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Down to Bis_marck_ness

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 17

									    Gettin’ Down to
    Bis(marck)ness

 A review of things you should have a
general idea of by now, and, of course,
  some extension and source work!
    Some “Pre-flection” thoughts
   How do you define Socialism? What are its good
    and bad points?
   What, in your opinion, should be the relationship
    between church and state?
   What is a good versus bad Foreign Policy? How
    can countries work to achieve peace during
    hostile times?
   What are the benefits of multi-cultural societies?
    What are the weaknesses?
   Do you think societal minorities should be
    integrated into a society or left to their own
    devices?
The general outline of his stuff:
   Domestic/Political Policies
    – The Socialists
    – Kulturkampf
    – The Liberals
   Foreign Policies
    – German Unification & Future fears
    – Dreikaiserbund (The Three Emperors League)
    – The Re-Insurance Treaty
   Domestic/Social Policies
    – Negative integration
       Political / Domestic Policy
   The Socialists:
    – Bismarck worked by using what has been described
      as a “Stick and Carrot” Policy
        Example of ‘The Stick’: He outlawed many Socialst
         newspapers
        Example of ‘The Carrot’: He created a Welfare Program

        Note: In general at the time, there were two ways of dealing
         with the rise in workers’ rights and the fear of Communism.
          Many leaders were forceful, others worked to appease and
               ‘woo’ them. Either way, there was obvious fear.
      Political / Domestic Policy
   Kulturkampf – Bismarck’s dealings with
    the Church structure in the newly formed
    Germany

         “It is not a matter of struggle between belief
         and unbelief; it is a matter of
         the conflict between the monarchy and the
         priesthood” – Bismarck.
      Political / Domestic Policy
 The Liberals
 Bismarck had a large falling out with this
  group. Use the worksheet and
  subsequent opinion table to make
  decisions about his policy.
    – Use the source work for homework to make
      decisions about this concept. You will b
                  Foreign Policies

   Unification
    – The Three Wars:
        War with Denmark 1864
        7 Weeks War
        7 Days (Delicious and affordable products)
        Franco Prussian War – The Ems Telegram
 Desire for Peace in the Balkans
 Desire for Isolation of France
                Foreign Policy
   The Driekaiserbund (Three Emperors
    League)
    – Designed to protect conservatism in the
      growing liberal world
    – Fall out over & results of the Russo-Turkish
      War of 1877
    – The Congress of Berlin
                   Foreign Policy
 The Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy
 According to Bismarck, this alliance:
    – would secure Germany’s southern frontier in the
      event of a war with Russia
    – would frighten Russia into seeking a closer
      relationship with Germany.

        Russia eventually looked to re-establish the Dreikaiserbund –
         However she was also funding her industrialization through
         French Loans (more on this later)
               Foreign Policy
   The Re-Insurance Treaty

    – New Bulgarian Crisis sought to disrupt
      Russian v Austro-Hungarian Relations
    – It was a defensive alliance: Germany
      promised to stay neutral if Russia was
      attacked by Austria & Russia would stay
      neutral if France attacked Germany.
                 Foreign Policy
   Colonies
    – In 1882 the German Colonial League was formed
    – 884 and 1885 Germany acquired Togo, the
      Cameroons, German East Africa (Tanzania) and South
      West Africa (Namibia)
    – The Berlin Conference of 1884 hosted by Bismarck
      settled many colonial disputes especially over the
      Congo that was awarded to Belgium.
    – During the same period Bismarck encouraged French
      colonial expansion. He hoped that this would weaken
      French desire for revenge over Alsace and Lorraine
      and get them involved in disputes with other
      countries.
               Foreign Policy
   By 1886 the process of colonialism was
    ended as Bismarck, the reluctant
    Imperialist, turned his attention back to
    Europe. Famously he said to an African
    explorer “my map of Africa lies in
    Europe. Here is Russia and here is
    France with Germany in the middle;
    that is my map of Africa.”
           Assessments of F.P.
 D.G . Williamson “In the immediate post war years
  Bismarck was primarily concerned to prolong French
  isolation”
 J. Joll “In the years between 1870 and 1890 it was
  German foreign policy that dominated the international
  scene.”
 W. Carr “Germany faced the real danger of war on two
  fronts if she was on bad terms with France and Russia
  simultaneously.”
 W. Carr “Bismarck was a past master in the diplomatic
  arts.”
 W. Carr "As long as William I lived, German foreign
  policy was conducted by Bismarck alone."
 M. Sturmer “Bismarck cultivated alliances with both
  Russia and Austria, but due to the stirrings of the Balkan
  Slavs against their Turkish overlords, this became
  increasingly difficult.”
     Domestic Policy – Negative
            Integration
 The Danes of Schleswig-Holstein, the province
  Prussia had occupied in 1864.
 Feared because they formed their own party in
  the Reichstag but resented being governed by
  Berlin.
 Bismarck refused to hold a plebiscite on
  Schleswig-Holstein’s future.
 Many say he should have, although this would
  have reduced Germany’s borders, it would have
  resulted in a more homogenous society within
  Germany.
       Domestic Policy – Negative
              Integration
 The French of Alsace Lorraine, the territory won by
  Germany from France in 1871.
 Feared because Some inhabitants of spoke French, and
  even those who spoke German often considered
  themselves French rather than German.
 Alsace-Lorraine was administered by the Reich
  government and, until 1911, was without representation
  in the Federal Council.
 The Zabern affair of 1913 (in which German soldiers
  attacked Alsatian citizens) clearly indicates that the
  people of Germany were not fully united.
 When the area became French again in 1918 the local
  population drove out the German troops in triumph.
     Domestic Policy – Negative Integration
   The Poles of East Prussia acquired by the
    dismemberment of Poland in the 18th Century.
   Feared because they spoke Polish and increasingly felt a
    common bond with each other and their relatives under
    Russian and Austrian rule.
   They constituted by far the largest non-German minority
    in the Reich.
   An independent Polish national state would claim many
    Prussian territories and make Germans living there a
    foreign minority.
   Bismarck tried to "Germanize" the Poles in Prussia by
    encouraging internal colonization by Germans of the
    Polish areas
   The comment of Max Weber, "we have turned the Poles
    into human beings," in 1896 illustrates that the although
    Germanising of the Poles had been seen to have some
    effect, there was still discrimination as the Poles within
    Germany were still seen as a separate and lesser people.
          The end of Bismarck
   Who knows what happened and why?

   Is the issue Political? Economic? Social?
    Military?

Next up??? Kaiser Wilhelm II !!!

								
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