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Summary of Chapter 1 by r29355TZ

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									                                   Summary of Chapter 1

  I. Emotional Roadblocks to the Path of Cultural Competence
        a. Strong emotions such as anger, sadness, and defensiveness are displayed when
            discussing experiences of race, culture, gender, and other sociodemographic
            variables
        b. These feelings can enhance or negate a deeper understanding of the worldviews of
            culturally diverse clients
        c. Disturbing feelings serve to protect us from having to examine our own prejudices
            and biases (Winter, 1977)
        d. Multiculturalism deals with real human experiences and it would behoove the
            reader to understand his/her emotional reactions on the journey to cultural
            competence
 II. Mark Kiselica’s Personal and Professional Journey as a White Person: Reactions to
     Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and Practice (CCD)
        a. Dr. Kiselica felt much anger and disgust after reading CCD for the first time
        b. Dr. Kiselica felt defensive because his White ancestors did not perpetrate any
            offenses against people of color
        c. He tried to make sense of his emotions and reread the book in spite of his initial
            rejection of it
        d. His family was poor and also suffered injustices in coming to America
        e. His memories of his early childhood helped him view CCD from a different
            perspective
        f. He began to empathize towards the plight of people of color by getting in touch
            with his own family experiences
        g. Next, he realized that he has directly contributed to the oppressive system that
            keeps people of color down by displaying stereotypes toward people of color,
            laughing at racist jokes, and using the “N” word to refer to African Americans
        h. Dr. Kiselica admits to being racist in a world of well-meaning Whites
        i. He struggled with how to go forward in his process
        j. Dr. Kiselica decided to take on a pre-doctoral internship in Newark, New Jersey
            where he socialized with and was exposed to various racial and ethnic groups
        k. Later in his career, he wrote personal narratives about his racial/cultural
            awakening and continues to write to this day
        l. He graciously thanks Dr. Sue for all of his support and mentorship along racial
            awakening
III. Derald Wing Sue’s Personal and Professional Journey as a Person of Color: The Heart
     and Soul of Counseling the Culturally Diverse
        a. Dr. Sue is grateful to Dr. Kiselica for sharing his experiences with the readers of
            this book
        b. Dr. Sue states that many readers assert that the text is too emotional or political in
            nature, however, it is a labor of love and meant to improve conditions for all
            oppressed groups in society
        c. To understand the passion of CCD, Dr. Sue goes onto describe his life
            experiences
           d. He understands his commitment to social justice emanating from watching his
               parents deal with poverty and discrimination during his childhood
           e. He grew up in a close knit family which was economically poor and experienced
               racism and discrimination
           f. Seeing his mother step in and encourage a physical fight between his brother and
               a White child instilled pride in his family, himself and Chinese-American culture
           g. His colleagues in graduate school spoke of racial and economic hardships on an
               intellectual level, but Dr. Sue concluded to understand the worldviews of
               economic status and race, one has to emotionally understand their impacts as well
           h. In graduate school he felt like an outside and that the theories taught in his classes
               did not match his racial reality
           i. After working for a few years, Dr. Sue began to conduct research into Asian-
               American experiences and the counseling process and found that many people felt
               invalidated by current mental health practices
           j. Since then, Dr. Sue has dedicated his life to being an academic who fights for
               social justice, racial equality, and cultural competent practice through his
               writings, talks, lectures, and consultation with various organizations
  IV. Implications for Clinical Practice
           a. Do not allow your own emotional reactions negate the stories of the most
               disempowered in society
           b. All of us have inherited biases—try to acknowledge them openly so that you can
               listen to your clients in a non-defensive way
           c. Experiences with people of color will enhance one’s cultural competence
           d. Explore yourself as a racial/cultural being
           e. Try to understand what your intense emotions mean for you when they arise
           f. Do not squelch dissent or disagreements
Take an active role in exploring yourself as Mark Kiselica

								
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