Drought In MEDC�s And LEDC�s by Ax2YAZF


									Drought In MEDC’s
   And LEDC’s
    Europe And Africa
                Europe; 2003
• Estimates for the death toll from the French
  heatwave in 2003 were as high as 30,000.
• Harvests were down by between 30% and 50% on
• France’s electricity grid was also affected, as
  demand for electricity soared as the population
  turned up air conditioning and fridges.
• At the same time, nuclear power stations which
  generate around 75% of France’s electricity, were
  operating at a much reduced capacity because
  there was less water available for cooling.
               Europe; 2003
• Portugal declared a state of emergency after
  the worst forest fires for 30 years.
• Temperatures reached 43 degrees C in Lisbon
  in August 2003 to 15 degrees C hotter than
  the average for the month.
• Over 1300 deaths occurred in the first half of
  August, and up to 35,000 ha of forest,
  farmland, and scrub were burned.
                Europe; 2003
• Some fires were, in fact, deliberately started by
  arsonists seeking insurance or compensation
• Over 70 people were arrested.
• The prolonged heatwave left some countries facing
  their worst harvests since the end of the Second
  World War.
• Some countries that usually export food were forced
  to import it for the first time in decades.
• Across the EU, wheat and production was down 10
  million tonnes, about 10%.
                Africa; 2003
• In 2003, parts of Southern Ethiopia were
  experiencing the longest drought anyone had
• The world’s largest emergency food aid
  programme was in operation, but it proved
• Because of a sixth poor rainy season in three
  years, 20 million people needed help.
• The situation was now worse than the 1984
  famine, when only 10 million people needed food.
      Africa’s “At Risk” Population
               Country   Population
             Ethiopia    20 Million
             Zimbabwe    3.2 Million
             Malawi      2.9 Million
             Sudan       2.7 Million
             Zambia      1.9 Million
             Eritrea      1 Million
Plus around 7.3 million across Swaziland, Congo,
Uganda, Congo-Brazzaville, Lesotho, and Mozambique.
Using Essential AS Geography P218-219, answer the
following questions…
1. What are the meteorological causes of drought?
2. What human factors contribute to water shortages
   in various areas?
3. How do the impacts on people and the
   environment differ in both MEDC’s and LEDC’s?
4. How could these impacts be reduced in both
   MEDC’s and LEDC’s?

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