Specific Learning Disabilities by o1D45ZcK


									 What is a Learning Disability?
Learning involves four stages of information
 input: brain takes in and records info.
  relayed by the senses
 integration: brain interprets the info.
 memory: brain stores the info. for later
 output: learner reproduces the info.
  through language or motor activity
          Facts and Myths
• LD is not the same as low intelligence
• Students with a learning disability
  generally have average to above-average

  Approximately 1 in every 7 people in the
        U.S. has a learning disability
Causes of a Learning Disability
• Prenatal factors or problems during
• Illness/injury in infancy or early
• Environmental factors
• Heredity
SLD Eligibility Criteria
                  Severe Underachievement

 Severe Discrepancy                   Information Processing
Areas of Eligibility
    MN Rule 3525.1341
    Basic Reading Skills
 Reading Comprehension
 Mathematical Calculation
 Mathematical Reasoning
    Written Expression
      Oral Reasoning
 Listening Comprehension
              What is RTI?
• RTI = Response to Intervention
• Greater emphasis on three levels of
  interventions prior to evaluation for SpEd

• IDEA ’04 – Included new criteria for SLD
• Local decisions driven by ZED
• Beginning in the elementary
• Will be moving into MS and HS in time
 Other Health      Physical
  Disabilities   Impairments
      At PI:          At PI:
   ADD/ADHD      Cerbral Palsy
• Attention       Spina Bifida
• Organization    • Learning
                    • Safety
              Based upon MN Rule
“Learning Disabilities: Understanding the Types,
       Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis”
Ellen Jaffe-Gill, M.A. & Tina de Benedictic, Ph.D.
   This presentation included CONFIDENTIAL
         information for school staff only.

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