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					  The Naval Postgraduate
 School, Center for Homeland
    Defense and Security
                     and



Homeland Security Education:
     The Current State
              Dr. Stan Supinski
       Director, Partnership Programs
                                    www.chds.us   1
www.chds.us   2
www.chds.us   3
 Center for Homeland Defense and Security -
                  Mission
To strengthen the national security of the
 United States by providing graduate level
 educational programs that meet the
 immediate and long-term leadership needs
 of organizations responsible for Homeland
 Defense and Security



                               www.chds.us    4
               CHDS Programs
Masters Degree
Primarily State and Local Students
On “Scholarship” from DHS (Grants and Training)
64 students (4 cohorts of 16) Each Year (from
 applicant pool of 2600 per class)
Hybrid Program (in residence followed by DL)
30 Faculty/50 Staff
National Capital Region Cohort



                                      www.chds.us   5
       CHDS Educational Philosophy
We are defining and advancing the homeland security academic
discipline
We expect our students to help us collectively mold disciplinary
theory through their knowledge of practice
We expect our students to refine their practices through the
increased depth of theoretical knowledge they gain
We expect our students to better handle the unknown through
breadth of knowledge of the multidisciplinary aspects of HLS
We are building learning communities/communities of practice




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                   Thesis Contributions
“Model Regional Compact for Agro-Terrorism”: 11-state policy implementation
“The New Challenges for State Homeland Security Infrastructures”: Proposed policy
implemented in state of Washington
“A Case Study of Intelligence Infrastructure Created by Executive Order”:
Cabinet/Gov-level reorganization in Utah; creation of Utah Criminal Intelligence Center
“Building a Contingency Menu: Using Capabilities-Based Planning for Homeland
Defense and Homeland Security”: Thesis used as suggested reading in 2005 National
Preparedness Goals
“Federal-Local Collaboration: A Strategy for Policing Politically-Charged Special
Events”: Implemented to overhaul FBI Special Events Management section
“Counter Terrorism Patrol Strategy”: Creation of KCPD HS Division and Mid-America
TEW; “Designing a Resilient Emergency Response Strategy”: Creation of Terrorism
Institute in FDNY
“Homeland Security Funding Strategy”: Realigned State HS Strategy in North Dakota;
Cited and used by DHS as a “best practice.”



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            CHDS Programs (cont.)
Executive Education – In-Residence
Began Aug. 2006
4 one week in residence sessions over 12 months
Fills gap between MET and Masters program

Mobile Education Teams
Provide seminars to strengthen US capability for HLS
Primary focus on governors, mayors and senior HLS staffs
2000+ elected and senior leaders have attended




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           CHDS Programs (cont.)
Homeland Security Digital Library
Nation’s premier collection of HLS material
Content gathering and summation teams

Homeland Security Affairs Journal (www.hsaj.org)
Open Access electronic journal
Focus on policy, strategy, technological applications and best
 practices

University and Agency Partnership


                                               www.chds.us        9
University and Agency Partnership Initiative
Support the nationwide development of Homeland Security education
programs at all levels
Leverage DHS investment in CHDS programs- create a “multiplier
effect”
  Vastly increase the number of students receiving HS education

Develop a cadre of scholars and senior policy-makers in all sectors
dedicated to the establishment of HS as an academic discipline
Identify and address critical research needs throughout the
Homeland Security and Homeland Defense Communities




                                                   www.chds.us        10
                Partnership Features
Provide CHDS developed content
 Syllabi (course structure, logic, goals, objectives)
 Reading lists, plus audio files of readings where available
 “Articulate” lecture modules: fully-developed lectures with video, graphics,
  voice-over, and notes
 Additional resources and materials: links, files, wikis
 Quizzes, paper topics, scenarios and exercises
 Discussion forums
Make available a medium for content sharing from all partners
Online Community of Practice
 Discussion Forum for Critical Issues
 Discussion of Academic Practices and Methods
 Discussion of Curriculum Modifications and Improvement



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          Partnership Features (Cont.)
Resource Sharing
 Homeland Security Digital Library - full access to faculty and
  students
Moodle (Open Source Learning Management System) –
implementation support
Access to online, virtual city (“Dystopia”) for scenarios and exercises,
populated with all critical infrastructure nodes, topographical,
demographic and political details
Partnership conferences – semiannual collaborations with colleagues
facilitated by CHDS
  “Educate the Educator” knowledge transfer and workshops



