October 20, 2006

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					October 20, 2006

Country Reports
Blame It on the Hatchery Technicians

Insiders say the shrimp hatchery business is run by foreign
technicians, mainly Indians, Thais and Filipinos. They say the
technicians pose a serious threat to the industry because they use
antibiotics, abuse the environment and do not pass the hatchery
technology on to the local people. Around 70 foreign technicians are
now working in 57 shrimp hatcheries. A group of entrepreneurs
recently initiated a move to have the industry run by Bangladesh
technicians, but this proved unrealistic because there were only ten
qualified, homegrown technicians in the country. On September 24,
2006, Abdullah Al Noman, Fishery and Livestock Minister, reached a
decision to make mandatory the transfer of hatchery technology to
Bangladesh technicians. Nizam M. Selim, chairman of the
Bangladesh Shrimp Development Alliance, said the hatcheries
produce four times as much postlarvae as the country's 50,000
hectares of ponds require.

Source: The Daily Star. Business/Shrimp hatcheries at stake
(http://www.thedailystar.net/2006/10/06/d61006050152.htm). Jasim
Uddin Khan. October 5, 2006.

Shrimp Stuffed with Barley and Cement

Recently, Europe returned eighty containers of shrimp from
Bangladesh because the shrimp were allegedly carrying impurities
like barley, cement and other substances that had been stuffed into
them to increase their weight. The small group of exporters involved
in this incident say--not true. They say the shipments were rejected
because a necessary processing chemical was found in the shrimp.
Source: The Financial Express. Insuring the quality of exported
products (http://www.financialexpress-
cl=no). Enayet Rasul. October 4, 2006.

Integrated Aquaculture International

The Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources has tapped the
expertise of USA-based Integrated Aquaculture International (IAI) to
help farmers rear virus-free shrimp that will pass quality checks in the
USA, said Deputy Minister Dato Paduka Hamdillah Abd Wahab. IAI's
technical director George Chamberlain said his team will enable
shrimp farmers to produce large shrimp for niche markets in the USA.

Information: Dr. George Chamberlain, Integrated Aquaculture
International, LLC, 5661 Telegraph Road, Suite 3A, St. Louis, MO
63129 USA (phone 314-293-5500, fax 314-293-5525, email
georgec@integra.prserv.net, webpage

Source: The Brunei Times. Shrimp farmers eye lucrative US mart
October 10, 2006.

Farmers Voice Grievances

During a dialogue between shrimp farmers and the Minister of
Industry and Primary Resources, several shrimp farmers voiced their
grievances on issues facing the industry, like long delays in loan
processing, the absence of a feed mill, water pollution and marketing

The government said the shrimp farming industry was too small to
support a feed mill.
In the upcoming 9th National Development Plan, the government will
allocate $70 million to promote shrimp farming.

Source: Borneo Bulletin. Prawn entrepreneurs lament delays, water
pollution and marketing issues (http://www.brunei-
online.com/bb/tue/oct10h4.htm). Achong Tanjong. October 10, 2006.

SemBioSys Genetics, Inc.

SemBioSys Genetics, Inc., a Canadian biotechnology company
produces high-value proteins from genetically modified safflower
seeds. For the past two years, some farms in northcentral
Washington (USA) have grown the seeds as an ingredient for shrimp
feeds sent to South America. The goal is to boost the shrimp's
immune system and protect them from viruses, said Rick Keon, a
company spokesman.

Information: Andrew Baum, President and Chief Executive Officer,
SemBioSys Genetics, Inc., 110 - 2985 - 23rd Avenue, Calgary,
Alberta T1Y 7L3, Canada (phone 403-250-5424, fax 403-250-3886,
email bauma@sembiosys.com, webpage

Sources: 1. CNW Group, Ltd. (Canada NewsWire Group, online
news releases). SemBioSys announces 2004 year-end operational
and financial results (http://www.newswire.ca/en/info/about.cgi).
March 15, 2005. 2. Checkbiotech.org. Washington farmers raise
modified safflower for drug firm
October 10, 2006.

Wants Shrimp
We want to import all sizes of Gulf of Mexico white shrimp, about 40
containers a week. We need information on prices, payment
conditions, delivery schedules and the quality of the product.

Information: Nasser Attia, The International Group Import and
Export, 89 Saudi Company Building Al Sawah, Cairo, Egypt
(nasserattia@hotmail.com, phone 002022569501).

Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Nasser Attia on
October 5, 2006.

