Hazrat Ali RA narrated

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Hazrat Ali RA narrated Powered By Docstoc
					Factors inspiring patience and
perseverance: Examples from
    the companions of the
           Prophet.
               The Factors
 Unshakeable belief in Allah SWT
 Belief in the truth of the Hereafter.
 Devotion and love for the leadership of the
  Prophet PBUH
 Sense of responsibility
 The role of the Quran
 Unshakeable belief In Allah and the truth of the
                   Hereafter
 They had an unshakeable belief in Allah SWT coupled with a
  wonderful degree of perception of his attributes as described in Surah
  Hadid (Ayah 1 – 6).
   In the name of Allah the Most Merciful the Most Compassionate.

              ‫سبح َّلِل ما فَي السماوات واْلَرأ ض وهُو العزيز الحكيم‬
              ُ َ َ ‫َّ َ َ َ َ أ َ َ َ أ َ َ ُ أ‬         َ َ َّ َ َّ َ
 All that is in the heavens and the Earth extols the glory of Allah. He is
  the most Mighty the most Wise

         ‫لَه مُلك السماوات واْلَرأ ض يُحأ يي ويميت وهُو علَى كل شيأ ء قدير‬
           َ َ ٍ َ ِّ ُ   َ َ َ ُ َُ َ َ       َ ‫ُ أ ُ َّ َ َ َ َ أ‬
 His is the dominion of the heavens and the Earth. He gives life and
  causes death, and He has power over everything.

             ‫هُو اْلَول واْلخر والظاهر وال َباطنُ وهُو بكل شيأ ء علَيم‬
                 َ ٍ َ ِّ ُ َ َ َ َ ‫َ أ َّ ُ َ أ َ ُ َ َّ َ ُ َ أ‬
 He is the First and the Last, and the Manifest and the Hidden, and He
  has knowledge over everything…
 ‫هُو الَّذي خلَق السماوات واْلَرأ ض فَي ستة أَيَّام ثم اسأ َتوى علَى العرأ ش َيعأ لَم ما َيلَج‬
 ُ َ ُ             َ َ‫أ‬       َ     َ      َّ ُ ٍ َ َّ َ        َ      ‫َ َ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َ أ‬
      ‫فَي اْلَرأ ض وما َيخرج م أنها وما َينزل من السماء وما َيعأ رج فَيها وهُو معكم أَيأن‬
       َ ‫ُ ُ َ َ َ ََ ُأ‬               َ َ َ َّ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ ‫أ َ َ َ أ‬
                                                         َ َ َّ َ ‫َ ُ ُ أ‬
                                    ‫ما كنتم وَّللا ُ بما َتعأ ملُون َبصير‬
                                        َ َ َ
 He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six
    days and then established Himself on the throne. He
    knows all that enters the earth and all that comes forth
    from it. And all that comes down from the heaven and
    all that goes up to it. He is with you wherever you are.
    Allah sees all that you do.
                       ‫له مُلك السماوات واْلَرأ ض وإ ََلى َّللا ترأ جع اْلمُور‬
                                ُ َ ُ َ َّ        َ َ ‫َ ُ أ ُ َّ َ َ َ َ أ‬
 His is the dominion of the heavens and the earth. And
    to him are all matters referred to for Judgment.

             َ ََ َ َ َ َ
      ‫يُولَج اللَّ أيل في النهار ويُولَج النهار في اللَّيأل وهُو علَيم بذات الصدور‬
      َ ُ ُّ                           َ َ َ َّ ُ     َ َ َ َّ َ َ          ُ
 He causes the night to pass in to the day and the day to
  pass into the night. And he fully knows all that is hidden
  in the breast of people.
 ‫الَّذين قال لهم الناسُ إَنَّ الناس قد جمعُو أا لكم فاخش أوهم فزادَ هم‬
 ‫َُأ َ أ َ ُأ ََ ُأ‬           َ َ ‫َّ َ َ أ‬                   َّ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ َ
                 ُ َ َ‫َ ُ ه َ َ َ أ‬
                 ‫إَيمانا ً وقالُو أا حسأ ب َنا َّللاُ ونعأ م الوكيل‬
                                                       َ َ َ
 Allah appreciates their Iman in Surah Ale Imran; 173
  When people said to them; behold a host has gathered
  around you and you should fear them – It only increased
  their faith and they answered; Allah is sufficient for us,
  and what an excellent Guardian He is.
 The second pledge of Aqabah is another example of
  their belief in the truth of Hereafter.
             Principles of the Pledge

