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					„Business opportunities in waste
  Conference -Tel Aviv 14.06.2012
Business opportunities in waste
treatment - introduction

    Existing situation, circumstances:
      - formal
      - institutional / organisational
    National waste management plan
     - main objectives
    Waste is the problem ! - it‘s true
     - so where the business is ???

   the act of 27 April 2001 on waste (Official Journal of 2010 No. 185,
    item 1243, further amended ),
   the act of 11 May 2001 on the operators' responsibilities in the
    scope of managing certain types of waste and the product
    charge (Official Journal of 2007 No. 90, item 607, further amended),
   the act of 29 July 2005 on waste electrical and electronic
    equipment (Official Journal of 2005 r. No. 180, item 1495, further
   the act of 24 April 2009 on batteries and accumulators (Official
    Journal of 2009 No. 79, item 666, further amended),

   the act of 20 January 2005 on the recycling of end-of life
    vehicles (Official Journal of 2005 No. 25, item 202, further
   the act of 13 September 1996 on maintaining cleanliness
    and order in municipalities (Official Journal of 2005 No. 236,
    item 2008, further amended),
   the act of 10 July 2008 on extractive waste (Official Journal of
    2008 No. 138, item 865, further amended),
The objectives of waste management

Packaging waste
By the year 2014 the following recycling levels
should be achieved:
-plastic packaging – 22,5%
-metals – 50%
-household glass packaging – 60%
-paper and cardboard packaging – 60%
-wood packaging – 15%
The objectives of waste management

Waste electrical and electronic equipment
Currently the required level of collection is a 4
kg per capita.

By the year 2021- 65% by weight of equipment
placed on the market or 85% of the
resulting waste equipment - according to the
draft amendment of the WEEE Directive.
The objectives of waste management

  Batteries and accumulators

  By the year 2016 and later - collection
  rate of waste portable batteries and
  accumulators shall achieved at least
The objectives of waste management

     Municipal waste
    Levels of recycling, preparing for re-use and other material
              recovery to achieve in the following years
                 2012   2013   2014   2015   2016   2017   2018   2019   2020

plastic, glass   10     12     14     16     18     20     30     40     50

                 30     36     38     40     42     45     50     60     70
The objectives of waste management

    Municipal waste
   Reduction levels of urban biodegradable waste directed to
                landfills in the following years
                 2012   2013   2014   2015   2016   2017   2018   2019   2020
 of weight of
 e municipal
waste directe     75     50     50     50     45     45     40     40     35
d to landfills
on the mass
of the waste
produced in
Forecasted changes in waste

In the coming years the dynamic growth of the generation
of waste is expected due to the economic development
of the country and seal waste management system.

The Polish market therefore requires a huge
investments aimed at the development of waste treatment
Particularly important for the functioning of the system will
be investments in a new forms of waste management.
Forecasted changes in waste

Forecasts for production of paper and cardboard, glass, metals and
plastics from municipal waste in Poland.
                            Mass of generated municipal waste (Mg thousand) per year:
                             2011       2013      2014      2017      2020     2022
 1    Paper and cardboard    1592,8    1653,5    1682,8    1795,7    1889,4   1949,2

 2    Glass                  1249,8    1285,5    1304,5    1358,9    1412,7   1454,5

 3    Metals                 285,0      287,7     288,8    290,7     288,5     286,5

 4    Plastics               1606,7    1652,0    1690,5    1766,2    1885,7   1973,3

      Total                  4734,3    4878,7    4966,6    5211,5    5476,3   5663,5
Forecasted changes in waste

Forecasted amounts of municipal waste generated in 2011-2022, including
municipal biodegradable waste.

                  16000                                                                      14712
                                           12835       13035        13456
                  14000      12528
        Mg thousand

                                                                         7287         7574       7761
                      8000                      6933         7015
                               2011          2013         2014        2016         2020        2022

                                     forecast for municipal waste generation
                                     forecast for biodegradable municipal waste generation
Forecasted changes in waste

Financial development      of   the   Polish   waste

In 2010 the market recorded a 2 955.5 million USD in

It is estimated that in 2017 revenues reach a level
of 4 621.1 million USD.
Investments in waste management

 Biodegradable waste
 In connection with the obligation to reduce landfill of
 biodegradable waste, investments in regional facilities to
 treatment waste are necessary. The current capacity for this
 type of waste management are inadequate.

