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Graduate Training in Clinical Psychology Promoting Realistic

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					                         Graduate Training in Clinical Psychology:
                     Promoting Realistic Educational and Career Planning
                          Daniel T. Rogers, Jeffrey L. Helms, & Dan M. Niederjohn
                                        Kennesaw State University

The Student Perspective: Some Key Points
1. Motivation for Graduate School
       Need further education to do anything psychology-related
       Want to “help people”
       Desire to explore psychology more deeply
       Having the title of “Dr.” would be awesome
2. Ideas About Graduate Training
       Training itself
       Life outside of school
3. Getting Into Graduate School
       Difficulties
       Approach
4. The Professional Life of a Clinical Psychologist
       Work with clients
       Earn a lot of money
       Have all sorts of flexibility
       Are their own boss
5. Unfair Process
       Ten percent of applicants accepted
       Unfair for me
       This is an elitist and unfair process
       Why can’t everyone who wants to go to graduate school get accepted?

The Realities: Some Key Points
1. Norcross, J. C., Sayette, M. A., & Mayne, T. J. (2008). Insider’s guide to graduate programs in clinical and
   counseling psychology: 2008/2009 Edition. New York: Guilford.
       Freestanding PsyD programs accept approximately 50%
       University-based PsyD programs accept approximately 41%
       Boulder-model clinical PhD programs accept approximately 10%
       Association of Psychological Clinical Science (APCS) model PhD programs accept approximately 6%
2. Templer, D. I., & Arikawa, H. (2004). Concerns about professional schools. American Psychologist, 59, 646–
   647.
       -.64 is the correlation between the mean EPPP score and a program’s acceptance rate
3. Norcross, J. C., Kohout, J. L., & Wicherski, M. (2005). Graduate study in Psychology: 1971 to 2004.
   American Psychologist, 60, 959–975.
       Actual average overall GPA of those accepted (all subfields)
                3.54 for doctoral programs              3.37 for master’s programs
       Actual GRE scores for incoming graduate students
                1183 for doctoral students              1055 for master’s students
4. APPIC: Who Didn’t Get Matched for a Predoctoral Internship in 2009?
       24% of the applicants did not get matched.
       Large freestanding PsyD programs: 26% didn’t get matched.
       University-affiliated PhD programs: 7% didn’t get matched.
5. APA Center for Workforce Studies
       PsyD median debt level: $100,000
       PhD (clinical) median debt level: $55,000

          Hot Topics: Best Practices in Teaching Controversial Issues in Psychology - October 16 -17, 2009 - Atlanta, GA
The Strategies: Some Key Points
1. The goal is to foster understanding of the realities within courses and within advising/mentoring relationships.
2. Within courses:
       Help students consider why the realities exist and the ways in which strict admission’s standards are of
       benefit.
       Use activities to illustrate the admission’s process (e.g., application review, securing letters of
       recommendation).
       Use assignments that encourage students to learn about programs, assess their qualifications, and develop
       action plans for improving their standing.
3. Within advising and mentoring relationships:
       Remember that students are empowered when they understand the realities and honestly assess their
       qualifications.
       Gauge students’ motivation by considering their purpose in pursuing clinical psychology and their
       motivation for school.
       Communicate with students in a direct, frank manner that doesn’t avoid addressing discrepancies between
       the realities and their qualifications.


                                                           Resources

American Psychological Association. (2009). Graduate study in psychology, 2010 edition. Washington, DC:
       Author.

APA Center for Workforce Studies: http://research.apa.org/

GRE Powerprep Software: http://www.ets.org/gre

Helms, J. L., & Rogers, D. T. (2011). Majoring in psychology: Achieving your educational and career goals.
       Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. (Release: Spring 2010)

Norcross, J. C., Sayette, M. A., & Mayne, T. J. (2008). Insider’s guide to graduate programs in clinical and
       counseling psychology: 2008/2009 Edition. New York: Guilford.


                                                    Contact Information

Daniel T. Rogers: droger29@kennesaw.edu
Jeffrey L. Helms: jhelms@kennesaw.edu
Dan Niederjohn: dniederj@kennesaw.edu




           Hot Topics: Best Practices in Teaching Controversial Issues in Psychology - October 16 -17, 2009 - Atlanta, GA

				
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