 To listen and obey in all sets of circumstances.
 To spend in plenty as well as in scarcity
 To enjoin good and forbid evil
 In Allah's service you will fear the censure of
  none
 To defend Me (Prophet PBUH) in case I seek
  your help, and prevent me from anything you
  prevent yourself, your spouses, and your
  children.
 If you observe these precepts Paradise is in
  store for you
 They had already known that life with all of its amenities and pain
  was worthless when compared with the hereafter
 Such deep convictions brought about in them, a sense of
  indifference to all troubles and hardships that attended their life.
 Allah SWT talks about their fear of Akhirah in Surah al Muminoon
  Ayah 57 – 60

                 ‫إَنَّ الَّذين هُم مِّنأ خش َية ربِّهم مشفقُون‬
                   َ َ ‫َ أ َ َ َ ُّ أ‬                   َ َ
                     ‫والَّذين هُم بآ َيات ربِّهم يُؤمنون‬
                      َ َُ ‫َ َ َ َأ أ‬                 َ َ َ
                       ‫والَّذين هُم بربِّهم َل يشركون‬
                       َ ُ َ ‫ََ َأ َ ُ أ‬             َ َ َ
       ‫والَّذين يُؤتون ما آ َتوا وقُلُوبهم وجلَة أ ََّنهم إَلَى ربِّهم راجعُون‬
       َ َ َ ‫َ َأ‬           ‫ُأ‬          َ َ ‫َّ ُ ُ أ‬         َ َ ُ ‫َ َ َ أ‬
   Surely those who stand in awe for fear of their lord. Who have full
   faith in the signs of their lord Who associate none with their Lord and
   His Divinity Who give whatever they give in charity with their hearts
   trembling in thought that they are destined to return to their Lord.”
 Devotion and love for the leadership of
            Prophet PBUH
 Prophet PBUH was an exemplary man in his
  perfect manners and noble attributes,
  unanimously acknowledged, even by his
  enemies.
 Certain exemplary qualities of Prophet PBUH
  are as follows:
o Forbearance and endurance; the more he was
  hurt or injured the more clement and patient he
  became.
o The more insolence an ignorant person
  exercised against him the more enduring he
  became.
 Hadith narrated by Aisha (RA)
 “…He has never avenged himself but when the
  sanctity of Allah SWT is violated he would, but
  that would be for Allah and not for himself. He
  will be the last one to get angry, and the first to
  be satisfied. His hospitality and generosity were
  matchless. His gifts and endowments manifest a
  man who doesn’t fear poverty.” Al Bukhari
 He was the most generous of people. Ibn Abbas
  narrated. “ Verily the Messenger of Allah s more
  generous at giving bounty or charity than the
  blowing wind.”
      His courage and succor were most
               distinguishable.


 Hazrat Ali (RA) narrated
 “Whenever the fight grew fierce and the
  eyes of fighters went red we used to resort
  to the Prophet PBUH for succor. He was
  always the closest to the enemy.”
            He was the most modest

