Same Level Falls
Lower Level Falls
Working at random elevations and
exposure to slip and trip hazards are
common situations when working in
Between 1980 and 1992, over 50 people
were killed by falling from heights.
Falls are generally the result of poor
work practices, poor conditions, or a
combination of both.
SAME LEVEL FALLS
A slip or trip that occurs at the same level where you are
working, standing, etc., that does not result in falling to a
Cause of same level falls:
Trip hazards - loose materials, welding leads, etc. lying
across walkways, stairs or in congested areas
Oil, grease, water or any liquids on the floor
LOWER LEVEL FALLS
A fall in which you drop from one surface to a lower
surface or elevation.
Working at elevated areas:
Roofs, Scaffolds, Ladders
Floor Openings, Wall Openings, Ladderway Openings
The installation of barriers to prevent a person from falling
to a lower level.
Types of Fall Prevention
Guard Rails, Hole Covers, Perimeter Guards
Use of Fall Prevention
Fall prevention should always be the first choice when
confronted with a fall exposure.
Able to support intended load
A method of protecting a person
should they fall.
When employees are working from an unprotected
elevation of 2m or more above the ground, fall
protection must be used.
FALL PROTECTION DEVICES
Harness - the device which attaches to the person.
Lanyard - the device which connects the harness to the
Lifeline or Retractable Device - the intermediate
attachment point which is used in some applications to
allow for greater range of vertical or horizontal
Lanyards must incorporate shock absorbers.
Anchorage point must be designed to support load.
Must be provided by the Company. No
personal belts or harnesses are allowed.
Lifelines / Anchorage Points
Must be capable of supporting 2.5
Should be secured above the point of operations
Must have a maximum length of 2m
Two lanyards cannot be hooked together for use
Must have locking snap hooks on both ends
USE OF FALL PROTECTION
Always secure above your head
Attach lanyard to secure fixing point
Inspect before use
Use two lanyards when necessary
Your fall protection device is only as
strong as its weakest link. Damaged or
worn equipment, or equipment which
has been subjected to a fall must be
taken out of service.
Falls are one of the most common causes of serious injuries and
Poor housekeeping is the most common cause of same level falls.
Fall prevention devices such as guard rails should always be the first
choice when confronted with a fall exposure. Only in situations
where it is not possible to use fall prevention devices, should fall
protection devices be relied upon as to sole means of fall prevention.
Lower level falls result from working in elevated area.
Fall protection is a method of protecting a person should they fall,
and is required any time employees work from an unprotected
elevation 2m or more above the ground.
Components of a fall protection system include the harness, the
lanyard, the anchorage point, and in some cases the intermediate
Fall protection devices should be inspected before each use.
Damaged or worn equipment, or equipment which has been exposed
to a fall must be taken out of service.