4. In 1850’s the white northerners were prejudice against the African Americans
 popular anti-slavery novel was published in 1852 called Uncle Tom’s cabin, the
 Southerners saw the book as insulting lies the Northerners saw the evils of slavery for
 the first time and took no responsibility for their workers. The North and South had
 different points of view towards slavery and the north was more industrialized and had
 twice the population of the south. The North produced much more than the South and
 had twice the amount of technology.
 5. In January 1854, Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois introduced the Kansas
 Nebraska Act, which allowed to form 2 new territories Kansa and Nebraska. This act
 also permitted for people to band against slavery if they didn’t think it was right.

 III.   Changes in the Political Parties

 1.) The continue debates over slavery, it contribute to the breakdown of the Whig party
 by the end of the 1815.
 2.) The issue that brought down the Whigs was the rise of the American Party.
 3.) 1849 fear about immigrants lead to the formation of the secret natives’ society
 called the order of the star spangle banner.
 4.) 1854 a group of the people know as the natives for a American Party that band
 Irish Catholics who saw immigrants to a longer before they could become citizens.
 5.) 1854 a group of anti –slavery northern loach to a new republican party know as

IV. Worsening Tensions
 1. The Kansa-Nebraska act allowed voters in Kansas to decide whether they would
 become a free state or a slave state, the northerners sent free-soldiers and the south
 sent people so that they vote illegally; this events lead to riots which gave Kansas the
 nickname “Bleeding Kansas”.
 2. The compromise of 1850 and the Kansa-Nebraska act did not bring the north and
 the south to a compromise over slavery; in fact the events in the mid-1850 only
 worsened the situation.
 3. John C. Fremont declared the Kansas-Nebraska act, which made Nebraska a free
 4. Buchanan won an election and he told the people that supported him that he was
 going to stop ”the agitation of the slavery issue” in the North.
 5. In March 1857, the Supreme Court had to handle the most controversial decision in
 its history, the case Scott vs. Stanford, Dred Scott an enslaved man from Missouri
 filed a suit against his owner because he thought that his wife and him should be free
 since they once lived in the states.
 6. March 1857, the Supreme Court handed down one of the most controversial
 decisions in its history, the case started when Dred Scott an enslaved man living in
 Missouri had filed a law suit against his owner.
 7. In 1857 the people who supported slavery in Kansas were asked to make a
 constitution, but they refused thus Kansas reaming as a legal slave state.
 V. The Lincoln- Douglas Debates
 1) Douglas was running for re-election, he was running versus a unknown republican
 named Abraham Lincoln who served a year in congress.
 2) The debates had to important principles that were majority rules and minority rights
 and Lincoln did not support that people who had more power denied happiness of the
 people that had no power.
 3) Lincoln didn’t believe that the house should fight against itself because it’s either
 one thing or nothing at all.
 4) Lincoln lost the election but gained a reputation that helped him two years later.
VI. A Nation Divided
 1. “House divided” speaks about how Lincoln brought down the house.
 2. On October 16, 1859 john Brown a former Kansas raider with a small group
 attacked Harper’s Ferry in Virginia.
 3. Brown was defeated by Col. Robert E. Lee, and hung for treason.
 4. John Brown was considered a tool in the South was celebrated in the North.
 5. Both the North and the South could not decide on a president.
 6. The South wanted to protect slavery, and the North opposed and broke up.
 7. Southerners chose John C. Breckinridge, while the North chose Stephen
 8. Southern wigs and American parties met in Baltimore so they could form the
 Constitutional Union Party.
 9. Republicans chose Lincoln.
 10. Lincoln won with a 39% of the popular vote and 180 electoral votes.
 11. Southerner did not like the idea of not having slavery so they separated from the
 U.S. and started the Confederate States of America.
 12. Jefferson was the president of the Confederacy and Lincoln was the president for
 the Union.
 13. Lincoln wanted to stop slavery but did not want to start a civil war.

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