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                     Partners (currently 100+ members)
University of Connecticut                  Eastern Carolina
Long Island University                     US Coast Guard Academy
University of Washington                   Homeland Security/Defense Education Consortium
University of New Hampshire                Penn State
University of Mississippi                  Western Carolina
Duke University                            LSU
Chaminade                                  Eastern Kentucky University
Virginia Tech                              University of Akron
University of Colorado, Colorado Springs   FBI Academy
University of Maryland                     Ohio State University
NYU                                        University of Maine
Auburn                                     US Army War College
University of Alabama                      University of Denver
Purdue                                     Massachusetts and California Maritime Academies


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                 National Guard Program
One year, 12 credit hour graduate level certificate in Homeland
Security/Defense and Defense Support to Civil Authorities
Develop a cadre of educated (vice trained) military (NG) personnel to
enhance state and federal HLS, HLD and emergency management
operations
  Build the organizational arrangements needed to strengthen HLS, including
   local/state/federal, civil-military and interagency cooperation
  Raise the level of education across the NG
Provide a common knowledge base for Guardsman nationwide
Pilot Course Jan 07- Jan 08 in Missouri and Arizona
  Pilot Courses 2, 3, 4, in same locations
Begin course 1 in Fall Semester 2007
  AZ, MO, CO, TX, PA, MDW
Material Available to All States/Universities by Feb 2008


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                                          Specific Courses
Course 1: NS 3181: The Foundations of Homeland Defense and Security (3.0)
  -Fundamentals of terrorism and the threat
  -Homeland Defense/Security players/organizations
  - Homeland Defense/Security strategies and policies
  -Legal and jurisdictional issues

Course 2: NS 4882: Multi-Disciplinary Approaches to Homeland Defense and Security: Collaborating to
Integrate (3.0)
  -Civil-military relations
  -Interagency operations
  -Intelligence fusion
  -Local, state and national exercises

Course 3: NS 4756: Strategic Planning and Organizational Imperatives in Homeland Defense and Security
(3.0)
  -Joint Planning
  -Critical Infrastructure Protection
  -Border Operations

Course 4: NS 4920: Special Topics in Homeland Defense and Security: Homeland Defense and Security in
Practice (3.0)
  -National Incident Management System and the Incident Command System in application
  -State/Federal Interoperability
  -Special Topics
  -Capstone Issue Paper/Project




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Homeland Security Education - Background
Academia has a history of supporting national efforts
  WWII – Manhattan Project
  Cold War – National Security Affairs, Area Studies, Language Programs
No HLS/HLD Academic Programs Prior to 9/11
New agencies and policies spawned academic requirement and academic
action
Department of Homeland Security
  DHS National Preparedness Directorate, FEMA (formerly Grants and Training)
   opted for the Naval Postgraduate School
  Research Centers of Excellence Program
Department of Defense (US Northern Command)
  University of Colorado graduate level certificate program
  Developed the Homeland Security/Defense Education Consortium or HSDEC


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Homeland Security Education Survey Project
Conducted on behalf of HSDEC, Feb 2007
Homeland Security Programs: 114 Degree Programs, 101
Certificate/Other Programs, and Growing!
Associates Degrees: 26 (A.A.: 0; A.S.: 26)
    Most Common Courses: EM (12 of 26); HLS (7 of 26)
Baccalaureate Degrees: 36 (B.A.: 7; B.S.: 26; Applied Studies: 3)
    Common Required Courses: Emer. Planning (12 of 36); HLS (8 of 36)
Masters Degrees: 49 (M.A.: 14; M.S.: 30; Other: 3 MPA/MPS/MBA)
    Common Required Courses: HLS (8 of 49); EM (8 of 49)
PhD Degrees: 3 – Varied Concentrations, Individually Tailored


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Homeland Security Education Survey Project - Findings
 Degree name not necessarily indicative of underlying courses
 Programs that pre-existed 9/11 have subsequently been renamed
 homeland security (Nexus to homeland security is suspect in some
 cases)
 Progress
   The field is becoming recognized as a legitimate area of study
   Homeland security academic field is quickly growing
   Academic collaboration is starting to occur with frequency

 Challenges
     Accreditation
     Program standards
     Quality of instruction
     Qualified Faculty


                                                            www.chds.us   19
Homeland Security/Defense From an Academic
                Perspective


           Emergency                Multiple Disciplines:
           Management
                                     -Law Enforcement
                                     -Health
                                     -Intelligence
                                     -International Relations
                                     -Engineering
                                     -Social Sciences
National           Public            -History
Security           Administration
Affairs                              -Psychology
                                     -Business
                                    Etc, etc, etc….


