Developing structures for research in an African university: The by vSTnB6

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									    Developing structures for
research in an African university:
The case study of the Protestant
      University of Congo

         Prof. Patrick Bakengela Shamba
         Professor of Human Resource management
    Program director of the Congolese- German Centre for
                         Microfinance
       FOUR MAIN QUESTIONS
   Why is it important to develop structures for
    research in african universities ?
   What is the link between researches and
    development ?
   Is the african university an instrument of
    development or an instrument of
    underdevelopment ?
   What strategy can organizations involved in the
    development (e.g. EED) take to have more
    efficient results on the ground in Africa?
                       …

   Illustration with the case of the Protestant
    University in Congo: a partnership
    between Frankfurt School of Finance and
    Management and the Protestant University
    of Congo
                 Plan

   Research in African universities
   Research and development : the case
    of DRC
   Case of the partnership between
    Frankfurt School of Finance and
    Management and the Protestant
    University of Congo
    “Research” in African universities
When one examines the role of the African university in its contribution the
      development of the continent, we note:

       the university in sub-Saharan Africa remains on the sidelines of the
        major problems of society in which it is located,
       The African university remains deeply depend on the researches and
        theories made in West which are sometimes far from the practical
        realities on ground in Africa.
       Insignificant amount of money is spent to sustain “research” in the
        sub-Saharan African universities: in DRC, less than 1% of GNP is spent
        on education
       In some countries, professors are getting older whereas there is not
        sufficiently young professor who are interested to work in some
        insufficient conditions (not well paid, no facilities: Internet, library,
        etc.)
       Africans in sub-Saharan universities are less involved in the
        international scientific activities
       Etc.
              Consequences:

   Less emphasis is put on the local realities
   The education is far away from the society
    problems
   Courses are often not up dated…
   Africa still remain dependant to the West
2. Research and development : the
           case of DRC
DRC IS A PARADOXICAL COUNTRY: A RICH-POOR COUNTRY

   the 3rd vast country in Africa, behind Sudan and Algeria
   the most populated country in the central Africa: 65 millions of habitants
   potentially very rich country
        hold 80 % world reserve of colombite-tantalite (coltan)
        1/3 world reserve of cobalt
        1/10 world reserve of copper
        diamond, gold,
        etc.
   A country with the poorest population :
        Congolese lives with less than 1 $ per day and per person
        More than 80 % of population live in extreme poverty and are employed or self-employed in
         the informal sector
        More than 75 % of the population do not have access to banking system and do not have
         bank accounts
        In 1986, 62 % of the revenue was spent for food
2. Research and development : the
           case of DRC
   No academic or professional programs to
    develop competencies on local resources
   In Economics: the study of the informal
    economy is neglected (More than 60% of the
    population have job in the informal sector)
   University produces ‘elite’ – far from local
    problems
   Etc.
CASE: Partnership between Frankfurt School
   of Finance and Management and the
      Protestant University of Congo

    Partnership between Frankfurt School of
       Finance and Management and the
         Protestant University of Congo

   Creation of the Congolese – German Centre for Microfinance/ DAAD
   Opportunities for Microfinance in Congo
       Large proportion of population underbanked
       High demand for microfinance services
       First entrepreneur microfinance institutions (Procredit) very
        encouraging results
   Limitations for microfinance
       Lack   of   regulatory framework
       Lack   of   coherent political strategy
       Lack   of   qualified personnel
       Lack   of   training opportunities
    Partnership between Frankfurt School of
       Finance and Management and the
         Protestant University of Congo
   Aims of the project 2008-2013
       Become a true centre of excellence for microfinance
       Design and implement a custom-tailored Master level
        programme open for exceptionally talented bachelor students of
        economics in Congo and the region in order to develop
        microfinance researchers and practitioners
       Etablish microfinance practitioners’ networknetwork under the
        auspices of UPC
       Host annual symposium for microfinance researchers and
        practitioners
       Launch programme: 35 students (Autumn 2009/ 15 will receive
        DAAD scholarship to study at UPC)
Thanks

								
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