French Religious Wars � Notes by 2P2nbI

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									Religious Wars – Notes

FRANCE:

______________________ vs. ______________________
France – Large country with virtually independent regions
(like ________________________________)
Heavily localized __________________ &
_______________ structure
Variances by province:
–Laws
–Courts
–Tariffs
–Taxes
–____________________________
–Corporate rights
–Provinces as great as some kingdoms elsewhere.

The Huguenots
French _____________________
–“_________________” movement – lacked govt. backing
and organization.
–Opposed by Sovereigns (England & France)
Calvinism seen as threat to
___________________________.
–Appealed to _____________________
Wanted similar rights as Prince’s of H.R.E.
Peasants tended to follow.

Civil / Religious Wars
_____________________ accidently killed (1559)
_____________________ – Acts as regent:
–Francis II (1559 – 1560)
–Charles IX (1560 – 1574)
–Henry III (1574 – 1589)
No firm control  Chaos among powerful families/factions.
Catholic: ____________________________
Huguenot: _______________________________
(Bourbon)

Catherine de’ Medici plays to both sides to maintain
influence with King.
–Feared Catholic Guise desire for __________________.
–Anti-Protestant
–Orders _________________________________________
3,000 Protestants killed, inc. Coligny
Henry of Navarre escapes by converting to
_______________.
Armed bans slaughter each other on and off for 30 years.

Bourbon Dynasty
______________________ is assassinated.
Henry of Navarre becomes king (____________________)

Politique
–Majority of French were ________________________.
–Paris refuses to admit the “heretic” king.
–“______________________________” – Henry IV
(Converts again to Catholic)
–Conversion upsets Huguenots, fearing oppression.
________________________________ issued

Edict of Nantes
Lord can hold Protestant Services
___________________ allowed in towns where it
prevailed.
Barred protestant churches from Catholic towns.
Same __________________________ as Catholics
–Public Office
–Law Courts (with Mixed Chambers)
–______________________ fortified towns of defense


The Thirty Years War

Origins
 _________________________
 ___________________________ – no method of
    resolving conflicts.
 Catholic Archduke Ferdinand (Ferdinand II, HRE, 1619-
    1637) crowned ______________________________,
    1617.
        o Sought to curtail religious freedom.
        o ________________________of
            ________________.
 Protestants name Frederick V as HRE
   Battle of ____________________________– Catholics
    win
        o Wallenstein, General – Czech Protestant, hired
            for Catholics. Fantastic success.

The War
 _____________________ King of Denmark – Christian IV
   invades N. Germany to protect Protestants, seize
   influence.
 Edict of _____________________________, 1629
       o Outlawed Calvinism in HRE
       o Reclaimed ______________________
          confiscated by Lutherans.
 Enter Sweden – ______________________________
 France supports ____________________ against a
   united Germany (HRE).
 _____________________ wins, then is rumored to be
   negotiating with protestants. Removed and assassinated.
 France joins openly, declares war on Spain.
   (_________________________________________)
 Spain faces Portugal and Netherland’s crisis, France faces
   ________________________ from taxation to support
   war.
 Louis XIV, 5 years old in 1642.

_______________________________________, 1648
 Ended the “world war”
 France gains parts of Alsace – displaces ______________
   as dominant power.
 Sweden took several northern territories.
 _______________________ recognized, Princes still
   chose.
 Germany remains ________________________.
 Armies grew, national governments grew.
 “_______________________” Reason of State –
   Richelieu
 Swiss and Netherlands are recognized
   ______________________________________.

								
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