understand the Previous Participle and its different
In this Real language class we will understand the Previous Participle and its
different uses. Although this class is actually briefer than past training, t
he Previous Participle is very essential if you want to understand how to talk
Real language. Its development is quite easy. As in British, the Previous Par
ticiple in Real language is a main factor in most subjects of conversation.
In common, the Previous Participle is best recognized as having 4 unique us
es which consist of past and existing activities, and adjectives. Although t
his variety in utilization seems wide, knowing each particular use can be di
scovered and used rather quickly with work out.
The Previous Participle is rather easy to type. For -ar spanish verbs, an -ado
is included to the verb's control.
The control of the action-word hablar (to speak) is habl. With this in though
ts, an -ado is included to habl to type the Previous Participle for hablar: ha
The development of the Previous Participle for -er and -ir spanish verbs simi
lar this routine. However, an -ido is included to the er or ir verb's control.
In the situation of the action-word beber (to drink), its control is beb. An -i
do is then included to beb to type its Previous Participle: bebido.
Similarly, to type the Previous Participle for salir (to go out) an -ido is inclu
ded to its control, sal. Its Previous Participle is: salido.
With the Previous Participle's primary structure in thoughts, what follows ar
e illustrations of it for both frequent and infrequent verbs:
Examples of the Regular Previous Participle:
Infinitive (Previous) Participle
estar (to be) estado
bailar (to dance) bailado
cenar (to eat supper) cenado
almorzar (to eat lunch) almorzado
desayunar (to eat breakfast) desayunado
limpiar (to clean) limpiado
dar (to give) dado
llorar (to cry) llorado
lloviznar (to drizzle) lloviznaado
tener (to have) tenido
creer (to believe) creido
leer (to read) leido
querer (to want, to love) querido
partir (to leave) partido
ir (to go) ido
vivir (to live) vivido
dormir (to sleep) dormido
Examples of the Irregular Previous Participle:
Infinitive (Previous) Participle:
poner (to put) puesto
ver (to see) visto
volver (to return) vuelto
resolver (to resolve) resuelto
escribir (to write) escrito
abrir (to open) abierto
hacer (to make) hecho
satisfacer (to satisfy) satisfecho
morir (to die) muerto
decir (to say) dicho
cubrir (to cover) cubierto
The 4 primary uses of the Previous Participle are as follows:
1. The Previous Participle is often used in substance worr
ies with the reliable action-word haber (to have). We have seen this use in th
e Lesson on the Present Ideal Anxious. In the Present Ideal Anxious previous p
eriods participle of the sentence's primary action-word is included to haber t
o show a past activity that has not absolutely passed.
Let's temporarily evaluation this use:
Juana ha estado en su cuarto todo el da. (Juana has been in her space all day
He querido ir a Florida. (I have desired to go to Florida.)
Mario ha vivido en Bogot. (Mario has resided in Bogot.).
2. The Previous Participle is used for the inactive speech
and usually follows the spanish verbs ser or estar (to be). When the Previous P
articiple shows the inactive speech, it must believe the fact with the model's
sex and variety.
El pap de Paul est herido. (Diego's dad is harm.)
La hermana de Rogelio est cansada. (Rogelio's sis is exhausted.)
3. At periods, the spanish verbs llevar and consegu
ir are used instead of the action-word haber in substance worries (as in the Pr
esent Ideal Tense). When this happens, the Previous Participle must believe the
fact with the attribute's sex and variety. Although this use may seem uncomfor
table, think of it as developing an substitute concept for long past activities
Tengo hecha la comida. (I have created the meals.)
Juan lleva pagada la cuenta. (Juan has compensated the examine.)
4. The Previous Participle can also be used as an adject
ive. Keep in thoughts that for this use, the Previous Participle functions as an
adjective and must believe the fact in sex and variety with the noun.
Un vestido realizado a mano (A outfit created by hand)
Un hombre educado (An knowledgeable man)
Un bebé mimado (A ruined baby)
Now let us try a few workouts. Convert the following into Real language. T
he solutions adhere to the work out.
1. An started out door
2. A washed room
3. We have verbal.
4. Juan has prepared.
5. A prepared chicken
6. Roberta's sibling is exhausted.
7. Juana's mom is knowledgeable.
8. Marcos has created the sweet.
9. She has started out the entrance.
10. Have you seen Milagros?
1. Una puerta abierta
2. Un cuarto limpiado
3. Hemos hablado.
4. Juan ha cocinado.
5. Un pollo cocinado
6. El hermano de Roberta est cansado.
7. La madre de Juana es educada.
8. Marcos tiene realizado el postre.
9. Ella ha abierto la puerta.
10. ¿Has visto a Milagros?