Wants Vannamei

I'm the biologist in charge of the shrimp trials at MariFarm, the R&D
facility of the Ecomares Group in Germany. For several years we
have been developing and testing recirc systems for an intensive
production of tropical shrimp. We plan to start our first production
cycle in our new pilot scale system as soon as possible. We're
urgently searching for SPF Penaeus vannamei postlarvae. We want
100,000 PLs every two months. Our facility in Kiel is pretty close to
the Hamburg airport.

Information: Marcus Thon, ECOMARES MariFarm, Bülker Huk
24229 Strande, Germany (phone 49-(0)43-66110-0, fax 49-(0)431-
66110, email marcus.thon@ecomares.com, webpage

Sources: 1. The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers,
"shrimp-subscribe@yahoogroups.com"). Subject: [shrimp] Request
for PL of L. vannamei. From: marcus.thon@ecomares.com. October
16, 2006. 2. Ecomares Group Webpage
(http://www.ecomares.com/main.php). October 17, 2006.

Small Farm For Sale
Is anyone interested in buying a small shrimp farm with four ponds in
the state of Maharashtra on the West coast of India? Rajiv.

Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, "shrimp-
subscribe@yahoogroups.com"). Subject: [shrimp] Farm for sale.
From: Joe Lala at whiteibis2001@yahoo.co.in. October 11, 2006.


In the September/October 2006 issue of Aqua Culture Asia Pacific,
Catur Widi Darwiyono, a shrimp farmer in Indonesia, asked Dan
Fegan, regional technical manager of aquaculture for Alltech
Biotechnology, Inc., a supplier of probiotics, if shrimp farmers could
produce their own probiotics from starter cultures:

Dan Fegan: Unless you carefully control the conditions and know
exactly what you're going to end up with, making your own probiotics
from starter cultures is not recommended. Controlling the cultures is
very difficult and the older they get, the more difficult it is to control

There are so many commercial probiotics on the market that it is
difficult to decide which will be effective for the range of conditions
(temperature, pH, salinity, organic load) in any one pond. Ideally, you
should understand the principles of probiotics and buy something that
has solid research behind it rather than culturing it yourself. On-farm
fermentation systems are prone to contamination, and may even
contain human and shrimp pathogens. Companies that produce
microbial cultures such as Alltech and Novozymes take great care to
maintain sterilized equipment and controlled conditions for
fermentation to prevent the entry of undesirable or pathogenic

Many products contain a long list of bacteria, some of which are
unlikely to be present in the product or viable in the pond. I believe in
the scientific use of probiotics, but I am concerned that many
commercial products are simply ineffective and their use may result in
further consumer concerns over food safety and damage our efforts
to produce and market shrimp internationally.

Researchers are studying what are known as "unculturable" bacteria
which are dominant in the environment, but which we cannot grow in
the laboratory. Their role in pond environments is likely to be far more
important than we currently understand.

Information: Daniel F. Fegan, Regional Technical Manager of
Aquaculture, Alltech Biotechnology Corp., Ltd., 209/1 CMIC Tower B,
17th Floor, Sukhumvit 21 Road (Asoke), Khlongtoey Nua, Wattana,
Bangkok 10110, Thailand (phone +66-2-260-0888, fax +66-2-260-
0886, email dfegan@alltech.com, webpage http://www.alltech.com).

Source: Aqua Culture Asia Pacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah
Merican, email zuridah@aquaasiapac.com, webpage
www.aquaasiapac.com). Q&A with Dan Fegan on the shrimp
physiology and pond environment. Volume 2, Number 5, Page 21,
September/October 2006.

Polychaete Distribution Center

Seabait, Ltd., a supplier of marine worms for shrimp maturation
facilities, has announced a new global distribution agreement with
Zagro Singapore, Pte., Ltd., of Singapore. Zagro is manufacturer and
global distributor of a wide range of nutrition and protection products
for livestock, crops and aquatic animals. The distribution agreement
means that Seabait's worms will be available, not only in the USA,
Central and South America, Africa and the Middle East, but also in
Asia via the distribution agreement with Zagro. Seabait grows
polychaetes on plant-based feeds under biosecure conditions from
known broodstock.