          Type of facility              Total number of
                                           facilities     Total capacity [Mg thousand]

 Green waste composting plants and            90                     602,3
 separately collected organic waste
 (of plant and animal origin)
 Incinerators for municipal waste              1                      42,0

 Digestion plants                              3                      51,5
 Plants for mechanical and biological         11                     411,7
 treatment of mixed municipal waste

   NWMP (as of 31 December 2009 r.)
Investments in waste management
Biodegradable waste
Regional municipal waste treatment installations -
   waste facilities to a capacity sufficient to receive and
   treatment waste from the area inhabited by at least
   120 000 people which meet the requirements of best
   available techniques and technologies and ensure
   thermal treatment of waste or:
a) mechanical-biological treatment of mixed municipal
   waste and separation from mixed municipal
   waste fractions suitable in whole or in part for the
Investments in waste management

Biodegradable waste
b) treatment of selectively collected green waste and other bio-
waste and the production of one product with the properties of
fertilizers or plant conditioners, meeting the
requirements specified in separate provisions,

 c) storage of waste generated in the process of mechanical-
biological treatment of mixed municipal waste and residues from
the sorting of municipal waste with a capacity allowing
for adoption for a period of not less than 15 years of waste in an
amount not less than those arising in the installation of the
mechanical-biological treatment of mixed municipal waste.
Investments in waste management

   The municipality will be required to select the entity that will
    build, maintain and operate the regional municipal waste treatment

           –   by tender,

           –   in terms of the act on public-private partnership,

           –   in terms of the act on public works and service
   If the tender will end negative or if a choice of a private partner
    or concessionaire has not been made, the municipality will be able
    to independently build, maintain or operate a regional installation.
Investments in waste management

Packaging waste
Due to the obligation to provide the levels of recycling of packaging
waste and the need to increase the weight of certain fractions of
municipal waste processed for re-use, recovery and recycling, new
investments are needed for the management of these wastes.
Also a new components used in production of packaging (eg.
PVC) will force the construction of installations for the recycling of
waste arising from them.

It is necessary to the development of waste sorting facilities to
ensure the separation of mixed municipal waste into
individual fractions to submitting them for further recovery and
Investments in waste management
Thermal treatment of waste
Increasing requirements to ensure certain levels of waste recovery,
particularly packaging, will drive the growth of investment in thermal
treatment of waste with energy recovery.

Currently in Poland there are numerous medical incineration plants, a
few sewage sludge incineration plants and only one municipal waste
incineration plant with a capacity of 42 thousand Mg.

National Waste Management Plan 2014 envisages the development
of investments related to the thermal treatment of waste. It is planned
to build eight installations for the incineration of municipal waste which
will be financed from structural funds.
Investments in waste management
Waste batteries and accumulators
The development of waste management of batteries and
accumulators, including an increase in subsequent years the
collection rates, will force investment in plant for the treatment of this
type of waste.

Existing production capacity for the recycling of waste zinc-carbon,
alkaline, lead-acid, nickel-cadmium batteries are sufficient
for treatment all the material collected from the market.
Installations for recycling waste zinc-carbon and alkaline
batteries exceed their capabilities of processing (about 12 000
Mg) the mass of the collected waste batteries. There are also spare
production capacity for the lead-acid batteries (130 000 Mg) and Ni-
Cd batteries (2 000 Mg).
Investments in waste management

 Waste batteries and accumulators

 There is a lack of effective waste treatment
 technology     of    waste     Li-Ion     and    Ni-MH
 accumulators. It is therefore necessary to run in
 Poland for at least one installation of the recycling of
 waste Li-Ion and Ni-MH accumulators with a
 capacity of approximately 200 Mg per year.
Investments in waste management

Hazardous waste
One of the most modern technologies for disposal of hazardous
waste is a plasma technology which is now the object of intensive
and extensive research in most industrialized countries.
–high temperature compared to the incineration process;
–high purity of the chemical;
–high concentration of energy;
–high heat transfer coefficient on the workpiece;
–short residence time of material loaded into the reactor;
-high operating costs due to high consumption of electricity.
Thank you for your attention

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