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What is a Learning Disability? Learning involves four stages of information processing: input: brain takes in and records info. relayed by the senses integration: brain interprets the info. memory: brain stores the info. for later retrieval output: learner reproduces the info. through language or motor activity Facts and Myths • LD is not the same as low intelligence • Students with a learning disability generally have average to above-average intelligence Approximately 1 in every 7 people in the U.S. has a learning disability Causes of a Learning Disability • Prenatal factors or problems during delivery • Illness/injury in infancy or early childhood • Environmental factors • Heredity SLD Eligibility Criteria Severe Underachievement Severe Discrepancy Information Processing Areas of Eligibility MN Rule 3525.1341 Basic Reading Skills Reading Comprehension Mathematical Calculation Mathematical Reasoning Written Expression Oral Reasoning Listening Comprehension What is RTI? • RTI = Response to Intervention • Greater emphasis on three levels of interventions prior to evaluation for SpEd • IDEA ’04 – Included new criteria for SLD • Local decisions driven by ZED • Beginning in the elementary • Will be moving into MS and HS in time Other Health Physical Disabilities Impairments At PI: At PI: ADD/ADHD Cerbral Palsy • Attention Spina Bifida • Organization • Learning • Safety Based upon MN Rule 3525.1342 And “Learning Disabilities: Understanding the Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis” Ellen Jaffe-Gill, M.A. & Tina de Benedictic, Ph.D. This presentation included CONFIDENTIAL information for school staff only.
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