 Said Al Qudri narrated
  “He was shier than a virgin in her boudoir. When he
  hates a thing we read it on his face. He does not stare at
  anybody’s face. He always casts his eyes down. He
  looks at the ground more than he looks skywards. His
  utmost looks at people are glances, he is willingly and
  modestly obeyed by everybody. He would never name a
  person whom he had heard ill news about – which he
  hated. Instead he would say “why do certain people do
  so…” Al Bukhari
          Love for Prophet PBUH
 With his friends and companions he occupied the
  innermost cells of their hearts.
 When Abu Bakr (RA) was severely beaten by Uthba bin
  Rabia his whole body was bleeding and he was at the
  verge of his death, yet he swore he would never eat or
  drink anything until they told him about the well being of
  the Prophet PBUH
 Bay’ at Ar-Ridwan; the Muslims took a solemn pledge at
  the hand of Prophet PBUH that they would sacrifice their
  life to avenge the death of their companion Uthamn
  (RA). And stand firmly by their master Prophet PBUH
  under all conditions.
 This is a perfect example of the love and devotion for the
  leadership of the Prophet PBUH
           The Sense of Responsibility
 They were aware of the horrible impact humanity would
  suffer incase they shirked their responsibility
 Musab bin Umayr (RA) presents a shining example in this
  context
 He was sent as the first Muslim ambassador to teach the
  people the doctrines of Islam, give them practical
  guidance and propagate Islam in Medina.
 Never in History has an individual ambassador had such
  a huge impact in the span of just one year.
 The first pledge of Aqabah was a promise to act; Musab
  helped facilitate action and the practical application of that
  pledge.
 His efforts led to the second pledge of Aqabah which
  paved the way for the historical and eventful Hijrah
  leading to the establishment of the first Islamic State in
  Medina.
                    Tabook Expedition
 The general situation in Medina at that time was severe hot weather,
  drought in crops and agriculture. And there was a rugged terrain of
  mountains and desert extending from Medina to Tabook a distance
  of over 700 miles.
 There was a sever shortage of provisions, mounts were so few that
  18 people altered over one camel. They had to eat leaves at times
  to fill their stomach, water was so scarce that they had to slaughter
  camels to obtain water
 The army was called the army of distress
 In spite of the hardships and paucity of provisions the Prophet
  PBUH decided to challenge the Roman army at the border of the
  Islamic State and the Byzantine Empire at Tabook.
 By this account we could understand the sense of commitment and
  responsibilities of the companions. They understood the far reaching
  consequences of their actions and knew very well that they were
  making history in the civilization of mankind
              The role of the Quran
 The Quran constituted the immune basis upon which the most
  wonderful divinely decreed society was to be established.

       ‫إ ََّنا جع أل َنا ما علَى اْلَرأ ض زي َنة لَّها لَ َن أبل َُوهم أ َُّيهم أَحأ سنُ عمل‬
        ًَ َ َ       ‫ُأ ُأ‬                    َ ً َ َ ‫أ‬               َ َ َ َ
                   ‫وإ ََّنا لَجاعلُون ما علَ أيها صعيدا جرُزا‬
                    ً ُ ً َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ                              َ
 “Surely we have made all that is on the Earth and embellishment for
  it in order to test people as to which among them is better in
  conduct. In the ultimate we shall reduce all that is on the Earth to a
  barren plain.” Surah Kahf Ayahs 7-8

 ‫الَّذي خلَق الم أوت والح َياة لَ َي أبل َُوكم أ َُّيكم أَحأ سنُ عمل وهُو العزيز الغفُور‬
 ُ َ‫َ َ ًَ َ َ أَ َ ُ أ‬           ‫ُأ ُأ‬                    َ َ ‫َ َ َ أَ َ َ أ‬
 “Who created Death and life that he might try you as to which of you
  is better in deed. He is the most Mighty and the Most Forgiving.”
  Surah Mulk ayah 2
 ‫اعأ لمُوا أ ََّنما الح َياةُ الد أن َيا َلعب ولهأو وزي َنة و َتفاخر َب أي َنكم و َتكاثر‬
  ُ َ َ ‫ُأ‬             ُ َ َ       َ َ َ َ َ            ُّ        َ ‫َ أ‬             َ
   ‫فَي اْلَمأ وال واْلَ أوَلد كم َثل غ أيث أَعأ جب الكفار َن َباته ثم َيهيج‬
    ُ َ َّ ُ ُ ُ َ َّ ُ ‫أ َ َ َ أ َ َ َ َ َ َ ٍ َ َ أ‬
          ََ          ََ َََ ‫َ ً َ َ أ‬                 ُ َّ ُ ‫َ ًه‬
        ‫ف َتراهُ مُصأ فرا ثم َيكونُ حُطاما وفي اْلخرة عذاب شديد‬                 َ َ
           ُ ‫َّ َ ُ أ‬                     َ ‫َ َ أ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َ َ َ أ‬
     ‫ومغفَرة مِّن َّللا ورضأ وان وما الح َياةُ الد أن َيا إََل م َتاع الغرُور‬
     َ                          ُّ
 Know well that the life of this world is merely sport and diversion and
  adornment and an object of your boasting with another. And a rivalry
  in the multiplication of riches and children. Its likeness is that of rain;
  when it produces vegetation it delight s the tillers. But then it withers
  and you see it turn yellow and then it crumbles away. In the
  hereafter there is either grievous chastisement or forgiveness from
  Allah and good pleasure.The life of this world is nothing but
  delusion.” Surah Hadid Ayah 20
 The Quranic verses serve also to strengthen their selves on
  their course of patience and endurance.


