ap unit 3 review sheet 11

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					                                     APUSH: Unit 3 Review
Review Session: Sunday, Nov. 13th from 2-4:30 p.m. in Room 108, use Bronze BlueJay Entrance

Important Content To Know:
    American Art & Literature in Antebellum America
    Thomas Jefferson & His Administration
    John Marshall & Supreme Court Decisions
    Causes & Effects of the War of 1812
    Andrew Jackson & His Administration
    Growth of Democracy between 1800 and 1850
    Impact of the Market Revolution on Economy & Lives of People
    Transportation & Communication Changes in Antebellum America
    Economic Differences between North, South, & West
    Antebellum Reform Movements

Some Specific People, Events & Ideas:
       Adams-Onis Treaty                           Henry David Thoreau                         Nathaniel Hawthorne
       Barbary Pirates                             Herman Melville                             Nullification Controversy
       Chesapeake-Leopard affair                   Horace Mann                                 Panic of 1837
       Clay’s American System                      Hudson River School                         Ralph Waldo Emerson
       Cotton Gin                                  Indian Removal Act                          Romanticism
       Cult of Domesticity & True                  James Fenimore Cooper                       Samuel Morse
        Womanhood                                   John C. Calhoun                             Second Great Awakening
       Daniel Webster                              John James Audubon                          Seneca Falls Convention
       David Walker                                John Quincy Adams                           Shakers
       Dorothea Dix                                Louisiana Purchase                          Specie circular
       Edgar Allen Poe                             Lowell, Massachusetts                       Spoils System
       Eli Whitney                                 Lucretia Mott                               Tariff of Abominations
       Elisabeth Cady Stanton                      Manifest Destiny                            Tecumseh
       Embargo Act                                 Marbury v. Madison                          Temperance
       Erie Canal                                  Martin Van Buren                            Thomas Cole
       Frederick Douglass                          Maysville Road Bill                         Transcendentalism
       Gag rule                                    Missouri Compromise                         Walt Whitman
       George Catlin                               Monroe Doctrine                             Washington Irving
       Hartford Convention                         Mormons                                     Webster-Hayne Debate
       Henry Clay                                  Nat Turner’s Rebellion                      William Lloyd Garrison

Essential Dates/Chronological Order:
1793:   Eli Whitney invents the Cotton Gin.                       1820:   Missouri Compromise
1800:   Thomas Jefferson elected – gov’t change Dem-Repub         1823:   Monroe Doctrine declared
1803:   Louisiana Purchase                                        1824:   Election John Quincy Adams
        Marbury vs. Madison                                       1825:   The Erie Canal is opened
1804-1806: Lewis and Clark Expedition.                            1828:   Tariff of Abominations
1807:   Robert Fulton builds his first steamboat.                         Election of Andrew Jackson
        US ship Leopard sunk by Br. for refusal to be                     "kitchen cabinet"
        searched                                                  1829:   Maysville Road Bill Veto
        Embargo Act                                                       Webster– Hayne Debates
1808:   African Slave Trade ends                                  1830s: The Second Great Awakening.
1812-1814: The War of 1812                                        1830:   Baltimore and Ohio Railroad begins operation.
1814:   Treaty of Ghent                                           1831:   The Liberator begins publication.
        Era of Good Feelings begins                               1831-1838: The Trail of Tears—5 Civilized Tribes removed Ok
        Hartford Convention                                       1833:   Compromise of 1833
1816:   2nd Bank of U.S. created                                  1836:   The Gag Rule
        1st protective tariff                                             Specie Circular
        Henry Clay’s American System                              1837:   Panic of 1837
1819:   Panic of 1819                                             1850:   Comp. 1850

Essay Question: DBQ on Antebellum Abolitionist & Women’s Rights Movements
Sample Test Quesitons:

1.   The veto of the Maysville Road Bill of 1830 was sparked by
     a. Andrew Jackson’s belief that it was unconstitutional for the federal government to provide funds for a road built
          within the borders of a single state
     b. Andrew Jackson’s belief that it was unconstitutional for the federal government to provide funds for a road built
          across the borders of two or more states
     c. Andrew Jackson’s resentment that the Maysville Road would be built in Kentucky, a state he had failed to carry in
          the 1828 election
     d. Andrew Jackson’s realization that the Maysville Road would be built by unpaid black slaves rather than paid workers
     e. Andrew Jackson’s belief that it was unconstitutional for the federal government to provide funds for any type of road
          building or road improvement project, whether or not it crossed state borders

2.   The Adams-Onis Treaty
     a. provided for US acquisition of Spanish Florida in return for the assumption of $5 million in debt owed to US citizens
     b. put an end to the Revolutionary War
     c. negotiated the peace treaty of the War of 1812
     d. attempted to settle disputed between the US and Great Britain concerning British impressment of American ships and
         Western land disputes in the US
     e. negotiated the Louisiana Purchase

3.   The establishment of penitentiaries during the 1840s reflected
     a. a new attitude that looked upon criminals as misguided, in need of help, and penitentiaries were designed to help
          these misguided souls reform
     b. a public desire to completely remove criminals from public view and permanently separate them from society so
          women and children would not be offended by having to look at them
     c. a new attitude by the public that criminals were sinners who were beyond redemption; therefore, they should be
          forced into isolation to protect society from their depredations
     d. a new attitude that emphasized more intense corporal punishments for criminals rather than the old religious-based
          efforts which had emphasized forgiveness
     e. the shortage of space to house criminals during the massive crime waves that surged through East Coast cities
          beginning in 1842

4.   In the 1830s and 1840s, the primary difference between the Whigs and the Democrats was that
     a. the Whigs favored an expanded, activist federal government while the Democrats favored a limited non-
           interventionist federal government
     b. the Whigs favored economic expansion while the Democrats favored a stable but retracted economy
     c. the Democrats were strongly supported by Evangelical Christians and supported a wide range of moral reforms while
           the Whigs were supported by Westerners who favored individual choice over morally based restrictions on behavior
     d. the Whigs favored limitations on westward expansion while the Democrats favored the concept of “manifest destiny”
           and expansion to the Pacific Ocean
     e. the Democrats favored the abolition of slavery while the Whigs favored retaining the current system of slavery being
           allowed in the southern states that desired it, but no further expansion of slavery north of the Mason-Dixon line

5.   The “Panic of 1837” was in large part precipitated by
     a. fears of a war with Britain over disputed territory along the border between Canada and Maine
     b. fears of a war with Mexico over disputed territory in Texas
     c. uncontrolled inflation following actions by Jacksonian Democrats to take the US dollar off the “gold standard”
     d. tight monetary policies by Jacksonian Democrats culminating in the issuance of the Specie Circular
     e.   unrestricted land speculation in the new territories west of the Mississippi river

6.       All of the following concerning Thomas Jefferson’s stand against the Barbary Pirates are true EXCEPT:
         a.      it was a great success and the US never paid tribute again
         b.      it was a good effort, however, the US paid tribute until 1815
         c.      it was the first time any country had taken a stand against blackmail in the Mediterranean
         d.      Tripoli declared war on the US
         e.      it was only a halfhearted and ill started attempt on the part of the US

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