Online Citators

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					Online Citators
             What is a Citator ?
   Tool to determine subsequent status of:
       Case
       Statute
       Regulation
             Why Use a Citator?
   Parallel Citations

   Direct History

   Status

   Secondary Sources
      How Current are Citators?
   Citations

   Analysis
           Limitations of Citators
   Missed Cases

   Solution:
       Keyword searching
            Editorial Analysis
   Who generates it.

   Why it matters.

   What the symbols actually mean.
      Conflicting Citator Results
   Be sure the case involves the point of law
    in which you are interested

   Read the case carefully
             Shepard’s Layout

   KWIC view
   Full view
   Arranged by Jurisdiction
    •   Supreme CourtFed. Courts State
        Courts
    •   Within each jurisdiction, chronologically
   Secondary sources = law reviews, ALR,
    treatises
                  Keycite Layout
   History Tab
       Direct History
       Negative Indirect History
   Citing References
       Negative  Positive  Secondary Sources
   Arranged by Depth of Treatment: Stars
       Then by Jurisdiction & Chronology
   Secondary Sources = law reviews, ALR, treatises
   Quotations “” & Headnotes Indicated
     Shepard’s Bells & Whistles
   Focus
   Table of Authorities
   Custom Restrictions
   Display Options
             Custom: Manage your cite
             list by document type or
             jurisdiction                      Focus: Use terms and
                                               connectors to refine
                                               your search


Display Options: Hide or
show: signals, pinpoint
cites or headnotes                      Table of Authorities: See
                                        the cases cited in your case
       Keycite Bells & Whistles
   Locate
   Limit Citing References
   Table of Authorities
   Headnote references in secondary sources
   KeyCite Alert
                            Table of Authorities: See
                            the cases that were relied
Locate: Use terms           on in your case
and connectors to
refine your search


                            KeyCite Alert: Sign up to
                            be notified when any new
Limit Citing References:    citations are added to a
Manage your citation list   case you are following
by jurisdiction, date,
headnotes, document
type, depth of treatment
                        Statutes
   Shepards
       History
       Cases
       Secondary Sources
   KeyCite
       History
       Pending Legislation
       Cases
       Regulations
       Secondary Sources
           In Class Exercise
"Appellate review of a trial court's competency
determination assesses whether the trial court abused its
discretion. State v. Ortiz, 104 Wn.2d 479, 482, 706 P.2d
1069 (1985). A trial court abuses its discretion when its
decision is manifestly unreasonable, or exercised on
untenable grounds or for untenable reasons. State ex
rel. Carroll v. Junker, 71 Wn.2d 12, 26, 482 P.2d 775
(1971). However, because the competency
determination is a mixed question of law and fact, the
reviewing court 'independently appl[ies] the law to the
facts.' State v. Marshall, 144 Wn.2d 266, 282, 27 P.3d
192 (2001)."
              Results of Exercise
   State v. Oritz
       Graphics?
       Is it okay to cite?
   Carroll v. Junker
       Graphics?
       Is it okay to cite?
   State v. Marshall
       Graphics?
       Is it okay to cite?
        Make the Most of Citators
   Use on-line citators to check validity
   Use them early in your search
    •   Efficient case law finding
    •   Relevant Secondary sources
   Don’t rely on the icons
    •   Remember the delay in analysis
    •   The red or yellow symbol may stand for an
        entirely different legal point than yours

				
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posted:10/4/2012
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