 ‫أَم حس أبتم أَن َتدخلُو أا الج َّنة ولمَّا َيأأتكم م َثل الَّذين خل أو أا من ق أبلَكم‬
  ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َّ ُ َ                         َ َ َ َ ‫أ‬        ُ ‫أ‬      ‫أ َ َ ُأ‬
   ‫مس أتهم ال َبأأساء والضَّرَّ اء وز ألزلُو أا ح َّتى َيقُول الرَّ سُول والَّذين‬
     َ َ َ ُ               َ         َ         َ    ُ َ             َ َ ‫َّ َّ ُ ُ أ‬
            ‫آمنو أا معه م َتى َنصأ ر َّللا أََل إَنَّ َنصأ ر َّللا قريب‬
                    َ َ َ‫َ ه‬                َ‫ُ ه‬                َ ُ ََ َُ
 “ Or think you that you will enter paradise without such trials as
  came to those who passed away before you? They were afflicted
  with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken that even the
  messenger and those who believed along with him said “ when will
  come the help of Allah? Yes certainly the help of Allah is near.”
  Surah Baqara ayah 214
 Glad tidings of success were revealed in the Quran time and
  again to encourage the Muslims to stay on the path to face the
  adversities.


   ‫أَرأ ض َنآ أَ أو لَ َتعُودنَّ في ملَّت َنا‬
        َ َ َ ُ                        َ        ‫وقال الَّذين كفرُو أا لَرسلَهم لَنخرجنـكم مِّنأ‬
                                                         ُ َّ َ َ ‫ُ ُ َ أ ُ أ‬       ََ َ َ َ َ َ
                                  َ َ َّ
                                ‫الظالَمين‬        َّ‫فأ َ أوحى إَلَيأهم ربهم لَنهلَكن‬
                                                     َ ‫َ أ َ ُّ ُ أ ُ أ‬       َ َ
       َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ََ َ َ
       ‫خاف مقامي وخاف وعيد‬                         ‫ولَنسأ ك َننـكم اْلَرأ ض من َبعأ دهم ذلَك لَمنأ‬
                                                      َ َ َ ‫َ َأ‬          َ َ         ُ ُ َّ َ ُ َ
 “ Then the unbelievers told their messengers “ you will have to
  return to the fold of our faith or else we shall banish you from our
  land.” Their upon their Lord revealed to them: we will most certainly
  destroy these wrong doers and we will then cause you to settle in
  this land as successors. That is the reward for him who fears to
  stand for reckoning and holds my threat in awe.” Surah Ibrahim
  Ayahs 13-14.
              َ َ ‫َ ََأ َ َ أ َ َُ َ َ أ‬
              ‫ولقد س َبقت كلَمت َنا لَع َباد َنا المُرأ سلَين‬
                                        َ‫ُأ َ ُُ أ‬
                        ‫إ ََّنهم لهم المنصُورُون‬
                         َ
                               َ‫ُُ أ‬
                     ‫وإَنَّ جُندَ َنا َلهم الغالَبُون‬
                      َ                                 َ
                        ‫ف َتول ع أنهم ح َّتى حين‬
                        ٍ َ          َ ‫َ َ َّ َ ُ أ‬
                  ‫وأَبأصرأ هم فس أوف يبأصرُون‬
                  َ َ ُ َ َ َ ‫َ َ ُأ‬
                           ‫أَفبعذاب َنا َيسأ َتعأ جلُون‬
                           َ َ                 َ ََََ
 “We have already given our promise to Our messengers
  that they shall certainly be triumphant and that Our hosts
  shall triumph, so O Prophet leave them alone for a while
  and see, they too shall see. Do they seek to hasten our