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 Homeland Security/Defense Education Consortium Recommendations

Legal/Ethical
                                                              Practical
Considerations                                               Application
                       Current and Emerging Threats
Asymmetric                                                   Practicum
Thinking
                         Context and Organizations
                                                             Critical
Balancing Civil
                                                             Thinking
Liberties/Privacy   Policies, Strategies, and Legal Issues
                                                             Other Areas
Interagency                                                   Leadership
                        Processes and Management              M&S
Communications/
                                                              Culture
Cooperation                                                   Statistics
                                                              Mental Health


                                                  www.chds.us            21
                 NPS/CHDS Curriculum
Semester 1
 Intro to HLS; Asymmetric Conflict
Semester 2
 Technology in HLS; Intelligence (Organization and Policy Challenges)
Semester 3
 Critical Infrastructure Protection; Special Topics (i.e. Border Security, Public
  Health)
Semester 4
 Multidisciplinary Approaches to HLS; Comparative Government for HLS
Semester 5
 Planning and Budgeting for HLS; Psychology of Fear Management and Terrorism
Semester 6
 Knowledge Into Practice (Capstone); Thesis Research


                                                              www.chds.us            22
              Sample Courses Nationwide
Certificates – Typically 4-6 Courses;     Masters Degree – Typically 12
                                          Courses

Courses:

- Overview of Homeland Security/Defense - Fundamentals of Terrorism
- Changing Nature of National Security       - Understanding the Threat
- Critical Infrastructure Protection         - Criminal Justice/Legal Issues
- Emergency/ Disaster Planning               - Risk Assessment and Analysis
- American Government and Policy Making
- HLS Civil Society and Human Rights
- Public-Private HLS Partnerships (Business)
- Intergovernmental/ Interagency Relations




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                            Sample Programs
Univ. of Colorado/Col Springs, Graduate Level Certificate, residence/DL (4 courses)
(and forthcoming MA)
    Introduction to Homeland Defense
    Interagency Operations
    Understanding the Threat
    Critical Infrastructure Protection

East Carolina Univ. Graduate Certificate in Security Studies, DL (5 courses)
    Intergovernmental/Interagency Relations
    National Security         Criminal Justice
    Global Terrorism          Disaster Planning
    Environmental Health

Univ. of Massachusetts, Graduate Certificate in Homeland Security, (4 Courses)
  Criminal Justice focus; designed for personnel public safety, security management, and law
   enforcement; executives in corporations responsible for overseeing in-house security programs




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                       Are There Jobs?

                                 YES!
DIRECTOR OF HOMELAND SECURITY, CITY OF PLANO, TEXAS

 (Starting Salary from the mid $70’s to 110,000, D.O.E.) The Director of
 Homeland Security (DHS) is a new position created to emphasize the
 critical nature of the community’s security needs…will direct all
 aspects of the City’s emergency preparedness and response
 efforts…work cooperatively with the Chiefs of Plano’s Police and Fire
 Departments, other city officials, and agencies at local, state, federal
 levels….maintain/ revise the City’s Emergency Operations and Hazard
 Mitigation Action Plans…coordinate training and readiness…manage
 the Emergency Operations Center…coordinate response to actual
 emergencies and disasters…. direct a staff of four and manage an
 Operating Budget of $360,000.



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                     Are There Jobs?
              Number of   Projected    Change   Change    Number
              employed    employment   Number   Percent   of
              (*)         (*)          (*)      (*)       employed
                                                          (**)
Industry      2002        2012         2002-    2002-     2003
                                       2012     2012

Emergency     10,948      14,040       3,092    28.2      9,800
Management
Specialists



Source of Information: US Department of Labor
 www.dol.gov (March, 2005)


                                                 www.chds.us         26
                      Are There Jobs?
The Center for Domestic Preparedness in Anniston, Alabama
 (Office for Domestic Preparedness, Department of Homeland
 Security) estimates that “there are more than 11 million emergency
 responders and other personnel in this country that would need
 training to deal with terrorist incidents.”

RECENT DENVER POST ARTICLE - Northrop Grumman, the aerospace and
 defense conglomerate, is expected to expand its Aurora campus by hiring
 350 employees to work on about 30 homeland security-related contracts.
 Annual salaries will average $80,000.




                                                   www.chds.us             27
         Are There Jobs?

Per Occupational Outlook Quarterly, it is one of
 the fastest growing areas with jobs in:
  Business Continuity, Transportation
  Critical Infrastructure Protection, Health Care
  Intelligence Analysis
  Cyber Security
  Border Occupations
  Banks, Physical Security
  Utilities, Technology
  And…every level of government


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                        Conclusions
Academia and government have undertaken significant effort to
educate the workforce for today’s political environment
Homeland Security education is growing and gaining legitimacy
HSDEC and CHDS have taken lead roles in academic and workforce
development
The multidisciplinary nature of the field is recognized and reflected in
academic programs
There are lots of choices for education at every level
Jobs are there!




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   Questions?

          Contact:
Stan Supinski (sbsupins@nps.edu)
        (719) 482-5452



                           www.chds.us   31

				
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