Information: Tony Smith, Managing Director, Dragon Feeds, Ltd.,
Units 43-44 Endeavour Close, Port Talbot, South Wales, United
Kingdom (phone 44-1639-896777, fax 44-1639-883173, email
Source: Aqua Culture Asia Pacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah
Merican, email zuridah@aquaasiapac.com, webpage
www.aquaasiapac.com). Global Distribution Unit in Singapore for
Polychaetes. Volume 2, Number 5, Page 42, September/October

United States

I would appreciate it if someone with some experience could help me
find information or direct me to where I could find someone in the
area to talk to about starting a shrimp farm. I would like to start it
inland, in a greenhouse, in Livermore, California. I have guessed at
some of the beginning costs, but I am looking for a more detailed
analysis on the viability of indoor/small-scale shrimp farming. I am not
an aquaculturist, but I am very interested in shrimp farming as a
supplemental business.

Source: AquaNic (The Aquaculture Network Information Center, a
gateway to the world's electronic aquaculture resources,
http://aquanic.org/index.htm). Shrimp Discussion Group
(http://ag.ansc.purdue.edu/discuss/shrimp.htm). Starting indoor in
Northern California (Central Valley)
(http://www.aquanic.org/discuss/_shrimp/00000ff8.htm). From:
nathan_alan_grant@yahoo.com. October 9, 2006.

United States
California--Shrimp News International

Hot off the press, World Shrimp Farming 2006. Excerpts and detailed
Table of Contents at http://www.shrimpnews.com/WSF2006.htmp.

United States
Michigan--Can Produce Shrimp Cheaper than China Can
On October 16, 2006, Russ Allen, owner of Seafood Systems, Inc., a
small shrimp farm and consulting company in Okemos, received
$200,000 from the agricultural segment of the 21st Century Jobs
Fund (a state program designed to spark high-tech investment and
create new jobs). "Ultimately, when we go to commercial production,
we'd like to bring 1,000 to 1,500 new jobs to Michigan," says Allen,
who produces 200 pounds of shrimp a week in a barn behind his
house. With his cutting edge technology, Allen sees no limit to the
progress he'll make with his share of the funding. "With the numbers
we produce here, we can produce shrimp in the state of Michigan
cheaper than anywhere else in the world. We can compete with
China...and bring jobs back from China to Michigan," says Allen.
Information: Russell Allen, Seafood Systems, Inc., 3450 Meridian
Road, Okemos, MI 48863 USA (phone 517-347-5537, fax 517-347-
4999, email shrimpone@aol.com).

Dallas Weaver, a shrimp farming consultant and water quality expert
in California, responded to Allen's statements: "I like Russ and he has
done some good work in the area, but for him to state that he can
compete with China with recycle systems is totally wrong. Since he
has been at this long enough to know better, it appears that his
statements are political and probably necessary to get the tax payers
money. The political/bureaucratic types are naive enough to believe
such garbage. PS: in the age of the internet, you can no longer
restrict you political statements to the target audience." Information:
Dallas Weaver, Ph.D., Consultant, Scientific Hatcheries, 8152 Evelyn
Circle, Huntington Beach, CA 92646 (phone 714-960-4171, cell 714-
614-3925 emial deweaver@surfcity.net, webpage

Sources: 1. WILX.com. Additional Funding for Michigan-Made Jobs
(http://www.wilx.com/news/headlines/4412071.html). Lauren Zakalik.
October 16, 2006. 2. Michigan.org
(http://www.michigan.org/index.asp). Tour
(http://www.michigan.org/medc/21stcenturytour). October 16, 2006.
3. The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, "shrimp-
subscribe@yahoogroups.com"). Subject: Re: [shrimp] News =
Michigan/Russ Allen/$200,000. October 19, 2006.

Recently, Nikolas Kozloff, author of Hugo Chavez: Oil, Politics, and
the Challenge to the U.S., interviewed Jorge Hinestroza, an
environmentalist and professor of sociology at the University of Zulia.
During the interview, Hinestroza criticized the government's
environmental policy, especially in relation to the oil industry, but he
also touched on the shrimp farming industry around Lake Maracaibo.
Located within the western state of Zulia. Lake Maracaibo is the
center of the petroleum industry. Historically, it has been plagued by
oil spills and pollution.

Now, duckweed has spread across the surface of the lake, blocking
out the sun and changing the habitat for all the fish and other
organisms that live in the lake.

Nikolas Kozloff: What caused the duckweed?

Jorge Hinestroza: I don't think duckweed is a chronic problem
because it emerged suddenly in 2003. I believe it thrives on the
effluent from the shrimp farms that began production in 2000. Half the
shrimp farms in Venezuela operate around Lake Maracaibo.

Source: Venezuelanalysis.com. Hugo Chavez's Achilles Heel: The
Environment/Interview with Jorge Hinestroza
(http://www.venezuelanalysis.com/articles.php?artno=1847). Nikolas
Kozloff. October 9, 2006.

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