  chastisement?” Surah Al Saffat Ayahs 171-176
 ‫إَنَّ الَّذين قالُوا رب َنا َّللاُ ثم اسأ َتقامُوا َت َت َنزل عليأهم الملئكة أََل‬
    َّ ُ َ َ َ َ ‫َّ ُ َ َ َ ُ أ‬          َ      َّ ُ َّ ُّ َ       َ َ َ
          ‫َتخافُوا وَل َتحأ زنوا وأَبأشرُوا بالجنة الَّتي كنتم توعدون‬
           َ ُ َ ُ ‫َ أ َ َّ َ َ ُ ُ أ‬              َ َ َُ           َ َ      َ
‫َنحأ نُ أَ أولَ َياؤُ كم في الح َياة الد أن َيا وفَي اْلخرة ولكم فَيها ما َتش َتهي‬
  َ    ‫أ َ ََ َ َُأ َ َ أ‬                  َ ُّ َ َ ‫ُ أ َ أ‬
                           ‫أَنفُسكم ولكم فيها ما َتدعُون‬
                            َ َّ َ َ َ ‫ُ ُ أ َ َ ُ أ‬
                             ‫نزَل مِّنأ غفُور رَّ حيم‬
                             ٍ  َ ٍ َ                ًُ ُ
   “ Those who say Allah is our Lord and then remain steadfast upon
    them descend Angels and say do not fear nor grief, and receive
    good tidings of paradise which you were promised. We are your
    companions in this world and in the hereafter. There you shall
    have all that you desire and all what you ask for. This is by way of
    hospitality from Him, Who is Most forgiving, Most merciful.” Surah
    Al Fussilat Ayahs 30-32
 Goal of the Islamic call was made clear through the Ayahs of
  the Quran that is extermination of pre-Islamic traditions or
  Jahiliya. And make Islam the predominant way of life.


                                                            ‫ُ َ أ‬
    ‫يُريدون لَيُطفَؤُ وا نور َّللا بأ أَفواههم وَّللاُ متم نوره ول أو كره‬
    َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ُّ َ ُ َّ َ ‫ُ َ َّ َ َ َ َ َ أ‬                    َ
                                          َ‫أ‬
                                   ‫الكافَرُون‬
                                    َ
           َ َ َ َ ‫َ َ َ أ َ ِّ أ‬
  ‫هُو الَّذي أَرأ سل رسُوله بالهُدَى ودين الحق لَيُظهرهُ على الدين‬
  َ   ِّ                                     ‫َ َ َ َُ َ أ‬           َ َ
                           َ ُ َ ‫ُ َ َ َ َ َ أُ أ‬
                           ‫كلِّه و َل أو كره المشركون‬
 “They seek to extinguish Allah’s light by blowing with their mouths.
  But Allah shall spread His light in all its fullness howsoever the
  unbelievers may abhor this. He it is Who has sent forth the
  Messenger with the guidance and the true religion that he may make
  it prevail over all religions, however the Mushriks might dislike this.”
  Surah Al Saff Ayahs 8-9
               َ َ َ َ َ َ َّ                                َ َ َ ََ ‫َ َ أ أ‬
‫من المُؤمنين رجال صدَ قُوا ما عاهدوا َّللا عل أيه فم أنهُم مَّن قضى‬
 َ َ                               َُ َ َ          َ
                 ً َ
                ‫َنحأ َبه وم أنهُم مَّن َين َتظر وما َبدلُوا َت أبديل‬
                              َّ َ َ ُ َ                 َ َ ُ
 Among the believers are men who have [always] been
  true to what they have vowed before God; and among
  them are such as have [already] redeemed their pledge
  by death, and such as yet await [its fulfillment] without
  having changed [their resolve] in the least. Al-Ahzab
  33:23

				
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